The Crown of Thorns

1 Pilate then took Jesus and (a)(A)scourged Him. 2 (B)And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him; 3 and they began to come up to Him and say, “(C)Hail, King of the Jews!” and to (D)give Him slaps in the face. 4 Pilate (E)came out again and *said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that (F)I find no guilt in Him.” 5 Jesus then came out, (G)wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate *said to them, “Behold, the Man!” 6 So when the chief priests and the (H)officers saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate *said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for (I)I find no guilt in Him.” 7 The Jews answered him, “(J)We have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He (K)made Himself out to be the Son of God.”
8 Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid; 9 and he (L)entered into the (b)Praetorium again and *said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But (M)Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate *said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, (N)You would have no authority (c)over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason (O)he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.” 12 As a result of this Pilate (d)made efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying, “(P)If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king (e)opposes Caesar.”
13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and (Q)sat down on the judgment seat at a place called (f)The Pavement, but (R)in (g)Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was (S)the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the (h)(T)sixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, “Behold, (U)your King!” 15 So they cried out, “(V)Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

The Crucifixion

16 So he then (W)handed Him over to them to be crucified.
17 (X)They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, (i)(Y)bearing His own cross, to the place called (Z)the Place of a Skull, which is called (AA)in (j)Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him (AB)two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “(AC)JESUS THE NAZARENE, (AD)THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written (AE)in (k)Hebrew, Latin and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘(AF)The King of the Jews’; but that He said, ‘I am (AG)King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “(AH)What I have written I have written.”
23 Then (AI)the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made (AJ)four parts, a part to every soldier and also the (l)tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven (m)in one piece. 24 So they said to one another, “(AK)Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be”; (AL)this was to fulfill the Scripture: “They (AM)divided My outer garments among them, and for My clothing they cast (n)lots.” 25 Therefore the soldiers did these things.(AN)But standing by the cross of Jesus were (AO)His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and (AP)Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and (AQ)the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He *said to His mother, (AR)Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He *said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into (AS)his own household.
28 After this, Jesus, (AT)knowing that all things had already been accomplished, (AU)to fulfill the Scripture, *said, (AV)I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so (AW)they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, (AX)It is finished!” And He bowed His head and (AY)gave up His spirit.

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 Then the Jews, because it was (AZ)the day of preparation, so that (BA)the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath ((o)for that Sabbath was a (BB)high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was (BC)crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately (BD)blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has (BE)testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass (BF)to fulfill the Scripture, “(BG)Not a bone of Him shall be (p)broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “(BH)They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”
38 (BI)After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a (BJ)secret one for (BK)fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 (BL)Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, (BM)bringing a (q)mixture of (BN)myrrh and aloes, about a (BO)hundred (r)pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and (BP)bound it in (BQ)linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a (BR)new tomb (BS)in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of (BT)preparation, since the tomb was (BU)nearby, they laid Jesus there.


a. John 19:1: ['Or ', had Him scourged]
b. John 19:9: ['I.e. governor’s official residence']
c. John 19:11: ['Lit ', against]
d. John 19:12: ['Lit ', was seeking to]
e. John 19:12: ['Or ', speaks against]
f. John 19:13: ['Gr ', The Lithostrotos]
g. John 19:13: ['I.e. Jewish Aramaic']
h. John 19:14: ['Perhaps 6 a.m.']
i. John 19:17: ['Lit ', bearing the cross for Himself]
j. John 19:17: ['I.e. Jewish Aramaic']
k. John 19:20: ['I.e. Jewish Aramaic']
l. John 19:23: ['Gr ', khiton, ', the garment worn next to the skin']
m. John 19:23: ['Lit ', from the upper part through the whole]
n. John 19:24: ['Lit ', a lot]
o. John 19:31: ['Lit ', for the day of that Sabbath was great]
p. John 19:36: ['Or ', crushed, ' or ', shattered]
q. John 19:39: ['Two early mss read ', package of]
r. John 19:39: ['Lit ', 100 litras, ' (12 oz each)']

Cross references:

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