1 Brothers, my heart's desire and [fervent] request to God is for the salvation of my fellow-Jews. [See 9:3-4].
1 Brethren, my heart’s desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation.
1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
1 Brothers, my heart's desire and prayer to God about the Jews is that they would be saved.
2 For I can testify that they have an enthusiasm for God, but it is without [true] knowledge.
2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.
2 For I can testify on their behalf that they have a zeal for God, but it is not in keeping with full knowledge.
3 For they did not know about God's way of making people right with Himself, so they attempted to establish their own way. In doing this they did not submit to God's way for being made right with Him.
3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
3 For they are ignorant of the righteousness that comes from God while they try to establish their own, and they have not submitted to God's means to attain righteousness.
4 So, Christ has brought an end to the law [as a means] of being made right with God for every person who believes [in Him].
4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
4 For the Messiah is the culmination of the Law as far as righteousness is concerned for everyone who believes.
5 For Moses wrote [Lev. 18:5] about a person being made right with God by obeying the requirements of the law of Moses, that he would gain [never ending] life for doing this.
5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
5 For Moses writes about the righteousness that comes from the Law as follows: "The person who obeys these things will find life by them."
6 But the [means of] being made right with God by faith [in Christ] is described in the Scripture this way [Deut. 30:12-13], "Do not ask yourself, 'Who will go up into heaven?'" (in order to bring Christ down [to earth]).
6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)
6 But the righteousness that comes from faith says, "Do not say in your heart, "Who will go up to heaven?' (that is, to bring the Messiah down),
7 "And [do not ask yourself], 'Who will go down into the deep hole?'" (in order to bring Christ up from the dead). [Note: This "deep hole" probably refers to the unseen place of departed spirits, or possibly the grave. Being made right with God does not require something as difficult as bringing Christ down from heaven or up from the dead (which God had already done), but is within easy reach of everyone].
7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)
7 or "Who will go down into the depths?' (that is, to bring the Messiah back from the dead)."
8 But what does the Scripture say [about being made right with God]? [Deut. 30:14 says], "The message of God is near you [i.e., it is not difficult to comprehend]. It is on your lips and in your heart." This is the message of faith [in Christ] which we [apostles] preach.
8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;
8 But what does it say? "The message is near you. It is in your mouth and in your heart." This is the message about faith that we are proclaiming:
9 So, if you profess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe with your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.
9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
9 If you declare with your mouth that Jesus is Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
10 For a person believes [in Christ] with his heart in order to be made right with God, and he makes a profession with his lips in order to be saved.
10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
10 One believes with the heart, resulting in righteousness, and one confesses with the mouth, resulting in salvation.
10 For one believes with his heart and is justified, and declares with his mouth and is saved.
11 For the Scripture says [Isa. 28:16], "Whoever believes in Him [i.e., Christ] will not be put to shame." [i.e., he will never have unforgiven sin brought up against him]
11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
11 The Scripture says, "Everyone who believes in him will never be ashamed."
12 For there is no distinction [with God] between Jews and Greeks [i.e., Gentiles], for all have the same Lord, who is generous to all who appeal to Him [for help].
12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.
12 There is no difference between Jew and Greek, because they all have the same Lord, who gives richly to all who call on him.
13 For [Joel 2:32 says], "Every person who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved." [i.e., whoever appeals to God through obedient faith in Christ]
13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
13 "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved."
14 [But] how can they appeal to Him if they have not [first] believed in Him? And how can they believe in Him if they have not [first] heard [about Him]? And how can they hear [about Him] if there is no preacher?
14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
14 How, then, can people call on someone they have not believed? And how can they believe in someone they have not heard about? And how can they hear without someone preaching?
15 And how can people preach [anywhere] unless they are sent out? Even as it is written [Isa. 52:7], "How welcome is the coming of those who preach the good news [of salvation through Christ]?"
15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!
15 And how can people preach unless they are sent? As it is written, "How beautiful are those who bring the good news!"
16 But not everyone [of the Israelites] obeyed [that] good news. For Isaiah said [Isa. 53:1], "Lord, who has believed our message?"
16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
16 But not everyone has obeyed the gospel, for Isaiah asks, "Lord, who has believed our message?"
17 So, faith results from [people] hearing, and [their] hearing results from [the preaching of] the message about Christ.
17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
17 Consequently, faith results from listening, and listening results through the word of the Messiah.
18 But I ask, "Did not they [i.e., the Jews] hear [the message]?" Certainly they did! [Psa. 19:4 says], "The sound [of their preaching] went out into all the world, and their message reached to the ends of the earth."
18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.
18 But I ask, "Didn't they hear?" Certainly they did! In fact, "Their voice has gone out into the whole world, and their words to the ends of the earth."
19 But I ask [again], "Did not the Israelites understand [the message]?" In the first place, Moses said [Deut. 32:21], "I [i.e., God] will stir up you [Jews] to become jealous, by [favoring] a nation [i.e., the Gentiles] that is unworthy [of your approval]. [I will do it] by using a nation of fools to make you people angry."
19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.
19 Again I ask, "Did Israel not understand?" Moses was the first to say, "I will make you jealous by those who are not a nation; I will make you angry by a nation that doesn't understand."
20 Then Isaiah boldly said [Isa. 45:1], "I [i.e., God] was found by a people [i.e., the Gentiles] who were not looking for me. I became known to people who were not asking for me."
20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.
20 And Isaiah boldly says, "I was found by those who were not looking for me; I was revealed to those who were not asking for me."
21 But Isaiah said about the Israelites [Isa. 40:2], "I reached out all day long to [help] people who disobeyed and spoke against [me]."
21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
21 But about Israel he says, "All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and rebellious people."
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