7 occurrences in 7 dictionaries

Reference: Ahijah


A prophet and chronicler of the times of Solomon and Jeroboam, 1Ki 11:29; 2Ch 9:29. He is thought to be the person who spoke in God's name to Solomon while building the temple, 1Ki 6:11; and again after he fell into sin, 1Ki 11:11. He notified Jeroboam of the separation of Israel from Judah, and of the foundation of his house-the ruin of which he afterwards foretold, 1Ki 14:1-14.

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brother (i.e., "friend") of Jehovah.

(1.) One of the sons of Bela (1Ch 8:7, R.V.). In A.V. called "Ahiah."

(2.) One of the five sons of Jerahmeel, who was great-grandson of Judah (1Ch 2:25).

(3.) Son of Ahitub (1Sa 14:3,18), Ichabod's brother; the same probably as Ahimelech, who was high priest at Nob in the reign of Saul (1Sa 22:11). Some, however, suppose that Ahimelech was the brother of Ahijah, and that they both officiated as high priests, Ahijah at Gibeah or Kirjath-jearim, and Ahimelech at Nob.

(4.) A Pelonite, one of David's heroes (1Ch 11:36); called also Eliam (2Sa 23:34).

(5.) A Levite having charge of the sacred treasury in the temple (1Ch 26:20).

(6.) One of Solomon's secretaries (1Ki 4:3).

(7.) A prophet of Shiloh (1Ki 11:29; 14:2), called the "Shilonite," in the days of Rehoboam. We have on record two of his remarkable prophecies, 1Ki 11:31-39, announcing the rending of the ten tribes from Solomon; and 1Ki 14:6-16, delivered to Jeroboam's wife, foretelling the death of Abijah the king's son, the destruction of Jeroboam's house, and the captivity of Israel "beyond the river." Jeroboam bears testimony to the high esteem in which he was held as a prophet of God (1Ki 14:2-3).

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1. Son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, son of Phinehas, Eli's son, the Lord's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod (1Sa 14:3,18). The ark of God was in his charge, and with it and the ephod he used to consult Jehovah. In Saul's later years, probably after the slaughter of the priests at Nob the ark was neglected as a means of consulting Jehovah. It lay in the house of Abinadab in Gibeah of Benjamin (2Sa 6:3), probably the Benjamite quarter of Kirjath-jearim, or Baale, on the borders of Judah and Benjamin (Jos 18:14,28). Saul's irreverent haste of spirit appears in his breaking off in the midst of consulting God through Ahijah with the ark and ephod, because he was impatient to encounter the Philistines whose approach he discerned by the tumult. Contrast David's implicit submission to Jehovah's guidance in encountering the same Philistines (2Sa 5:19-25, compare Isa 28:16 end).

His rash adjuration binding the people not to eat all day, until he was avenged on the Philistines, involved the people in the sin of ravenously eating the cattle taken, with the blood, and Jonathan in that of unwittingly sinning by tasting honey, and so incurring the penalty of death. Saul ought to have had the conscientiousness which would have led him never to take such an oath, rather than the scrupulosity which condemned the people and Jonathan instead of himself. His projected night pursuit was consequently prevented; for the priest met his proposal, which was well received by the people, by suggesting that Jehovah should be consulted. No answer having been given, owing to Jonathan's sin of ignorance for which Saul was to blame, Saul's wish was defeated. As Ahijah is evidently equates to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub (unless he was his brother), this will account for a coldness springing up on Saul's part toward Ahijah and his family, which culminated in the cruel slaughter of them at Nob on the ground of treasonous concert with David (1 Samuel 21).

2. 1Ch 8:7.

3. 1Ch 2:25.

4. 1Ch 11:36.

5. 1Ch 26:20.

6. A prophet of Shiloh. He met outside of Jerusalem in the way, and foretold to, Jeroboam, the transfer of ten tribes to him from Solomon, for Solomon's idolatries, by the symbolic action of rending the garment on him into twelve pieces, of which he gave ten to Jeroboam. Further he assured him from God of "a sure house, such as He had built for David," if only Jeroboam would "walk in God's ways," as David did. Jeroboam fled from Solomon to Shishak, king of Egypt, where he stayed until Solomon died. The other prophecy of his (1Ki 14:6-16) was given to Jeroboam's wife, who in disguise consulted him as to her son Abijah's recovery.

Though blind with age he detected her, and announced that as Jeroboam had utterly failed in the one condition of continuance in the kingdom rent from David's house, which his former prophecy had laid down, namely, to keep God's commandments heartily as David did, Jeroboam's house should be taken away "as dung"; but that in reward for the good there was found in Abijah toward God, he alone should have an honorable burial (compare Isa 57:1-2), but that "Jehovah would smite Israel as a reed shaken in the water, and root up and scatter Israel beyond the river," Euphrates. Reference to his prophecy as one of the records of Solomon's reign is made in 2Ch 9:29. Probably it was he through whom the Lord encouraged Solomon in building the temple (1Ki 6:11).

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1. 1Sa 14:3,18 is (AV Ahiah), a priest, son of Ahitub, who had charge of the oracular ephod and consulted it for Saul [read 'ephod' for 'ark' at 1Sa 14:18]. Ahijah is probably to he identified with Ahimelech (1Sa 21:1). 2. 1Ki 4:3, one of Solomon's secretaries, who conducted the king's correspondence and wrote out his decrees. His father Shisha seems to have held the same office under David. 3. 1Ki 11:29 f., 1Ki 12:15; 2Ch 10:15, a prophet of Shiloh, who foretold the division of the kingdom and the elevation of Jeroboam. Subsequently he predicted the death of Jeroboam's son (1Ki 14:2 ff.). 4. 1Ki 15:27,33, father of Baasha. 5. 1Ch 2:25 has an Ahijah, son of Jerahmeel, but is hopelessly corrupt. The Septuagint gets rid of the name. 6. 1Ch 8:7 (AV Ahiah), son of Ehud, a Benjamite: at 1Ch 8:4 Ahoah, but Septuagint Ahijah, 7. 1Ch 11:36, one of David's heroes, from Palon, an unknown locality: perhaps Giloh should be read, seeing that Palon has already been mentioned (1Ch 11:27). 8. 1Ch 26:20, a Levite, overseer of the Temple treasures. But we ought probably to substitute the words, 'their brethren.' 9. Ne 10:26 (RV Ahiah), a layman who joined Nehemiah in signing the covenant.

J. Taylor.

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1. Prophet called the Shilonite, who foretold to Jeroboam that he should be king over ten of the tribes. 1Ki 11:29-31. God revealed to him that the wife of Jeroboam was coming in disguise to know if their son Abijah would live, and Ahijah had to tell her the dire judgements that should fall upon Jeroboam and his house. 1Ki 14:2-18; 15:29; 2Ch 9:29; 10:15.

2. Father of King Baasha, of the house of Issachar. 1Ki 15:27,33; 21:22; 2Ki 9:9.

3. One of the sons of Jerahmeel. 1Ch 2:25.

4. The Pelonite, one of David's valiant men. 1Ch 11:36.

5. Levite, who was over the treasures of the house of God in the time of David. 1Ch 26:20.

6. One who with Nehemiah sealed the covenant. Ne 10:26.

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See Ahiah, or Ahijah


AHIJAH, the prophet of the Lord, who dwelt in Shiloh. He is thought to be the person who spoke twice to Solomon from God, once while he was building the temple, 1Ki 6:11, at which time he promised him the divine protection; and again, 1Ki 11:11, after him falling into his irregularities, with great threatenings and reproaches. Ahijah was one of those who wrote the history or annals of this prince, 2Ch 9:29. The same prophet declared to Jeroboam, that he would usurp the kingdom, 1Ki 11:29, &c; and, about the end of Jeroboam's reign, he also predicted the death of Abijah, the only pious son of that prince, as is recorded 1Ki 14:2, &c. Ahijah, in all probability, did not long survive the delivery of this last prophecy; but we are not informed of the time and manner of his death.

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