7 occurrences in 7 dictionaries

Reference: Azariah


A king of Judah, 2Ki 15:1-7. In 2Ch 26, and elsewhere, he is called Uzziah. He began to reign at sixteen years of age, B. C. 806. The first part of his reign was prosperous and happy; but afterwards, presuming to offer incense in the temple, he was smitten with leprosy, and continued a leper till his death, 2Ch 26:16-23. This name was very common among the Jews, and was borne by many briefly referred to in Scripture.

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whom Jehovah helps.

(1.) Son of Ethan, of the tribe of Judah (1Ch 2:8).

(2.) Son of Ahimaaz, who succeeded his grandfather Zadok as high priest (1Ch 6:9; 1Ki 4:2) in the days of Solomon. He officiated at the consecration of the temple (1Ch 6:10).

(3.) The son of Johanan, high priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa (2Ch 6:10-11).

(4.) High priest in the reign of Uzziah, king of Judah (2Ki 14:21; 2Ch 26:17-20). He was contemporary with the prophets Isaiah, Amos, and Joel.

(5.) High priest in the days of Hezekiah (2Ch 31:10-13). Of the house of Zadok.

(6.) Several other priests and Levites of this name are mentioned (1Ch 6:36; Ezr 7:1; 1Ch 9:11; Ne 3:23, etc.).

(7.) The original name of Abed-nego (Da 1:6-7,11,16). He was of the royal family of Judah, and with his other two companions remarkable for his personal beauty and his intelligence as well as piety.

(8.) The son of Oded, a remarkable prophet in the days of Asa (2Ch 15:1). He stirred up the king and the people to a great national reformation.

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("whom Jehovah helps".) (See UZZIAH), like in sense to Eleazar = whom God (El) helps, and to LAZARUS.

1. 1Ch 2:8.

2. Son of Ahimaaz (1Ch 6:9), succeeded Zadok his grandfather in the high priesthood in Solomon's reign, Ahimaaz having died before Zadok (1Ch 6:10, the "he" refers to the Azariah in 1Ch 6:9). He officiated at the consecration of Solomon's temple, and was the first high priest that ministered in it.

3. Isaiah's contemporary, who with fourscore priests withstood so faithfully king Uzziah when burning in. tense (2Ch 26:17-20).

4. Grandson of the Azariah 2, high priest under Abijah and Asa, as Amariah his son was in the days of Jehoshaphat son of Asa.

5. Azariah, son of Oded, also called simply Oded, a prophet along with Hanani; encouraged Asa in his religious reformation (2Ch 15:1-8).

6. Chief priest of the house of Zadok, in Hezekiah's reign, who appointed chambers in the house of the Lord for storing the tithes and offerings, on which were dependent the attendance of the priests at the temple services (Ne 10:35-39; 12:27-47,44-47; 2Ch 31:10-13).

7. 1Ch 6:13; Ezr 7:1; 2Ki 25:18.

8. Hebrew name of (See ABEDNEGO (Da 1:6-19,3); of the seed royal of Judah; fulfilling the prophecy to Hezekiah (Isa 39:5-7); famed for beauty, wisdom, above all faithfulness unto death, and for his miraculous deliverance from the furnace.

9. 2Ch 21:2.

10. Several others: 1Ch 6:36 = Ezra, 1Ch 9:11; Ne 3:23-24; 8:7; 2Ch 29:12; 28:12; compare Jer 43:2; Ne 12:32-33; 1Ch 2:38-39; Azariah whose name proves that the genealogy in 1Ch 2:36-41 was made in Hezekiah's reign, for Azariah (1Ch 2:38) appears from 2Ch 23:1; 24:1, to have been captain when Joash was seven years old, i.e. about one generation elder than Joash. After Azariah in that genealogy are six generations, ending with Elishama; and from Joash to Hezekiah also six; therefore Elishama was contemporary with Hezekiah. Zabad in 1Ch 2:36-37 (compare 1Ch 11:41) was contemporary of David.

11. Uzziah, meaning much the same, the might of Jehovah (2Ki 14:21; 15:1-6).

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1. King of Judah; see Uzziah. 2. 2Ch 22:6 for Abaziah. 3. 2Ch 15:1-8 a prophet, son of Oded, who met Asa's victorious army at Mareshah, and urged them to begin and persevere in a religious reform. 4. High priest in the reign of Solomon (1Ki 4:2). 5. 1Ch 6:10; Ezr 7:3, father of Amariah, who was high priest under Jehoshaphat. 6. High priest in the reign of Uzziah (2Ch 26:16-20); he withstood and denounced the king when he presumptuously attempted to usurp the priests' office of burning incense upon the altar. 7. High priest in the reign of Hezekiah (2Ch 3:10,13). 8. 1Ch 6:13-14; Ezr 7:1 (Ezerias, 1Es 8:1; Azarias, 2Es 1:1), son of Hilkiah the high priest. 9. 1Ki 4:5, a son of Nathan, who 'was over the officers' (1Ki 4:7). 10. 1Ch 2:8, son of Ethan whose wisdom was surpassed by that of Solomon (1Ki 4:31). 11. 1Ch 2:38, a man of Judah who had Egyptian blood in his veins (1Ch 2:34). 12. 1Ch 6:36, a Kohathite Levite (called Uzziah in 1Ch 6:24). 13. 14. 2Ch 21:2, Azariah and Azariahu, two of the sons of Jehoshaphat. 15. 16. 2Ch 23:1, Azariah and Azariahu, two of the five 'captains of hundreds' who assisted Jehoiada in the restoration of Joash. 17. 2Ch 28:12, one of those who supported the prophet Oded when he rebuked the army of Israel for purposing to enslave the captives of Judah. 18. 19. 2Ch 29:12, two Levites, a Kohathite and a Merarite. 20. Ne 3:23, one of those who repaired the wall of Jerusalem. 21. Ne 7:7 (called Seraiah, Ezr 2:2; Zacharias, 1Es 5:8), one of the twelve leaders of Israel who returned with Zerubbabel. 22. Ne 8:7 (Azarias, 1Es 9:48), one of those who helped the Levites to 'cause the people to understand the law.' 23. Jer 43:2, son of Hoshaiah (the Maacathite, Jer 40:8), also called Jezaniah (Jer 40:8; 42:1) and Jaazaniah (2Ki 25:23). He was one of the 'captains of the forces' who joined Gedaliah at Mizpah. 24. The Heb. name of Abednego (Da 1:6-7,11,19; 2:17).

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A name common in the priestly family especially of Eleazar.

1. Descendant of Zadok. 1Ki 4:2.

2. Son of Nathan, over the officers. 1Ki 4:5.

3. Son of Amaziah king of Judah. See UZZIAH.

4. Son of Ethan, descendant of Judah. 1Ch 2:8.

5. Son of Jehu. 1Ch 2:38-39.

6. Son of Ahimaaz and grandson of Zadok. 1Ch 6:9.

7. Son of Johanan, descendant of Zadok, apparently the first high priest who ministered in Solomon's temple. 1Ch 6:10-11.

8. Son of Hilkiah the high priest in the time of Josiah. 1Ch 6:13-14; 9:11; Ezr 7:1.

9. Son of Zephaniah, descendant of Kohath. 1Ch 6:36.

10. Prophet, son of Oded, sent by God to encourage Asa to seek the Lord. 2Ch 15:1.

11, 12. Two of the sons of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah. 2Ch 21:2.

13. Son of Jehoram, 2Ch 22:6: also called AHAZIAH, q.v.

14, 15. Two of the captains who aided Jehoiada to place Joash on the throne. 2Ch 23:1.

16. The high priest who hindered Uzziah king of Judah from burning incense in the temple. 2Ch 26:17,20.

17. One of the 'heads' of the tribe of Ephraim who objected to the bringing into Samaria the captives from Judah. 2Ch 28:12.

18. Father of Joel, a Kohathite. 2Ch 29:12

2Ch 29:19. Son of Jehalelel, a Merarite 2Ch 29:12.

20. Priest of the family of Zadok in the time of Hezekiah. 2Ch 31:10.

21. One mentioned in the genealogy of Ezra. Ezr 7:3.

22. Son of Maaseiah : he repaired a portion of the wall of Jerusalem. Ne 3:23-24.

23. One who returned from exile, Ne 7:7: supposed, as in the margin, to be the same as SERAIAH in Ezr 2:2.

24. One who assisted in the reading of the law under Ezra. Ne 8:7.

25. One of the priests who sealed the covenant. Ne 10:2.

26. A prince of Judah who took part in the procession when the wall of Jerusalem was to be purified. Ne 12:33.

27. Son of Hoshaiah: he charged Jeremiah with prophesying falsely. Jer 43:2.

28. One carried away with Daniel to Babylon, probably of the seed royal: his name was changed to ABED-NEGO. q.v. Da 1:6-19; 2:17.

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(whom the Lord helps) a common name in Hebrew, and especially in the families of the priests of the line of Eleazar, whose name has precisely the same meaning as Azariah. It is nearly identical, and is often confounded, with Ezra as well as with Zerahiah and Seraiah. The principal persons who bore this name were--

1. Son of Ahimaaz.

1Ch 6:9

He appears from

1Ki 4:2

to have succeeded Zadok, his grandfather, in the high priesthood, in the reign of Solomon, Ahimaaz having died before Zadok. (B.C. About 1000.) [AHIMAAZ]

See Ahimaaz

2. A chief officer of Solomon's, the son of Nathan, perhaps David's grandson.

1Ki 4:5

3. Tenth king of Judah, more frequently called Uzziah.

2Ki 14:21; 15:1,6,8,17,23,27; 1Ch 8:12

4. Son of Ethan, of the sons of Zerah, where, perhaps, Zerahiah is the more probable reading.

1Ch 2:8

5. Son of Jehu of the family of the Jerahmeelites, and descended from Jarha the Egyptian slave of Sheshan.

1Ch 2:38-39

He was probably one of the captains of hundreds in the time of Athaliah mentioned in

2Ch 23:1

(B.C. 886.)

6. The son of Johanan.

1Ch 6:10

He must have been high priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa. (B.C. 939.)

7. Another Azariah is inserted between Hilkiah, in Josiah's reign, and Seraiah who was put to death by Nebuchadnezzar, in

1Ch 6:13-14

8. Son of Zephaniah, a Kohathite, and ancestor of Samuel the prophet.

1Ch 6:36

Apparently the same as Uzziah in ver. 24.

9. Azariah; the son of Oded,

2Ch 15:1

called simply Oded in ver. 8, was a remarkable prophet in the days of King Asa, and a contemporary of Azariah the son of Johanan the high priest, and of Hanani the seer. (B.C. 939.)

10. Son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah.

2Ch 21:2


11. Another son of Jehoshaphat, and brother of the preceding.

2Ch 21:2

12. In

2Ch 22:6

Azariah is a clerical error for Ahaziah.

13. Son of Jeroham, one of the captains of Judah in the time of Athaliah.

2Ch 23:1

14. The high priest in the reign of Uzziah king of Judah. The most memorable event of his life is that which is recorded in

2Ch 26:17-20

(B.C. 810.) Azariah was contemporary with Isaiah the prophet and with Amos and Joel.

15. Son of Johanan, one of the captains of Ephraim in the reign of Ahaz.

2Ch 28:12

16. A Kohathite, father of Joel, in the reign of Hezekiah.

2Ch 29:12

(B.C. 726.)

17. A Merarite, son of Jehalelel, in the time of Hezekiah.

2Ch 29:12

18. The high priest in the days of Hezekiah.

2Ch 31:10,13

He appears to have co operated zealously with the king in that thorough purification of the temple and restoration of the temple service, which was so conspicuous a feature in his reign. He succeeded Urijah, who was high priest in the reign of Ahaz.

19. Son of Maaseiah who repaired part of the wall of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah.

Ne 3:23-24

(B.C. 446-410.)

20. One of the leaders of the children of the province who went up from Babylon with Zerubbabel.

Ne 7:7

21. One of the Levites who assisted Ezra in instructing the people in the knowledge of the law.

Ne 8:7

22. One of the priests who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah

Ne 10:2

and probably the same with the Azariah who assisted in the dedication of the city wall.

Ne 12:33


Jer 13:2


24. The original name of Abednego.

Da 1:6-7,11,19

He appears to have been of the seed-royal of Judah. (B.C. 603.)

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AZARIAH, or UZZIAH, king of Judah, son of Amaziah. He began to reign at the age of sixteen years, and reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem; his mother's name being Jecholiah, 2 Kings 15. Azariah did that which was right in the sight of the Lord; nevertheless he did not destroy the high places; and, against the express prohibition of God, the people continued to sacrifice there. Having taken upon him to offer incense in the temple, which office belonged entirely to the priests, he was struck with a leprosy, and continued without the city, separated from other men until the day of his death, 2 Chronicles 26. Josephus says, that upon this occasion a great earthquake happened; and that the temple opening at the top, a ray of light darted upon the king's forehead, the very moment he took the censer into his hand, and he instantly became a leper; nay, that the earthquake was so very violent, that it tore in sunder a mountain west of Jerusalem, and rolled one half of it over and over to the distance of four furlongs, till at length it was stopped by another mountain which stood over against it; but choked up the highway, and covered the king's gardens with dust. This is what Josephus adds to the history related in the Chronicles; but the truth of it may be justly suspected. We know, indeed, that there was a very great earthquake in the reign of Uzziah; for Am 1:1, and Zec 14:5, make mention of it: however, it is not certain that it happened at the very time that Uzziah took upon him to offer incense.

During the time that Uzziah was a leper, his son Jotham, as his father's viceroy, took the public administration upon himself, and succeeded him after his death, which happened in the fifty-second year of his reign. A.M.

3246. He was not buried in the royal sepulchre; but in the same field, at some distance, on account of his leprosy.

The first part of Uzziah's reign was very successful: he obtained great advantages over the Philistines, Ammonites, and Arabians. He made additions to the fortifications at Jerusalem, and always kept an army on foot of three hundred and seven thousand men, and upwards, 2 Chronicles 26; and he had great magazines, well stored with all sorts of arms, as well offensive as defensive; and he was a great lover of agriculture.

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