Having put away a good conscience, and so "concerning faith having made shipwreck" (for when one's faith does not better his morals, his moral defects will corrupt his faith), therefore "delivered (by Paul) to Satan to learn not to blaspheme" (1Ti 1:20). "Erred concerning the truth, saying that the resurrection is past already, overthrowing the faith of some" (2Ti 2:17-18). Satan is lord of all outside the church (Ac 26:18); he, by God's permission, afflicts saints and executes wrath on the disobedient (1Co 5:5; 2Co 12:7; Eph 4:27; Job 1:2). Paul, as an infallible apostle, had powers not transmitted to fallible successors (2Co 10:8; Mt 18:17-18).
His sentence pronounced at Rome took effect on Hymenaeus at Ephesus, in the form of some bodily sickness (so Ac 5:5,10; 13:11; 1Co 11:30), that he should learn not to blaspheme. (See EXCOMMUNICATION.) Hymenaeus after excommunication was probably restored in the interim between 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy, and troubled the church again. Gnosticism, or the pretension to extraordinary spiritual knowledge above what is written, was Hymenaeus' heresy, in concert first with Alexander, afterwards with Philetus.
The Gnostics (2Pe 3:16) "wrested Paul's words" (Ro 6:4; Eph 2:6; Col 2:12) as though the resurrection was merely the spiritual raising of souls from the death of sin (Joh 5:24-25). The difficulties of the resurrection (Ac 17:32; 26:8), the supposed evil inherent in matter, and the disparagement of the body, tended to this error (Col 2:23). Paul confutes this by showing that, besides the raising of the soul now from the death of sin, there shall be also hereafter a raising of the saint's body from the grave (Joh 5:28-29), as the fruit of JESUS' bodily resurrection (1 Corinthians 15).
A heretical Christian associated with Alexander in 1Ti 1:19 f., and with Philetus in 2Ti 2:17 f., though some have considered that two different persons are meant. These false teachers 'made shipwreck concerning the faith'; their heresy consisted in denying the bodily resurrection, saying that the resurrection was already past
One who had made shipwreck of faith. Paul, in his apostolic authority, had delivered him and Alexander unto Satan that they might learn not to blaspheme. He is also mentioned with Philetus, as having erred concerning the truth, saying that the resurrection had passed already (probably allegorising it), and had overthrown the faith of some. 1Ti 1:20; 2Ti 2:17.
(belonging to marriage), the name of a person occurring twice in the correspondence between St. Paul and Timothy; the first time classed with Alexander,
and the second time classed with Philetus.
(A.D. 66-7.) He denied the true doctrine of the resurrection.