The author of Pr 31. Some suppose it to be an enigmatical name for Solomon.
dedicated to God, a king whom his mother instructed (Pr 31:1-9). Nothing is certainly known concerning him. The rabbis identified him with Solomon.
devoted to God, or "created by God" (the long form of Loci, Nu 3:24). Instead of "Lemuel .... the prophecy," some less probably translated "Lemuel, king of Massa" (Pr 31:1-9). An ideal model king. Not, as Hitzig guessed, elder brother to Agur, king of an Arab tribe in Massa, on the borders of Palestine, and both sprung from the Simeonites who drove out the Amalekites from Mount Seir under Hezekiah, as if Lemuel were an older form of Nemuel, or Jemuel, Simeon's oldest son. Taught by his mother, as Timothy by Lois and Eunice (2Ti 1:5; 3:15-16). Her character was perhaps the model of the portrait of the "virtuous woman" (Pr 31:10-31). Abstemious; a pleader for and patron of those who cannot defend themselves, the widow and orphan.
The name of a king, otherwise unknown, to whom Pr 31:1-9 is addressed by his mother. His identity has been much discussed; he has been identified (by the Rabbinical commentators) with Solomon, (by Grotius) with Hezekiah. Cf. also Massa. It is possible that the name is a fanciful title to represent any virtuous king, invented for the purpose of conveying certain maxims.
T. A. Moxon.
The name of a king, to whom was given, by his mother, the instruction recorded in Pr 31:1-9. The name does not occur elsewhere, and is supposed by some to be a symbolical one, signifying 'godward,' or '(created) by God,' Gesenius.
(dedicated to God), the name of an unknown king to whom his mother addressed the prudential maxims contained in
The rabbinical commentators identified Lemuel with Solomon. Others regard him as king or chief of an Arab tribe dwelling on the borders of Palestine, and elder brother of Agur, whose name stands at the head of
LEMUEL. See AGUR.