A city of Judah and Simeon, on the borders of the Philistines, Jos 15:31; 19:5, who held it until the time of Saul, when Achish king of Gath gave it to David. Hither many other refugees from Judah resorted, and David was thus enabled to aid Achish, and to chastise the Amalekites who had sacked Ziklag during his absence, 1Sa 27:1-6; 30; Ne 11:28.
a town in the Negeb, or south country of Judah (Jos 15:31), in the possession of the Philistines when David fled to Gath from Ziph with all his followers. Achish, the king, assigned him Ziklag as his place of residence. There he dwelt for over a year and four months. From this time it pertained to the kings of Judah (1Sa 27:6). During his absence with his army to join the Philistine expedition against the Israelites (1Sa 29:11), it was destroyed by the Amalekites (1Sa 30:1-2), whom David, however, pursued and utterly routed, returning all the captives (1Sa 30:26-31). Two days after his return from this expedition, David received tidings of the disastrous battle of Gilboa and of the death of Saul (2Sa 1:1-16). He now left Ziklag and returned to Hebron, along with his two wives, Ahinoam and Abigail, and his band of 600 men. It has been identified with 'Asluj, a heap of ruins south of Beersheba. Conder, however, identifies it with Khirbet Zuheilikah, ruins found on three hills half a mile apart, some seventeen miles north-west of Beersheba, on the confines of Philistia, Judah, and Amalek.
A city in southern Judah, associated with Chesil and Hormah (Jos 15:31; 19:5; 1Ch 4:30). Lieut. Conder identifies it with Zehleika or Khirbet Zuheilikah in the middle of the plain N. of Beersheba, 200 miles square, just where the narrative concerning David would lead us to look for it. The ruins are on three small hills, forming an equilateral triangle, almost half a mile apart; among the ruins are several cisterns. Simeon possessed it. Assigned by Achish king of Gath to David, for the Philistines had taken it.
Thence David went up against the Geshurites, Gezrites, and Amalekites (1Sa 27:8-9; 30:14,26), for these tribes occupied the plateau overhanging the Philistine plain to the W. and wady Murreh to the S. He resided there a year and four months; it was there he received daily new accessions of forces (1Ch 12:1-20), and heard of Saul's death (2Sa 1:1; 4:10); thence he went to Hebron (2Sa 2:1). Thus Ziklag lay at the confines of Philistia, Judah, and Amalek. Its position probably was in the open country, pastoral and amble, reached from the S. after passing out of wady er Ruheibeh. The term used in 1Sa 30:11 is "the field (sadeh) of the Philistines"; sadeh is applied to the country of Amalek (Ge 14:7). Reoccupied after the Babylonian captivity by the men of Judah (Ne 11:28).
A town given by Achish king of Gath to the outlawed David (1Sa 27:6; 30:1 ff., 2Sa 1:1; 4:10; 1Ch 12:1,20). In the national register of cities it is assigned to Judah (Jos 15:31) or to Simeon (Jos 19:5), and is mentioned also in the post-exilic list (Ne 11:28). It has been identified with Zuheil
City in the south of Judah given to David by Achish, one of the Philistine kings. It was burned down by the Amalekites, and the inhabitants carried away during the absence of David; but the captives and the spoil were recovered. It afterwards returned to the tribe of Judah. A list is given of the warriors who resorted to David at Ziklag while Saul was yet alive, and therefore while David was in rejection by the nation. 1Ch 12:1-22. Amasai, chief of the captains, said "Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee." Cheering words to one thus placed! They were apparently a type of those who follow the Lord Jesus now while He is still rejected by the world at large. Jos 15:31; 19:5; 1Sa 27:6; 30:1-26; 2Sa 1:1; 4:10 , 1Ch 4:30; Ne 11:28. Identified by some with Asluj, 31 3' N, 34 48' E.; but ruins at Zuheilikah, some 17 miles N.W. of Beersheba have been preferred by others.
(winding), a place which possesses a special interest from its having been the residence and the private property of David. It is first mentioned in the catalogue of the towns of Judah in
and occurs, in the same connection among the places which were allotted out of the territory of Judah to Simeon.
We next encounter it in the possession of the Philistines
when it was, at David's request, bestowed upon him by Achish king of Gath. He resided there for a year and four months.
It was there he received the news of Saul's death.
He then relinquished it for Hebron.
Ziklag is finally mentioned as being reinhabited by the people of Judah after their return from captivity.
The situation of the town is difficult to determine, and we only know for certain that it was in the south country.
ZIKLAG, a city of the Philistines, first assigned to the tribe of Judah, and afterward to that of Simeon, Jos 15:31; 19:5; but it does not appear that the Philistines were ever driven out; as, when David fled into their country from Saul, Achish gave the city to him, 1Sa 27:5-6. It was afterward burned by the Amalekites, 1Sa 30:1. But it appears to have been rebuilt, as the author of the First Book of Samuel, when relating its being given to David, adds, that it pertained to the kings of Judah in his time.