Jesus Flogged and Mocked
1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had Him flogged. 2 The soldiers also twisted together a crown(A) of thorns, put it on His head, and threw a purple robe around Him. 3 And they repeatedly came up to Him(B) and said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and were slapping His face.
4 Pilate went outside again and said to them, “Look, I’m bringing Him outside to you to let you know I find no grounds(C) for charging Him.”
Pilate Sentences Jesus to Death
5 Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe.(D) Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”(E)
6 When the chief priests and the temple police saw Him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”Pilate responded, “Take Him and crucify Him yourselves, for I find no grounds for charging Him.”
7 “We have a law,” the Jews replied to him, “and according to that law He must die,(F) because He made Himself(a) the Son of God.”(G)
8 When Pilate heard this statement, he was more afraid than ever. 9 He went back into the headquarters(H) and asked Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus did not give him an answer.(I) 10 So Pilate said to Him, “You’re not talking to me? Don’t You know that I have the authority to release You and the authority to crucify You?”
11 “You would have no authority over Me at all,” Jesus answered him, “if it hadn’t been given you from above. This is why the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.”(b)(J)
12 From that moment Pilate made every effort(c) to release Him. But the Jews shouted, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Anyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar!”
13 When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus outside. He sat down on the judge’s bench in a place called the Stone Pavement (but in Hebrew Gabbatha). 14 It was the preparation day for the Passover, and it was about six in the morning.(d) Then he told the Jews, “Here is your king!”
15 But they shouted, “Take Him away! Take Him away! Crucify Him!”Pilate said to them, “Should I crucify your king?” “We have no king but Caesar!” the chief priests answered.
16 So then, because of them, he handed Him over to be crucified.
The CrucifixionTherefore they took Jesus away.(e) 17 Carrying(K) His own cross,(L) He went out to what is called Skull Place, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him and two others with Him, one on either side, with Jesus in the middle. 19 Pilate also had a sign lettered and put on the cross. The inscription was: JESUS THE NAZARENE THE KING OF THE JEWS.
20 Many of the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city,(M) and it was written in Hebrew,(f) Latin, and Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Don’t write, ‘The King of the Jews,’(N) but that He said, ‘I am the King of the Jews.’”
23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His clothes and divided them into four parts, a part for each soldier. They also took the tunic, which was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. 24 So they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it, to see who gets it.” They did this to fulfill(O) the Scripture(P) that says: They divided My clothes among themselves, and they cast lots for My clothing.(Q)(g) And this is what the soldiers did.
Jesus’ Provision for His Mother
25 Standing(R) by the cross(S) of Jesus were His mother,(T) His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.(U) 26 When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple He loved(V) standing there, He said to His mother, “Woman, here is your son.” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her into his home.
The Finished Work of Jesus
28 After(W) this, when Jesus knew that everything was now accomplished(X) that the Scripture might be fulfilled, He said, “I’m thirsty!”(Y) 29 A jar full of sour wine was sitting there; so they fixed a sponge full of sour wine on hyssop(h)(Z) and held it up to His mouth.
30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!”(AA) Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.(AB)
Jesus’ Side Pierced
31 Since it was the preparation day,(AC) the Jews did not want the bodies(AD) to remain on the cross(AE) on the Sabbath(AF) (for that Sabbath was a special(i) day). They requested that Pilate have the men’s legs broken and that their bodies be taken away.(AG) 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man and of the other one who had been crucified with Him. 33 When they came to Jesus, they did not break His legs since they saw that He was already dead.(AH) 34 But one of the soldiers pierced(AI) His side(AJ) with a spear, and at once blood and water(AK) came out. 35 He who saw this has testified(AL) so that you also may believe. His testimony is true, and he knows he is telling the truth.(AM) 36 For these things happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled:(AN)Not one of His bones will be broken.(AO)(j) 37 Also, another Scripture says: They will look at the One they pierced.(AP)(k)
38 After(AQ) this, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus—but secretly because of his fear of the Jews—asked Pilate that he might remove Jesus’ body.(AR) Pilate gave him permission, so he came and took His body away. 39 Nicodemus(AS) (who had previously come to Him at night) also came, bringing a mixture of about 75 pounds(l) of myrrh and aloes. 40 Then they took Jesus’ body(AT) and wrapped it in linen cloths(AU) with the aromatic spices, according to the burial(AV) custom of the Jews. 41 There was a garden in the place where He was crucified. A new tomb was in the garden; no one had yet been placed in it. 42 They placed Jesus there because of the Jewish preparation and since the tomb was nearby.
a. John 19:7: He claimed to be
b. John 19:11: To have sin is an idiom that refers to guilt caused by sin.
c. John 19:12: Lit Pilate was trying
e. John 19:16: Other mss add and led Him out
f. John 19:20: Or Aramaic
h. John 19:29: Or with hyssop
i. John 19:31: Lit great
l. John 19:39: Lit 100 litrai; a Roman litrai = 12 ounces