The second and greatest of the kings of Israel; the youngest of the eight sons of Jesse the Bethlehemite; he belonged to the tribe of Judah. The details of his life are gathered from 1Sa 16:3
And I put thy bounds from the sea of sedge, and even to the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert even to the river: for I will give into your hand those inhabiting the land, and thou drove them out from before thee. Thou shalt not make a covenant with them and to their gods. read more. They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they shall cause thee to sin against me: if thou shalt serve their gods, surely shall it be to thee for a snare.
And Jehovah dispossessed all these nations from before you, and ye possessed nations great and strong above you. Every place which the sole of your foot shall tread upon it, to you shall it be, from the desert and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, and even to the last sea shall be your boundary. read more. A man shall not stand up against your face: your terror and your fear, Jehovah your God shall give upon the face of all the earth which ye shall tread upon it, as he spake to you.
And Eli will answer and say, Go with peace: and the God of Israel shall give thine asking which thou didst ask of him. And she will say, Thy servant shall find grace in thine eyes. And the woman will go to her way, and ate, and her face is to her no more. read more. And they will rise early in the morning and worship before Jehovah, and will turn back and will go to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah will know Hannah his wife, and Jehovah will remember her. And it will be at the return of days Hannah will conceive and bear a son, and she will call his name Samuel, for of Jehovah I asked him. And the man Elkanah and all his house will go up to sacrifice to Jehovah the sacrifice of days, and his vow. And Hannah went not up; for she said to her husband, Till the boy shall be weaned, and I brought him, and he saw the face of Jehovah, and he shall sit there even to forever. And Elkanah her husband will say to her, Do the good in thine eyes; sit till thy weaning him; but Jehovah will raise up his word. And the woman will sit and suckle her son till her weaning him. And she will bring him up with her when she weaned him, with three bullocks and one ephah of flour, and a flask of wine; and she will bring him to the house of Jehovah in Shiloh, and the boy a youth. And they will slaughter the bullock, and they will bring the boy to Eli. And she will say, With leave, my lord, thy soul living, my lord, I the woman standing with thee in here to pray to Jehovah. For this boy I prayed, and Jehovah will give to me my asking which I asked of him.
And to him was a son and his name Saul, a young man and good: and not a man of the sons of Israel good above him: from his shoulder and from above, high above all the people.
And Jehovah will say to Samuel, How long mournest thou for Saul, and I rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill thy horn with oil, and go; I will send thee to Jesse of the House of Bread, for I saw among his sons a king to me. And Samuel will say, How shall I go? and Saul hearing, and killing me. And Jehovah will say, Thou shalt take a heifer of the cows in thy hand and say, To sacrifice to Jehovah I came. read more. And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will make known to thee what thou shalt do: and anoint to me whom I say to thee.
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will make known to thee what thou shalt do: and anoint to me whom I say to thee. And Samuel will do what Jehovah spake, and he will go to the House of Bread. And the old men of the city will tremble to meet him, and say, Thy coming peace? read more. And he will say, Peace: to sacrifice to Jehovah I came: be ye consecrated and come with me to the sacrifice. And he will consecrate Jesse and his sons, and call for them to the sacrifice. And it will be in their coming, and he will see Eliab, and he said, Surely, before Jehovah his Messiah. And Jehovah will say to Samuel, Thou shalt not look upon his aspect or upon the height of his stature; for I rejected him: for not what man will see, for man will see with the eyes, and Jehovah will see at the heart And Jesse will call for Abinadab, and he will cause him to pass by before Samuel. And he will say, Also this Jehovah chose not And Jesse will cause Shammah to pass by. And he will say, Also in this Jehovah chose not And Jesse will cause seven of his sons to pass by before Samuel: and Samuel will say to Jesse, Jehovah chose not in these. And Samuel will say to Jesse, Are these the whole of the boys? And he will say, The small was yet left, and behold, he fed among the sheep. And Samuel will say to Jesse, Send and take him, for we will not turn about till his coming here. And he will send and bring him. And he red, with beauty of eyes, and good of sight And Jehovah will say, Arise, anoint him: for this is he. And Samuel will take the horn of oil and he will anoint him in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of Jehovah will cleave to David from that day and over. And Samuel will rise and go to Ramab. And the spirit of Jehovah departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from Jehovah terrified him. And Saul's servants will say to him, Behold now, an evil spirit of God terrifying thee. Will our lord now say to thy servants before thee, Seek out a man knowing to play upon the harp: and it was in the evil spirit of God being upon thee, and he playing with the hand and doing good to thee. And Saul will say to his servants, See, now, a man to me being good to play, and bring to me. And one of his boys will answer and say, I saw a son to Jesse of the House of Bread, knowing to play, mighty of strength, and a man of war, and discerning the word, and a man of figure, and Jehovah with him. And Saul will send messengers to Jesse, and he will say, Send to me David thy son who is with the sheep. And Jesse will take a heap of bread and a sack of wine, and one kid of the goats, and he will send by the hand of David his son to Saul. And David will come to Saul, and stand before him: and he will love him greatly; and he will be to him lifting up the arms. And Saul will send to Jesse, saying, David shall stand now before me, for he found grace in mine eyes. And it was in the spirit of God being upon Saul, and David took the harp and played with his hand, and it was refreshed to Saul, and it was good to him, and the evil spirit departed from him.
And David, son of a man, that Ephrathite, of the House of Bread of Judah, and his name Jesse; and to him eight sons; and the man in the days of Saul went an old man among men. And three sons of Jesse, the great ones, going, went after Saul to war: and the names of his three sons which went in the war, Eliab the first-born and his second, Abinadab, and the third, Shammah. read more. And David, he the small; and the three great ones went after Saul. And David went and turned back from Saul to feed his father's sheep at the House of Bread. And he of the rovers will draw near, the morning and the evening, and he will take a stand forty days. And Jesse will say to David his son, Take now to thy brethren an ephah of this parched grain, and this ten of bread, and run to the camp to thy brethren. And these ten cuttings of milk thou shalt bring to the chief of a thousand; and thou shalt review thy brethren for peace, and take their pledge. And Saul, and they, and every man of Israel, in the valley of Elah, warring with the rovers. And David will rise early in the morning, and will cast the sheep upon a watcher, and he will lift up and go as Jesse commanded him; and he will come to the track, and the army going forth to the array and they shouted in the war. And Israel will arrange, and the rovers, array to meet array. And David will cast the utensils from off him upon the hand of the watcher of the utensils, and be will run to the array, and will come and ask to his;brethren for peace. And he speaking with them, and behold, a man of the sons came up, Goliah of the rovers, his name, from Gath, from the ranks of the rovers: and he will speak according to these words, and David will hear. And every man of Israel in their seeing the man, will flee from his face, and they will fear greatly. And the man Israel will say, Saw ye this man coming up? for to upbraid Israel he came up: and it was the man who shall strike him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give to him his daughter, and his father's house he will make free in Israel. And David will say to the men standing with him, saying, What shall be done to the man who shall strike this one of the rovers, and take away the reproach from Israel? for who this uncircumcised of the rovers? for he upbraided the ranks of the living God. And the people will say to him according to this word, saying, Thus it shall be done to the man who shall smite him. And Eliab his brother the great, will hear in his speaking to the men, and Eliab's anger will kindle against David, and he will say, Why this camest thou down? and upon whom didst thou cast those few sheep in the desert? I knew thy pride and the evil of thy heart, for in order to see the battle thou camest down. And David will say, What did I now? is this not the word? And he will turn round from his side to the front of another, and will say according to this word: and the people will turn back word as the former word. And the words will be heard which David spake, and they will be announced before Saul, and he will take him.
And David will say to Saul, Thy servant was feeding for his father among the sheep, and there came the lion and with the bear, and lifted up a sheep from the flock. And I went forth after him, and I smote him, and I delivered from his mouth: and he arose upon me and I seized upon his beard, and I struck him and killed him.
And when Saul saw David going forth to meet the rover, he said to Abner, chief of the army, Whose son this boy, Abner? and Abner will say, Thy soul lives, O king, if I knew. And the king will say, Ask thou whose son this youth. read more. And as David turned back from striking the rover, and Abner will take him and bring him before Saul, and the head of the rover in his hand. And Saul will say to him, Whose son thou, O youth? And David will say, Thy servant the son of Jesse of the House of Bread.
And it will be on the morrow, and the evil spirit of God will fall upon Saul, and he will prophesy in the midst of the house: and David playing with his hand as the day to day: and a spear in Saul's hand. And Saul will lift up the spear, and say, I will strike against David into the wall And David will flee from before him twice.
And Saul will say, Thus shall ye say to David, No delight to the king in a dowry, but in a hundred uncircumcisions of the rovers to be avenged of the king's enemies. And Saul purposed to cause David to fall into the hand of the rovers. And his servants will announce to David these words, and the word will be straight in David's eyes, to be son-in-law to the king: and the days were not filled up.
And Saul will speak to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, to kill David. And Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted in David greatly: And Jonathan will announce to David, saying, Saul my father is seeking to kill thee: and at this time, watch now, in the morning, and dwell in secret and hide. read more. And I will go forth and stand by the hand of my father in the field where thou art there, and I will speak of thee to my father; and what I shall see I will announce to thee. And Jonathan will speak good of David to Saul his father, and he will say to him, The king will not sin against his servant against David, for he sinned not against thee, and because of his doing good to thee greatly: And he put his soul in his hand and smote the rover, and Jehovah will make great salvation to all Israel: thou sawest and thou wilt rejoice; and wherefore wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to kill David gratuitously? . And Saul will hear to the voice of Jonathan; and Saul will swear, Jehovah lives if he shall die. And Jonathan will call for David, and Jonathan will announce to him all these words. And Jonathan will bring in David to Saul, and he will be before him as yesterday the third day.
And the Ziphites will go up to Saul to the hill, saying, Is not David hiding with us in the fastnesses in the thicket, in the hill of Hachilah, which is from the right of the desert?
And it will be when Saul turned back from after the rovers, and they will announce to him, saying, Behold, David in the desert of Engedi.
And the Ziphites will come to Saul to the hill, saying, Is not David hiding in the hill of Hachilah, upon the face of the desert?
And David will send spies, and he knew that Saul came for a certainty.
And behold, as thy soul was magnified this day in mine eyes, so shall my soul be magnified in the eyes of Jehovah, and he will deliver me from all straits. And Saul will say, to David, Blessed thou, my son David: also doing, thou shalt do, and also being able, thou shalt be able. And David will go to his way, and Saul turned back to his place.
And the number of days which David dwelt in the field of the rovers will be days and four months.
And David will say to Achish, But what did I? and what didst thou find in thy servant from the day I was before thee, even to this day, that I shall not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?
And David will come to Ziklag, and he will send from the spoil to the old men of Judah, to his neighbors, saving, Behold, to you a blessing from the spoil of the enemies of Jehovah. To those in Bethel, and to those in south Ramah, and to those in Jattir, read more. And to those in Aroer, and to those in Siphmoth, and to those in Eshtemoa. And to those in Rachel, and to those in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to those in the cities of the Kenites, And to those in Hormah, and to those in Chor-Ashan, and to those in Athach, And to those in Hebron, and to all the places where David went about there, he and his men.
How have the powerful fallen in the midst of the battle Jonathan wounded upon the heights! Distress to me for thee, my brother Jonathan: thou wert sweet to me exceedingly: thy love to me was wonderful above the love of women. read more. How have the powerful fallen and the vessels of war perished.
And the men of Judah will come and will anoint there David for king over the house of Judah. And they will announce to David, saying, The men of Jabesh-Gilead that buried Saul
And long war will be between the house of Saul and between the house of David: and David went and was strengthened, and the house of Saul went and was weakened.
And David will take the fastness of Zion: this the city of David.
And Hiram, king of Tyre, will send messengers to David, and wood of cedars and artificers of wood, and artificers of stone of the wall: and they will build a house for David.
And the rovers will hear that they anointed David for king over Israel, and all the rovers will come up to seek David; and David will hear and he will go down to the fastness. And the rovers came and they will be dispersed in the valley of Rephaim. read more. And David will ask in Jehovah, saying, Shall I go up against the rovers? wilt thou give them into my hand? and Jehovah will say to David, Go up: for giving, I will give the rovers into thy hand. And David will come against the Lord of Breaches, and David will strike them there, and he will say, Jehovah broke down mine enemies before me as the breach of waters: for this he called the name of that place, the Lord of the Breaches. . And they will leave there their images, and David and his men will take them away. And the rovers will add yet to come up, and they will be dispersed in the valley of Rephaim. And David will ask in God, and he will say, Thou shalt not go up: turn about behind them and thou shalt cover against them from before the weepings And it shall be in thy hearing the voice of the going in the heads of the weepings, then thou shalt be active, for then Jehovah will go forth before thee to strike upon the camp of the rovers. And David will do thus as Jehovah commanded him, and he will strike the rovers from Geba even to thy coming to Gazer.
And David will yet gather together all the chosen in Israel, thirty thousand.
And the king will say to Nathan the prophet, See now, me dwelling in a house of cedars, and the ark of God dwelling in midst of the curtains.
And from the day I commanded judges over my people Israel, and I gave rest to thee from all thine enemies. And Jehovah announced to thee that Jehovah will make to thee a house.
And king David will come and sit before Jehovah, and say, Who am I Lord Jehovah? and who my house that thou broughtest me even to these? And this yet will be small in thine eyes, Lord Jehovah; and thou wilt speak also to the house of thy servant for remoteness. And this the law of man, Lord Jehovah? read more. And what shall David yet add to speak to thee? for thou knewest thy servant, Lord Jehovah. For sake of thy word and according to thy heart thou didst all this greatness to make thy servant know. For this thou wert great, Jehovah God: for none as thee, for no God beside thee according to all we heard in our ears. And who as thy people, as Israel, one nation in the earth whom God went to redeem to him for a people, and to set up for him a name, and to do for you greatness and wonderful things for thy land from the face of thy people whom thou didst redeem to thee from Egypt, nations and his tents. And thou wilt prepare to thyself thy people Israel to thee for a people, even to forever. And thou Jehovah wert to them for God. And now, Jehovah God the word that thou spakest concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, set up even to forever, and do as thou spakest And thy name shall be great even to forever, saying, Jehovah of armies the God over Israel: and the house of thy servant David shall be prepared before thee. For thou, Jehovah of armies, the God of Israel, thou didst open the ear of thy servant, saying, I will build to thee an house: for this thy servant found his heart to pray to thee this prayer. And now, Lord Jehovah, thou that God, and thy words shall be true, and thou wilt speak to thy servant this goodness. And now be willing and bless the house of thy servant to be forever before thee: for thou, Lord Jehovah, spakest: and from thy blessing the house of thy servant shall be blessed forever.
And he will smite Moab, and measure them with a cord, laying them down upon the earth; and he will measure with two cords to put to death, and a full cord to save alive. And Moab will be to David for servants, lifting up gifts. And David will strike Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah, in his going to turn back his hand upon the river. read more. And David will take from him a thousand, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen; and David will destroy all the chariots, and he will leave from them a hundred chariots. And Aram of Damascus will come to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, and David will strike of Aram twenty and two thousand men. And David will put garrisons in Aram of Damascus: and Aram will be to David for servants, lifting up gifts. And Jehovah saved David in all which he went And David will take the shields of gold which were upon the servants of Hadadezer, and he will bring them to Jerusalem. And from Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass. And Toi, king of Hamath will hear that David smote all the strength of Hadadezer; And Toi will send Joram his son to king David to ask him for peace and to bless him, because he fought with Hadadezer and struck him; (for Hadadezer was a man of war with Toi.) And in his hand were vessels of silver and vessels of gold and vessels of brass: Also king David consecrated them to Jehovah with the silver and the gold, which he consecrated from all the nations which he subdued: From Aram, and from Moab, and from the sons of Ammon, and from the rovers, and from Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah. And David will make a name in his turning back from his smiting Aram in the valley of salt, eighteen thousand. And he will put garrisons in Edom; in all Edom he put garrisons, and all Edom will be servants to David. And Jehovah will save David in all which he went
And it will be after this, and the king of the sons of Ammon will die, and Hanun his son will reign in his stead.
And it will be at the return of the year, at the time of the going forth of kings, and David will send Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they will destroy the sons of Ammon, and they will watch closely against Rabbah And David will dwell in Jerusalem. And it will be at the time of the evening, and David will rise from off his bed, and will go upon the roof of the king's house: and he will see from the roof a woman washing herself; and the woman good of aspect exceedingly.
And he will send by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he will call his name Jedidiah, for sake of Jehovah. And Joab will fight against Rabbah of the sons of Ammon, and he will take the city of the kingdom. read more. And Joab will send messengers to David, and say, I fought against Rabbah, also I took the city of waters. And now gather together the rest of the people and encamp against the city, and take it, lest I shall take the city, and my name was called upon it And David will gather all the people together and go to Rabbah, and war against it and take it And he will take the crown of their king from his head; and its weight a talent of gold and a precious stone; and it will be upon David's head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city exceeding much. And the people which were in it he brought forth, and he will put at the saw and at the threshing-sledge of iron, and at axes of iron, and caused them to pass over through the brick-kiln: and thus he will do to all the cities of the sons of Ammon. And David will turn back, and all the people, to Jerusalem.
And it will be from after this, and Absalom will make to him. chariots and horses, and fifty men running before him. And Absalom rose early and stood by the hand of the way of the gate: and it will be every man which shall be to him strife coming to the king for judgment, and Absalom will call to him and say, Where, from what city thou? And he will say, of one of the tribes of Israel is thy servant read more. And Absalom will say to him, See, thy words good and straight, and none to hear to thee from the king. And Absalom will say, Who will set me judge in the land? and to me shall every man come which shall be to him strife and judgment, and I did him justice. And it was in a man's coming near to worship to him, and he stretched forth his hand and laid hold of him, and kissed him. And Absalom will do according to this word to all Israel who will come for judgment to the king: and Absalom will steal the heart of the men of Israel.
And Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not done, and he will saddle the ass and rise and go to his house to his city, and command his house, and he will strangle himself and die. And he will be buried in the grave of his father.
And what will be, I will run. And he will say to him, Run. And Ahimaaz will run the way of the circuit, and pass by Cushi. And David will sit between the two gates: and he watching will go to the roof of the gate to the wall, and he lift up his eyes and see, and behold, a man running by himself. read more. And the watcher will call and announce to the king. And the king will say, If alone, good news in his month. And he will go, going, and draw near. And he watching will see another man running, and the watcher will call at the gate and say, Behold, a man running alone. And the king will say, This also announces good tidings. And the watcher will say, I saw the running of the first as the running of Ahimaaz, Zadok's son. And the king will say, A good man this, and he will come for good news. And Ahimaaz will call and say to the king, Peace. And he will worship to the king upon the face to the earth, and he will say, Blessed Jehovah thy God who shut up the men who lifted up their hand against my lord the king. And the king will say, Peace to the boy, to Absalom? And Ahimaaz will say, I saw the great multitude at Joab's sending the King's servant, and thy servant; and I knew not what And the king will say, Turn, stand here. And he will turn and stand. And behold, Cushi came; and Cushi will say, Good news will be announced, my lord the king, for Jehovah judged thee this day from the hand of all rising up against thee. And the king will say to Cushi, Is peace to the boy, to Absalom? And Cushi will say, As the boy, shall all the enemies of my lord the king be, and all who rose up against thee for evil And the king will be moved, and he will go up into the upper chamber of the gate and weep: and thus he said in his going, My son Absalom! my son, my son Absalom I who will give my death, me for thee, Absalom my son, my son!
And yet there will be war to the rovers with Israel; and David will go down, and his servants with him, and they will fight with the rovers: and David will be faint And Ishbi-Benob who was from the children of Rephaim, and the weight of his spear three hundred weight of brass, and he being girded with a new one, and he will say to strike David. read more. And Abishai son of Zeruiah will help for him. and he will strike the rover and kill him. Then David's men sware to him, saying, Thou shalt no more go forth with us to war, and thou shalt not quench the light of Israel. And it will be after this, and there will be war yet in Gob with the rovers: then Sibbechai the Hushathite struck Saph who was of the children of Rephaim. And there will be yet war in Gob with the rovers, and Elhanan, son of Jaare-Oregim of the House of Bread, will strike Goliah the Gathite, and the wood of his spear as the beam of those weaving. And there will be yet war in Gath, and there will be a man of Midian, and the fingers of his hands and the toes of his feet, six and six; twenty and four of number: and also he child to Rephah And he will reproach Israel, and Jonathan, son of Shimeab, David's brother, will strike him. Those four were born to Rephah in Oath, and they will fall by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
And the days that David reigned over Israel, forty years: in Hebron he reigned seven years, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.
And Jehu, son of Nimshi, shalt thou anoint for king over Israel: and Elisha son of Shaphat, from Abel-Me-holah, It thou anoint for prophet in thy stead.
With all his kingdom and his strength, and the times which passed over upon him and upon Israel, and upon all the kingdoms of the lands.