7 occurrences in 7 dictionaries

Reference: Brimstone


A mineral substance, highly inflammable, and burning with a suffocating smell. Sodom and the other cities of the plain were destroyed "by brimstone and fire," Ge 19:24; and this awful catastrophe is often used in Scripture, as an emblem of temporal and eternal judgments of God upon the wicked, Job 18:15; Ps 11:6; Isa 30:33; 34:9; Re 21:8.

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an inflammable mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. The cities of the plain were destroyed by a rain of fire and brimstone (Ge 19:24-25). In Isa 34:9 allusion is made to the destruction of these cities. This word figuratively denotes destruction or punishment (Job 18:15; Isa 30:33; 34:9; Ps 11:6; Eze 38:22). It is used to express the idea of excruciating torment in Re 14:10; 19:20; 20:10.

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gaphrith, related to gopher wood, and so expressing any inflammable substance, as sulphur, which burns with a suffocating smell. It is a mineral found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. It was the instrument used in destroying Sodom and Gomorrah, the adjoining cities of the plain (Ge 19:24), for divine miracle does not supersede the use of God's existing natural agents, but moves in connection with them. An image of every visitation of God's vengeance on the ungodly, especially of the final one (De 29:23; Job 18:15; Ps 11:6; Isa 34:9; Eze 38:22; Re 19:20; 20:10; 21:8).

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BRIMSTONE, or sulphur, is one of the chemical elements. It is found in volcanic regions both uncombined as a deposit and also as a constituent of the gases (sulphur di-oxide and sulphuretted hydrogen) which are exhaled from the earth or dissolved in the water of hot springs. Such sulphur springs are abundant in the Jordan Valley and on the shores of the Dead Sea. The account of the destruction of the Cities of the Plain (Ge 19:24,28; Lu 17:29) states that the Lord rained upon them 'brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven,' and the most generally accepted view is that the disaster was due to an eruption of petroleum, caused by an earthquake. This is more probable on geological grounds than a volcanic eruption. In either case the 'brimstone' would not be solid sulphur, but the choking gases mentiooed above, which would accompany the rain of fire (see Driver, in loc.; Tristram, Land of Israel, 353 f.; Dawson, Egypt and Syria, 129f.). This passage suggests the imagery of a number of others in which 'fire and brimstone' are agencies of destruction (Ps 11:6; Eze 38:22; Re 9:17-18; 14:10; 19:20; 20:10; 21:8). In the last three of these the peculiar feature of the 'lake' may be a reminiscence of a volcanic crater filled with molten lava and exhaling sulphurous fumes (cf. the' great mountain burning with fire,' Re 9:6). In De 29:23 there is a warning that if Israel is disobedient, their whole land will be 'brimstone and salt,' like the desolate region round the Dead Sea. In Isa 34:9 a similar threat is uttered against Edom. In Isa 30:33 the 'breath of the Lord' kindling Tophet, is like a stream of brimstone.

James Patrick.

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Bitumen, pitch, or sulphur, which is still found in its crude state in Palestine. In God's judgement it was rained from heaven. Ge 19:24; Ps 11:6; Eze 38:22; Lu 17:29. It is symbolical of that which will add to the torment and anguish of the wicked. Re 14:10; 19:20; 20:10; 21:8.

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Brimstone, or sulphur, is found in considerable quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea.

Ge 19:24

It is a well-known simple mineral substance, crystalline, easily melted, very inflammable, and when burning emits a peculiar suffocating odor. It is found in great abundance near volcanoes. The soil around Sodom and Gomorrah abounded in sulphur and bitumen.

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BRIMSTONE, ?????, Ge 19:24; De 29:23; Job 18:15; Ps 11:6; Isa 30:33; 34:9; Eze 38:22. It is rendered ????? by the Septuagint, and is so called in Lu 17:29. Fire and brimstone are represented in many passages of Scripture as the elements by which God punishes the wicked; both in this life, and another. There is in this a manifest allusion to the overthrow of the cities of the plain of the Jordan, by showers of ignited sulphur, to which the physical appearances of the country bear witness to this day. The soil is bituminous, and might be raised by eruptions into the air, and then inflamed and return in horrid showers of overwhelming fire. This awful catastrophe, therefore, stands as a type of the final and eternal punishment of the wicked in another world. In Job 18:15, Bildad, describing the calamities which overtake the wicked person, says, "Brimstone shall be scattered upon his habitation. This may be a general expression, to designate any great destruction: as that in Ps 11:6, "Upon the wicked he shall rain fire and brimstone." Moses, among other calamities which he sets forth in case of the people's disobedience, threatens them with the fall of brimstone, salt, and burning like the overthrow of Sodom, &c, De 29:23. The Prophet Isa 34:9, writes that the anger of the Lord shall be shown by the streams of the land being turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone. See DEAD SEA.

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