Israel’s Unfaithfulness Condemned

1 (a)Say to your brothers, “(b)Ammi,” and to your sisters, “(c)Ruhamah.”
“Contend with your mother, (A)contend,
For she is (B)not my wife, and I am not her husband;
And let her put away her (C)harlotry from her face
And her adultery from between her breasts,
Or I will strip her (D)naked
And expose her as on the (E)day when she was born.
I will also (F)make her like a wilderness,
Make her like desert land
And slay her with (G)thirst.
“Also, I will have no compassion on her children,
Because they are (H)children of harlotry.
“For their mother has (I)played the harlot;
She who conceived them has acted shamefully.
For she said, ‘(J)I will go after my lovers,
Who (K)give me my bread and my water,
My wool and my flax, my (L)oil and my drink.’
“Therefore, behold, I will (M)hedge up (d)her way with (N)thorns,
And I will build (e)a wall against her so that she cannot find her (O)paths.
“She will (P)pursue her lovers, but she will not overtake them;
And she will seek them, but will not find them.
Then she will say, ‘(Q)I will go back to my (R)first husband,
For it was (S)better for me then than now!’
“For she does (T)not know that it was (U)I who gave her the grain, the new wine and the oil,
And lavished on her silver and gold,
Which they (f)used for Baal.
“Therefore, I will (V)take back My grain at (g)harvest time
And My new wine in its season.
I will also take away My wool and My flax
Given to cover her nakedness.
“And then I will (W)uncover her lewdness
In the sight of her lovers,
And no one will rescue her out of My hand.
“I will also (X)put an end to all her gaiety,
Her (Y)feasts, her (Z)new moons, her sabbaths
And all her festal assemblies.
“I will (AA)destroy her vines and fig trees,
Of which she said, ‘These are my wages
Which my lovers have given me.’
And I will (AB)make them a forest,
And the (AC)beasts of the field will devour them.
“I will punish her for the (AD)days of the Baals
When she used to (h)(AE)offer sacrifices to them
And (AF)adorn herself with her (i)earrings and jewelry,
And follow her lovers, so that she (AG)forgot Me,” declares the Lord.

Restoration of Israel

“Therefore, behold, I will allure her,
(AH)Bring her into the wilderness
And speak (j)kindly to her.
“Then I will give her her (AI)vineyards from there,
And (AJ)the valley of Achor as a door of hope.
And she will (k)(AK)sing there as in the days of her youth,
As in the (AL)day when she came up from the land of Egypt.
“It will come about in that day,” declares the Lord,
“That you will call Me (l)(AM)Ishi
And will no longer call Me (m)Baali.
“For (AN)I will remove the names of the Baals from her mouth,
So that they will be (n)mentioned by their names no more.
“In that day I will also make a covenant for them
With the (AO)beasts of the field,
The birds of the sky
And the creeping things of the ground.
And I will (o)(AP)abolish the bow, the sword and war from the land,
And will make them (AQ)lie down in safety.
“I will (AR)betroth you to Me forever;
Yes, I will betroth you to Me in (AS)righteousness and in justice,
In lovingkindness and in compassion,
And I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness.
Then you will (AT)know the Lord.
“It will come about in that day that (AU)I will respond,” declares the Lord.
“I will respond to the heavens, and they will respond to the earth,
And the (AV)earth will respond to the grain, to the new wine and to the oil,
And they will respond to (p)Jezreel.
“I will (AW)sow her for Myself in the land.
(AX)I will also have compassion on (q)her who had not obtained compassion,
And (AY)I will say to (r)those who were (AZ)not My people,
‘You are My people!’
And (s)they will say, ‘You are my God!’”


a. Hosea 2:1: ['Ch 2:3 in Heb']
b. Hosea 2:1: ['I.e. my people']
c. Hosea 2:1: ['I.e. she has obtained compassion']
d. Hosea 2:6: ['So with some ancient versions; Heb ', your]
e. Hosea 2:6: ['Lit ', her wall so that]
f. Hosea 2:8: ['Or ', made into the]
g. Hosea 2:9: ['Lit ', its time]
h. Hosea 2:13: ['Or ', burn incense]
i. Hosea 2:13: ['Or ', nose rings]
j. Hosea 2:14: ['Lit ', upon her heart]
k. Hosea 2:15: ['Or ', give answer]
l. Hosea 2:16: ['I.e. my husband']
m. Hosea 2:16: ['I.e. my master, or my Baal']
n. Hosea 2:17: ['Or ', remembered]
o. Hosea 2:18: ['Lit ', break]
p. Hosea 2:22: ['I.e. God sows']
q. Hosea 2:23: ['Heb ', Lo-ruhamah]
r. Hosea 2:23: ['Heb ', Lo-ammi]
s. Hosea 2:23: ['Lit ', he]

Cross references:

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