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In the mean time Peter was sitting without in the court: and a servant maid came to him, and said, you likewise was one of Jesus the Galilean's comrades. but he denied it before them all, saying, I know nothing of the matter. and when he was going out at the porch, another maid saw him, and said to those that were by, this fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth. read more.
but he denied it again, and swore I don't know the man. soon after they that stood by coming up, said to Peter, certainly you are one of them, for thy speech bewrays thee. then he fell to solemn imprecations, and swore, "I don't know the man." and immediately the cock crew: when Peter remembred what Jesus had said to him, "before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice." and he went out, and wept bitterly.
And they that had apprehended Jesus, led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the Scribes and the senators were assembled. but Peter followed him at a distance to the high priest's palace, and going in, he sat with the officers to see the event.
In the mean time Peter was in the entry of the hall, where one of the maids belonging to the high priest came: and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked earnestly upon him, and said, you too was with Jesus the Nazarene. but he denied it, saying, I don't know him, neither am I acquainted with any such you mention. and he went out into the porch, when the cock crow'd. read more.
the maid saw him a second time, and said to the standers-by, this is one of them: but he denied it again. a little time after, they that stood by, still urg'd Peter, saying, you are certainly one of his disciples, for your speech shows you to be a Galilean. but he fell a cursing, and swore, I don't know the man you mention, and the cock crowed for the second time. then Peter calling to mind that expression of Jesus, "before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice," he cover'd his head and wept.
as Simon Peter then stood there warming himself: they said to him, art not thou also one of his disciples? which he denied, and said, I am not. one of the servants of the high priest, kinsman to him whose ear Peter struck off, said, did not I see thee in the garden with him? but Peter denied this too, and immediately the cock crew.
Jesus they led away to the high priest's, where all the chief priests, the rulers and Scribes, were assembled. Peter followed at a distance, even into the palace of the high priest: where he sat down among the servants to warm himself at the fire.
Then they seized him and carried him away to the high priest's house, and Peter followed at a distance. now as they had made a fire in the middle of the hall, and people were sitting all round it, Peter too sat down among them. but one of the servants seeing him by the fire, star'd him in the face, and said, this man was with him too. read more.
but he renounc'd Jesus, saying, woman, I don't know him. a little while after another seeing him, said, you are even one of them. but Peter said to him, man, I am not. about an hour after another confidently affirm'd, saying, this fellow was certainly with him; for he too is a Galilean. Peter reply'd, man, I don't know what you would say, and immediately while he was yet speaking, the cock crew. whereupon the Lord turned about, and look'd upon Peter. then Peter remembred what the Lord had said to him, "before the cock-crowing you shall deny me thrice." and Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
they brought him first to Annas; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest at that time: the same Caiaphas, who in council told the Jews, "it was expedient that one man should die for the people." Simon Peter followed Jesus, with another disciple, who being known to the high priest, was admitted into his palace at the same time with Jesus, read more.
whilst Peter stood without at the door. but that other disciple, who was known to the high priest went out, and spoke to her that kept the door, who let Peter in. then said the damsel, that kept the door, to Peter, are you also one of this man's disciples? I am not, said he. now the servants and officers that were there, had made a coal-fire, for it was cold, to warm themselves: and Peter stood warming himself among them.
Pilate having order'd the chief priests, the senators, and people to appear, he said to them, you have represented this man to me as one that was stirring up the people to a revolt: you see I have examin'd him in your presence; yet I don't find he is guilty of the crimes you have laid to his charge: no, nor even Herod; for I referr'd you to him, and you see nothing that is capital, has been made out against him. read more.
I will therefore order him to be whipp'd, and then release him. now as it was customary for the governor to release one of the prisoners at the feast; all the people cry'd out, let this man die, and release to us Barabbas. Barabbas had been imprison'd for murder in a riot he had rais'd in the city. Pilate therefore, desirous to release Jesus, expostulated with them again. but they cry'd out, crucify him, crucify him. however he urg'd it a third time, why, what crime has he done? I don't find he has done any thing that deserves death: I will therefore order him to be whipp'd, and so dismiss him. but they persisted with great clamour in their demands, to have him crucified: and as the people and chief priests redoubled their clamours, Pilate determin'd to grant their request. accordingly he discharg'd the prisoner they desired, him that was committed for riot and murder; but he abandon'd Jesus to their discretion.
Now it was customary at that feast for the governor to release a prisoner, such as the people should nominate. there happen'd to be then in custody a notorious criminal, nam'd Barabbas. therefore when they were assembled, Pilate said to them, who would you have releas'd? Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ? read more.
for he was sensible that they had delivered him up out of meer envy. Whilst he was sitting on the tribunal, his wife sent this message to him, pray, have nothing to do with that just man: for to-day I have suffered very much on his account in a dream. but the chief priests and senators persuaded the people to demand Barabbas, and put to death Jesus. the governor therefore having asked, which of the two would you have me release? they said, Barabbas. Pilate replied, what shall I do then with Jesus, who is called Christ? they all cried out, let him be crucified. the governor said, why, what mischief has he done? but they cried out the more, let him be crucified. Pilate perceiving he was so far from prevailing, that they were more tumultuous, he took water, and washed his hands before all the people, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: you are answerable for it. at this all the people cry'd out, "his blood be on us, and on our children." Then he released to them Barabbas: but he order'd Jesus to be scourged, and delivered up to be crucified.
Now during the feast, it was customary to release a prisoner, to be nominated by the people. Barabbas lay then confin'd with other seditious, who had committed murder in an insurrection. the populace therefore fell a roaring, and desired him to do as was always practis'd. read more.
but Pilate answered them, saying, do you chuse to have Jesus releas'd, the king of the Jews? for he perceived plainly, it was out of malice, that the chief priests had prosecuted him. but the chief priests incited the people to demand, that he would rather release Barabbas. Pilate still urg'd them again, and said, what then would you have me do with him, that you stile king of the Jews? and they cried out again, crucify him. Pilate replied, why, what harm has he done? but they cried out more furiously, crucify him. Pilate therefore willing to humour the people, released to them Barabbas, and having caused Jesus to be scourg'd, he deliver'd him to be crucified.
but as it is customary with you to get me to discharge some prisoner at the time of the passover, would you have me release the king of the Jews? upon which they all cried out again: not him, but Barabbas. now Barabbas was a robber.
Then Pilate order'd Jesus to be scourged. and the soldiers having made a crown of thorns, they put it on his head, and threw a purple robe about him. hail king of the Jews! said they, and struck him on the cheeks. read more.
Pilate therefore went out again, and said to them, observe, I bring him out to you, to acquaint you that I find no fault in him. so Jesus marched out wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. and Pilate said to them, here's the man. as soon as the chief priests and officers saw him, they cried out, "crucify him, crucify him." Pilate said to them, take him yourselves, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him. the Jews answered him, we have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he pretended to be the son of God. Pilate upon hearing that, was still more apprehensive. and went again into the Pretorium, and said to Jesus, who was your father? but Jesus gave him no answer. then said Pilate to him, won't you give me an answer? don't you know that it is in my power to crucify you, or to release you? Jesus answered, you could not have any power over me, except you deriv'd it from above: therefore they who delivered me into your hands are the most culpable. upon this, Pilate propos'd to release him: but the Jews cried out, if you let this man go, you are not Cesar's friend: he that sets up for king, opposes Cesar. Pilate therefore hearing them talk at this rate, order'd Jesus to be brought forth, and then sat down in a place of Mosaic work on his tribunal, in Syriac call'd Gabbatha. it was then about the sixth hour of the day before the sabbath of the passover: and he said to the Jews, behold your king. but they cried out, away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate said to them, shall I crucify your king? the chief priests answered, we have no king but Cesar. upon which he delivered him up to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took Jesus and led him away.
In the mean time Peter was in the entry of the hall, where one of the maids belonging to the high priest came: and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked earnestly upon him, and said, you too was with Jesus the Nazarene. but he denied it, saying, I don't know him, neither am I acquainted with any such you mention. and he went out into the porch, when the cock crow'd. read more.
the maid saw him a second time, and said to the standers-by, this is one of them: but he denied it again. a little time after, they that stood by, still urg'd Peter, saying, you are certainly one of his disciples, for your speech shows you to be a Galilean. but he fell a cursing, and swore, I don't know the man you mention, and the cock crowed for the second time. then Peter calling to mind that expression of Jesus, "before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice," he cover'd his head and wept.
And before he had done speaking, Judas one of the twelve appear'd, with a numerous retinue, arm'd with swords and staves, being sent by the chief priests and elders of the people. now he that was to betray him, gave them this signal, the person I shall kiss, is the very man, be sure to secure him. and immediately advancing to Jesus, he said, master, I salute you, and kissed him. read more.
Jesus said to him, friend, what are you come about? when the others advancing, seized upon Jesus, and secur'd him. At which, one of Jesus's company laying his hand upon his sword, drew it, and striking at a servant of the high priest's, took off his ear. but Jesus said to him, put up your sword in its place: for all that take to the sword, shall perish by the sword. do you think my father, if I should now desire it of him, would not instantly send me more than twelve legions of angels? but how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, which say, that thus it must happen? At the same time Jesus said to the company, you come to apprehend me with swords and clubs, as if in pursuit of a robber; I was every day with you teaching in the temple, and ye did not then seize upon me. but all this was to be done, in pursuance of what the prophets had predicted. then all the disciples abandon'd him, and fled.
All of a sudden, while he was yet speaking, appear'd Judas, one of the twelve, attended by a great number of people with swords and clubs, who were sent by the chief priests, the Scribes, and rulers. now he that betrayed him, had given them this signal, you will see me salute one with a kiss, that's he: seize him, and don't let him escape. then advancing, he went directly up to him, saying, master, master, and kissed him. read more.
and they violently laid hands on him and secured him. but one of those that stood by, drew his sword against a servant of the high priest, and struck off his ear. but Jesus addressing himself to them, said, why do you come with swords and clubs against me, as if you were to apprehend some robber? I was daily among you, teaching in the temple, and you did not then seize upon me. but the scriptures are thereby accomplished. then all his disciples abandon'd him and fled. But a certain youth, that was stript to his inmost vest, followed him, and was seized by the soldiers. but he slipt from his vest, and fled away naked. Jesus they led away to the high priest's, where all the chief priests, the rulers and Scribes, were assembled. Peter followed at a distance, even into the palace of the high priest: where he sat down among the servants to warm himself at the fire.
Before he had done speaking, the company appears, Judas one of the twelve marching in front, who advanc'd to Jesus to give him a kiss. but Jesus said to him, Judas is it thus you betray the son of man, with a kiss? they who were about him seeing what would happen, said to him, shall we smite with the sword? read more.
and one of them struck a servant of the high priest, and slash'd off his right ear. but Jesus oppos'd, and said, forbear, stop there. and having touch'd his ear, he healed him. then said Jesus to the chief priests, the officers of the temple, and the rulers, who were come to take him, are you come here with swords and staves as in pursuit of a robber? I was daily with you in the temple, and you never offer'd to seize me: but now you have your hour, and the prince of darkness his day.
now Judas, who was to betray him, knew the place: for Jesus and his disciples had frequently assembled there. Judas then having got a company of soldiers, and officers, by order of the chief priests and Pharisees, came thither with lanterns, torches, and with arms. but Jesus who knew every thing that should happen to him, advanc'd, and said to them, who do you look for? read more.
they answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. I am he, said Jesus. and Judas who was to betray him, was also with them. upon Jesus his saying to them, I am he, they fell backward to the ground. then he asked them again, who do you look for? and they said, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he. "if therefore it is me you look for, let these go their way." so that what he said was accomplished, "of those which thou gavest me, have I lost none." but Simon Peter drew his sword, and struck off the right ear of Malchus, a servant belonging to the high priest. then said Jesus to Peter, sheath thy sword: the cup which my father hath given me, shall I not drink it? Then the soldiers, the captain, and the officers of the Jews seized on Jesus, and having bound him,
Am I not free? am I not an apostle? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not you become christians by my labour?
and last of all, he was seen by me too, who am as it were an abortive;
then he said, the God of our fathers has singled you out to be acquainted with his will, to see the just one, and to hear the words of his mouth:
but rise upright upon thy feet: for I have appear'd to thee in order to establish you my minister in testifying both what you have seen, and what I shall hereafter show to you,
The night following, the Lord appear'd to him, and said, Paul, take courage; for the same remonstrances that you have made concerning me at Jerusalem, you must likewise make at Rome.
As he was on his journey, and near Damascus, on a sudden, a light from heaven surrounded him, and he fell to the ground, and heard a voice which said to him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? and he said, who art thou, Lord? and the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is hard for thee to kick against the goad. Then trembling with the fright Saul said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? and the Lord said to him,] read more.
but rise, and go into the city, and you shall be told what you must do. the mean while the men who accompany'd him, remain'd astonish'd, hearing a voice, but seeing no one. at length Saul rose from the ground; and when he opened his eyes, he could not see: so that they led him by the hand, and brought him to Damascus, where he was three days without sight, and did neither eat nor drink. Now there was a disciple at Damascus, named Ananias, to whom the Lord said in a vision, Ananias! and he said, Lord, here I am. and the Lord said unto him, arise, and go to the street called Straight, and enquire at the house of Judas, for one Saul of Tarsus: for he is there at prayer. (at that very instant Saul saw in a vision the said Ananias come in, and put his hand on him, to restore his sight.) then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard from many that this man has done a world of mischief to thy saints at Jerusalem: he is now here, and is impower'd by the chief priests, to imprison all that make profession of thy name. go, said the Lord to him: for he is the instrument I have chosen, to bear my name to the Gentiles, to kings, and to the children of Israel. for I will make him see how much he must suffer for my name. Ananias therefore departed, and being arrived at the house, he put his hands on Saul, and said, brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus that appeared to you on your journey hither, hath sent me, that you might obtain your sight, and be filled with the holy spirit.
then the Lord said to Paul in a vision by night, "be not afraid, but speak, and be not silenc'd:
then I saw JESUS, who said to me, "make haste, and go out of Jerusalem immediately: for they will not receive the attestations you would give of me." Lord,
When Jesus had spoken these words, he pass'd with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into which he entred with them.
And when they had sung an hymn, they went to the mount of Olives.
Then, having sung an hymn, they went out towards the mount of Olives.
After this, Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemani, and said to the disciples, stay here, while I go there and pray. but he took with him Peter, and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be in a very great agony of grief. and he said to them, "my soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death:" stay here and watch by me. read more.
Then advancing a little further, he fell prostrate in prayer, and said, "O my father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not mine, but thy will be done." then returning to the disciples, and finding them asleep, he said to Peter, what, could ye not watch by me one hour? watch and pray that ye may not sink under the trial: the mind indeed is vigorous, but the flesh is weak. again, he went away the second time, and prayed thus, "O my father, if I cannot avoid drinking this cup, thy will be done." then returning, he found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy. then he left them once more, and went to prayers the third time, using the same words. and at his return, he said to his disciples, is this a time to sleep and take your rest? the hour draws nigh, and the son of man is betrayed into the hands of the gentiles. rise, let us be gone, there he is, the traytor is just upon us.
At length they came to a place call'd Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, stay here, whilst I shall be at prayer. but he took with him Peter, James, and John. then he began to be in a great consternation and anguish of mind. and he said to them; my soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch. read more.
then advancing a little further, he fell on the ground, and prayed, that this anxiety might pass from him. saying, father, all things are possible to thee, take away this cup from me: nevertheless, not my will, but thine be done. Then he return'd, and having found them sleeping, he said to Peter, Simon, are you asleep? could you not watch one hour? watch and pray, that you may not yield to temptation: the mind indeed is vigorous, but the body is weak. Again he retired, and prayed, uttering the same words. then he return'd and found them still sleeping, for their eyes were heavy, and they did not know how to give an answer. after that he came a third time, and said to them, sleep on now and take your rest. 'tis done, the time is come, and the son of man is to be betrayed into the hands of sinners. rise, let us be going: see, the traitor is just upon us.
Then he went out, and retired as usual to the mountain of olives, where his disciples followed him. at his arrival there, he said to them, pray that you may withstand the trial. At length he withdrew from them about a stone's cast, where falling upon his knees, read more.
he pray'd in these words, father, "O that you would divert this cup from me! nevertheless not my will, but thine be done." then an angel from heaven appear'd to him, and comforted him. and being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was like grumes of blood falling to the ground. then rising from prayer, he came to his disciples, and finding them asleep, oppress'd with grief, why do you sleep? said he, rise, and pray that you may withstand the trial.
In the evening a rich man of Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself was Jesus's disciple, went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus; which Pilate ordered to be delivered to him. Joseph then having taken the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, read more.
and laid it in a monument which he had lately caused to be hewn out in the rock: and having rolled a large stone to the door of the sepulchre, he went away. in the mean time Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary were sitting over against the sepulchre. Now the next day after the preparation of the sabbath, the chief priests and Pharisees went together to Pilate, saying, sir, we remember that this impostor, when he was alive, said, "after three days I will rise again." pray therefore order a guard to be posted at the sepulchre till the third day, for fear his disciples should come and steal him away, and then tell the people, "he is risen from the dead:" for this last imposture would be of worse consequence than the first. to whom Pilate replied, you have a guard, go then, and make it as secure as you can. accordingly they went, and having clapt a seal upon the stone, they posted a guard to secure the sepulchre.
Now, as soon as the evening was come; because it was then the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, one Joseph of Arimathea, an honourable senator, who was himself in expectation of the kingdom of God, ventur'd to come and wait upon Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Pilate surpriz'd that he should be dead so soon, sent for the Centurion, and ask'd him, if he had been dead any time. read more.
and being satisfied of it, he granted the body to Joseph; who taking down the body, wrapped it in a fine linnen cloth, which he had bought, and laid it in a sepulchre, which was hewn out of a rock, and roll'd a stone for a door to the sepulchre: and Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Joses, took notice where he was laid.
There was likewise present a counsellor, named Joseph, a man of probity and justice, one who had never abetted the contrivances and proceedings of the Jews. he was of Arimathea, a city of Judea, and one of those, who were in expectation of the Messiah's reign. this very man went to Pilate, and begg'd the body of Jesus. read more.
and he took it down, and wrapp'd it in linnen, and laid it in a sepulchre, hewn out of a rock, wherein nobody had ever yet been deposited. now that day was the preparation, and the sabbath then drew on. the women therefore, who had accompanied Jesus from Galilee, followed Joseph, to the sepulchre, to see how the body was disposed of. then they went home, and provided spices and perfumes: after which they rested the sabbath-day, as the law appointed.
Now for fear the bodies should remain upon the cross on the sabbath-day, for it was then the eve of the pascal-sabbath, a day of high solemnity, the Jews desired Pilate that their legs might be broke, and that they might be taken away. accordingly the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was crucified with him. then they came to Jesus, and finding that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. read more.
but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and immediately blood and water issued out. he that relates this, was an eye-witness of it, and his relation is true: and he is so assured, what he says is true, that you may rely upon it. for these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, "a bone of him shall not be broken." and again the scripture saith elsewhere, "they shall look on him whom they pierced." after this, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but for fear of the Jews a conceal'd one, pray'd Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave: so he went and took the body of Jesus. Nicodemus, who formerly went to Jesus by night, came likewise and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. they took therefore the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, according to the manner of burial among the Jews. now near the place where he was crucified, there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, in which no body had ever yet been laid. as this sepulchre was nigh at hand, they laid Jesus therein, because the time of the preparation of the Jews was expiring.
and as they were eating, he said, 'tis indeed true that one of this company shall betray me. at which they were exceedingly concern'd, and began every one of them to ask, Lord, is it I? to this he answered, he that has his hand in the dish with mine, he it is that will betray me. read more.
the son of man is going to die, pursuant to the scripture: but wo to that man by whom the son of man is betrayed: it had been better for that man, if he had never been born. then Judas, he who was to betray him, said, master, is it I? Jesus replied, yes.
and as they sat eating, Jesus said, verily I say unto you, one of you that is eating with me, will betray me. and they were seized with sorrow, all successively asking him, is it I? but he answered them, saying, it is one of the twelve, he that eats of the same mess with me. read more.
the son of man is going indeed, according to what is written of him: but wo to that man, by whom the son of man is betrayed: it would be better for that man, if he had never been born.
yet there's the hand that is to seize me, now upon the table. the son of man indeed must die, as it was decreed: but wo to that man by whom he is betrayed. upon this they began to enquire of one another, which of them it was that should do such an action.
When Jesus utter'd these words, he was troubled in spirit, and said without disguise, I assure you, that one of you shall betray me. then the disciples looked one on another, being in pain to know who he meant. now the favourite disciple of Jesus sat next to him at table. read more.
Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, to ask who it was he meant. then accordingly bending his head to Jesus's ear, he whisper'd, Lord, who is it? Jesus answered, he it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have made it. and when he had made the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. and after he had taken the sop, Satan entred into him. then said Jesus to him, what you do, do quickly. but the company at table did not know what he meant by saying so. for as Judas had the purse, some of them thought, that Jesus had ordered him to buy what was necessary against the feast: or give something to the poor. Judas then having received the sop, immediately went out: and it was night.
and after they had thus insulted him, they took the robe off, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him. As they were going along, they met a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: and compelled him to carry the cross. when they were come to a place called Golgotha, a word which signifies a skull, read more.
they gave him a mixture of wine and gall: but when he had tasted it, he refused to drink.
Their mockery ended, they stript him of his purple, and put his own cloaths on him; then led him away to be crucified. one Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus, as he pass'd by in his return out of the country, was compell'd to carry the cross. so they brought him to a place called Golgotha, that is, the place of a skull. read more.
there they offered him myrrhed wine to drink, but he did not take it.
As they were conducting him to execution, they seiz'd upon one Simon of Cyrene, who was coming to town, and oblig'd him to carry the cross after Jesus, who was followed by a great crowd of people, and several women, who beat their breasts and lamented him. but Jesus turn'd about and said to them, daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for your selves, and for your children. read more.
for now the time is coming, when it will be said, happy are the barren, and they who never bare, happy the breast, that never gave suck. then shall they cry to the mountains, fall on us; and to the hills, cover us. for if the green wood burn thus, how will the dry wood flame? At the same time, two malefactors were led along to be crucified with Jesus.
upon which he delivered him up to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took Jesus and led him away. and he bearing his cross, marched out to a place called the skull, which is in the Syriac, Golgotha: where they crucified him,
As soon as it was day, all the chief priests and senators of the people consulted measures against Jesus how they might put him to death. and when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor of Judea.
When Jesus appear'd before the governor, the governor asked him, art thou the king of the Jews? and Jesus answer'd yes. but when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he return'd no answer. whereupon Pilate said to him, don't you hear how many things they lay to your charge? read more.
but he made no answer to any thing he said, so that the governor was very much surpriz'd.
Early in the morning the chief priests, the rulers, and Scribes, even the whole council, after having deliberated together, caus'd Jesus to be bound, then led him away and deliver'd him to Pilate. Pilate therefore ask'd him, art thou the king of the Jews? and he made answer, yes. the chief priests continuing to accuse him with much clamour, read more.
Pilate spake to him again, and said, will you make no defence for your self? don't you hear what they urge against you? but Jesus still made no answer; so that Pilate was much amaz'd.
At length the whole assembly broke up, and Jesus was conducted to Pilate: and thus they began their charge, we found this man subverting our nation, opposing the giving tribute to Cesar, asserting that he himself is Christ the king. then Pilate ask'd him, art thou the king of the Jews? Jesus answer'd him, 'tis as you say. read more.
at last Pilate said to the chief priests, and to the people, I don't find any crime in this man. but they were the more vehement, saying, he promotes sedition by speading such doctrine thro' all Judea, from Galilee to this place.
Then they led Jesus early in the morning from Caiaphas, to the Pretorium: but the Jews themselves did not enter into the Pretorium, lest they should be defiled: and so not be in a condition to eat the passover. Pilate therefore went out to them, and said, what crime do you object to this man? they answered him, if he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him to you. read more.
Pilate then said to them, take him your selves, and judge him according to your law. but the Jews said to him, it is not lawful for us to put any man to death. so that what Jesus had said, to signify the death he should die, was actually accomplished. Then Pilate entred into the Pretorium, and addressing himself to Jesus, said to him, are not you the king of the Jews? Jesus answered him, is it your opinion that I am, or did others give it you as theirs? Pilate answered, am I a Jew? your own nation, and the chief priests have delivered thee up to me: what hast thou done? Jesus answered, my kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, I should have had my guards to prevent my falling into the hands of the Jews: whereas my kingdom is of another nature. upon this Pilate said to him, you are then a king? Jesus answered, you say right, for I am a king. to this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, to persuade mankind of the truth. every one that loves truth is observant of my directions. what is truth? said Pilate. and upon saying this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, I don't find he is guilty of any crime.
Now the chief priests, the senators and the whole council, endeavour'd to get false evidence against Jesus, that he might be condemn'd to die. but they found none: and though many false witnesses came, it was not found sufficient. at last there came two false witnesses, who charg'd him with saying, "I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days." read more.
and the high priest arose, and said to him, have you nothing in answer to that charge they bring against you? but Jesus made no reply. and the high priest said to him, I conjure thee by the living God, to tell us, are you the Christ the son of God? Jesus reply'd, I am: moreover I declare to you, within a while ye shall see the son of man sitting on the right hand of God, and coming on the clouds of heaven. then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, he has spoke blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? you yourselves have now heard his blasphemy. what is your opinion? they reply'd, he deserves to die. then they spit in his face, some beat him on the head, others slapt him on the cheeks, crying now Christ divine, who 't is that struck you?
Now the chief priests, and the whole council endeavour'd to get evidence against Jesus, to condemn him to die; but they found none. there were indeed several, who depos'd what was false against him: besides, what they deposed was insufficient. at last there appear'd some, who gave in false evidence against him, read more.
saying, we heard him say, "I will pull down this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands." but neither did this evidence appear sufficient. then the high priest rising up in the midst of the assembly, ask'd Jesus, saying, have you nothing to plead for your self? what say you to the evidence they give against you? but Jesus remain'd silent, and gave no answer. then the high priest asked him again, and said to him, art thou the Christ, the son of the most High? and Jesus answered, I AM. and ye shall see the son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. then the high priest rent his robes, and said to the council, what occasion is there for any more witnesses? you have heard the blasphemy, what is your opinion? and they all pronounc'd, that he deserved to die. then some began to spit on him, others cover'd his face and struck him on the head, crying out, divine, who it is. and the domestics slapt him on the cheeks.
In the mean time, they who held Jesus, treated him with insults and buffoonry. they made him blind-fold, they slapt him on the face, and cry'd out, divine who it was that smote thee. and besides all this, they loaded him with the most impious invectives. read more.
As soon as it was day, the rulers of the people, the chief priests and the Scribes being assembled, they order'd him to be brought before their council, and said to him, if you are the Christ, say so. but he answer'd, if I should tell you so, you will not believe it. and if I should argue it with you, you will neither answer me, nor let me go. but in a little time the son of man shall be seated on the powerful right hand of God. then said they all, art thou then the son of God? you are in the right, answer'd he, for I am so. upon this they cry'd, what occasion have we for further evidence? for we ourselves have heard enough from his own mouth.
In the mean time, the high priest having question'd Jesus about his disciples, and his doctrine. Jesus answered him, I spoke openly to the world; I was continually teaching in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither all the Jews resort, and in secret have I said nothing. why do you question me? ask those who heard me, what discourse I had with them: they know very well what I said.
after they had crucified him, they shared his clothes among them by casting losts: and they took their post to watch him there. and they set an Inscription over his head, denoting the reason of his execution, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. read more.
At the same time, two robbers were crucified with him: one on his right hand, the other on his left. the passengers all the while reviling him, shook their heads at him, and cry'd, you that could destroy the temple, and rebuild it in three days, now save thy self: if thou art the son of God, come down from the cross. the chief priests, with the scribes and senators, derided him in like manner. he saved others, said they, but cannot save himself: if he be the king of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. he relied upon God; if he be such a favourite, let God then deliver him: for he us'd to say he was the son of God. one of the robbers too, who were crucified with him, treated him with the same reproach. Now from the sixth hour to the ninth, the whole land was cover'd with darkness. and about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, ELI, ELI, LAMA SABACHTHANI? that is to say, "my God! my God! why hast thou forsaken me?" some of the standers by, when they heard that, said, he calls upon Elias. immediately one of them ran to fetch a spunge, which they steep'd in vinegar, and fastning it to the end of a stick, they presented it to him, to drink: while the rest cry'd, now let us see whether Elias will come to save him. but Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and then expir'd. Immediately the vail of the temple was rent in two, from the top to the bottom; the earth trembled, the rocks split, the graves opened, and the bodies of many saints who slept arose, and came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared to many. now the centurion, and they that were with him, to guard Jesus, having observ'd the earthquake, and all that had happened, were under great apprehensions, and said, certainly this was the son of God. And several women were there who look'd on at a distance, and had followed Jesus from Galilee, to assist him with their service. among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and of Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.
after they had crucified him, they shared his garments, by casting lots for them: to determine what each of them should take. now it was the third hour of the day, when they crucified him, and the inscription of the charge against him was thus express'd, THE KING OF THE JEWS. read more.
at the same time they crucified two robbers, one on his right hand, the other on his left. so that this passage of scripture was fulfill'd, "and he was numbred with the transgressors." besides the people that pass'd by, shook their heads, and impiously said: ah, you that can destroy the temple, and rebuild it in three days, save your self, and come down from the cross. in like manner the chief priests and the Scribes in derision said to one another: he pretended to save others, himself he cannot save. let the Messiah, the king of Israel, descend now from the cross: let us see that, and we will believe on him. and they that were crucified with him, threw their reproaches at him. Now from the sixth hour the whole land was cover'd with darkness until the ninth hour. and at the ninth hour Jesus cry'd out with a loud voice, saying, ELOI, ELOI, LAMA SABACHTANI, that is, MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAST THOU FORSAKEN ME? some there present upon hearing that, said: observe, he calls upon Elias. then one of the soldiers ran and dipp'd a spunge in vinegar, which he fastned to a stick, and offered him to drink. now let us, said they, see whether Elias will come to take him down. then Jesus cry'd with a loud voice, and expired. Immediately the veil of the temple was rent in two, from the top to the bottom. and the Centurion who stood over-against him, observing that he expired with so great a cry, said, certainly this man was the son of God. there were likewise several women, who were spectators at a distance: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the minor, and of Joses and Salome: who had attended Jesus, and supply'd him with necessaries when he was in Galilee: besides many other women, who came up with him to Jerusalem.
accordingly, when they came to the place call'd Calvary, they crucified him there, and the two malefactors; the one at his right, the other at his left. and Jesus said, "father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." then they divided his raiment among them by throwing lots, while the people who stood looking on, and the senators themselves contemptuously said, he sav'd others; if he be Christ, the elect of God, let him save himself. read more.
the soldiers too, who came to bring him vinegar, insulted him, saying, if thou art the king of the Jews, save thy self. they likewise put the following inscription over his head, in Greek, in Latin, and in Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. Now one of the malefactors, that was crucified with him, impiously said, if thou art the Christ, save thy self, and us. but the other answered, and thus reprov'd him, art thou under no awe of God, thou that art condemned to the same punishment? as for us, it is with justice, that we suffer the penalty due to our crimes: but as for him, what misdemeanour has he been guilty of? then said he to Jesus, Lord, remember me when you enter into your kingdom. Jesus answer'd, verily I tell you, this day thou shalt be with me in paradise. About the sixth hour, it was dark all over the land till the ninth hour. the sun was obscured, and the veil of the temple was rent in two. and Jesus cryed with a loud voice, saying, father, into thy hands I commend my spirit; and in pronouncing these words, he expired. The centurion upon seeing what had happen'd, gave glory to God, and said, certainly this was a righteous man. and all the people that had crowded to that sight, went home striking their breasts at the thoughts of those events. As for his acquaintance, they all stood at a distance, with the women that followed him from Galilee, and were spectators during the whole transaction.
and two others with him, one on each side, and Jesus in the middle. and Pilate caused an inscription to be put over the cross, in these words, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. now this inscription was read by many of the Jews: for Jesus was crucified nigh the city: and it was written in Syriac, Greek, and Latin. read more.
thereupon the chief priests of the Jews went to Pilate, saying, don't write, "The king of the Jews;" but that he said, I am king of the Jews. Pilate answered, what I have writ, I have writ. The soldiers, after they had crucified Jesus, took his garments (and made four parts, to every soldier a part) and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. they said therefore among themselves, let us not rent it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: so that the scripture was fulfilled, which said, "they parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots." this was what the soldiers actually did. In the mean time the mother of Jesus, and her sister Mary, the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene, were standing by the cross. when Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing by, he said to his mother, woman, behold thy son. then he said to the disciple, behold thy mother. and from that time the disciple took her to his own home. after this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be be fulfilled, said, I thirst. now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon a stick of hyssop, and held it to his mouth. when Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, it is finished: and bowing his head, he expir'd.
As they came near to Jerusalem, about Bethphage and Bethany, by the mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples, and said to them: go to yonder village that faces you, and upon your entrance into it, you will find a colt tied, that never was yet backed; loose him, and bring him to me. if any one should ask you, why you do so? tell him, the Lord has occasion for it, and immediately he will send it hither. read more.
accordingly they went, and finding the colt tied before a door, where two ways met, they untied it. upon which some people there said to them, what do you mean by untying the colt? and they answered as Jesus had directed, so they let them go. then they brought the colt to Jesus, and throwing their garments upon it, he mounted thereon. many spread their clothes in the way, others lopt down the branches of trees to strew them in the road. the crowd that march'd before and behind crying out, Hosanna, blessed be he that comes in the name of the Lord; blessed be the kingdom of our father David, which is now come, Hosanna in the highest heavens. Jesus having made his entrance into Jerusalem, went into the temple, and after he had survey'd the whole, it being then late, he departed with the twelve to Bethany.
When they drew nigh to Jerusalem, and were come to Bepthphage, to the mount of Olives, Jesus dispatched two disciples, saying, go to yonder village, and you will immediately find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them to me. if any man oppose you, say, the Lord wants them; and then he will send them. read more.
all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, " tell ye the daughter of Sion, behold, thy king cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting on an ass, even a colt, the fole of an ass." and the disciples went, and having done as Jesus commanded them, they brought the ass with the colt, threw their clothes on them, and mounted him thereon: abundance of people spread their garments upon the ground; others lop'd down branches from the trees, and strewed them in the way: while the crowd that were marching before, and behind, cried out, "Hosanna to the son of David: blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord, Hosanna, Hosanna." and when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was in an uproar, saying, who is this? and the crowd said, 'tis Jesus the prophet of Nazareth in Galilee.
when he was advanc'd near Bethphage, and Bethany, to the mountain call'd the Olives, he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, go to the village opposite to you: at your entrance there, you will find a colt ty'd, that was never yet back'd: untie it and bring it here. if any one should ask you, why you untie it, let this be your answer, because the Lord has occasion for it. read more.
Accordingly the messengers went, and found the colt, as Jesus had told them. as they were untying the colt, the owners said, why do you untie the colt? they answer'd, because the Lord has occasion for it. so they brought it to Jesus. and throwing their garments upon the colt, they mounted Jesus thereon. and all the way, as he marched, they strewed with their clothes. Just as he advanc'd to the declivity of the mountain of Olives, the whole troop of disciples began to express their joy in loud acclamations, praising God, for the many miracles they had seen. "blessed be he, said they, whom the Lord hath sent to be our king. prosperity from heaven, and glory from the most high." upon this some of the Pharisees, who were in the crowd, said to him, master, rebuke your disciples. but he answer'd them, if they should be silent, the stones would exclaim. as he drew nigh, he beheld the city, and bewail'd its fate, in these words, "O that thou hadst consider'd, at least in this very day, the opportunity you had of being happy! but now alas! it is vanish'd from your eyes." for the time will shortly come, when your enemies shall open their trenches before thee, hem you in, and closely besiege you: they will level you to the ground, extirpate your inhabitants, and bury your buildings in ruins: because you have not consider'd the overtures I made you.
The next day, a crowd of people that were come to the feast, hearing that Jesus was on the road to Jerusalem, took branches of palm-trees, and went to meet him, crying, "Hosanna, blessed is the king of Israel that comes in the name of the Lord." now Jesus was riding upon a young ass, which he got by the way; as it is written, read more.
"fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy king comes sitting on an ass's colt." this passage his disciples did not understand at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, they remembred how they had mounted him, and perceiv'd that those words related to him. the people that were present testified, that he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead. and it was upon the rumour of this miracle, that the people crowded to him. the Pharisees therefore said among themselves, don't you perceive we lose ground? you see what a world of followers attend him.
When Jesus heard that, he embark'd, to retire privately to a desert place: of which the people being inform'd, they followed him on foot out of the cities. as Jesus landed, he saw a great multitude, and was touch'd with compassion towards them, and healed their sick. At evening his disciples came to him, saying, this is a desert place, and dinner-time is now past; send the multitude away, that they may go to buy themselves provisions in the villages. read more.
but Jesus said to them, that's needless, let them eat what you have. we have nothing here, said they, but five loaves, and two fishes. bring them hither, said he. then giving orders for the company to sit down on the grass, he took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he gave thanks; then breaking the loaves into pieces, he gave them to his disciples, and the disciples to the company: who all of them eat, and were filled: and they carried away twelve baskets full of fragments that were left. now they that had eaten, were about five thousand men, beside women and children.
Now the apostles met together in a body before Jesus, and gave him a full account, both of what they had done, and what they had taught. then Jesus said to them, come, let us retire privately to some place of solitude, to repose your selves a while. for such a crowd of people were continually coming and going, that they had not even time to eat. so they privately set sail for the desart (of Bethsaida.) read more.
but the people saw them embark, and many perceiving where they were bound, they ran thither a foot from all parts: and arrived at the place, before the passengers were come. so that when Jesus landed, he found there a numerous assembly: which rais'd his compassion, because they were like so many sheep straggling without a pastor. whereupon he gave them various instructions. but as the day was far advanc'd, his disciples came to him, and said, this is a desart place, and it is now late. dismiss the company, that they may go to the neighbouring farms and villages to buy provisions, for they have nothing to eat. Jesus replied, do you your selves give them something to eat. shall we go then, said they, to purchase bread, to the value of two hundred denarii, for them to eat? go see, said he, how many loaves you have: and having examin'd, they told him, five, and two fishes. then he order'd the people to sit down in distinct companies upon the green grass. and they sat down in several divisions, some consisting of an hundred, and some of fifty. Jesus then having taken the five loaves and the two fishes, look'd up to heaven and gave thanks; then breaking the loaves, he gave them to his disciples to distribute among the people: for whom he likewise divided the two fishes. so that they all eat a sufficient share, though the fragments of bread they took up, with what remain'd of the fishes, amounted to twelve baskets full; the company that were entertain'd being about five thousand men.
The Apostles, upon their return to Jesus, acquainted him with what they had done. and taking them with him, he retired into a desart place over-against the city of Bethsaida: where the people, who were inform'd of it, followed him: which he did not discountenance, but explained to them the reign of the Messiah, and relieved those, who wanted to be cured. As the day began to decline, the twelve came to him, and said, dismiss the multitude, that they may go to the nearest towns and villages for lodging and provisions: for here we are in a desart place. read more.
and he said to them, do you yourselves give them something to eat. they replied, we can furnish only five loaves and two fishes, unless we go and buy provisions for all this people: for they were about five thousand. but Jesus said to his disciples, make them sit down by fifties in a company. accordingly they ranged them, and made them all sit down. then he took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he ask'd blessing: then divided them, and gave them to his disciples to be distributed among the people: and tho' they all eat sufficiently, there was a surplusage of twelve baskets full of fragments carried away.
At length Jesus passed over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias; where a great multitude followed him, invited by the miraculous cures which they saw him perform. Jesus therefore went up a mountain, where he sat down with his disciples. read more.
for it was just before the passover, which is a feast of the Jews. Jesus then lifting up his eyes, and seeing a great company coming to him, said to Philip, where can we buy bread to feed this people? (this he said to prove Philip: for he himself knew what he had to do.) Philip answered him, two hundred penny-worth of bread is not sufficient to furnish every one of them a little. one of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to him, there is a lad here, who hath five barley-loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many? but Jesus said, make the men sit down. and as there was much grass in the place, they sat down to the number of about five thousand. then Jesus took the loaves, and when he had given thanks, he distributed to them that were sate down; and likewise of the fishes, as much as they would. when they were filled, he said to his disciples, gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost. they gathered them therefore, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley-loaves, which remained after they all had been eating. The people, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, cry'd out, this is of a truth that prophet who was to come into the world.
now there had been a great earthquake; for an angel of the lord descending from heaven, was come, and had rolled away the stone from the door, and was sitting upon it. his aspect was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow. for fear of whom the keepers shook, and were almost struck dead. read more.
but the angel spoke to the woman, and said, don't be frighted, I know you are seeking Jesus, who was crucified. he is not here: he is risen according to his word: come, see the place where the Lord was laid. then go immediately to tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and that, he goes before you into Galilee, there shall ye see it is him; 'tis I that say it. And they instantly left the sepulchre, with fear and joy, and ran to carry his disciples this good news. as they were making the way to his disciples, Jesus himself met them, and said, I salute you. and they came, and embraced his feet, and worshipped him. then said Jesus to them, be not afraid: go bid my brethren repair to Galilee, and there shall they see me. Now when they were gone, some of the guards went into the city, and informed the chief priests of all that had happened. and when they were assembled with the senators, and had consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, thus instructing them; do you say "his disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept. if this come to the governor's ears, we will appease him, and secure you." so they took the money, and did as they were directed: and this report is still current among the Jews at this day.
When the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, after having bought aromatic drugs to embalm him, went to the sepulchre very early in the morning, the first day of the week, at sun-rising. and they said to one another, who will remove the stone from the mouth of the sepulchre for us? read more.
(for it was very great.) but when they were near in view, they perceiv'd that the stone was roll'd away. upon their entring into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting towards the right, cloathed in a long white garment: at which they were frighted. but he said to them, don't be frightned: you look for Jesus the Nazarene: he is risen, he is not here: see the place where he lay. go, tell Peter and the rest of his disciples, that he is gone before you into Galilee: there you will see him, as he foretold you. at this they started out, and fled from the sepulchre in a violent consternation, without speaking a word to any by the way: they were so frighted. Now Jesus being risen early on the first day of the week, he appear'd first to Mary Magdalene, whom he had dispossess'd of seven demons. immediately she went to those who frequented Jesus, and were then bemoaning themselves in tears, and acquainted them with it. but though they heard that he was alive, and had appear'd to her, they did not believe.
On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they went to the sepulchre with the spices they had provided, accompanied by several others. and having found that the stone had been remov'd from the sepulchre, they entred in, but did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. read more.
whilst they were in great perplexity about it, all of a sudden, two men appear'd before them in robes of light. upon which they were frightned, and bowed themselves to the very ground: but the men said to them, why do you look among the dead for one that is alive? he is not here, but is risen: remember what he told you, when he was yet in Galilee, that the son of man must be deliver'd into the hands of sinful men; be crucified; and the third day rise again. then they remembred his words; and upon their return from the sepulchre, they related the whole matter to the eleven, and all the other disciples. it was Mary Magdalene and Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and others with them, who gave the apostles this relation: which however appear'd to them such a delirious tale, they could not give credit to any of them. yet Peter got up, and ran to the sepulchre, where stooping down he saw nothing but the linnen lying there: upon which he went away wondring with himself at such an event.
The first day of the week early in morning Mary Magdalene, when it was yet dusky, came to the sepulchre, and found the stone was taken away from the sepulchre. upon this she went in great haste to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, they have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him. Peter immediately departed, and that other disciple, to go to the sepulchre. read more.
they both set out together: but the other disciple out-ran Peter, and came first to the cave, where stooping down he saw the linen clothes lying; but did not go in. Simon Peter who followed him, being come, went into the cave, and saw the linen clothes lying there; as for the napkin that had been put about his head, it was not in the same place as the linen clothes, but lay folded up by it self. then the other disciple, who arriv'd first, went into the cave likewise, and he saw, and believed what Mary had said. for as yet they did not understand from the scripture, that he was to rise again from the dead. After this the disciples return'd to their own home. but Mary stood at the entrance of the cave weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down to look into the sepulchre, and saw two angels in white, sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, the one at the head, the other at the feet. and they said to her, woman, why do you weep? "because, said she, they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him." having thus said, she turned about, and saw Jesus standing, but knew not that it was Jesus. Jesus said to her, woman, why do you weep? who do you look for? she supposing him to be the gardener, said to him, sir, if it be you that have convey'd him away; tell me where you have laid him, and I will take care to have him remov'd. Jesus said to her, Mary! she bowing her self, cry'd rabboni! that is to say, master! Jesus said to her, touch me not: for I am not yet ascended to my father: but go to my brethren, and say to them, "I ascend unto my father and your father, even my God and your God." so Mary Magdalene went and told the disciples, that she had seen the Lord, and that he had said these things to her.
from that time Jesus began to preach, "Repent, said he, for the kingdom of the Messiah draws nigh."
Jesus return'd by the influence of the spirit into Galilee, where his same quickly spread over all the country;
But after John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, spreading the good news of the kingdom of the Messiah.
Two days after, he departed thence, and went into Galilee: (tho' Jesus himself had declared, that a prophet is not honoured in his own country.) when he was come into Galilee, he was well received by the Galileans, who had seen all that he did at Jerusalem during the feast: for they likewise went to the feast.
At that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame of Jesus, and said to his servants, this is John the baptist, he is risen from the dead, and consequently is invested with miraculous power.
but when Herod's birth-day was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced in publick, and made such an impression upon Herod, that he promised her upon oath, to give whatever she should ask; who being before instructed by her mother, pray, said she, order John Baptist's head to be brought here in a charger. read more.
and the king relented: nevertheless out of regard to the oath, and to those who sat with him at table, he commanded it to be brought to her. and pursuant to order, John was beheaded in the prison, whence his head was brought in a charger, and given to the young lady, who carried it to her mother. upon which, his disciples came to take away the body, and having buried it, they went to tell Jesus what had happened.
In the mean time king Herod heard of Jesus, whose name was now celebrated, and he said, John the Baptist is risen from the dead, no wonder then that he works miracles. others said, 'tis Elias. others, 'tis a prophet, or one equal to a prophet. but Herod, from what he had heard, said, 'tis John himself, whom I caused to be beheaded, who is risen from the dead.
however, a favourable opportunity happen'd for her, upon Herod's making an entertainment the birth-night, for all the great officers of the court, and army, and persons of the first distinction in Galilee. for Herodias made her appearance there, and danc'd with such an engaging air in the eye of Herod, as well as of all the company, that the king thus addrest himself to the young lady, "ask of me whatever you please, and it shall be granted." nay, he ratified his promise with an oath, "I will give you whatever you require, said he, tho' it be even the half of my kingdom." read more.
then she withdrew, and said to her mother, what shall I ask? the head of John the Baptist, said she. upon which she instantly fled to the king, and said, I desire to have John the Baptist's head brought hither immediately in a charger. at this the king was exceedingly concern'd; however, in regard to his oath, and to those who were at table with him, he would not refuse her; but immediately dispatch'd the proper officer with orders to bring the head of John the Baptist. accordingly he went, and beheaded him in the prison, and bringing the head in a charger, he presented it to the young lady, who gave it to her mother: of which John's disciples being inform'd, they came to fetch his corps, which they laid in a sepulchre.
Now Herod the tetrarch was inform'd of all his transactions: and was perplex'd at the relation of some, that John was risen from the dead: whilst others said, Elias appear'd: and others, that one of the old prophets was come to life again. but Herod said, John was beheaded by my order, who then can this be, who, they say, performs such strange things? and he desired to have a sight of Jesus.
to this he answered, he that has his hand in the dish with mine, he it is that will betray me.
yet there's the hand that is to seize me, now upon the table.
I say not this of you all; for I know whom I have chosen: and that passage of the scripture must be fulfilled, "He that eateth bread with me, hath lift up his heel against me."
and as they sat eating, Jesus said, verily I say unto you, one of you that is eating with me, will betray me. and they were seized with sorrow, all successively asking him, is it I? but he answered them, saying, it is one of the twelve, he that eats of the same mess with me. read more.
the son of man is going indeed, according to what is written of him: but wo to that man, by whom the son of man is betrayed: it would be better for that man, if he had never been born.
I declare unto you, said he, that some of you here present shall not die, till they see the kingdom of the Messiah usher'd in with power.
from that time began Jesus to let his disciples know that he should go to Jerusalem, there suffer many indignities from the senators, chief priests, and scribes, be put to death, and be raised again the third day. then Peter taking him aside, began to expostulate with him, saying, God forbid, Sir, this should ever happen to you. but he frown'd upon Peter, and said, out of my sight pernicious obstacle to my designs; your views are all worldly, regardless of what is divine. read more.
Then addressing himself to his disciples, if any man, said he, would follow me, let him renounce himself, take up his cross, and so follow me. for whosoever will save himself, shall be a looser: and whosoever shall suffer loss for my sake, shall be a gainer. what advantage is it to a man to gain the whole world at the price of his life? or what would not a man pay down to preserve his life? for the son of man shall come in the glory of his father, with his angels; and then shall be make retribution to every man according to his works. I declare unto you, some are here present, who shall not die, till they have seen the son of man enter into his kingdom.
At length he began to inform them, that the son of man should suffer many indignities, be rejected by the chief priests, Scribes, and senators, be even put to death, and after three days should rise again. and this he said in such an undisguised manner, that Peter took him aside, and pretended to reprimand him. but Jesus return'd, and looking upon his disciples, he gave Peter this rebuke, be gone, thou adversary, your views are all worldly, regardless of what is divine. read more.
Then addressing himself to the people, and his disciples, he said, he that desires to be under my conduct, let him renounce himself, and follow me. for he that would save his life, shall lose it; and he that would lose his life out of love to me and the gospel, he shall save it. what advantage is it for a man to gain the whole world with the loss of his life? or what would not a man bestow to preserve himself? whosoever therefore shall be asham'd of me, and of my doctrine in this degenerate and corrupted age, of him likewise shall the son of man be asham'd, when he shall come with the glory of his father, accompanied with holy angels.
the son of man must suffer many indignities: be rejected by the rulers, the chief priests, and Scribes: be put to death: and the third day be raised again. Then he said to the whole company, if any one will be my follower, let him renounce himself, take up his cross daily, and follow me. for whoever would save his life, shall lose it: and he that would lose his life, out of love to me, shall save it. read more.
what advantage is it for a man to have gain'd the whole world, if he himself runs into utter loss and ruin? for whoever shall be ashamed of me, and of my doctrine, of him shall the son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in the glory of his father, and of the holy angels. I declare unto you, there are some here present, who shall not die, till they see the Messiah reign.
afterwards he appear'd to the eleven, as they were all sitting at table, and he reproved them for their incredulity and obstinacy in not giving credit to those, who had seen him after his resurrection. Then he said to them, go ye into all parts of the world, and preach the gospel to all mankind. he that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved; but he that disbelieves, shall be condemned. read more.
they that believe shall be endued with these miraculous gifts: in my name they shall cast out demons: they shall speak new languages: they shall handle serpents, and if they drink any mortal poison, it shall do them no hurt: they shall lay hands on the sick, and the sick shall recover.
While they were thus talking, Jesus himself appear'd in the midst of them, and said to them, peace be with you. but they were in a consternation and fright, imagining, that they saw a spirit. upon which he said to them, why are you in this confusion? what is it, that your minds are so perplex'd? read more.
behold my hands, and my feet. for I am bodily present, touch me and consider me; for a spirit has not flesh and bones, as you see me have: all the while holding out his hands and his feet, as he was speaking. but as they were diffident of so joyful an event, and still in amaze, he said to them, have you any thing here to eat? and they gave him a piece of broil'd fish, and of a honey-comb; which he took, and did eat in their presence. then he said, this is what I told you, while I was yet with you, that what has been written concerning me in the law of Moses, in the prophets, and in the psalms, must be all accomplished. then he open'd their minds to make them understand the scriptures, and said to them, thus it is written, and thus it behov'd Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: and that repentance and remission of sins should be preach'd in his name, among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. you are witnesses of these things. and I am going to send you what my father has promis'd you. but continue in the city of Jerusalem, until you shall be endued with power from on high.
The same day at evening, being the first day of the week, the doors of the house where the disciples were, being shut, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, peace be with you. and when he had so said, he show'd them his hands and his side. the disciples were therefore extremely glad when they saw it was the Lord. then said Jesus to them again, "peace be with you: as my father hath sent me, even so send I you." read more.
and when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said to them, "receive ye the holy spirit. whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye leave unpardoned, they are lest unpardoned."
Upon this the Pharisees withdrew, and consulted how they might insnare him in his discourse. they dispatch'd therefore some of their disciples, together with the Herodians, who thus address'd themselves to him; master, we know that you are sincere, and faithfully teach the divine law without fear or flattery: for you have no regard to the outward quality of men. tell us therefore, what is your opinion? is it lawful to pay tribute to Cesar, or no? read more.
but Jesus perceiving their malice, said, why, hypocrites, would you insnare me? shew me the tribute money. and they brought him a penny. and he said unto them, whose image and inscription is this? they answer'd, Cesar's. then said he to them, render therefore unto Cesar, the things which are Cesar's: and unto God, the things that are God's. on hearing this, they were filled with admiration, and so leaving him, they went their way.
Then they sent some of the Pharisees, and of the Herodians to insnare him in his discourse. when they were come, they said to him, master, we know that you are sincere, that you are not influenced by any one, for you have no regard to the person of men: but teach us the way of God according to truth. now should we pay tribute to Cesar, or no? shall we pay, or shall we not pay? but he, perceiving their hypocrisy, said to them, why do you lay snares for me? read more.
let me see a penny. and when they brought it, he asked them, whose image and inscription is this? they said, Cesar's. to which Jesus reply'd, render to Cesar what belongs to Cesar, and to God what belongs to God. and they were surprized at the answer.
they watch'd then, and suborn'd spies, who under pretence of their tender consciences, might ensnare him in his discourse, and so betray him to the civil power and jurisdiction of the governor. they address'd him therefore in this manner; master, we know that what you say and teach is all right. you are not influenc'd by the quality of men, but explain the divine law with sincerity: should we pay tribute to Cesar, or no? read more.
but Jesus perceiving their malicious design, said to them, why do you practise upon me? show me a penny: whose image and inscription is this? they answer'd, Cesar's. render then, said he, to Cesar, what belongs to Cesar, and to God, what belongs to God. so not being able to take any advantage from his words, before the people, they said no more, being surpriz'd at his answer.
Immediately one came near him, saying, good master, what good shall I do, to obtain eternal life? and he said to him, why do you stile me good? there is but one that is good, that is God. but if you would enter into life, keep the commandments. he reply'd, which? Jesus said, "thou shalt do no murder, thou shalt not commit adultery, thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not bear false witness, read more.
honour thy father and thy mother: and, thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself." the young man answer'd, all these things have I practis'd from my youth: what is it that is further required? Jesus said, if thou wilt be perfect, go sell your estate, give the value to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven: then come and follow me. but when the young man heard that, he went away dejected: for he had great possessions.
When he was set out upon his journey, there met him one, who kneeling down before him, said, good master, what must I do to inherit eternal life? Jesus said to him, why do you call me good? there is but one, who is good, that is God. you know the commandments, "do not commit adultery, do not kill, do not steal, do not bear false witness, defraud not, honour your father, and mother." read more.
to which he answered, master, said he, all these precepts have I observed from my youth. then Jesus looking upon him with a favourable eye, said, there is one thing still to be done; go, sell all your estate, and give it to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven; then come, take up the cross, and follow me. but he was troubled at this answer, and went away very sorrowful, for he had a great estate.
Then a person of distinction ask'd him this question, good master, what must I do to inherit eternal life? Jesus replied, why do you call me good? there is but one who is good, that is God. you know the commandments, "do not commit adultery, do not kill, do not steal, do not bear false witness, honour thy father and mother." read more.
all these, said he, have I observ'd from my youth. upon hearing that, Jesus said to him, one thing you have yet to do: sell all you have, and give it to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven: then come, and follow me. upon hearing this he was very sad: for he had a large estate. Jesus perceiving him so very dejected, said, how difficult is it for those, who have riches, to enter into the kingdom of God!
About that time the Sadducees, who say there is no future life, came and propos'd this question, master, said they, by the law of Moses, in case a man die without children, his brother is oblig'd to marry his wife, in order to perpetuate his brother's name. now there happen'd among us seven brothers, the first married but died without issue, leaving his wife to his brother: read more.
the same happen'd to the second, and the third, and so on to the seventh. last of all the woman died too: now if there be another life after this, whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all married her. Jesus answered them, you are mistaken, for want of a true notion of the scriptures, and of the divine power. for in the other life after this, there will be no such thing as marriage; but they will be as the angels of God in heaven. now as to the state of life after death, have ye not read that expression of God himself, " I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?" God is not a benefactor to the dead, but to the living. when the people heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.
Then the Saducees, who deny the resurrection, came and asked him, saying, master, Moses has left it us in writing, that if a man dies, and leaves his wife without any children, his brother should marry his widow, in order to perpetuate his name. now there were seven brothers: the first married a wife and died, leaving her without any children. read more.
the second married her, and he died too without leaving her any children: the third did the same. so that all the seven married her, but left no children. last of all she died. at the time therefore of the resurrection, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all married her. Jesus answered them, don't you see you are in a mistake, by being unacquainted with the scriptures, as well as with the power of God? for when they shall rise from the dead, they neither will marry, nor be given in marriage, but be immortal like the angels in heaven. and as for the dead, that they will actually rise, have you not read in the book of Moses those words, which God pronounc'd out of the bush to him, "I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?" he is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: and therefore you greatly mistake the meaning.
Afterwards some of the Pharisees, who deny there is any resurrection, accosted him with this question, master, said they, Moses left it in writing, if any man has a brother, who dies in marriage without leaving children, he is obliged to take the widow, to perpetuate his brother's line. now there were seven brothers, the first of which marry'd, and died without children. read more.
the second after marrying the widow, died likewise without children. then the third took her, and so she was married to all seven, who all died without leaving any children. at last the woman died too. at the resurrection therefore, to which of them will she be wife? for she had been married to all the seven. Jesus answered, in this life men and women marry. but they, who shall be accounted worthy to obtain the resurrection to an eternal life, shall have no concern in marriage, as being immortal: for by the resurrection they will inherit a nature truely angelical and divine. now that the dead are raised, may be inferr'd from Moses's relation concerning the bush, where he stiles the Lord, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. for he is not the God of the dead, but of the living. they are all then alive with respect to him. which some of the Scribes approving, said to him, master, what you maintain is very just: and after that they did not venture to ask him another question.
When they were on the road to Jerusalem, Jesus led the way, and they followed behind full of apprehension and fear. then Jesus calling the twelve apostles to him again, acquainted them with what should befal him. now, said he, we are going to Jerusalem, where the son of man will be delivered up to the chief priests, and to the Scribes, who will condemn him to die, and deliver him to the Gentiles. they will treat him with ignominy, subject him to the lash, spit upon him, and at last put him to death. but on the third day he will rise again.
As Jesus was on the way to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples in private, and said to them, we are now going to Jerusalem, where the son of man will be betrayed to the chief priests, and to the Scribes, who will condemn him to die, and deliver him up to the Gentiles, to be insulted, scourged, and crucified: but the third day he shall rise again.
Afterwards Jesus took the twelve aside, and said to them, now we are going to Jerusalem where all that the prophets have writ concerning the son of man shall be accomplished. for he shall be delivered to the Gentiles by the Jews, who will treat him with mockery, insult him, spit in his face, scourge him, and put him to death; and the third day he shall rise again. read more.
but they comprehended nothing of all this: his discourse was a riddle to them, and they could not find out the meaning.
Then they brought young children to him, that he might lay his hands upon them: but his disciples rebuked those that presented them. which Jesus observing was much displeas'd with them, and said, suffer little children to come unto me, do not hinder them: for of such is the kingdom of God. I declare unto you, he that shall pretend to be admitted into the kingdom of God, and has not the temper of a little child, shall not enter therein. read more.
then he embraced them, and laying his hand upon them, he gave them his blessing.
Then they brought children to him in order to have his blessing: and the disciples rebuked them. but Jesus said, let the children alone, and don't hinder them from coming to me: for of such does the gospel-kingdom consist. and he laid his hands upon them, and departed thence.
And as they were presenting children to him, for the imposition of hands, his disciples observing it, rebuk'd those that brought them. but Jesus called the children to him, and said to his disciples, let the children come to me, without any hindrance, for they who belong to the kingdom of God, must be like them. I declare unto you, he that does not come with the disposition of a child shall not enter into the kingdom of God.
At their departure from Jericho, a great multitude followed him. and there were two blind men sitting by the way-side, who hearing that Jesus was passing by, cried out, "have mercy on us, O Lord, thou son of David." and the people reprimanded them, to make them hold their tongue: but they bawl'd out the more, have mercy on us, O Lord, thou son of David. read more.
then Jesus stood still, and calling them, said, what would ye have me do for you? they said to him, grant Lord that we may have sight. Jesus then having compassion on them, touched their eyes: and immediately they had their sight, and they followed him.
As they were near Jericho, a blind man happen'd to sit begging by the road, who hearing the noise of a crowd passing by, ask'd what the matter was. they told him, Jesus the Nazarene is passing by. read more.
then he cry'd out, Jesus son of David, have pity on me. those who led the way bid him hold his tongue. but he bawl'd out the louder, son of David have pity on me. then Jesus stopp'd, and order'd them to bring the man to him, who being come nigh, he ask'd him, what would you have me do for you? he said, Lord, I desire to have sight. have sight, said Jesus, your faith has obtain'd you a cure. and immediately he saw: and followed Jesus, glorifying God: and all the people, who were eye-witnesses, gave praise unto God.
At length they came to Jericho, and as he was leaving Jericho, accompanied by his disciples, and a great number of people, a blind man called Bartimeus sat begging in the high-way. when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he cried out, and said, Jesus, son of David, have pity on me. but many of the company rebuk'd him, in order to silence him. at which he cry'd out with more earnestness, son of David have pity on me. read more.
Jesus therefore stood still, and ordered him to be called; so they called to the blind man, and said, take courage, rise, he calls you. upon which he threw off his loose coat, and went to Jesus;
Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, and said, where would you have us make the preparations for the paschal-supper? and he said, go into the city to such a man, and say to him, the master sends you word that his time is at hand, and he designs to keep the passover now at your house with his disciples. the disciples then did as Jesus appointed, and made ready the passover. read more.
The even being now come, he sat down with the twelve. and as they were eating, he said, 'tis indeed true that one of this company shall betray me. at which they were exceedingly concern'd, and began every one of them to ask, Lord, is it I? to this he answered, he that has his hand in the dish with mine, he it is that will betray me. the son of man is going to die, pursuant to the scripture: but wo to that man by whom the son of man is betrayed: it had been better for that man, if he had never been born. then Judas, he who was to betray him, said, master, is it I? Jesus replied, yes. While they were yet eating, Jesus took bread, and having given thanks, he brake it, and gave it to the disciples, saying, take, eat; this represents my body. and he took the cup, and having given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, drink ye all of it: for this represents my blood, the blood of the new covenant which is shed for mankind for the remission of sins. but this I tell you, I shall not drink any more wine with you from this time forth to the day, when I shall drink with you, of the spiritual wine, in my father's kingdom. And when they had sung an hymn, they went to the mount of Olives.
On the first day of unleavened bread, when the paschal lamb is kill'd, his disciples said to him, where would you have us go and prepare for your eating the paschal lamb? upon which he dispatch'd two of his disciples, and said to them: go into the city, and you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him. and wherever he enters, say to the master of the house: "thus saith our master; where is the chamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?" read more.
and he will shew you a large upper room ready furnished: there make preparation for us. his disciples therefore went away, and being come into the city, they found every thing, as he had told them; and they prepared the paschal lamb. There he came in the evening with the twelve. and as they sat eating, Jesus said, verily I say unto you, one of you that is eating with me, will betray me. and they were seized with sorrow, all successively asking him, is it I? but he answered them, saying, it is one of the twelve, he that eats of the same mess with me. the son of man is going indeed, according to what is written of him: but wo to that man, by whom the son of man is betrayed: it would be better for that man, if he had never been born. When they had been eating, Jesus took bread, and having given thanks, he brake it, and gave it to them, and said, take it, this represents my body. and he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. and he said to them, this represents the effusion of my blood (the sanction of the new covenant) for mankind. but this I tell you, I will never more drink of this fruit of the vine, from this time forth to that day, when I shall drink with you of the spiritual wine in the kingdom of God.
The day of unleaven'd bread being come, when the paschal-lamb was to be sacrific'd, Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, go, and make provision for our eating the paschal-lamb. they ask'd him, where would you have us prepare it? read more.
he answered, when you are in the city, you will meet a man with a pitcher of water; follow him to the house, where he goes in: and say to the man of the house, our master sent to ask for a room, where he may eat the passover with his disciples. and he will show you a large upper room ready fitted: there prepare the supper. so they went, and having found every thing as Jesus had said, they made ready the passover. The hour of eating being come, he, and the twelve apostles sat down to table. and he said to them, I have ardently desired to eat this passover with you, before I suffer. for I declare unto you, I shall not celebrate this passover with you any more, to the time, when it shall have its accomplishment in the kingdom of the messiah. having then taken the cup, and given thanks, he said, take this, and distribute it to one another. for I tell you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine to the time when the kingdom of God shall come. then he took bread, and having given thanks, he brake it, and gave it to them, saying, this represents my body which is given for you: do this in remembrance of me. and after supper he likewise gave the cup, saying, this cup is the new testament sealed by my blood, which is shed for you.
Then they brought to him a demoniac, who was both blind and dumb: and he cured him so effectually, that he recovered both his speech and his sight; which made the people cry out with amazement, "Is not this the son of David?" but the Pharisees upon hearing this said, he exorcizes devils, by virtue only of Beelzebub the prince of the devils. read more.
Jesus perceiving what they surmized, said to them, any kingdom once divided against itself will soon be desolate: nor can any city or house divided against itself, long subsist. if satan expels satan, he is divided against himself; how then shall his kingdom last? and if I by Beelzebub exorcize devils, by whom do your children exorcize them? wherefore even they shall be your judges. but if I exorcize devils by the spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is set up among you. besides, how could any one enter into the house of a man of might to rob him of his goods, except he first master the strong man? and then indeed he might plunder his house. "He that is not for me, is against me: and he that is not active for me, is a Deserter." wherefore I declare to you, all manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven men; but blaspheming the holy Spirit shall not be forgiven them. and if any one speaks against the son of man, it may be forgiven him: but if any one speaks against the holy spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this age, nor in that to come. Either allow the tree to be good, and its fruit good; or else say the tree is corrupt, and its fruit corrrupt: for a tree is distinguished by its fruit. O degenerate race, how can ye, wicked as ye are, utter any thing that is good? for "'tis the overflowing of the heart that the mouth dischargeth." a good man out of the good treasure produces good things: and an evil man, out of the evil treasure, produces evil things. but I declare unto you, that men shall give an account at the day of judgment, of every scandalous expression they utter. for by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him. After this they went into an house, and the crowd press'd again upon them, so as to hinder them from taking their meal. when his relations heard of this, they went to his relief, for it was said, he fainted away. read more.
Some Scribes, who were come from Jerusalem, said, he is confederate with Beelzebub, the prince of the demons enables him to dispossess demons. but calling them to him, he said by way of similitude, how can satan dispossess satan? if a kingdom be divided against it self, that kingdom cannot last. if a family be divided against it self, it is impossible for it to subsist. so if satan rise up in opposition to his own interest, his power cannot subsist, but must entirely cease. no one can enter into a strong man's house, and plunder his goods, unless the man be first secur'd. I declare unto you, all the sins which men may commit, and whatsoever blasphemies they may utter, may be forgiven them. but he that shall blaspheme against the holy Ghost, shall never be pardoned, but shall be obnoxious to eternal punishment. this was in answer to their saying, he was influenc'd by an impure spirit.
At another time Jesus was casting out a demon, that was dumb: and as soon as the demon was gone out, the dumb man spoke: and the people wondred. but some of them said, he casteth out demons by Beelzebub the prince of the demons. others, to try him, desir'd he would show some miraculous sign in the heaven. read more.
but Jesus perceiving their suspicions, said to them, every kingdom divided against itself will soon be desolate: one family divided against another, falls to ruin. so if satan be divided against himself, how can his kingdom subsist? for you assert, that I cast out demons by Beelzebub. but if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? wherefore they shall be your judges. but if I cast out demons by the finger of God, it follows, that the reign of the Messiah is now begun among you. when a man that is stout and well arm'd guards his palace, his possessions are safe. but if a stronger than he should assault, and overcome him, he will strip him of all his furniture on which he relyed, and divide the plunder. He that does not join with me, is against me: and he that is not active for me, is a deserter. When the impure spirit is gone out of a man, he wanders about the wilds in quest of some repose: but finding none, I will return, says he, to the abode I have quitted. and at his return he findeth it swept and garnished. then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself: they all enter in and dwell there, and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first.
Presently after Jesus obliged his disciples to embark, and cross over to the other side before him, whilst he dismiss'd the people. and when he had dismiss'd them, he retired by himself to a mountain to pray: where he stay'd all alone till the latter part of the evening. by this time the vessel was half sea over, violently toss'd with the waves, for the wind was contrary. read more.
at the dawn of day, Jesus came to them walking on the sea. the disciples seeing him walking on the sea, cry'd out in a fright, an apparition; and they scream'd for fear. but Jesus immediately call'd to them, take courage, said he, it is I, don't be afraid. Peter answered, Lord, said he, if it be you, bid me come upon the water to you. Jesus said, come. and Peter getting out of the ship, walk'd on the water to go to Jesus. but finding the wind boisterous, he was afraid: and beginning to sink, cried out, Lord, save me. immediately Jesus stretched out his hand, and caught him, diffident man, said he, why were you in suspence? and when they were come into the ship, the wind ceased. then they that were in the ship, came and worshipped him, saying, of a truth thou art the son of God. When they were over, they came into the territory of Gennesaret. where being known by the people of that place, they sent about all that country, and presented to him all that were diseased, praying him to let them only touch the hem of his garment: and as many as touch'd it were made perfectly whole.
Soon after Jesus obliged his disciples to embark for Bethsaida, on the opposite shore, while he was dismissing the people. and when they had taken their leave, he retired to a mountain to pray. It was now late in the evening, and the bark in full sea, when Jesus, who was ashore all alone, read more.
perceived his disciples had much ado to bear up against the wind, which was contrary; about the fourth watch of the night, he came up, and would have pass'd by them. when they saw him walking upon the sea, they thought it was an apparition, for they all saw him, and were greatly terrified. but at the instant Jesus spoke to them, and said, take courage, it is I, don't be afraid. and as soon as he was got aboard, the wind ceased; which still encreas'd their astonishment and admiration: for they were so stupid, they did not comprehend the miracle of the loaves. Being got to the other side of the lake, they came to the country of Gennasereth, where they landed. no sooner were they ashore, but the people, who presently perceiv'd it was Jesus, came flocking from all quarters, carrying their sick on their beds to the places where they heard he was: and to whatever cities, towns, or villages he went, they expos'd the sick in the publick streets, entreating him, they might but touch the border of his garment; for as many as did so, were recover'd.
but Jesus perceiving they designed to come and take him by force to make him a king, retired again upon a mountain all alone. When even was come, his disciples went to the sea, and going on board a ship, they cross'd the sea to Capernaum: now when it was dark, Jesus was not come to them: read more.
but the sea ran high, by reason of the wind that blew hard. so when they had rowed about five and twenty, or thirty furlongs, seeing Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh to the ship, they were frightned. but he said to them, it is I, be not afraid. then they readily received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they were bound.
Jesus return'd by the influence of the spirit into Galilee, where his same quickly spread over all the country;
But after John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, spreading the good news of the kingdom of the Messiah.
After this, Jesus having heard that John was confined in prison, retired into Galilee.
Jesus therefore knowing the Pharisees had heard that he made more disciples, and baptized more than John, (though Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples) he left Judea, and returned into Galilee.
Some time after, while they were in Galilee, Jesus said to them, the son of man will be betrayed into the hands of men: they will kill him, but the third day he shall be raised again. at which they were exceeding sorry.
Having left that place, they went a private way through Galilee: for he was willing to be conceal'd. in the mean time he gave his disciples this intimation, "the son of man is going to be delivered up into the hands of men, who will put him to death, and three days after he is put to death he shall rise again." but they did not comprehend the meaning, and were ashamed to ask him about it.
and all the people were astonished at such an instance of divine power: and as they were admiring whatever Jesus did, he said to his disciples, give attention to what I now say, namely, that the son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men. but they did not comprehend that expression: it was as a riddle, which they could not understand, and they were afraid to desire him to explain the meaning of that expression.
And when they were come to the multitude, a man came kneeling to him, and cry'd, Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is grievously afflicted with the epilepsy; he often falls into the fire, and frequently into the water. I presented him to your disciples, but they could not cure him. read more.
upon which Jesus answered, incredulous and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me. and Jesus rebuked the demon, and he departed out of him: so that the child was cured from that very hour. then came the disciples to Jesus in private, and said, why could not we cast him out? because of your incredulity, said Jesus: for I tell you truly, if ye had ever so little faith, ye might say to this mountain, remove hence to yonder place, and it should remove; and nothing would be too difficult for you. however, such a distemper is not to be removed but by prayer and fasting.
When he was come to the other disciples, he found a great crowd about them, and the Pharisees disputing with them. as soon as they saw him, they were over-joyed, and ran to salute him. then he ask'd the Scribes, what were you debating with them? read more.
and one of the crowd answer'd, master, I have brought to you my son, who is possess'd with a dumb spirit, which no sooner comes on him, but it throws him down: then the child foams, gnashes his teeth, and grows meager. then said Jesus, incredulous people, how long shall I be with you? must I be always assisting you? bring him before me. so he was brought to him, and as soon as he saw him, the spirit threw him into convulsions, and he fell upon the ground, where he wallowed foaming. Jesus then asked the father, how long is it since this befel him? from his infancy, said the father. it has frequently thrown him into the fire, and into the water, to the hazard of his life; if therefore you can do any thing, have compassion on us, and help us. Jesus said to him, provided you can believe, there is nothing but what may be effected for those that believe. immediately the child's father cryed out with tears, I do believe, oh supply the defect of my faith. Jesus observing the people came crowding to him, rebuked the evil spirit, saying, thou dumb and deaf spirit come out of the child, never to enter more, it is I command it. and the spirit came out of him, having made him roar, and thrown him into such agonies, that he became like one that was dead, and many were of opinion he actually was so. but Jesus taking him by the hand, raised him up, and he was perfectly recovered. now when Jesus was retired to his own house, his disciples asked him in private, why could not we cast this spirit out? Jesus answered, such a miracle is not effected but by prayer and fasting.
The next day, when they were come down from the mountain, a multitude of people happen'd to meet him: when one of the company cry'd out, master, I beseech you, cast your eyes upon my son, for he is my only child: he is frequently seized by a spirit, which makes him immediately roar, then throws him into convulsions with foaming, and never leaves him, but with difficulty and bruises. read more.
I desired your disciples to cast out this spirit; but they were not able. then said Jesus, O incredulous, and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, and suffer you? bring hither your son. as the child was advancing, the demon threw him down, into convulsions: but Jesus rebuked the impure spirit, cured the child, and delivered him to his father. and all the people were astonished at such an instance of divine power: and as they were admiring whatever Jesus did, he said to his disciples,
Now after the Lord had convers'd with them, he was assum'd up to heaven, where he sat on the right hand of God. as for the disciples, they went and preached the gospel in all parts: the Lord co-operating with them, and confirming their doctrine by the miracles that accompany'd it.
At length he led them out as far as Bethany; and stretching out his hands, he gave them his benediction. and while he was blessing them, he was taken from them, and carried up into heaven. and they worship'd him, and with great joy return'd to Jerusalem, read more.
where they daily praised and blessed God in the temple.
After this discourse, while they beheld, he was taken up, and a cloud received him out of their sight. and as they were looking stedfastly toward heaven, as he mounted up, on a sudden, two men appear'd before them robed in white, who said, "ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up to heaven? this same Jesus who is taken up from you into heaven, shall descend in the same manner as ye have seen him ascend thither." read more.
then they returned to Jerusalem, from the mountain of olives, which is a sabbath-day's journey from it.
Then Jesus address'd himself to them in this parabolical manner. a certain person planted a vineyard, made a fence about it, clear'd the way for a wine-press, built a tower, and committed it to the care of vine-dressers, while he was travelling abroad. at the time of vintage he sent his servant to the vine-dressers to receive the profits of his vineyard. but they seized on him, and beat him, and sent him home empty. read more.
after this he sent another servant to them, him they assaulted with stones and cudgels, and sent him back with contempt. then he sent another, whom they killed: and of several more, some they beat, some they killed. at last, having one only son, whom he loved, he sent him to them; surely, said he, they will reverence my son. but these husbandmen said to one another, this is the heir, come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be our own. so they seized upon him, and dragg'd him out of the vineyard, and killed him. now what will the master of the vineyard do? on his return, said they, he will destroy those vine-dressers, and give his vineyard to others. have you not read, said he, this passage of scripture, "the stone which the builders rejected, is become the principal stone of the angle. it is the Lord, that has done this, and it is marvellous in our eyes." then they contriv'd how they might seize him, for they perceived, that he applied the parable to them; but for fear of the people they left him, and went away.
Hear another parable: a certain landlord planted a vineyard, hedged it round, set up a wine-press in it, and built a tower, then lett it out to tenants, and went into a foreign country. and when the fruit-season came on, he sent his servants to the tenants, to receive the fruits of it. but they seiz'd his servants, beat some, killed one, and stoned another. read more.
then he sent a greater number of servants, than at first: who met with the same treatment. but last of all, he sent his son, saying, they will reverence my son. but when the tenants saw the son, they said among themselves, this is the heir, come, let us kill him, and then seize on his inheritance. so seizing upon him, they turn'd him out of the vineyard, and slew him. when the master therefore of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants? they answered, he will give those wretches no quarter, and will let out his vineyard to such as shall duly account for the profits thereof. Jesus reply'd, did ye never read in the scriptures, " that very stone which the builders rejected, is become the principal stone of the angle, this the Lord effected, and it is marvellous in our eyes." wherefore I declare to you, the gospel dispensation shall be taken from you, and given to a nation that shall make a proper use thereof. and whosoever shall stumble at this stone, shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, he shall be entirely crush'd. When the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he meant them. and they endeavoured to seize him, but were afraid of the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.
Then he propos'd this parable to the people, a man planted a vineyard, let it out to husbandmen, and then went a travelling for some time. at vintage, he sent a servant to the husbandmen, to demand the profits of the vineyard. but they beat him and sent him away empty. again he sent another servant, him they likewise beat, insulted, and sent away empty. read more.
he still sent a third, whom they wounded and drove away. upon which the master of the vineyard said, what shall I do? I will send my beloved son: perhaps his presence will engage their respect. but when the husbandmen saw him, they said to one another, this is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be our own. so they kill'd him, and threw him out of the vineyard. what punishment now will the master inflict upon them? he will come and destroy these husbandmen, and give his vineyard to others. but they, taking the hint, cried out, God forbid. then Jesus looking upon them, said, what is the meaning then of that expression, "the stone, which the builders rejected, is become the chief stone of the angle." whoever falls upon that stone shall be bruised, but on whom it falls, it will crush him to pieces. The chief priests, and the Scribes perceiving that he had applied this parable to them, were eager to seize upon him at that very time; but they were afraid of the people.
when one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name, came, and as soon as he saw him, fell at his feet, and earnestly intreated him, saying, "my little daughter is at the last extremity, pray come and lay thy hands on her, that she may be healed, and live." so Jesus went with him, attended by a great crowd, that press'd about him. read more.
Now there was a woman, who had been affected with an hemorrhage twelve years: having suffered much from several physicians, she had spent all her fortune, and instead of being any thing the better, she rather grew worse. but having heard of Jesus; she came behind him in the crowd, and touched his garment. for said she, if I do but touch his clothes, I shall be cured. and immediately the source of her disorder was dried up: and she sensibly perceived she was healed of that indisposition. Jesus conscious of the influence he had exerted, immediately turned towards the crowd, and said, who touched my clothes? his disciples replied, you see the multitude press about you, and do you ask, who touched you? however, he looked about to see who it was. then the woman, conscious of what had been effected in her, came trembling with fear, and falling down before him, confess'd the whole truth. and he said to her, daughter, thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace, entirely freed from your indisposition. Before he had done speaking, messengers came from the ruler of the synagogue's house, who said, "your daughter is dead, why do you give the master any further trouble?" Jesus, upon hearing that, immediately said to the ruler of the synagogue, "be not afraid, only believe." and he suffered no man to follow him, except Peter, and James, and John the brother of James: being come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeing a tumultuous crowd of people weeping and howling, at his going in he said to them, what's the meaning of this uproar, what do you weep for? the damsel is not dead, but asleep. upon which they fell a laughing: however, having turned them all out, and taking with him the father and the mother of the damsel, and those that had accompany'd him, he entred in where the damsel was lying. then taking her hand, he said to her, Talitha cumi, that is to say, damsel, arise, 'tis I command you. immediately the damsel arose, and walked, for she was twelve years of age: and they were struck with astonishment. but he strictly charged them not to mention it to any one, and order'd something should be given her to eat.
Some time after, a person nam'd Jairus, a ruler of the synagogue, came to Jesus, and upon his knees desired him to come to his house: for he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, who lay a dying. as he was on the way, the crowd press'd after him, and among the rest a woman, who had been troubled with an hemorrhage twelve years, having consum'd her whole fortune upon physicians, who could none of them cure her; she getting behind him, read more.
touched the border of his garment: and immediately her indisposition was removed. upon which Jesus said, who was it that touch'd me? they being all at a loss, what to answer, at length Peter, and the others with him, said, master, the crowd are squeezing and pressing about you, and yet you cry, "who touch'd me?" but Jesus said, somebody has touched me: for I know what influence my power has had. then the woman finding she could not conceal herself, came trembling, and kneeling down before him, confess'd before all the people, why she had touch'd him, and how she was instantly cured. but he said to her, daughter, don't be under any concern: your faith has sav'd you, go in peace. While he was speaking, somebody came from the ruler of the synagogue's house, who said to him, your daughter is dead; 'tis in vain to importune the master any farther. but when Jesus heard that, he said to Jairus, be not afraid: only believe, and she shall recover. being come to the house, he suffer'd nobody to go into the room with him, except Peter, John and James, and the young woman's father and mother. the company there were all in tears lamenting for her: but he said don't weep; she is not dead, but asleep. upon which, they knowing she was really dead, treated him with derision. but Jesus oblig'd them to withdraw; then grasping her hand, he said, my child, arise. immediately she came to life, and rose up: and he order'd, that something should be given her to eat. and her parents were seized with astonishment: but he charg'd them not to let the fact be known to any one.
Whilst he thus entertain'd them, the ruler of the synagogue came and made his address to him, saying, my daughter is upon the point of death: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live. so Jesus arose, together with his disciples, and follow'd him. When a woman, who had been troubled with an hemorrhage twelve years, came behind him, and touch'd the hem of his garment. read more.
for she said within her self, if I do but touch his garment, I shall be cured: but Jesus turned about, and looking upon her, said, daughter lay aside your fears, thy faith hath cured thee: and the woman was cured from that instant. When Jesus came to the ruler's house, he found a set of flute-players and a crowd of people making a lamentable cry, and he said to them, withdraw, for the maid is not dead, but asleep. and they treated him with contemptuous laughter. but when the company were turn'd out, he went in, and grasping her hand, the maid rose up. the fame whereof was spread over all the country.
and while Jesus was at table in Matthew's house, several publicans and loose people happen'd to come in, who sat down with him and his disciples. which the Pharisees observing, why, said they to his disciples, is your master so familiar with publicans and such loose people? Jesus hearing that, said to them, they that are in health don't want a physician, but they that are sick. read more.
go then and learn the meaning of that expression, "I will have mercy and not sacrifice:" for I am not come to call saints, but sinners. Then John's disciples came to him and said, why do the Pharisees, as well as we, observe so many fasts, and your disciples keep none? Jesus answer'd them, can the bride-men mourn, while the bridegroom is with them? the day indeed will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then will be the time to fast. new cloth is never patch'd upon an old garment: for the patch will draw the garment, and rend it still worse. neither do men put new wine into old skins: if they should, the bottles will burst, so that the wine will be lost and the skins be spoil'd: but they put new wine into new skins, whereby both are preserved.
at length as Jesus sat at table in Levi's house, several publicans and loose people sat down likewise in company with Jesus, and his disciples: for a good number of them had followed him. when the Scribes and Pharisees saw him eating with such a crew, they ask'd his disciples, what's the meaning that he is so familiar with people of such a wretched character? Jesus hearing this, said to them, they that are in health, have no need of a physician, but they that are sick: I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners. read more.
It was customary for the Pharisees, and the disciples of John, to fast; they came therefore and ask'd him, why do John's disciples, and the Pharisees fast so frequently, and not your disciples? Jesus answered, can the bridemen fast, while the bridegroom is with them? as long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. but the time will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast. indeed no man ever sews a piece of new cloth on an old garment: because the new piece that is patch'd on, draws the old, and rends it still worse. so no man pours new wine into old skins, for that would burst them, and then both would be lost: but new wine must be put into new skins.
Levi having prepared a handsom entertainment in his own house for him, a great number of publicans, and others, were likewise at table. but the Scribes and Pharisees of that place reproach'd his disciples, and said, why do ye eat and drink with publicans and scandalous people? but Jesus replied, they that are in health don't want a physician: but they that are sick. read more.
I came not to call saints, but sinners to repentance. Then they ask'd him, how comes it that John's disciples, and likewise those of the Pharisees, are frequently fasting and praying, while yours are employed in eating and drinking? to which he answered, would you have the bridemen fast, while the bridegroom is with them? however, the time will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then they will have occasions enow of fasting. Besides, he applied this similitude to them. no man, said he, puts a piece of new cloth upon an old coat: if he does, the new will strain the old, and they will by no means suit one another. nor will any one put new wine into old skins: if they do, the new wine will burst the skins, and wine and skins be all lost. but new wine must be put into new skins, and both will be preserv'd. so no-body that has been drinking old wine, will immediately call for new: for 'tis his maxim, "the old is best."
After this Jesus went to Peter's house, where seeing his wife's mother lying sick of a fever, he touched her hand, and the fever left her: and she arose and gave him entertainment. in the evening they brought him several demoniacs: and he cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all that were sick: read more.
whereby was fulfilled what Esaias the prophet said, "Himself took our infirmities, and bare, our diseases."
As soon as they were come out of the synagogue, they went with James and John into the house of Simon and Andrew, where Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, who presently acquainted Jesus with it. and he came, and taking her by the hand, lift her up; upon which the fever immediately left her, and she served them at table. read more.
In the evening, when the sun was set, they brought to him many diseased, and several demoniacks. the whole town being assembled before the door. and he healed many that were variously affected with diseases, and cast out many demons, not allowing them to say that they knew him.
When Jesus came out of the synagogue, he went to Simon's house, whose mother-in-law was seized with a violent fever, and they desired him to relieve her. so approaching near her, he order'd the fever to leave her, and it left her. upon which she immediately arose, and waited upon them at table. As soon as the sun was set, all sorts of diseased persons were brought before him by their friends, and he healed them all, by laying his hands upon them. read more.
many were dispossess'd of the demons, who cried aloud, you are the Messiah, the son of God. but he rebuked them, and would not suffer them to declare, that they knew him to be the Messiah.
The same day in the evening, he said to them, let us cross over to the other side of the lake. when they had dismiss'd the people, the bark he was in, set sail, in company with other small barks. at length a violent storm ensued, and the waves beat into the ship, that it began to fill, read more.
whilst Jesus was at the stern, asleep on a pillow: upon which they awak'd him, crying out, master, have you so little concern to let us sink? then he rose, and rebuked the wind, hush, said he, and be still. immediately the wind subsides, and a settled calm ensued. why, said he, are ye so frighted? are ye still so void of faith? and they were exceedingly afraid, and said to one another, who can this be, that even the wind and the sea obey him?
The same day Jesus went on board a vessel with his disciples, and said to them, let us pass over to the other side of the lake: and so they put off to sea. while they were rowing, Jesus fell asleep: when there blew such a storm of wind upon the lake, as fill'd the boat with water, and endanger'd their lives. then they came to wake him, crying, master, master, we are sinking. then he rose up, and rebuked the wind, and the waves: and both subside to a calm. read more.
but to his disciples he said, where is your faith? while they, seiz'd with fear and admiration, said to one another, who can this man be, that he commands even the winds, and the waves, and they obey?
Now Jesus perceiving the crowd about him, gave orders to pass over to the other side of the lake. when a certain scribe came to him, and said, Master, I will follow you where-ever you go. Jesus replyed, the foxes have kennels, and the birds of the air have nests; but the son of man hath not where to lay his head. read more.
another of his disciples said to him, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father. but Jesus said to him, follow me, and let the dead bury their dead. When he went aboard the vessel, his disciples followed him. and on a sudden so great a storm arose at sea, that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. and his disciples came and awaked him, saying, Lord, save us: we are sinking. and he answer'd, why are you afraid, o incredulous people? then he arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. but the crew were all amaz'd; what is this man, said they, that even the winds and the sea obey him?
Thus went Jesus about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all sorts of diseases and infirmities among the people: so that his fame was spread over all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were afflicted with any diseases or pains, demoniacs, lunatics, and paralytics; and he healed them. and a great multitude of people followed him from Galilee, from Decapolis, from Jerusalem, from Judea, and from about Jordan.
On the morrow rising up, while it was yet dark, he went out, and retired into a solitary place, where he prayed. Simon, and the rest of his company, followed after him. and when they had found him, they said, the people are seeking for you. read more.
and he said unto them, let us go into the neighbouring villages, that I may preach there likewise, for that was the design of my coming. and he preached in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast out demons.
When it was day, he retired into a desart place, where the people searching for him, found him out, and as they earnestly press'd him not to leave them, he said to them, I must likewise proclaim the kingdom of God in other cities; for to that end am I sent. accordingly he went preaching in the synagogues through all Galilee.
Now as Jesus was walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brethren, Simon, called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting their net into the sea: for they were fishermen. and he said to them, follow me, and I will make you fishers of men: so they immediately left their nets, and followed him. read more.
Going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who were in a bark with Zebedee their father, mending their nets: and Jesus having called them, they immediately left the bark with their father, and followed him.
Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew his brother, casting their net into the sea: (for they were fishers) and Jesus said to them, follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. immediately they quitted their nets, and followed him. read more.
when he had gone a little further, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the bark mending their nets. whereupon he called them: and they left their father Zebedee in the ship with the people he had hired, and went after him.
One day, as the people press'd after him to hear his divine preaching, he came near the lake of Gennesereth, where he saw two vessels lying near shore: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets. he went therefore aboard one of the vessels, which was Simon's, and desired him to bear away a little from land. then he sat down, and preached to the people from the ship. read more.
having finished his sermon, he said to Simon, row into deep water, and throw out your nets for a draught. master, said Simon, we have toil'd all the night, without any prize: however, since you give the word, I will throw the net. which being done, they enclosed such a multitude of fish, the net began to break: so they made a signal to their partners in the other ship to come and help them. accordingly they came, and loaded both the boats so with fish that they began to sink. at sight of this, Simon Peter fell on his knees before Jesus, and said, Lord, withdraw from such a sinful man as I: for he, and all the company were frightned at the draught of fish they had taken: so was James too, and John, the sons of Zebedee, both partners with Simon. but Jesus said to Simon, be not afraid; for the future you shall fish for men. then having brought their boats to shore, they left every thing, and followed him.
Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; the first is Simon, who is called Peter, then Andrew his brother, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, Philip and Bartholomew, Thomas, and Matthew the publican, James the son of Alpheus, and Labbeus, whose sirname was Thaddeus, Simon the zelot, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
At length he went up a mountain, and having appointed a select company to attend him, they came to him. then he chose twelve of them to be near his person, and afterwards to be gospel-missionaries. with full power to heal diseases, and dispossess demons. read more.
these were Simon, whom he sirnam'd Peter, James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James, (whom he had named Boanerges, that is to say, sons of thunder.) Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alpheus, Thaddeus, Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
About that time, Jesus retired to a mountain to pray, and spent the whole night in an oratory. when it was day, he called his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom he stiled missionarys: Simon, (to whom he gave the name of Peter) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, read more.
Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alpheus, and Simon surnamed the Zelot, Jude the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, who prov'd the traitor. At length he came down the hill with them, and stayed with the rest of his disciples in the plain, where a great multitude of people from all Judea, from Jerusalem, and the maritime country of Tyre and Sidon, came to hear him, and to have their diseases cured. many that were tormented by evil spirits came likewise, and were cured. so that all the people strove to touch him: for a divine virtue flowed from him, which healed them all.
Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon who had been a leper, there came to him a woman with an alabaster-box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, while he was at table. one of his disciples seeing this, with indignation said, to what purpose is this waste? read more.
for this could have been sold for a great price, which might have been given to the poor. Jesus perceiving this, said to them, why do you trouble the woman? for what she has done is out of regard to me. ye have the poor always with you, but me ye have not always. for her pouring this ointment on my body, is preparative to my burial. I declare unto you, in whatever quarter of the world, this part of the gospel-history shall be related, what this woman has now done shall be there mentioned to her praise.
now being at Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, while he was at table, there came a woman with a viol full of the perfume of spikenard, which was very costly; and she opened the viol, and poured it upon his head. but some had a secret indignation, and said, why must the perfume be so wasted? for we could have sold it for above two hundred denarys, and given them to the poor: and they inveighed against her. read more.
but Jesus said, let her alone, why do you disquiet her? it is commendable, what she has done out of respect to me. the poor you have always with you, and you may relieve them whenever you please: but me you will not always have. she has done what she could: she has perfum'd my body previously to my burial. I declare unto you, in whatever quarter of the world this part of the gospel-history shall be related, this action of hers shall be mention'd to her praise.
Six days before the passover Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, who had been dead, and raised to life again. there a supper was provided for him; Martha was in waiting: but Lazarus was one of the guests that sat at table with him. but Mary taking a pound of the oil of spikenard which was very costly, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped them with her hair: so that the house was filled with the odour of the perfume. read more.
whereupon one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, who was to betray him, said, why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, to be given to the poor? this he said, not out of any concern for the poor; but because being purse-bearer he used to pilfer what was in bank. then said Jesus, let her alone: against the day of my burial hath she kept this. the poor you will always have with you; but me you will not always have.
At that time Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized by John in Jordan. and as soon as he was got out of the water, he saw the heavens open, and the spirit lighting upon him, like a dove. when this voice from heaven was heard, "thou art my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased."
Then went Jesus from Galilee to Jordan to be baptized by John. but John opposed him, I have need, said he, to be baptized by you, and do you come to me? and Jesus answer'd, Let it be so for the present, for it becometh us to do whatever is right. then John consented. read more.
and when Jesus was baptized, he came out of the water: and immediately the heavens seem'd to be parted asunder before him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: at the same time a voice was heard from heaven, saying, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
When all the people were baptizing, Jesus was likewise baptized, and whilst he was praying, the clouds opened, and the holy spirit descended upon him in a corporeal form like a dove. and a voice came from heaven, which said, thou art my beloved son, in thee I am well pleased. Jesus was then about thirty years of age, being, as was suppos'd, the son of Joseph,
When he was arrived on the other side, in the country of the Gergesenes, two demoniacs met him starting out of the tombs with such fury, it was not safe for any body to pass that way. and they roar'd out, Jesus, thou son of God, what injury have we done you? are you come here to torment us before the time? and there was a considerable herd of swine feeding, at some distance from them. read more.
So the devils entreated him, saying, if you force us out, suffer us to retire into the herd of swine. and Jesus bad them go, accordingly they came out, and went into the herd of swine: and immediately the herd of swine ran furiously down a precipice into the sea, where they were all drown'd. and they that kept them fled away into the town, and told the whole story of what had happen'd to the devils and their demoniacs.
They arrived then to the other side of the sea, in the country of the Gadarenes. and as soon as Jesus was come out of the ship, he met a demoniack, who came from among the tombs, where he haunted, no man being able to confine him, no not with chains: read more.
for having been often bound with fetters and chains, he had wrench'd his chains, and broke his fetters, so that no body could tame him. night and day he was in the mountains, howling among the tombs, and hacking his flesh with flints. but when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and prostrated himself before him. and crying with a loud voice, said, "what injury have I done you, Jesus, thou son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, not to torment me." (for Jesus had said to him, "come out of the man, thou impure spirit.") and Jesus asked him, what is thy name? my name is legion, answered he: for we are many. and he was very importunate with Jesus not to drive them away from that country. now there was a great herd of swine feeding upon the mountain; and all the demons intreated him, saying, "send us to the swine, that we may enter into them." Jesus immediately gave them leave. and the impure spirits quitting the possessed, entred into the swine, and the whole herd, which were about two thousand, ran down a precipice into the sea, and were there stifled. then they that fed the swine fled, and told the news to town and country. and they went out to see what had been done. when they were come to Jesus, and saw him that had been possessed with the legion of demons, sitting in his clothes, and in his right mind, they were afraid. and when the eye-witnesses had related what had pass'd with respect to the demoniack, and to the swine: they intreated him to withdraw from their territories. as he was embarking, the late demoniack desired, that he might be with Jesus. however, Jesus refused him, and said, go home to thy friends, and tell them what great things the Lord hath done for thee, and how he hath had compassion on thee. and he departed, and published in Decapolis, what Jesus had done for him: and all were filled with admiration. When Jesus had repassed in the vessel to the other side, a crowd of people gathered about him, while he was nigh the sea.
Then they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which lies opposite to Galilee. when he was landed, there met him a man, who belong'd to the city Gadara, and had been for a long time possessed by demons. he did not wear any cloaths, nor dwell in any house, but among the tombs. upon seeing Jesus, he set up a great cry, fell down before him, and roar'd out, what business have you with me, Jesus son of the most high God? I beseech you torment me not. read more.
for he had commanded the impure spirit to quit the man, he had so long possessed: who, tho' bound in chains, and fastned with fetters, broke thro' all restraints, and was hurry'd by the demon into the desarts. upon Jesus's saying to him, what is your name? he answer'd, legion, (for many demons were enter'd into him.) and they entreated him not to condemn them to the abyss. but there being a numerous herd of swine feeding on the mountain, they desired he would permit them to enter into the swine, which he granted. accordingly the demons quitted the man, and enter'd into the swine: immediately the herd ran headlong down a precipice into the lake, and were drowned. the keepers seeing this, ran about and spread it, both in town, and country, whence numbers went to see the fact: being come to Jesus, they found the man, who had been dispossess'd of the demons, sitting at Jesus's feet, cloathed, and in his right senses: at which they were much surpriz'd, being inform'd by those that were present, by what means the demoniac had been cured. then the Gadarenes of the adjacent parts unanimously desired him to leave their country: for they were greatly allarm'd. so he embark'd to cross over the lake. now the man, who had been dispossess'd, begg'd to take him with him. but Jesus dismissed him, saying, go home, and relate, what great things God hath done for you. whereupon he departed, and published through all the city, what a wonderful deliverance Jesus had wrought for him. Jesus upon his return was received by a great number of people, who expected him.
After six days, Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, in private to the top of a high mountain. and was transfigured before them; his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light. and presently they saw Moses and Elias conversing with him. read more.
then Peter address'd himself to Jesus, Lord, said he, it is good for us to stay here: if you please, let us make three tabernacles here; one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elias. while he was speaking, a bright cloud surrounded them: and suddenly a voice broke out of the cloud, saying, "this is my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him." and when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were in a terrible fright. but Jesus came and touched them, and said, arise, be not afraid. and when they had lift up their eyes, they saw Jesus all alone. As they went down the mountain, Jesus gave them this charge, don't speak of the vision, said he, to any body, till the son of man be risen again from the dead: but his disciples asked him, why then do the Scribes say, that Elias must first come? Jesus answered, 'tis true, Elias was to come first and set all things right. but I tell you, that Elias is already come, tho' they knew him not, but treated him in an arbitrary manner; with such usage as the son of man shall likewise suffer at their hands. then the disciples perceiv'd, that what he said was meant of John the Baptist.
Six days after Jesus took Peter, James and John, and accompanied them up a high mountain in private; and was transfigured in their presence. his raiment was of an exceeding bright whiteness, like that of snow, and such as no fuller upon earth could imitate. Moses and Elias likewise appear'd, and were in conference with Jesus. read more.
then Peter thus address'd himself to Jesus, master, it is proper for us to be here: let us make therefore three tabernacles, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elias. for he knew not what he said, they were all so frightned. then a cloud surrounded them, and a voice from the cloud, said, "this is my beloved son, hear him." and instantly looking round about, they did not see any other person but Jesus with them. as they were going down the mountain, he order'd them not to tell any body what they had seen, till the son of man was raised from the dead: an expression which they dwelt upon, asking one another the meaning of "till he was raised from the dead." At length they started this question, why do the Scribes say, that Elias must first come? it is true, said he, that Elias must come beforehand to establish every thing, and that it was predicted of him, as well as of the son of man, that he should suffer very much, and be treated with contempt. but I tell you, that Elias is already come, as it was foretold; and they have treated him at their discretion.
About eight days after this discourse, he took with him Peter, John, and James, and went up a mountain to pray. as he was praying, the appearance of his countenance was quite chang'd, and his raiment was of a splendid white: two persons of a glorious form were seen talking with him; they were Moses, and Elias, read more.
who discours'd about the exit, he was to make at Jerusalem; while Peter, and the others with him, were overwhelm'd with sleep: but when they wak'd, they observed his glory, and the two persons present with him, who were just departing from him, when Peter said to Jesus, master, it is best for us to stay here: let us build three apartments, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elias: not knowing well what he said. while he was speaking, there came a cloud and over-shadowed them, who were seized with fear, at their vanishing in the cloud, from whence a voice issued out, saying, "this is my beloved son, obey him." and before the sound was gone, Jesus was left alone: this they kept secret, and for some time did not acquaint any one in the least with what they had seen.
The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea-side. and there was so great a croud of people got about him, that he was oblig'd to go into a bark, where he sat, while the people all stood on the shore. Then he talk'd to them much in parables, and said, a sower went out to sow. read more.
and in sowing, part of the grain fell in the high-way, and the fowls light and peck'd them up: another part fell upon stony places, where it had not much earth: and it soon sprung up, because the soil was shallow: so that as the sun arose it was scorched, and for want of root, withered away. another part fell among thorns: and the thorns grew up and choked it. but another part falling upon good soil, became fruitful, some grains yielding an hundred, some sixty, and some thirty. he that hath ears to hear, let him hear. And the disciples came, and said to him, why do you speak to them in parables? to whom he answered, because you are allowed to know the mysteries of the gospel-dispensation, but to them it is not allowed. for to him that uses what he has, shall be given, and he shall have abundantly: but from him that uses it not, shall be taken away, even what he hath. therefore speak I to them in parables: because they over-look what they see: and are inattentive to what they hear, neither will they comprehend. and in them is fulfilled that prophecy of Esaias, "by hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand: and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive. for the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them." but happy are you that your eyes have sight; and that your ears have their hearing. for I declare unto you, that many prophets and just men have desired to see what ye see, and have not seen it: and to hear what ye hear, and have not heard it. Hear then the meaning of this parable of the sower. when any one heareth the doctrine of the gospel, and considers it not, then comes the wicked one, and catches away what was sown in his heart: he is the person meant by the high-way, where some of the seed was sown: but the stony ground, where other seed fell, denotes the man that heareth the word, and at first receives it with pleasure: but having no root in him he has only an occasional faith: for as soon as any oppression or persecution arises upon account of the gospel, he presently relapses. he that is meant by the thorny ground, where other seed fell, is one that heareth the word: which by cares of this life, and the deceitful love of riches, is soon stifled, and becomes unfruitful: but the ground that received the grain, represents those, who hear the word, and consider it, who all become fruitful, some in one degree, and some in another.
He began again to teach by the sea-side: but there was so great a crowd gathered about him, that he was oblig'd to go into a ship, where he sat down, and stay'd on board while the people stood on the shore. then he addressed himself to them in many parables, and thus began his instructions. give your attention to what I say, a sower went out to sow: as he sowed, read more.
some of the seed happened to fall by the wayside, which the birds light upon, and devoured. some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth, and it soon sprang up, for want of a sufficient depth of earth. but when the sun was up, it was scorched, and for want of root, withered away. some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choaked it, so that it yielded no fruit. but part of it fell on good ground, which sprang up, and grew so fruitful, that some grains produced thirty, others sixty, and some an hundred. he that hath ears to hear, said he, let him hear. And when he was in private, the twelve, and some of his disciples asked him the meaning of the parable. he answered, you are admitted into the secret of the gospel-dispensation: but to unbelievers every thing is couch'd in parables; because, tho' they see, they will not perceive, and tho' they hear they will not understand: as if they were afraid of parting with their vices, in order to be pardoned. but if, said he, you don't comprehend this easy parable, how can ye understand any of the rest? the sower is he that soweth the word. they who receiv'd seed by the wayside, are those in whom the word is sown, who no sooner have heard it, but satan comes and takes away the word that was sown in their hearts. in like manner, they who receive seed on stony-ground, are such as upon hearing the word, do immediately receive it with joy. but having no root at the bottom, they are only occasional professors, for if they meet with any trouble or persecution upon account of the word, immediately they revolt. as for those, who receive seed as among thorns: they are such as hear the word. but the cares of this life, the deceitful love of riches, and a crowd of different passions, stifle the word, and it becomes unfruitful. they who receive seed as on good ground, are such as hear the word and entertain it, and bring forth fruit, some in one degree, and some in another. Again he said, is a lamp ever brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? or to be set on a stand? for there is nothing conceal'd but what shall be made manifest: nor was any thing kept secret, but in order to be divulged. if any man have ears to hear, let him hear. And consider, said he, how you hear; for in proportion as you weigh what is communicated to you, new light shall be given: for he that makes use of what he has shall have more, but he that does not, shall be stript of what he has.
A vast number of people being assembled, and crowding to him from all quarters, he thus address'd himself to them by way of parable. a husbandman went out to sow his corn: and as he was sowing, some fell upon the beaten road, which was crush'd under foot, or devoured by the birds. some fell upon very stony ground, which no sooner sprung up, but it wither'd away, for want of moisture: read more.
some fell among thorns; but the thorns over-grew it, and starv'd it. but some of the corn fell into good soil, and grew up, yielding a hundred grains for one. then raising his voice he concluded with these words, he that hath ears to hear, let him hear. But his disciples having ask'd him the meaning of this parable; he answered, the secret circumstances of the divine dispensation may be clearly revealed to you, but to others only in parables, so that they don't observe what they see, nor comprehend what they hear. now the meaning of the parable is this: the seed sown signifies the word of God. by the beaten road is meant, they who only hear: the word, by the lurking wiles of the devil, being hinder'd from taking root in their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. by the stony ground is understood such persons as receive indeed the doctrines they hear, with joy: but for want of resolution, believe only occasionally, and desert when the trial comes. the ground over-run with thorns denotes such as have embraced the doctrine, but are so immerst in the business, enjoyments, and pleasures of life, as not to improve it to any real advantage. but by the good ground is meant such persons as have received the doctrine with simplicity and sincerity, abide by it, and practise it with perseverance. Now, no one lights a lamp to hide it under a vessel, or under a bed: but sets it on a stand, to give light to all the company. whatever is now obscure, shall hereafter be made clear; whatever is now conceal'd, shall then be publickly known. improve therefore what you hear: for he that improves what he has, shall have more; but he that does not, shall lose even that, which he thinks he possesses.
And there came a leper to him, who fell on his knees, and thus address'd him, "if you will, you can heal me." Jesus then mov'd with compassion, held out his hand, and touching him, said, I will, be thou healed. and while he was speaking, the leprosy left him in an instant, and he was cur'd. read more.
immediately Jesus sent him away, severely charging him, have a care, said he, how you take the least notice of this to any man: but go, show your self to the priest, and offer for your cure what Moses commanded, that this may serve as a testimony against them. but as soon as he was gone, he began freely to talk of it, and blazed it about every where, so that Jesus could not go publickly into the city any more, but stay'd in the out parts, which were not much frequented, where people came to him from every quarter.
As he was going to one of the cities in that country, a man cover'd all over with leprosy happen'd to meet Jesus, and prostrating himself before him, thus address'd him, Lord, if you will, you can cure me. then Jesus stretch'd out his hand, and touched him, saying, I will; be thou cured. and immediately the leprosy disappear'd: and he charg'd him not to tell any man: but go, said he, present your self to the priest, and offer what the law requires for your purification, that it may be an evidence to them. read more.
in the mean time his fame spread so much the more, and a vast multitude flock'd to hear him, and to be cured of their diseases, so that he retired into places of solitude, for the convenience of prayer.
and there came a leper who threw himself at his feet, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean. and Jesus held out his hand and touched him, saying, I will, be thou clean. and immediately he was cured of his leprosy. and Jesus said to him, take care not to tell any man, but go thy way, shew thy self to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, that it may be a testimony against them.
When Jesus had finished these discourses, he departed from Galilee, and came into the confines of Judea, on the other side Jordan: where multitudes of people followed him, and he healed their sick.
Jesus departed from thence, and went towards the confines of Judea, thro' the country beyond Jordan: where the people resorting to him again, he renewed his instructions to them as usual.
As he was teaching in a synagogue on the sabbath-day, a woman was present, who had been kept infirm by a spirit eighteen years: and stooped in such a manner, she was not able to hold up her head strait. Jesus seeing her, called her to him, and said, woman you are freed from your disorder. read more.
then he laid his hands upon her: and instantly she stood upright, and glorified God. but the ruler of the synagogue being highly incensed at Jesus's healing on the sabbath-day, said to the people, there are six days for work, you should come therefore for cure on those days, and not on the sabbath. to which Jesus replied, thou hypocrite, who is there among you that scruples to untie his ox or his ass, and lead him from the stall to water on the sabbath-day? and must not this daughter of Abraham, whom satan has held bound these eighteen years, be disengag'd from this bond, on a sabbath-day? at which all his adversaries were confounded. but the people were highly pleased, at the glorious actions which he perform'd. Then he said, what does the kingdom of God resemble? to what shall I compare it? it is like a grain of mustard-seed, which a man took, and sowed in his garden: it grew, and became so large, that the birds of the air built their nests in its boughs. again he said, to what shall I compare the kingdom of God? it is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leaven'd. Afterwards he pass'd thro' several citys and villages, where he taught the people, on his journey to Jerusalem. and somebody ask'd him, Lord, will there be but few people saved? to which he answered, strive to enter in at the narrow gate: for I declare unto you, that many shall try to get in, and shall not be able. when once the master of the family is enter'd in, and has fastned the door, you will stand without beating at the door, and cry, Lord, Lord, let us in: but he will answer, you are strangers to me. then you will say, we have eat, and drank with you, and you have taught in our streets. but he will answer, I tell you, you are strangers to me: depart from me, ye workers of iniquity. there will be weeping, and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. yet some shall come from the east, and from the west, from the north, and from the south, and shall be entertain'd in the kingdom of God. then you will see those, who were last, become first: and those who were first, become last. At the same time, some of the Pharisees came to him, and said, get away, retire from hence, for Herod designs to take away your life. but he answered them, go, tell that fox, that to-day and to-morrow I am casting out demons, and performing cures, and the third day my course will be finished: till then I must be stirring about, to-day, and to-morrow, and the next day: for a prophet cannot be put to death any where, but at Jerusalem. "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that killest the prophets, and stonest those, who are sent unto thee: how often would I have gather'd thy children together, as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and ye would not?" you will soon find your aboad become desolate. I declare unto you, you shall not see me till the time, when you will say, "blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord."
At that time as Jesus pass'd through the corn on the sabbath day, his disciples being hungry, pluck'd the ears of corn, and fell to eating. the Pharisees seeing that, said to him, see, your disciples are doing what is unlawful to do on the sabbath-day. he answer'd them, have ye not read what David and the rest of the company did when they were hungry, read more.
how he entred into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which it was not lawful either for him or his company to eat, but only for the priests? or have ye not observed in the law, what a work the priests made in the temple on the sabbath-day, without being blamed? now I tell you, that the work now in hand, is of greater consequence than that of the temple. if ye had known the meaning of that expression, "I will have mercy and not sacrifice," ye would not have condemned the guiltless. for the sabbath is subservient to men.
Another time, as he was going through the corn-fields on the sabbath-day, his disciples as they pass'd along began to pluck the ears of corn. upon which the Pharisees said to him, pray observe how they trespass on the sabbath-day. but he replied, have ye never read what David, and the rest of the company did, when they were press'd with hunger? read more.
how he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar, who was afterwards high-priest, and did eat the shew-bread, giving some of it likewise to the company, though the law allow'd no body to eat of it but the priests. adding this observation, "the sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath." therefore the son of man has a power of dispensing with the law of the sabbath.
On the second-prime sabbath, as Jesus was passing through the corn-fields, his disciples happen'd to pluck the ears, and rubbing out the corn with their hands began to eat. upon which some of the Pharisees said to them, why do you do what is not allowed to be done on the sabbath-day? but Jesus replied, have you never read what David did, when he and his company were press'd with hunger? read more.
how he went into the court of the tabernacle, took and eat the shew-bread, and distributed it likewise to the company, which the law allowed the priests only to eat? the son of man, said he, may dispense even with the sabbath.
in the sequel of the discourse, he said to them, beware of the Scribes, who affect to walk about in their long robes, to be saluted in publick places, and to have the first seats in their synagogues, and at their feasts: who yet devour widows estates under the shew of making long prayers, such shall receive greater condemnation.
then in the audience of all the people, he said to his disciples, beware of the Scribes, who are fond of appearing in their long robes, affect to be saluted in publick, to have the upper hand in the synagogues, and at all entertainments. who under the pretext of their long prayers devour the fortunes of widows. wherefore they shall be punish'd with greater severity.
Another time he entred into the synagogue, when a man was there who had a withered hand. the Pharisees watched Jesus, to see if he would heal him on the sabbath-day, that so they might accuse him. he said then to the man who had the withered hand, rise and stand there in the midst. read more.
and he ask'd them, is it allowed to do good, or to do mischief on the sabbath-days? to save life, or to kill? but they were very silent. then he looking with indignation at those about him, being concern'd at their disingenuous perverse temper, he said to the man, stretch out your hand, which he did, and his hand become sound. upon this the Pharisees withdrew, and immediately enter'd into a conspiracy with the Herodians to take away his life.
On another sabbath-day it happen'd, that he went into the synagogue to preach, where a man was present, who had the palsy in his right hand. now the Scribes and Pharisees were upon the watch to see if he would work a cure upon the sabbath-day, and so have matter of accusation against him. but as he knew their thoughts, he said to the man, whose hand was paralytic, rise up, and stand there in the middle. and he arose, and stood before him. read more.
then said Jesus to them, I will ask you one question, which is the most allowable on the sabbath-day, to do good, or to neglect it? to save a man's life, or to let him perish? then casting his eyes round the company, he said to the man, stretch out your hand. and he did so: and that hand was as sound as the other. whereupon they fell into a rage, and consulted together, what measures to take against Jesus.
At his departure thence, he went into their synagogue. where they brought a man with a withered hand: and asked him this insnaring question, is it lawful to heal on the sabbath-day? and he answer'd, which of you all that should have one of his sheep fall into a pit on the sabbath-day, would not bestir himself, and lift it out? read more.
is not a man of much greater consequence than a sheep? how lawful then is it to do good offices on the sabbath-day? then saith he to the man, stretch out thy hand: and be stretched it out; and it was made as sound as the other. Upon this the Pharisees went out of the synagogue, and form'd a conspiracy against his life.
Some time after he returned to Capernaum; upon the rumour that he was there, so great a company assembled, that there was no room for them in the house, nor even about the door: and he preached the word unto them. then they came and presented to him a paralytic, who had four men to carry him. read more.
who finding it impossible to come nigh Him because of the press, uncovered the roof where He was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the cradle wherein the paralytic lay. Jesus perceiving their faith, said to the sick of the palsy, son, thy sins are forgiven. but there were certain of the Scribes sitting there, who were dissatisfied in their own minds, and said to themselves, why doth this man speak such blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God? and immediately Jesus perceiving by his spirit, that they made these secret reflections, said, why do you entertain such suggestions? is it not as easy to say to the paralytic, thy sins are forgiven: as to say, arise, and take up your bed and walk? however, to let you see that the son of man has power on earth to forgive sins, rise, said he, to the sick of the palsy, 'tis I command you, take up thy bed, and go to your home. instantly he arose, took up the bed, and went out in the presence of them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, we never saw any thing like this.
At another time, as he was teaching, it happened that some Pharisees, and doctors of the law were sitting by, who came from the several towns of Galilee and Judea, and from Jerusalem: when the power of the Lord appear'd in their relief. for instance, they brought a man in his bed lying sick of the palsy: and try'd to. bring him directly into his presence. but when they found it impracticable to bring him in through the crowd, they went up the gallery to the leads, and let him down through the ceiling in his bed among the company, where Jesus was, read more.
who perceiving their faith, said to him, O! man, your sins are forgiven you. upon which the Scribes and Pharisees objected among themselves, saying, what a man is this to blaspheme thus? who can forgive sins but God alone? but Jesus perceiving their reflexions, said to them, what do you mean by such insinuations? which is easier, to say, your sins are forgiven you, or to say, rise up, and walk? but that ye may know, that the son of man hath power to forgive sins, rise, said he, to the paralytick, 'tis I command you, take up your bed, and go home. immediately he started up before them all, took up the bed, where he lay, and went home, glorifying God. at this they were all seized with astonishment, and gave thanks to God, crying out with great reverence, what a wonderful instance of power have we seen this day!
where they brought a man on a bed, lying sick of the palsy: and Jesus perceiving their faith, said to the paralytic, take courage, my son, thy sins are forgiven. whereupon certain of the scribes said within themselves, this man blasphemes. and Jesus perceiving their reflections, said, why do you entertain so bad an opinion? read more.
for is it not as easy to say, thy sins are forgiven? as to say, arise, and walk? only it was fit you should know that the son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins: arise, then, said he, to the paralytic, take up thy bed, and march home. and he arose, and returned to his family. at this the multitude were amazed, and glorified God, for having communicated such power to men.
then leaving them, he went out of the city to Bethany, where he stay'd that night. In the morning as he returned into the city, he was a hungry. when seeing a fig-tree by the way, he came to it, and finding nothing thereon, but bare leaves, said to it, may you never more bear fruit. and presently the fig-tree withered away. read more.
upon which the disciples said to one another, much surpriz'd, how came the fig-tree to wither away so suddenly? Jesus answered them, I declare to you, if ye have a full assurance of faith, ye shall not only be able to do this to a fig-tree, but if ye should even say to this mountain, be thou removed, and cast into the sea; it should be done. and whatever ye shall ask in prayer, with faith, ye shall receive.
On the morrow when they had left Bethany, he was press'd with hunger. and observing at a distance a fig-tree full of leaves, he went up to it to see if he could find any fruit upon it. but when he came to it, he found it had nothing but leaves, (for it was not the season for that sort of fig.) thereupon Jesus said to the fig-tree, "no one shall ever eat any fruit of yours." and his disciples took notice of it.
In the morning as they were coming back, they saw the fig-tree withered away to the very roots. Peter remembring the tree, said, master, see the fig-tree, which you cursed, is quite withered. but Jesus replied, and said to them, rely upon God.
presently after the spirit convey'd him into the desart. where he continued forty days, being tempted by Satan: and when he was among the wild beasts, angels ministred unto him.
Josias the father of Jechonias and his brethren, about the time when the Jews were carried away to Babylon.
Now Jesus being full of the holy spirit, return'd from Jordan, and was led by the spirit into the desart, being forty days tempted by the devil, without eating any thing all that while: but that time expired, he at last was seiz'd with hunger. then the devil said to him; if you are the son of God, command this stone to become bread. read more.
but Jesus answered him, it is written, "man shall not live by bread alone, but by every thing that God appoints." then the devil took him to the top of a high mountain, and in an instant represented to him all the kingdoms of the world. all this power, said he, will I give thee, and the glory of them: for they are at my disposal, and where I please, I bestow them. if therefore you will worship me, they shall be all your own. but Jesus answered him, avant, satan, for it is written, "thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve." next, the devil brought him to Jerusalem, and setting him on the battlements of the temple, said to him, if you be the son of God, throw your self down from this height, for it is written, "he shall charge his angels to watch for your preservation: and they shall bear you up in their hands, for fear your foot should hit against a stone." but Jesus replied, it is said, "thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God." and when the whole temptation was ended, the devil left him for a time.
As Jesus left that place, he saw one Matthew by name, sitting at the customhouse: and said to him, follow me. and he rose and followed him.
After this Jesus left the place, and seeing a publican named Levi, sitting at the custom-house, he said to him, follow me. immediately he rose up, left all his affairs, and became his disciple.
Another time as he was by the sea-side, the people came all crowding to him, and he instructed them. as he passed along, he saw Levi the son of Alpheus, sitting at the custom-house, and said to him, follow me. accordingly he arose and followed him.
At length, he arrived at Capernaum, where being in his own house, he asked his disciples, what were you disputing about by the way? at which they were silent, for upon the road they had disputed about precedency. then sitting down, he address'd himself to the twelve, saying, he that would be the first, must be the last of all, and the servant of all. read more.
then taking a little child, he set him down before them; and embracing him in his arms, he said to them, whoever receives such a child as this upon my account, receives me; and he that receiveth me, does not so properly receive me, as the commands of him that sent me. Upon this occasion John address'd himself to Jesus, saying, master, we saw a man casting out demons in your name, tho' he did not belong to us, for which reason we opposed him. but Jesus said, do not oppose him: for no man can speak evil of me, at the same time he works a miracle by virtue of my name. such a one is not against us, but for us. and whoever he be that shall give you a cup of water, as being the disciples of Christ, I assure you, he shall not lose his reward. but if any one shall cause the meanest of those, who believe in me, to transgress, it had been better for him that a milstone were hanged about his neck, and he were thrown into the sea. if even thy hand should make thee transgress, saw it off, and cast it away, it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than to have both hands and go into Gehenna, the unextinguishable fire: where their worm does not die, and the fire is not extinguished. and if thy foot make thee transgress, saw it off, it is better for you to enter into life, tho' lame, than to have both feet, and be thrown into Gehenna, the unextinguishable fire: where their worm does not die, and the fire is not extinguished. and if your eye make you transgress, pull it out; it is better for you to enter into the kingdom of God, with but one eye, than to have two, and be thrown into the Gehenna of fire: where the worm does not die, and the fire is not extinguished. such a one shall be consumed by fire, but the offering that is salted shall be preserv'd from corruption. salt is good, but if the salt become insipid, how shall it recover its savour? don't lose your seasoning, nor your peaceable behaviour to one another.
At length they enter'd into a debate, which of them should be the greatest. but Jesus perceiving what they thought, took a child and set him before him: then said to them, whoever receives such a child in my name, receives me: and he that receives me, receives him that sent me. for he that is least among you all, he shall be greatest. read more.
Then said John to Jesus, master, we saw one casting out demons in your name, and we oppos'd it, because he does not follow you with us. but Jesus said to him, don't oppose it: for he that is not against us, is for us.
Then Jesus entered into the temple of God, drove out all those that sold and bought in the temple, overthrew the tables of the money-changers, and the stalls of those that sold doves,
Jesus having made his entrance into Jerusalem, went into the temple, and after he had survey'd the whole, it being then late, he departed with the twelve to Bethany.
As soon as he entred into the temple, he drove out the sellers and buyers there: telling them it is written,
After this he assembled the twelve apostles, and gave them authority over all sorts of demons, and the power of curing all diseases: then sent them to proclaim the reign of the Messiah, and to heal the sick. and he said to them make no provision for your journey: take neither staff, nor sack, nor bread, nor money; and but one coat for each. read more.
when you are lodg'd in any house, there stay, till you leave the place. if any refuse to entertain you, when you leave that city, shake off the dust from your feet, as a sign of their being abandon'd. accordingly they departed, and travell'd thro' the towns, preaching the gospel, and performing cures every where.
they were so marvellously incredulous. so that He went all about to teach in the neighbouring villages. Now having called the twelve, he sent them out by two and two, giving them power to exorcize spirits: he order'd them to take nothing for their journey, but a single staff, no scrip, no bread, nor money in their purse: read more.
to have but one pair of shoes, and but one coat. whatever house you enter into, said he, there abide, till you leave the place. wherever they shall refuse to entertain you, or to hear you, at your departure shake off the dust of your feet, as a testimonial against them. I assure you, the people of Sodom and Gomorrha shall be treated with less severity in the day of judgment, than that city. then they departed, and call'd upon all to repent. they dispossess'd a great number of demons. many, that were sick, they anointed with oil, and restor'd their health.
Then certain of the Scribes and of the Pharisees said, master, we should be glad you would shew us some miracle. but he answered them, this wicked degenerate race demand a miracle; but no other miracle shall they have, except that of the prophet Jonas. for as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly: so shall the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. read more.
the men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment against this generation, and shall condemn it, because they were converted at the preaching of Jonas, and now there is one superiour to Jonas here. the queen of the south shall rise up at the day of judgement against this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the remote parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and now a greater than Solomon is here. When an unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he roams about the deserts, seeking rest, and findeth none. I will return then, says he, into my house, which I have quitted; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished. then he goes and takes seven other spirits besides himself, but more mischievous than himself, and they all enter in and lodge there: so that the last state of that man is worse than the first. just so shall it likewise fare with this wicked generation.
others, to try him, desir'd he would show some miraculous sign in the heaven. but Jesus perceiving their suspicions, said to them, every kingdom divided against itself will soon be desolate: one family divided against another, falls to ruin. so if satan be divided against himself, how can his kingdom subsist? read more.
for you assert, that I cast out demons by Beelzebub. but if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? wherefore they shall be your judges. but if I cast out demons by the finger of God, it follows, that the reign of the Messiah is now begun among you. when a man that is stout and well arm'd guards his palace, his possessions are safe. but if a stronger than he should assault, and overcome him, he will strip him of all his furniture on which he relyed, and divide the plunder. He that does not join with me, is against me: and he that is not active for me, is a deserter. When the impure spirit is gone out of a man, he wanders about the wilds in quest of some repose: but finding none, I will return, says he, to the abode I have quitted. and at his return he findeth it swept and garnished. then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself: they all enter in and dwell there, and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first. As he was discoursing thus, a certain woman in the middle of the crowd lift up her voice, and said to him, happy the mother, who bare thee: happy the nurse, who gave thee milk. but rather, said he, happy are they who hear the word of God, and put it in practice. and as the crowd grew more numerous, he thus began, this is a degenerate race of men: they demand a miracle: but no miracle shall be exhibited, but such as happen'd in the person of Jonas the prophet. for as the case of Jonas was a miraculous instance to the Ninevites, so shall the son of man be to this generation. the queen of the south shall rise up in the day of judgment against this generation, and condemn it: for she came from the remote parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; but now, a greater than Solomon is here. the people of Nineve shall rise up in the day of Judgment, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; but now, a greater than Jonas is here. However, when a man has once lighted his lamp, he does not hide it in a by-place, or under a bushel; but sets it on a stand, that all who come in may have light. the eye is the light of the body: if therefore your eye be clear, every member of your body will have the benefit of the light: but if it be spoil'd, they must all rest in darkness. take care therefore, that the light which is in thee do not become darkness. for if thy whole body be enlightned, and no part dark, your whole conduct will be regulated, just as the light of a lamp directs all your motions.
Then the mother of Zebedee's children, with her two sons, came and threw herself at his feet, desiring a favour of him. and he said to her, what would you have? grant, said she, when you are upon the throne, that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left. but Jesus answered them, ye know not what ye ask. can ye bear to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? they said to him, we can. read more.
he replied, ye shall indeed drink of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, I cannot grant to any but those whom my father has destin'd thereto. upon hearing this, the other ten disciples were moved with indignation against the two brothers. but Jesus calling them to him, said, ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise arbitrary dominion over them, and they that are great exercise their authority. but it must not be so among you: on the contrary, whoever would rise among you, let him be your minister. and whoever would be chief among you, let him be your servant. as the son of man came not to be ministred unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for all.
Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to him, and said, we desire you would grant us what we request. what, said he, would you have me do for you? they replied, when you are in your glory, grant that we may sit, the one on your right hand, and the other on your left. read more.
but Jesus said to them, you know not what you ask. can you drink the cup, that I must drink, and be baptized with the baptism with which I must be baptized? and they said, we can. but Jesus replied, you shall indeed drink of the cup, that I must drink of, and be baptized with the baptism, with which I must be baptized; but to sit on my right hand, or on my left, is not in my power to grant, except to those for whom it was designed. but the other ten, when they heard this, were fill'd with indignation against James and John. So that Jesus called them to him, and said, you know that the rulers of the Gentiles domineer over them, and their great ones treat them in an imperious manner; but it shall not be so among young you: on the contrary, whoever would be great among you, he must be your servant; and whoever would be the chief, he must be the slave of all the rest. for the son of man himself is not come to receive the services of men, but to do them service, and to lay down his life a ransom for many.
Some having said of the temple, that the stone-work was fine, and the furniture magnificent: the time is coming, said he, when these buildings, which you now view, shall be all thrown down and lost in ruins. thereupon they said to him, master, when shall this happen? and by what sign shall we know that the event is coming? read more.
he answered, take care, that you be not seduced: for many shall come in my name, saying, I am the Christ. it won't be long e'er this happens, therefore do not follow them. And when ye shall hear of wars, and seditions, be not alarm'd. for these must first happen: but the end will not be so soon. then nation, said he, shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. great earthquakes, and famines, and pestilences shall happen in divers places: terrible appearances and surprizing prodigies shall be in the heavens. but before all these events, they will seize upon you and persecute you, drag you to the synagogues and to prisons, being accused before kings and governours, for professing my name. and that shall be one proof of the truth of your profession. fix it therefore in your mind, not to think beforehand about your defence. for I will make you speak with such strength of argument, as all your adversaries shall not be able to contradict or withstand. you will be betrayed even by your very parents, and brethren, and kindred, and friends. nay, some of you they will prosecute even to death. you will be hated by all mankind for professing my name, however a single hair of your head shall not be lost. by your perseverance you will save your souls. Now when you shall see Jerusalem invested by an army, then be assured that the desolation of it is nigh. then let those, who are in Judea, fly to the mountains: let those, who are in the city, march out, and those, who are without not venture in. for this is the time of vengeance, when all that is writ, shall be accomplished. wo to them that are with child, or to them that give suck in those days: for this will be a region of great distress, and wrath will pour down upon this people. by the destructive sword shall they fall, and be led into captivity among all nations: and Jerusalem shall be kept waste by the nations, as long as those nations shall subsist. there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars: and upon the earth distress of nations under confusion, the sea and the waves roaring. men dying with fear under the apprehension of those calamities, which are coming upon the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. and then shall they see the son of man come on a cloud, with power and great glory. now when these things begin to appear, then lift up your heads, and behold your redemption drawing nigh. Then by way of similitude, consider, said he, the fig-tree, and all the other trees; when they shoot out their buds, you know for certain that summer is coming on: in like manner, when you shall see these events, be assur'd that the kingdom of God is nigh. I tell it you for certain, this generation shall not pass away, till all these things are accomplished. heaven and earth shall fail sooner than my predictions shall fail. set a guard upon yourselves, that ye be not stupified by surfeiting and drunkenness, or by the disquietudes of this life, and so that day come upon you with a surprize. for like a snare, it shall surprize all the inhabitants of the earth. be therefore upon your guard, be constant in prayer, that you may be accounted worthy to escape all those future ills, and be able to stand in the presence of the son of God.
after that, he appear'd under another form to two of them, as they were taking a walk into the country. and they went and acquainted the rest: but neither did they believe them.
The same day two of them went to a village named Emmaus, which was distant about threescore furlongs from Jerusalem: and their conversation ran upon all that had lately happened. now while they were conferring and debating together, Jesus himself join'd them and walk'd along with them. read more.
but their eyes were affected so as not to discern who he was. and he said to them, what is the subject of your debate in the way, and why do you look so sad? one of them, Cleopas by name, reply'd, are you such a stranger in Jerusalem as not to know what has so lately happen'd there? what about? said he. why, about Jesus the Nazarean, said they, who was a prophet, eminently recommended, by his doctrine and his works, to the approbation of God and of all the people; and of his being deliver'd up by our chief priests and magistrates to be condemn'd to die, whom they actually crucified: though we expected he would have been the Messiah, that was to deliver Israel: and besides all this, it is now three days since these things were done. 'tis true, some women of our company threw us into a surprize: for going to the sepulchre early in the morning, and not finding his body there, they came to tell us, that they had seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive. whereupon some of us went to the sepulchre, and found matters just as the women had related; but him they did not see. then Jesus said to them, how stupidly incredulous are you not to believe things that have been all predicted by the prophets! was not the Messiah to have suffer'd thus, and after that enter into his glory? then beginning at Moses he explain'd all the passages there, and in all the prophets, which related to himself. and they drew nigh the village where they were going: and he seemed as if he would have pass'd on further. but they press'd him, saying, stay with us, for it is late and begins to be dark. so he went in to tarry with them. and as he was at table with them, he took bread, and gave thanks, then brake it and gave it to them; when looking upon him more intently, they perceiv'd that it was Jesus. but he vanish'd out of sight. Upon this, they said to one another, to what ardor did not our affections rise, while he talk'd with us by the way, and while he expounded to us the scriptures? and immediately they set out, and return'd to Jerusalem, where they found the eleven, and the rest of their company, all assembled, who said, the Lord is actually risen, and hath appeared to Simon. Thereupon the two disciples related what had hapned on the road, and how they first discover'd who Jesus was at his breaking of bread.
Then Jesus entered into the temple of God, drove out all those that sold and bought in the temple, overthrew the tables of the money-changers, and the stalls of those that sold doves, and said to them, it is written, " my house shall be the house of prayer, but ye have made it a den of thieves."
As soon as he entred into the temple, he drove out the sellers and buyers there: telling them it is written, "my house is a house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves."
but the Pharisees hearing that he had dumb-founded the Sadducees, they met together in council. In the mean time one of them, a Doctor of the law, to try him, started this question, master, which is the most important commandment of the law? read more.
Jesus said to him, "thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind." this is the first and most important precept, and the second has an affinity with it, "thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy self." these two precepts comprehend the substance of all the law and the prophets.
One of the Scribes, that had heard their dispute, observing the propriety of his answers, propos'd this question to him, which is the principal commandment of all? Jesus answer'd him, the first of all the commandments is thus deliver'd, "hear, o Israel, the lord our God is the only lord. you shall therefore love the lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, to the utmost of your understanding, and all your faculties." this is the first commandment. read more.
and the second, which has an affinity to it, is this: "you shall love your neighbour as yourself." there is no other commandment greater than these. the Scribe replied, what you have said, master, is very true, there is one God, and no other but he. and to love him with all the heart, with all the understanding, with all the soul, with all its faculties, and to love one's neighbour as one's self is more acceptable than all the offerings and sacrifices in the world. Jesus observing he answer'd so discreetly, said to him, you are not far from the kingdom of God. and no man after that was so hardy as to ask him any question.
after this the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered all the foot-guards about him. and having stripp'd him, they put on him a scarlet robe. then pleating a crown of thorns, they set it on his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, in mockery, saying, hail king of the Jews. read more.
and they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head. and after they had thus insulted him, they took the robe off, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.
Then the soldiers took Jesus away into the hall, call'd Pretorium; and summon'd their whole company together. and they put on him a purple cloth, and set a wreath of thorns upon his head for a crown; then they began to salute him, saying, "Hail king of the Jews!" read more.
and they struck him on the head with a cane, spit upon him, and bowing their knees, made a show of reverence. Their mockery ended, they stript him of his purple, and put his own cloaths on him; then led him away to be crucified.
Jesus upon his return was received by a great number of people, who expected him.
When Jesus had repassed in the vessel to the other side, a crowd of people gathered about him, while he was nigh the sea.
Being imbark'd, he pass'd over, and came to his own town,
Then Jesus went thence, and retir'd towards the district of Tyre and Sidon. and there came a woman of Canaan from those quarters, and cried out to him, have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously tormented by a demon. but Jesus not making her any answer, his disciples came and entreated him to grant her request; for, said they, she is very importunate with us. read more.
but he answered, my commission was only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. however she advanc'd, and throwing her self at his feet, cried, O Lord, assist me. but he answered, it is not just to take the childrens bread, and throw it to puppies. 'tis true, Lord, said she: yet even puppies eat of the crumbs which fall from their master's table. then Jesus answered her, O woman, great is thy faith: as you desire, be it done. and her daughter was healed from that very hour.
Jesus leaving that place, went towards the frontiers of Tyre and Sidon; and entring into a house, desired to let nobody know it; but he could not be conceal'd. for a woman, whose child was possess'd with an impure spirit, having heard of him, found him out, and throwing herself at his feet, entreated him to force the demon out of her daughter; now the woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation. read more.
Jesus therefore said to her, let the children first be satisfy'd; for it would not be decent to take the children's bread, and throw it to puppys. she answer'd, true, Lord, yet puppys eat of the crumbs, which children drop under the table. then said Jesus to her, for this expression, go thy way, the demon has left your daughter. accordingly she went home, where she found that the demon was indeed gone out of her daughter, and she was lying on the bed.
Another parable he propos'd to them in these words. the state of the gospel in this world may be compar'd to a man who sowed good grain in his field: but while the people slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. but when the blade was sprung up, and bore grain, the tares appeared too. read more.
so the servants of the yeoman came and said, Sir, did not you sow your field with good grain: how comes it then to have tares? 'tis some enemy, said he, has done this. the servants replied, shall we go then and pull them up? no, said he, lest in pulling up the tares, you should root up the wheat with them. let both grow together till the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will thus direct the reapers, first of all gather the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: then lodge the wheat in my barn. He propos'd another parable to them, which was this; the gospel-state is like a grain of mustard-seed which a man took to sow in his field. 'tis one indeed of the smallest grains: but when it is grown, it is the largest of the pulse kind, and becomes a tree: so that the birds of the air come and lodge in its branches. Another of his parables was this; the gospel-state is like unto leaven, which a woman took and mixt with three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. All these things spake Jesus to the multitude in parables, and did not discourse to them without some parable. so that this saying of the prophet was fulfilled, "I will talk in parables, I will utter what has been kept secret from the foundation of the world." Then Jesus leaving the multitude, went into the house: and his disciples coming to him, said, explain to us the parable of the tares of the field. he answered them, he that soweth the good seed, is the son of man: the field is the world: the good seed are the children of the kingdom: but the tares are the children of the wicked one: the enemy that sowed them is the devil: the harvest is the conclusion of the age: and the reapers are the angels. as then the tares are gathered and burnt in the fire; so shall it be at the conclusion of the age. the son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all that make others offend, and those who do iniquity; and shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. then shall the just shine out like the sun, in the kingdom of their father. he that hath ears to hear, let him hear. Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a treasure hid in a field: a man finds this treasure and buries it again, then goes in great joy, sells all that he hath, and purchases that field. Again, the heavenly kingdom is like a merchant-man, who is in quest of curious pearls: and meeting with one of great value, presently sells all that he has to make the purchase. Again, the gospel-kingdom is like a net that is cast into the sea, and draws all sorts of fish: when it is full, they drag it to shore, then sit down, and pick out the good to lay by, but throw the bad away. so it shall be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and after they have separated the wicked from the just, they shall cast the wicked into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then Jesus said to them, have ye understood all this? they reply'd, yes, Lord. then said he to them, thus every teacher who is instructed in the doctrine of the gospel, is like the master of a family, who taketh out of his treasure things new and old. When Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.
Again, he said, the state of the gospel is like that of the grain, which a man sows in his land: however he takes his repose by night, or is employ'd by day, the grain shoots up and grows without his inspection. for the earth spontaneously produces, first the blade, then the ear, after that the grain of corn in the ear. read more.
but as soon as the fruit is ripe, the sickle is applied, because the harvest is come. Again he said, to what shall we compare the state of the gospel? or by what parable shall we represent it? it is like a grain of mustard-seed, which when sown in the earth, is less than any other grain that is sown there. but after it is sown, it grows up, and becometh larger than other plants of the pulse kind, and shooteth out its branches so high, that the fowls of the air may lodge under its shadow. Thus he instructed them by such a variety of parables as were adapted to their capacity. his stile in publick was figurative, but he explain'd every thing to his disciples in private.
Jesus having left that place, drew nigh to the sea of Galilee, and went up a mountain, where he sat down. there a great crowd of people came to him, bringing with them the lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and laid them down at Jesus feet, and he healed them: insomuch that the people wondred when they perceived the dumb to speak, the maimed to be heal'd, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.
Jesus then quitting the confines of Tyre and Sidon, and passing to the confines of Decapolis, came back to the sea of Gallilee. and they presented to him a deaf man, that had an impediment in his speech, desiring he would lay his hands upon him. Jesus taking him aside from the crowd, spit upon his fingers, and applied them to the ears and to the tongue of the deaf man. read more.
then looking up to heaven, with a sigh, he said, Ephphata, that is, be open: and his Ears were instantly opened, his tongue was loosen'd, and he spoke freely. and Jesus charg'd them not to mention it to any one; but the more be enjoin'd them, the more they publish'd it. for they were transported with admiration, and said, all his actions are beneficent! he gives hearing to the deaf, and speech to the dumb.
upon which Jesus said, a certain man made a great entertainment; where many were invited. at supper-time he sent his servant to tell the guests to come, because every thing was ready. but they were all of a mind in making some excuse: the first said to him, I have bought a piece of ground, which I must needs go and see: therefore pray excuse me. read more.
another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, which I am going to prove: I beg you to excuse me. another said, I have married a wife: 'tis therefore impossible for me to come. so the servant return'd, and related the whole matter to his master, who in resentment said to his servant, go immediately into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring hither the poor, the maimed, the halt, and the blind. at length the servant said, sir, your orders have been executed, and still there is room. the master reply'd, go then to the high-ways and by-paths, and compel them to come in, that my house may be full. for I tell you that not one of those, who were invited, shall taste of my supper.
And Jesus continued to speak to them in parables, and said, the kingdom of the Messiah is such, as when a certain king made a wedding-feast for his son. he sent out his servants to call those that were invited to the wedding: but they would not come. read more.
then he sent out other servants, saying, tell those who are invited, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and every thing is ready: come to the entertainment. but instead of showing any regard, they went their ways, one to his farm, another to his traffick. others seiz'd his servants, outrageously abused them, and slew them. when the king was informed of this, he was greatly incensed, and having order'd his forces to march, he put those murderers to death, and laid their city in ashes. then he said to his servants, the feast is ready, but they who were invited were very unworthy. go therefore into the high streets, and as many as ye find, invite to the marriage: accordingly they went about the streets, and assembled all they met indifferently, both good and bad: so that the hall was furnished with guests. but upon the king's coming in to see the guests, he observ'd one there without a wedding garment: and he said to him, friend, how came you in hither, without a wedding garment? and he was speechless. then said the king to the servants, bind him hand and foot, take him away, and turn him out in the dark: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. thus many are called, but few are converted.
a wicked degenerate race demand a miracle; but no miracle shall they have beside that of the prophet Jonas. and so leaving them, he went away. Now at their departure to go to the other side, his disciples had forgot to take bread. and Jesus said to them, have a care of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the Sadducees. read more.
upon which they said to one another, this comes from our not taking any bread. which Jesus perceiving, he said, distrustful men, why do ye trouble your heads about forgetting the bread? where's your understanding? don't you remember the five loaves among five thousand and how many baskets ye took away? nor the seven loaves among the four thousand, and how many baskets ye carried away? why, can't you perceive, that in cautioning you to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the Sadducees, I did not speak of bread? then they perceived, he did not caution them against the leaven of bread, but against the Pharisaick and Sadducean doctrine.
then leaving them he went aboard again, and pass'd to the other side. Now the disciples had forgot to take bread, and had but one loaf aboard with them. as he was then directing them diligently to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod, read more.
they said to one another, this is because we did not take bread: which Jesus perceiving, said, why do you trouble your heads about your having no bread? are you yet so void of sense, and understanding? are your minds so blinded? have you eyes, and yet don't see? have you ears, and yet not hear? have you lost your memory too? when I divided the five loaves among five thousand people, how many baskets full of fragments did you take away? they answer'd, twelve. and when I divided the seven loaves among four thousand, how many baskets full of fragments did you carry away? they answered, seven. don't you yet, said he, comprehend my meaning?
Now the time of his assumption drawing nigh, he was fix'd in his resolution to go to Jerusalem: and he sent messengers before, who went to a town of the Samaritans, to prepare a lodging for him. but they would not entertain him, because he appear'd to them, as if he was going to Jerusalem. read more.
his disciples James and John observing this, said, Lord, shall we command fire to descend from heaven, as Elias did, in order to consume them? but Jesus turn'd, and rebuked them, saying, you don't know by what spirit you are moved. for the son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them. and they went to another village. At another time, as they were walking in the road, a man said to him, I will be your follower, wherever you go. Jesus answered him, foxes have their kennels, and birds of the air their nests, but the son of man hath not where to lay his head. Then he said to another, follow me: but he replied, Lord, let me stay first, till I bury my father. Jesus said to him, let the dead bury their dead; but do you go and preach the kingdom of God. another likewise said, I will be your follower; but let me first go home, and settle the affairs of my family. Jesus answered him, whoever puts his hand to the plough, and looks back, is not fit to be employ'd in the kingdom of God.
Jews feast of the tabernacles drawing nigh, his relations said to him, retire hence, and go into Judea, that your disciples there may also see the works that you do. for no body acts in private, that designs to distinguish himself: since you do such things, shew yourself to the world. read more.
for even his brethren did not believe in him. but Jesus said to them, my time is not yet come: but any time is equally proper for you. the world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I plainly show, that their works are evil. do you go up to this feast, as for me I do not go with you to it, because my time is not yet accomplished. thus he delivered his mind, and stay'd himself in Galilee. but when his brethren were gone, he went likewise to the feast, not openly, but in secret. during the feast the Jews were in search of him, and said, where can he be?
The Pharisees likewise came to him, and maliciously propos'd this question, may a man lawfully put away his wife at discretion? and he answered them, have ye not read, that when the creator, at the beginning, made male and female, he said, "for this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and be attach'd to his wife: and they two shall be one flesh?" read more.
so that they are not now two, but one. what therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. why then, said they, did Moses permit to give a writ of divorce to repudiate the wife? he answer'd them, 'twas because of your perverse temper that Moses suffered you to repudiate your wives: but from the beginning this was not in practice. and I tell you, that whoever shall put away his wife, except it be for adultery, and shall marry another, he committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her that is put away, causeth her to commit adultery. thereupon his disciples said, if the case between man and wife be such, it is best not to marry. but he reply'd, 'tis not everyman can live single, but only such as have the gift of continency. as there are some eunuchs, who were such from their very birth: and others who were made such by men: so there are some who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of religion. he that can bear the state of celibacy, let him bear it.
then the Pharisees came and propos'd to him this insnaring question, is it lawful for a man to repudiate his wife? to which he answered, what direction did Moses give you? Moses, said they, allowed a bill of divorce, and so to dismiss her. read more.
but Jesus answered them, it was out of regard to your untractable temper, that Moses gave you this permission. for in the beginning of the world God formed them male and female. "wherefore, 'tis said, a man shall leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife, and they two shall be one flesh." consequently they are no longer two, but one person. let no man therefore separate what God has designed to be one. When they were in the house, the disciples asked him again concerning this matter, and he said to them, whoever repudiates his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her: and if a woman quits her husband and is married to another, she committeth adultery.
but Jesus perceiving their design, withdrew himself thence, accompany'd by great multitudes, and he healed all their sick, charging them not to discover him. so that what was said by Esaias the prophet, was fulfill'd; read more.
"behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew justice to the nations. he shall not strive, nor cry, neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets. a bruised reed shall he not break, and smoaking flax shall he not quench, till he hath made justice victorious. and in his name shall the Gentiles trust."
But Jesus retired with his disciples towards the sea: where a great multitude followed him from Galilee, from Judea, from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and the territory about Jordan, a considerable number of the inhabitants about Tyre and Sidon having heard of his great actions, came likewise to meet him. wherefore, to avoid the inconveniences of the crowd, he order'd his disciples to get a small vessel ready to attend him. read more.
for having healed abundance of people, all that were afflicted with any grievous distemper pressed upon him to touch him. and when the impure spirits saw him, they threw themselves at his feet, crying out, "thou art the son of God." but he strictly charged them, not to make him known.
and leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, a maritime town upon the confines of Zabulon and Nepthalim: whereby those words of Esaias the prophet, had their full effect, "the land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, lying upon the sea, and about Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: read more.
the people which sat in darkness, saw a great light: and to those who sat in the region and shadow of death, light is sprung up."
being come to Nazareth, where he had been brought up; according to his custom, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath-day, and standing up to read, they delivered to him the book of the prophet Esaias, and upon opening the book, that passage occurr'd, where it is written, "the spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, he hath sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, read more.
to proclaim the favourable year of the Lord." then he closed the book, and returning it to the minister, he sat down: and as the eyes of the whole synagogue were fix'd with attention upon him, he undertook to show them, how the passage they had heard, was actually then accomplished. They all applauded him, and were surprized, that what he said, was delivered with so much grace. but they objected, is not this the son of Joseph? upon which he said, no doubt you will urge me with this proverb, "physician heal thy self. what we have heard you perform'd in Capernaum, do likewise here in your own country." but in truth, added he, no prophet was ever well received in his own country. I assure you, though there were many widows in Israel, when the heaven had furnished no rain for three years and a half, and a great famine spread through all the land: yet to none of them was Elias sent, except to one widow in Sarepta, a city of Sidon. and there were many lepers in the time of Elisha the prophet: yet none of them obtain'd a cure, except Naaman the Syrian. upon hearing this, the whole synagogue were incensed against him. and breaking up the assembly, they drove him out of the city, to the precipice of the hill, upon which it was built, in order to throw him headlong down. but he pass'd thro' the midst of them and went away. At length he went to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath-days.
in the mean time John having heard in his confinement of the actions of Christ, he sent two of his disciples to ask him, art thou he that was to come, or must we expect another? Jesus answered them, go and relate to John, what you hear and what you see: read more.
the blind recover their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. and happy is he who does not stumble at my appearance. As they departed, Jesus said to the people, speaking of John, what did ye go to see in the desert? a reed shaken with the wind? what did ye go to see? a man dress'd in rich apparel? why, they that are so array'd belong to the court: or did you go to see a prophet? yes, and be assured, one superiour to a prophet. for it is he that is meant in that passage, "behold, I send my messenger before thy face, who shall prepare thy way before thee." I declare unto you, among the whole race of prophets, there never appear'd a greater than John the Baptist: (notwithstanding, he that is least in the kingdom of the Messiah is greater than he.) for ever since the appearance of John the Baptist the gospel kingdom is as it were invaded, and people of the most violent passions enter into it with zeal. for all the prophets and the law were your guides, till the coming of John. and if ye will believe me, he is the Elias that was to come. he that hath ears to hear, let him hear. but to what shall I compare this generation? they are like children sitting in the markets, and calling out to their fellows, "if we play a merry tune, you are not for dancing; if we act a mournful part, you are not in the humour." so John came with fasting and abstinence, and they say, he is mad. the son of man does not abstain from eating and drinking, and they cry there's a glutton, and a sot, a friend of publicans and sinners: "but wisdom is justified by her children."
John was soon inform'd of these transactions by his disciples, and sent two of them to Jesus, with this question, are you the Messiah, or must we yet wait for some other? accordingly they came to Jesus, and said, John the Baptist sent us to enquire, if you are he that was to come, or must we look for another? read more.
at that very time, he cured several of their diseases and distempers, dispossessing evil spirits, and restoring sight to many that were blind. then he gave them this answer, go, and tell John what you have seen, and heard: that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are healed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, the gospel is proclaim'd to the poor. and blessed is he, who does not make me the occasion of his fall. When the messengers of John were departed, he address'd himself to the people, and said with relation to John, what did you go to see in the desart? a reed shaken with the wind? or did you go to see a man richly apparelled? for magnificent dress and splendid living, you must look into the courts of princes. what then did you go to see? a prophet? yes, I say it, and more than a prophet. he it is, of whom it is written, "behold, I send my messenger before you, who shall prepare the way for you." I declare unto you, among the whole race of mankind, there is not a prophet, who is superiour to John the Baptist: yet he that is most inferiour in the kingdom of the Messiah, is greater than he. all the people, even the publicans, upon hearing him, gave glory to God, by receiving the baptism of John; but the Pharisees and the doctors of the law rejected the divine offers made to them, refusing to be baptized by John. To what therefore shall I compare the men of this generation? who are they like? they are like children playing together in the street, who cry, we have play'd to you on the flute, but you have not danced: we have sung mournful dittys, but you have not lamented. for John the Baptist, when he came, abstain'd from bread and wine; yet you say, he is possess'd with a demon. the son of man appears indifferent to any kind of meat or drink: yet you say, he is a glutton and a tipler, a friend of publicans and loose people. "but wisdom is justified by all her different followers."
After this Jesus went with his disciples into Judea, where he stay'd with them for some time,
(though Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples) he left Judea,
Then directing himself to his disciples, he said, blessed are ye, that are poor: for the divine kingdom is yours. blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be satisfied. blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall find matter of mirth. blessed are you, when men shall hate you, discard you, reproach you, and treat you as infamous, for your attachment to the son of man. read more.
then you may triumph with joy; secure of being greatly rewarded in heaven: for such was the treatment the prophets received from their forefathers. But wo unto you that are rich: for you have received your consolation. wo unto you that are full: for you shall be in want. wo unto you that indulge in present pleasure: for mourning and sorrow shall attend you. wo unto you when the generality of men shall applaud you: for so did their forefathers behave to the false prophets. But as for you, who hear me, love your enemies: do good to those, who hate you: bless those, who curse you: and pray for those, who maliciously abuse you. if any one strike you on one cheek, present to him the other likewise: or if any one seize your cloak, surrender your coat also. give to all that ask: and if a man takes away your goods, don't demand them again. behave to others in the same manner, as you desire they would behave to you. for if you only love those, who love you, where's the obligation? the very heathen return love for love. if you return one kind office by another, where's the obligation? the heathen themselves do as much. if you lend with the expectation of gaining by it, where's the obligation? for the heathen lend to one another, for the prospect of an equivalent. but as for you, love your enemies, do good, and lend without expecting any advantage from it: so shall your reward be great, in acting like the children of the most high: for he is kind to the most ungrateful wretches. be ye therefore merciful, as your father is merciful. don't judge others, and you shall not be judged: condemn not, and you shall not be condemned: forgive, and you shall be forgiven. give and you shall receive: they shall pour into your lap good measure, well pressed, heap'd up, and running over. for in the measure you deal with others, you shall be dealt with yourselves. And by way of comparison he said to them, can the blind lead the blind without tumbling both into the ditch? The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master. How comes it, that you can see the mote in your brother's eye, and not see the beam that is in your own eye? or how can you say to your brother, brother, let me take out the mote, that is in your eye, when you your self don't discern the beam that is in your own eye? hypocrite, first remove the beam out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the mote out of your brother's eye. Certainly a good tree does not produce bad fruit: nor does a bad tree produce good fruit. for every tree is known by its fruit: it is not on thorns that men gather figs, nor do they gather grapes on a bramble bush. a good man out of the good treasure of his heart produces what is good: and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart produces what is evil: for 'tis from the abundance of the heart, that the mouth speaketh. Why do you call me Lord, Lord, and do not observe what I say? I will show you, who that man is like, who comes to me, and practises what I prescribe. he is like a man who in building a house, digg'd deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: an inundation came, the current beat impetuously upon that house, but could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock. but he that does not practise what he hears, is like a man who built his house upon the loose earth without any foundation: the current beat impetuously against it: in the instant down it fell, and great were its ruins.
Then said John to Jesus, master, we saw one casting out demons in your name, and we oppos'd it, because he does not follow you with us. but Jesus said to him, don't oppose it: for he that is not against us, is for us.
Upon this occasion John address'd himself to Jesus, saying, master, we saw a man casting out demons in your name, tho' he did not belong to us, for which reason we opposed him. but Jesus said, do not oppose him: for no man can speak evil of me, at the same time he works a miracle by virtue of my name.
As soon as they were come to Capernaum, he entred into the synagogue, and it being the sabbath, instructed them. and they were astonished at his manner of preaching: for he spoke with an air of authority, and not as the Scribes. now there was in their synagogue a demoniack, who cried out, ah, read more.
what have we to do with thee, Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to torment us? I know thee who thou art, the holy one of God. and Jesus threatned him, be mute, said he, and come out. and when the unclean spirit had thrown him into convulsions, with a loud cry, he came out of him. at which they were all so amazed, that they ask'd one another, what's the meaning of all this? what new doctrine is here? for he commands with authority even the unclean spirits, and they obey him. upon this his fame immediately spread abroad over all the region of Galilee.
At length he went to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath-days. and they were astonished at his doctrine, for he spoke with authority. now there was in the synagogue a man possess'd with the spirit of an impure demon, who roar'd out, in these words, let us alone; read more.
what business have you with us, Jesus of Nazareth? are you come to destroy us? I know who you are; the saint of God. but Jesus rebuk'd him, saying, be dumb, and come out of him. upon which the demon threw him down in the midst of the assembly, and came out, without doing him any harm. and they were all amazed, and said to one another, what's the meaning of this? with authority and power he commands the impure spirits, and they come out! and his fame spread through all the neighbouring country.
to the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode. and many resorted unto him, and said, John did no miracle: but every thing that he said concerning this man, was true. so that many people there believed on him.
his two sisters therefore sent this message to Jesus; he, Lord, whom you love, is sick. when Jesus heard that, he said, the disease is not to be mortal, but is design'd for the glory of God, that the son of God might be glorified thereby. now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. read more.
however, he stay'd in the place where he was, even two days after he had heard that Lazarus was sick. and then he said to his disciples, let us return to Judea. upon which his disciples said, master, it is not long since the Jews attempted to stone you; and are you for going thither again? Jesus answered, are there not twelve hours in the day? he that travels by day does not stumble, because he has the light of this world to see by. but if a man travels by night he stumbles, because there is no light for him. thus he entertain'd them: and after that, he said to them, our friend Lazarus is asleep; but I am going to awake him. then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he will recover; though Jesus meant it of Lazarus's death: but they understood it of the natural rest in sleep. then Jesus told them plainly, Lazarus is dead. and I am glad for your sakes that I was not there (to the intent you may believe) but now, let us go to him. then said Thomas, that is, Didymus, to his fellow-disciples, let us also go, that we may die with him.
Then the Scribes and Pharisees, who were of Jerusalem, came to him and said, why do your disciples violate the tradition of our ancestors, in not washing their hands when they eat bread? but he answered them, why do you violate the law of God to follow your tradition? read more.
for this is a commandment of God, "honour thy father and mother; and, he that curses father or mother, let him be punish'd with death." but your doctrine is this, if any man declares to his father or mother, that whatever he has to give for their relief is dedicated to the temple; he is not oblig'd to regard his father or his mother. thus have ye disannull'd the commandment of God by your tradition. the prophecy of Esaias exactly suits such hypocrites as you; "this people, says he, draw nigh to me, they honour me with their lips: while their hearts are far from me. but in vain they worship me, teaching for doctrines the institutions of men." Then he called the multitude and said to them, hear and understand. that which entereth by the mouth is not what defiles a man: but what defiles the man is that which is discharged by the mouth. Thereupon his disciples drawing nigh, said, did you observe, how the Pharisees were scandalized at your discourse? but he answered, every plantation which my heavenly father hath not planted shall be rooted up. let them alone: they are blind leaders of the blind. now if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. then Peter said to him, tell us the meaning of that expression. and Jesus said, are ye also yet without understanding? do not ye yet conceive, that whatever enters at the mouth, passes to the belly, and is discharged downwards? but what proceeds out of the mouth, is deriv'd from the heart, and that defiles the man. out of the heart proceed evil designs, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false testimony, slanders. these are the things which defile a man: but to eat without washing one's hands, that does not defile a man.
The Pharisees, and certain Scribes from Jerusalem, came in a body to Jesus; when observing that some of his disciples were eating with profane hands, that is, without having wash'd them, they found fault. for the Pharisees, and the Jews in general, in pursuance of their antient traditions, never eat till they have wash'd their hands up to their elbows. read more.
nay, when they have been at any publick place, they never eat till they have washed. they observe besides several traditions, such as the washing of cups, pots, brass vessels, and beds. the Pharisees, and Scribes therefore ask'd Jesus, why don't your disciples observe the tradition of the antients? why do they take their meals without washing their hands? Jesus answered, to such hypocrites as you may well be applied those words of the prophet Esaias, "this people honour me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the institutions of men." for laying aside what is of divine appointment, you stick to their human traditions, about the washing of pots, and cups, and many other the like practices. You are in the right, said he, to abolish the laws of God, to make way for such traditions. Moses said, "honour thy father and thy mother;" and, if any one speak contemptibly of his father, or his mother, let him be put to death. but your doctrine is this, if any one shall tell his father or his mother, that what he could bestow for their relief, is corban, that is, to be given to the temple; you discharge him from the obligation of doing any thing for his father or his mother. by such traditions, and such a number of practices, as you have settled, the word of God is stript of all its authority. Then Jesus having called all the people to him, said, attend every one of you, and understand. there is nothing from without, that entring into a man can defile him: but that which originally proceeds from the man, is what defiles him. he that hath ears to hear, let him hear. When he withdrew from the people into the house, his disciples ask'd him the meaning of that maxim. and he said, are you likewise so void of understanding? don't you perceive that what passes from without into a man cannot defile him? because that does not enter into his heart, but into the belly, whence it is discharg'd, the purest part of the food being left for nutrition. but, said he, that which proceeds from a man, is what defiles him: for from within, from the heart of man proceed wicked designs, adulteries, fornications, murders; thefts, avarice, malice, fraud, impudence, envy, scandal, pride, vanity. all these vices come from within, and are what defile the man.
Then the Pharisees and the Sadducees came, with a captious design, and desired him to show them some miracle in the sky. but he answered them, in the evening you foretel fair weather: when the sky is of a bright red. and in the morning, a foul day: when the sky is of a dusky red. hypocrites, can ye judge of the appearance of the sky, and yet not discern the signs of these times? read more.
a wicked degenerate race demand a miracle; but no miracle shall they have beside that of the prophet Jonas. and so leaving them, he went away.
Soon after he and his disciples embark'd, and arrived in the district of Dalmanutha. there the Pharisees being come, they began to dispute with him, and to try him, desir'd he would work some miracle in the sky. but Jesus fetching a deep sigh, said, why does this generation require a sign? I assure you, they shall have none.
O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, but ye would not!
as he drew nigh, he beheld the city, and bewail'd its fate, in these words, "O that thou hadst consider'd, at least in this very day, the opportunity you had of being happy! but now alas! it is vanish'd from your eyes." for the time will shortly come, when your enemies shall open their trenches before thee, hem you in, and closely besiege you: read more.
they will level you to the ground, extirpate your inhabitants, and bury your buildings in ruins: because you have not consider'd the overtures I made you.
Then Jesus called his disciples, and said to them, I am concern'd for this people; they have attended me now three days, without eating: I will not send them away fasting, lest they saint by the way. but his disciples said to him, how can we get bread enough in the desert to satisfy such a multitude? Jesus asked, how many loaves have ye? they reply'd, seven, and a few small fish. read more.
and he bid the people sit down on the ground. then taking the seven loaves, and the fish, he gave thanks, and distributed them, by pieces, to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude. so that they all eat, and were satiated: the superfluous fragments they carried off, amounting to seven baskets full: though the guests were to the number of four thousand men, beside women and children. then dismissing the multitude, he embark'd, and came to the coast of Magada.
At that time, as the company were very numerous, and had nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples, and said, I am concern'd for this people, they have been with me now three days without having had any thing to eat. if I send them home fasting, they will faint by the way: for some of them are come very far. read more.
his disciples answer'd, how is it possible here in the desart to furnish bread enough for all this company? he ask'd them, how many loaves have ye? seven, said they. then he order'd the people to sit down on the ground: and taking the seven loaves, he gave thanks, then broke them and gave them to his disciples to distribute among the people, which they accordingly did. and there being a few small fishes, he gave thanks, and order'd them to be distributed. so they all eat and were satisfied, the broken meat that was left amounting to seven baskets. now they that had eaten were four thousand: and then he dismissed them.
When Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence. and when he was come into his native country, he taught them in their synagogue, in such a manner that they cry'd out with astonishment, how came this man by all this wisdom, and extraordinary power? is not this the carpenter's son? is not Mary his mother? and James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas, are they not his brothers? read more.
and his sisters, don't they live just by us? how came he then by all this? and they were scandaliz'd at him. but Jesus said to them, a prophet is not without honour, except in his own country and in his own family. and he did not many miracles there, because of their incredulity.
Jesus leaving that place, went into his own country, attended by his disciples. when the sabbath was come, he preach'd in the synagogue, to the great astonishment of many, who upon hearing his discourse, said, how came he by all this? what strange endowment of knowledge is this, that he should work such miracles? is not he the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, of Juda and Simon? are not these his sisters, who are here with us? and they were scandalized at him. read more.
but Jesus said to him, a prophet is never despis'd, except in his own country, among his own kindred, and in his own family: so that excepting the cure of a few sick by the imposition of hands, he would not work any miracle there, they were so marvellously incredulous. so that He went all about to teach in the neighbouring villages.
The History of the life of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judas and his brethren. And Judas the father of Phares and Zara by Thamar, and Phares the father of Esrom, Esrom the father of Aram. read more.
Aram the father of Aminadab, Aminadab the father of Naasson, Naasson the father of Salmon. Salmon the father of Booz by Rachab, and Booz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse. And Jesse the father of David the king, and David had Solomon by her that had been the wife of Urias. Solomon was the father of Roboam, Roboam the father of Abia, Abia the father of Asa. Asa the father of Josaphat, Josaphat the father of Joram, Joram the father of Ozias. Ozias the father of Joatham, Joatham the father of Achaz, Achaz the father of Ezekias. Ezekias the father of Manasses, Manasses the father of Amon, Amon the father of Josias. Josias the father of Jechonias and his brethren, about the time when the Jews were carried away to Babylon. and after their transmigration to Babylon, Jechonias was father of Salathiel, Salathiel father of Zorobabel. Zorobabel father of Abiud, Abiud father of Eliakim, Eliakim father of Azor. And Azor father of Sadoc, Sadoc father of Achim, Achim father of Eliud. Eliud father of Eleazar, Eleazar father of Matthan, Matthan father of Jacob. Jacob father of Joseph the husband of Mary of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. So all the generations from Abraham to David, are fourteen generations: and from David to the Babylonian transmigration, are fourteen generations: and from the Babylonian transmigration unto Christ, are fourteen generations.
Jesus was then about thirty years of age, being, as was suppos'd, the son of Joseph, son of Heli, son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Melchi, son of Janna, son of Joseph, son of Mattathias, son of Amos, son of Naum, son of Esli, son of Nagge, read more.
son of Maath, son of Mattathias, son of Semi, son of Joseph, son of Juda, son of Joanna, son of Rhesa, son of Zorobabel, son of Salathiel, son of Neri, son of Melchi, son of Addi, son of Cosam, son of Elmodam, son of Er, son of Jose, son of Eliezer, son of Jorim, son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Simeon, son of Juda, son of Joseph, son of Jonan, son of Eliakim, son of Melea, son of Menan, son of Mattatha, son of Nathan, son of David, son of Jesse, son of Obed, son of Booz, son of Salmon, son of Naasson, son of Aminadab, son of Aram, son of Esrom, son of Phares, son of Juda, son of Jacob, son of Isaac, son of Abraham, son of Thara, son of Nachor, son of Saruch, son of Ragau, son of Phalec, son of Heber, son of Sala, son of Cainan, son of Arphaxad, son of Sem, son of Noe, son of Lamech, son of Mathusala, son of Enoch, son of Jared, son of Maleleel, son of Cainan, son of Enos, son of Seth, son of Adam, the son of God.
When he had finished this discourse to the populous audience, he entred into Capernaum, where a certain centurion had a servant whom he greatly valued, lying sick and ready to die. this centurion having heard of Jesus's fame, sent several elders of the Jews to intreat him to come, and recover his servant. read more.
accordingly they came to Jesus and earnestly pressed him, saying, he very well deserves you should do him this favour; for he loves our nation, and hath built us a synagogue at his own charge. then Jesus went with him, and when he was advanced near the house, the centurion sent some of his friends to him, saying, "Lord, don't give yourself the trouble of coming, I don't deserve you should honour my house with your presence. nor did I think myself worthy to attend you: speak but the word, and my servant shall be cured. for though I am subject to authority, I have soldiers under me: I bid one go, and he goes: I bid another come, and he comes: I bid my servant do this, and he does it." when Jesus heard this, he admired the man, and turning about, he said to the people, that followed him, I assure you, I have not met with such an instance of faith even among the Jews themselves. and they that were sent, being return'd to the house, they found the servant, who had been sick, in good health.
When Jesus was entred into Capernaum, a centurion came and addressed himself to him, saying, Lord, my servant lies sick at home grievously afflicted with the palsy, and Jesus said to him, I will come and heal him. read more.
the centurion answered, Lord, I am not worthy the honour of such a visit: do but give the word, and my servant is sav'd. for I am a man under authority, having soldiers under my command: I bid this man, go, and he's gone: another, come, and he's here: and to my servant, do this, and it is done. when Jesus heard it, he was surpriz'd, and said to his followers, I profess I have not met with such an instance of faith, no not in Israel. and I declare unto you, that many shall come from the east and from the west, and shall sit at table with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob in the heavenly kingdom. but the heirs to the kingdom shall be cast into the darkness without: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. and Jesus said to the centurion, go thy way, what you believed could be done, is effected for you. and his servant was healed in that very hour.
In the mean time the eleven disciples went into Galilee, to a mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
At length Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples upon the sea-coast of Tiberias; and the manner of his appearance was thus. Simon Peter, Thomas, otherwise Didymus, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples of Jesus were all together.
and Jesus said, to execute justice am I come into this world: that they who see not, may see; and that they who do see, may become blind. some of the Pharisees who were then present hearing this, said to him, are we likewise blind? Jesus said to them, if you were blind, you would be excusable; but since you own that you see, you stand convicted.
I assure you, he that entreth not by the door into the sheep-fold, but climbeth up some other way, is a thief and a robber. but he that enters in by the door, is the pastor of the sheep. the porter lets him in, and the sheep know his voice: he calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out to pasture. read more.
when he lets out his own sheep, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him: because they know his voice. a stranger they will not follow, but flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers. Jesus talk'd to them in this figurative way: but they did not understand the meaning of his discourse. Jesus therefore subjoin'd, I declare unto you, I am the door of the sheep-fold. they who have personated me, are all thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not follow them. I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved; he shall go in and out, and find pasture. the thief comes only to steal, to kill, and destroy: but I am come that they might have life, and have it with all its advantages. I am the true pastor: the true pastor exposes his life for the sheep. but the hireling, who is not the pastor, nor has the property of the sheep, seeing the wolf come, leaves the sheep, and flies away: so the wolf seizes some, and disperses the flock. the hireling flies, because he is an hireling, and is under no concern for the sheep. I am the true pastor, I know my sheep, and my sheep know me, (as the father and I are known to one another:) and I lay down my life for them. other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring; they will hear my voice; and so there shall be but one fold, and one pastor. therefore doth my father love me, because I lay down my life, but I shall reassume it. no man can take it from me, but I voluntarily lay it down: I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. this is the order I have received from my father. There was another schism therefore among the Jews, occasion'd by this discourse. for many of them said, he is possess'd with a demon, and is mad; why do you mind him? others said, this is not the language of one possess'd: can a demon give sight to the blind?
after that he was seen by James; then by all the apostles.
to whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion, of which they had many proofs, during the forty days he appear'd to them, and inform'd them about the reign of the Messias: being with them when they were assembled, he order'd they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for what the father had promis'd, which, said he, I mention'd. " for John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the holy ghost, not many days hence." read more.
Being therefore in his presence, they asked him, saying, Lord, is this the time when you will restore again the kingdom to Israel? and he said to them, it is not for you, to know the times or the seasons, which the father hath reserv'd in his own disposal. but ye shall receive the influence of the holy spirit, which will descend upon you: and ye shall be witnesses for me, in Jerusalem, in all Judea, and in Samaria, and to the remotest part of the earth.
that he was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve:
the Lord is actually risen, and hath appeared to Simon.
Jesus said likewise to his disciples, a certain rich man had an information against his steward, for making havock of his estate. upon making him appear, he said to him, what information is this, I hear against thee? give an account of your administration, for you must not be my steward any longer. upon which the steward said in himself, what shall I do, now my master strips me of my employment? dig I cannot: and 'tis shameful to beg: I see it now, read more.
I must do something that will secure me a reception in other families, when I have lost my place in this. so he sent for every one of his master's debtors in private, he ask'd the first, how much do you owe my master? a hundred measures of oil, said he. take your bill, said the steward, sit down there, and write out one immediately for fifty. then he said to another, how much do you owe? a hundred measures of wheat, said he. take your bill, says the steward, and write out one for fourscore. and this unfaithful steward was commended by his master for being so provident. for they who look to this world, manage their affairs with more prudence, than those who have a prospect of a better. I advise you in like manner to lay out your fallacious treasure in acts of charity, that when you die, they may secure to you everlasting habitations. He that is faithful in a small trust, will be faithful in a greater: and he that is unfaithful in a little, will be unfaithful in much. if therefore your fidelity has not appear'd in the use of these transitory enjoyments, how can you be trusted with what is more lasting? if you have imbezel'd what another gave you in trust, how can he give you an estate in perpetuity? a servant cannot serve two masters: for either he will neglect the one, and attend the other; or he will be attached to the first, and misbehave to the last. you cannot serve God and mammon.
but about the middle of the feast, Jesus went publickly into the temple, and taught. at which the Jews were surprized, saying, how came be acquainted with the scriptures, a man of no education? Jesus answered them, the doctrine I deliver is not my own, but his that sent me. read more.
if any man is inclin'd to do his will, he shall know whether the doctrine be from God, or whether I speak from my self. he that speaks from himself, has a view to his own glory: but he that has a view to his glory that sent him, deserves credit, and is a stranger to all imposture. was it not Moses who gave you the law, and yet none of you observe that law? for what do ye attempt to kill me? the people answered, saying, you are mad: who attempts to kill you? Jesus answered them, I perform'd one single miracle on the sabbath, and does that alarm you? Moses enjoin'd you circumcision (or rather not Moses, but the patriarchs) accordingly you circumcise a man on the sabbath-day. if to avoid the violation of the Mosaic law, a man be exposed to circumcision on the sabbath-day, are ye angry at me, because I cured a man, whose whole body was indisposed on the sabbath-day? judge not according to appearances, but judge according to equity. Then some that belong'd to Jerusalem, said, is not this he whom they seek to kill? yet there he is talking publickly without any opposition: are not the rulers convinc'd that he is the Messiah? however, we know from what quarter this man comes: but when Christ comes it will be unknown whence he came. Jesus then pursuing his discourse in the temple, rais'd his voice, and said, you know both who I am, and whence I am: however, I am not come of my self, but he that sent me is worthy of belief, him you are unacquainted with. but I know him, for I am from him, and he hath sent me. then they design'd to seize him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet come. besides many of the people believed on him, and said, when Christ comes, will he do more miracles than this man hath done? (the Pharisees being inform'd what the people rumour'd concerning him, they and the chief priests sent their officers to seize him.) then said Jesus, I shall be with you but for a little time, and then I shall go to him that sent me. ye shall seek me, but shall not find me: and where I shall go, thither ye cannot come. upon which the Jews said among themselves, whither will he go, that we cannot find him? will he go to the dispersed Jews among the Greeks, and instruct the Greeks? what does he mean by saying, "ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I go, thither ye cannot come?" In the last day, the most solemn day of the feast, Jesus being there, raised his voice, and said, if any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink. he that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his heart shall flow rivers of living water. (but this he meant of the spirit, which they that believed on him, should receive: for the spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.) many of the people therefore, who heard this discourse, said, this man is certainly a prophet. some said, this is the Messias. but said others, shall the Messias come out of Galilee? hath not the scripture said, that the Messiah is to rise out of the family of David, and out of Bethlehem, the village where David was born? so that the people were divided in their opinions about him. and some of them had a mind to seize him; but nobody laid hands on him. when the officers return'd to the chief priests and Pharisees, they asked them, why have ye not brought him? the officers answered, never did man speak like this man. upon which the Pharisees answered, are ye also seduced? have any of the rulers, or of the Pharisees believed on him? but the populace, who are ignorant of the law, are such wretches. thereupon Nicodemus, he that came to Jesus by night, and was then present, said to them, said to them, doth our law condemn any man before he is heard, without knowing the fact? they answered him, are you also of Galilee? search the scriptures, and you will not find that a prophet did ever arise out of Galilee. and every man went to his own house.
upon this the chief priests and the Pharisees being assembled in council, said, what shall we do? for this man performs many miracles. if we let him go on at this rate, all will believe on him; and the Romans will come, and destroy both our temple and nation. but one of them named Caiaphas, being the high priest at that time, said to them, ye don't know what you are about. read more.
you little consider it is our interest, that one man should die for the people, to prevent the destruction of the whole nation. now this he did not say from his own motion: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for the nation: and not for that nation only, but likewise to reassemble the dispersed children of God into one body. from that day therefore, they consulted together to put Jesus to death. For which reason he did not afterwards appear publickly among the Jews; but retir'd into the country near the desart, to a city called Ephraim, and there continued with his disciples.
Eight days after, when his disciples were again in private, and Thomas with them: Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, peace be with you. then said he to Thomas, reach hither thy finger, and examine my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing. Thomas answered, and said to him, my Lord and my God! read more.
Jesus said to him, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they who have not seen, and yet have believed.
At length the feast of the dedication was kept at Jerusalem, when the weather happen'd to be foul. as Jesus therefore was walking in the temple in Solomon's portico, the Jews came about him, and said, how long will you keep us in suspense? if you are the Messiah, tell us plainly. read more.
Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye did not believe me: the works that I do in my father's name, they testify of me. but, as I said before, you do not believe; because ye are not of my sheep. my sheep hear my voice, I know them, and they follow me. it is I that give them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any one force them out of my hand. my father who gave them me, is greater than all: so that no one is able to force them out of my father's hand. I and my father are one. then the Jews took up stones again to stone him. Jesus answered them, many good works have I shewed you from my father; for which of those works would you stone me? the Jews answered him, saying, it is not for any good work that we stone thee; but for blasphemy, inasmuch as you, being a man, pretend to be a God. Jesus answered them, is it not written in your law, "I said ye are Gods?" if the law stiles them Gods, who received the orders of God, and if the scripture is of any authortiy, how can you say that I blaspheme, I whom the father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, because I said I am the son of God? if I do not the works of my father, believe me not. but if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know and believe that the father is in me, and I in him. Thereupon they again endeavour'd to seize him: but he escaped out of their hands, and retir'd beyond Jordan,
But though he had done so many miracles in their presence, yet they did not believe on him: so that the passage of Esaias the prophet was fulfilled, where he says, "Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed? therefore they could not believe, according to what Esaias said in another place, "he hath blinded their eyes, read more.
and hardned their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them." these things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him. nevertheless there were many even among the chief rulers, who believed on him; but they did not own it publickly for fear the Pharisees should excommunicate them. for they preferr'd their own reputation to the glory of God. Then Jesus rais'd his voice, and said, he that believeth on me, does not so much believe on me, as on him that sent me. and he that contemplates me, contemplates him that sent me. I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me, might not abide in darkness. but if any man hear my words, and does not believe them, it is not I that condemn him: for I came not to condemn the world, but to save the world. he that rejecteth me, and does not embrace my doctrine, hath one that condemns him: the doctrine that I have delivered, that shall condemn him in the last day. for I have not spoken for my self; but the father who sent me, he commission'd me, what I should teach, and what I should speak. and I know that it is a commission of eternal life: whatever therefore I say, I deliver just as the father directed me.
In the mean time the eleven disciples went into Galilee, to a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. and when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted. and Jesus came, and said to them, all power has been given me in heaven and in earth. read more.
go and instruct all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, and of the son, and of the holy ghost: teaching them to observe every thing which I have enjoin'd you: and be assured I shall be always with you to the end of the world.
Upon the Pharisees asking him, when the kingdom of God should come, he answer'd them, the kingdom of God is not usher'd in with pomp and exclamations, as see here! or see there! for even now the kingdom of God is commenc'd among you. At length he said to his disciples, the time will come, when ye will wish to see the son of man appear, and shall not see him. read more.
they will tell you, here he is, or, he is there: but don't go out to follow them; for as the lightning flashes from one extremity of the sky to the other, so shall the appearance of the son of man be. but before this, he must undergo many sufferings, and be rejected by this generation: the same thing shall happen in the son of man's time as did in Noah's days. eating and drinking, marriages and matches was the business till the very day that Noah entred into the ark, when the flood came and overwhelm'd them all. and as it was in the days of Lot, they were eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building: but the very day that Lot went out of Sodom, a storm of lightning and thunder fell from heaven and destroy'd them all. even thus shall it be in the day when the son of man shall appear. then let not him that is on the house-top venture down to secure his furniture: and he that is in the field, let him not return back. remember Lot's wife. he that seeks to save his life, will expose it; and he that exposes his life, will preserve it. I tell you, that of two persons lying in the same bed that night, the one shall be taken, and the other left. two women shall be grinding together, the one shall be taken, and the other left: two men shall be in the field, the one shall be taken, and the other left. then they ask'd him, where, Lord, will this happen? he reply'd, wherever the carcase is, there will the eagles hover together.
When the son of man shall come in his majesty, accompanied with all his holy angels, he shall sit upon the throne of his glory. then all nations shall be assembled before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates his sheep from the goats. and he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. read more.
the king shall say to those on his right hand, come, ye blessed of my father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. for I was prest with hunger, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye took care of me: I was in prison, and ye visited me. then will the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when did we see thee in hunger, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink? when did we see thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? or when did we see thee sick, or in prison, and visited thee? and the king will reply, I declare unto you, your having done this for one of the least of these my brethren, is the same thing as doing it for me. then will he say to those on the left, depart from me ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. for I was prest with hunger, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. then will they answer, Lord, when did we see thee in hunger, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? to this he will reply, I declare unto you, your not doing this for one of the least of these, is the same thing as not doing it for me. and these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
After this a great multitude being gather'd about him, he address'd himself to them, and said, he that can't abandon his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, nay, even his own life, cannot be my disciple. and he that does not bear his cross, and tread in my steps, cannot be my disciple. read more.
for who of you would resolve to build a tower, without taking the trouble first of all to compute the expence, and whether he is able to finish it? for fear he should be made the jest of every spectator, for laying the foundation, without being able to carry it on. this man, will they say, began to build, but wanted stock to finish. or where is the king, that will march to give battle to another king, without setting himself first to deliberate, whether he is strong enough with ten thousand to withstand an army of twenty thousand? that in case he is not, he may send an embassy, and desire conditions of peace, before the other approaches. in like manner every one of you must count upon renouncing all that he has, otherwise he cannot be my disciple. salt is good, but if the salt has lost its savour, with what shall it be recovered? it would be fit neither for the land, nor for the dunghil, but only to be thrown away. he that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Another time, as they were on a journey, Jesus enter'd into a village, where a woman, named Martha, entertain'd him at her house. now she had a sister, named Mary, who placed herself at the feet of Jesus, to attend to his discourse. but Martha perplex'd with the hurry of her affairs, came to him, and said, Lord, don't you observe my sister has left me to serve all alone: direct her therefore to give me some assistance. read more.
but Jesus replied to her, Martha, Martha, you trouble yourself about a world of cares: but the best and the most necessary concern is, what Mary has pitch'd upon, of which she shall never be deprived.
There was a rich man, who used to dress in purple and fine linnen, and pass his days in pomp and luxury. a certain beggar named Lazarus, was lying at his gate, and tho' cover'd with ulcers, the very dogs came and fawned upon him. but he wanted to be fed with the crumbs, that fell from the rich man's table. read more.
at length the beggar died: and was conveyed by the angels to Abraham's bower. the rich man died too, and was buried. and being in the infernal regions of torments, he lift up his eyes, and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bower. and he cry'd out, saying, father Abraham, take pity on me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water to cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. but Abraham said, son, remember you had your enjoyments, when you were alive, and Lazarus his misfortunes: but now he has his consolation, and you your torments. besides this, there is an unalterable chasm between us and you, so that the passage from one place to the other is impracticable to those who should attempt it. upon which he said, father, I beg it of you, that you would send him to my father's family, where I have five brothers, to give them warning, lest they also come into this place of torment. but Abraham replied, they have Moses and the prophets, let them mind them. no, father Abraham, said he, they will not: but if any of the dead went to them, they will certainly repent. Abraham replied, if they disregard Moses and the prophets, they will not believe any one, though he rose from the dead.
As Jesus was going to Jerusalem, he happen'd to pass between Samaria and Galilee. and as he entered into a certain village, there met him ten lepers, who stood at a distance, and cry'd out aloud, Jesus our master, take pity on us. read more.
as soon as he perceiv'd them, he said to them, go shew yourselves to the priests. and on the way they found themselves cured. one of them perceiving he was healed, turn'd back, praising God aloud. then prostrating himself at the feet of Jesus, he gave him thanks. now this man was a Samaritan. and Jesus said to him, were not all the ten healed? where then are the other nine? is no body return'd to glorify God, but this alien only? and he said to him, rise, go your way, your faith has sav'd you.
While he was speaking, a Pharisee invited him to dine his house, where he went, and sat down at table. but the Pharisee was surprized to see that he did not wash before dinner. upon which the Lord said to him, you Pharisees won't leave any filth upon the outside of a cup or a platter: while your consciences are abandon'd to rapine, and sensuality. read more.
do you stupidly imagine that he, who made the outward man, did not make the inward too? be but charitable to the utmost of your ability, and every thing will be pure to you. but wo unto you Pharisees: for you will pay the tythes of mint, and rue, and all sorts of herbs, but as for justice and true piety, those you neglect. these you ought to have practised, without omitting however the other. wo unto you Pharisees, for you affect to have the first rank in the synagogue, and to be complimented in publick places. wo unto you: for you resemble subterraneous monuments, which men walk over, without perceiving them. Then a doctor of the law objected to him, saying, master, your discourse is an insult upon us also. but Jesus said, wo unto you likewise, doctors of the law; for you load men with insupportable burthens, the least part of which you will not yourselves bear: wo unto you, for you rebuild the sepulchres of those prophets, whom your fathers put to death: they were guilty of slaughter, and you raise monuments to their memory. agreeably to this, in the Wisdom of God 'tis said, "I will send them prophets and apostles: some they will kill, and others they will persecute: " so that the blood of all the prophets, which has been shed since the creation of the world, may be required of this generation, from the blood of Abel to that of Zacharias, who perished between the altar and the temple: yes, I assure you, this generation shall be responsible for it all. wo unto you, doctors of the law; for after having taken the key of knowledge, you remain still in the dark, and hinder others, who desire to have light. As he was pursuing his discourse, the Scribes and Pharisees passionately urg'd him with many captious questions, in order to ensnare him, and draw something from his own mouth, that might be brought as evidence against him.
for the Jews passover being nigh, Jesus went up to Jerusalem, where he found in the temple those that sold oxen, sheep, and doves, besides the changers of money, who were sitting there. upon which he made a whip of small cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with their sheep, and oxen; and threw about the changers money, and over-set the tables; and said to the dove-sellers, read more.
away with these things; make not my father's house a market-house. which put his disciples in mind of that passage, "my zeal for thine house does prey upon me." whereupon the Jews said, what miracle can you show to justify your behaviour? Jesus answered them, saying, destroy this temple, and within three days I will raise it up. to this said the Jews, forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? but by the temple he meant his body. and when he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembred that expression of his: and they believed the scripture, and what Jesus had said. Now whilst he was in Jerusalem at the feast of the passover, many believed in him when they saw the miracles which he did. but Jesus did not trust his person with them, because he knew them all. and he did not want any information concerning man: for he knew of himself the secret of their hearts.
Jesus went therefore a second time to Cana in Galilee, where he had changed the water into wine. now a certain nobleman was there, whose son was sick at Capernaum. who having heard that Jesus was come out of Judea into Galilee, he went there to desire him to come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death. but Jesus said to him, except you see signs and miracles, you will not believe. read more.
the nobleman said to him, sir, pray come down before my child be dead. go thy way, said Jesus: thy son is well. and the man believed what Jesus had said to him, and went his way. as he was upon the road, his servants met him, and acquainted him, that his son was well. then he enquired of them the hour when he began to mend: and they answered, yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him. so the father knew that it was at the very same hour, at which Jesus said to him, thy son is well. and he himself believed, and all his family. Jesus did this second miracle when he return'd from Judea to Galilee.
At length the seventy return'd with great joy, saying, Lord, even the demons have been made subject to us by virtue of your name. upon which he said to them, I beheld satan falling, like lightning, from heaven. I have authoriz'd you to trample upon serpents and scorpions, and triumph over all the power of the enemy; so that nothing shall be capable of doing you any mischief. read more.
however, let not this be the matter of your rejoicing, that the spirits are subject to you: but rejoice, that you have a title to the joys of heaven. At that very time Jesus fell into a divine transport, and said, "I magnify thee, O father, the Lord of heaven and earth, for having conceal'd these things from the artful and the crafty, whilst thou hast reveal'd them to the unskilful. justly, O father, hast thou thus dispens'd thy favour." the management of every thing is committed to me by my father: no one knows what character the son is invested with, except the father; nor who the father is, except the son, and he to whom the son shall please to reveal it. then addressing himself to his disciples in particular, he said, happy are they, who see what you see: for I assure you, that many prophets and princes have desired to see what you now behold, but they never saw it; and to hear what you have heard, which they never did.
This is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem, to ask him, who he was. he own'd it, and did not deny it; but made this protestation, I am not the Christ. art thou then Elias? said they; and he answer'd, I am not. art thou a prophet? and he answer'd, no. read more.
said they to him, who then art thou? that we may give an answer to those that sent us: what sayst thou of thy self? "I am, said he, the voice of one crying in the wilderness, clear the way of the Lord," as said the prophet Esaias. Now the messengers were of the sect of the Pharisees, and they asked him, "why then do you baptize, if you are not the Christ, nor Elias, nor any other prophet?" John answered them, I baptize with water: but there is one among you, whom ye know not; he it is who coming after me, is preferred before me, the latchet of whose sandals I am not worthy to unloose. these things were transacted at Bethabara, near Jordan, where John used to baptize. The next day John saw Jesus coming to him, and said, "behold the lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world." this is he of whom I said, after me cometh a man, who was before me: for he did indeed exist before me. I knew him not: but therefore am I come baptizing with water, that he might be manifest to Israel. and John testified, saying, I saw the spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. I had not known him: but he that sent me to baptize with water, had told me, "upon whom thou shalt see the spirit descending and remaining on him, the same is he who baptizeth with the holy spirit." this I saw, and testify'd, that he is the son of God.
and he instructed the people daily in the temple, while the chief priests, the Scribes, and the rulers of the people, were contriving to take away his life. but they could not find the means of effecting it; for all the populace were strongly attach'd to his doctrine.
Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, who was of Bethany, the town of Mary, and of Martha her sister. (it was that Mary who perfum'd the Lord with ointment, after having wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.) his two sisters therefore sent this message to Jesus; he, Lord, whom you love, is sick. read more.
when Jesus heard that, he said, the disease is not to be mortal, but is design'd for the glory of God, that the son of God might be glorified thereby. now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. however, he stay'd in the place where he was, even two days after he had heard that Lazarus was sick. and then he said to his disciples, let us return to Judea. upon which his disciples said, master, it is not long since the Jews attempted to stone you; and are you for going thither again? Jesus answered, are there not twelve hours in the day? he that travels by day does not stumble, because he has the light of this world to see by. but if a man travels by night he stumbles, because there is no light for him. thus he entertain'd them: and after that, he said to them, our friend Lazarus is asleep; but I am going to awake him. then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he will recover; though Jesus meant it of Lazarus's death: but they understood it of the natural rest in sleep. then Jesus told them plainly, Lazarus is dead. and I am glad for your sakes that I was not there (to the intent you may believe) but now, let us go to him. then said Thomas, that is, Didymus, to his fellow-disciples, let us also go, that we may die with him. When Jesus was arriv'd, he found that Lazarus had been then four days in the grave. now Bethany being distant from Jerusalem but about fifteen furlongs, many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to condole with them upon the loss of their brother. Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went to meet him: but Mary stay'd at home. Lord, said Martha to Jesus, if you had been here, my brother had not been dead. but yet even now whatever you shall ask of God, I know God will grant it to you. Jesus said to her, your brother shall rise again. Martha said to him, I know that he shall rise again at the resurrection of the last day. Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me shall live even though he were dead: and no man living that believeth in me, shall ever die. do you believe this? yes, Lord, said Martha, I believe that thou art the Messiah the son of God, who was to come into the world. When she had said this, she went privately to call Mary her sister, saying, the master is come, and calls for you. no sooner she heard that, but she arose with all speed, and came to him. for Jesus was not yet arrived in the town, but staid at the place were Martha met him. the Jews then who were with Mary in the house to comfort her, when they saw that she rose in such haste, and went out, followed her, saying, she is going to the grave to weep there. Mary being come to the place where Jesus was, as soon as she saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying, Lord, if you had been here, my brother had not been dead. when Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping who came with her, he sighed from his heart, and was troubled, and said, where have ye laid him? they said to him, Lord, come and see. then Jesus wept. upon which the Jews said, see how he loved him. but some of them said, this man who has given sight to the blind, could not he have prevented Lazarus's death? Jesus then again sighing, came to the sepulchre which was a cave, shut up by a stone. Jesus said, take away the stone. Martha, sister to the deceas'd, said to him, Lord, by this time he is offensive: for he hath been dead four days. Jesus said to her, did I not tell you, that if you would believe, you should see the glory of God? then they took away the stone from the place where the corps was laid. and Jesus lifting up his eyes to heaven said, "father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. I know that thou hearest me always: but I say this, because of the people here present, that they may believe that thou hast sent me." when he had spoke this, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. and he that was dead came forth, his body wrapt in a winding sheet: and his face bound about with a napkin. loose him, said Jesus, and let him go. many therefore of the Jews who came to see Mary, and had seen what Jesus had done, believed on him. But some of them went to the Pharisees, and told them what Jesus had done.
And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute for the temple came to Peter, and said, does not your master pay tribute? he said, yes. and when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, what think you Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of others? Peter said, of others. Jesus answered, then are the children free. read more.
however, lest we should give offence, go you to the sea, throw in a book, and take the first fish that strikes: then open its jaws, and you will find a piece of money: that take, and give it to them for me and thee.
Their attention being raised by this, Jesus pursued his discourse with a parable, occasion'd by their thinking, that, because he was advanc'd so nigh to Jerusalem, the kingdom of God would immediately commence. a nobleman, said he, was going to travel to a foreign country, in order to have his kingdom confirm'd to him at his return. and he called ten of his servants, to whom he deliver'd ten pounds: improve that, said he, till I return. read more.
but he being hated by the citizens, after he was gone, they sent a deputation to court, to make this protest, "we will not have him for our king." upon his return, being confirm'd king, he order'd the servants, he had trusted with the money, to appear, and inform him, what improvement each of them had made. the first came and said, Lord, your one pound has gained ten more. he answer'd, honest servant, that's well: since your industry has made so much of so little, I give you the government of ten cities. then the second came, and said, Lord, your pound has produc'd five more. his master replied, you shall be governor of five cities. but another came and said, Lord, here's your money, which I laid up safe in a napkin. for I was in fear of you, knowing you to be a hard master, who exact what you never gave, and reap where you have never sown. wicked slave, said he, from your own mouth will I convict thee. "you knew I was a hard master, exacting what I never gave, and reaping where I never sowed: " why then did you not lodge my money in the bank, that on my return I might have drawn it out with interest? then he said to his attendants, take the one pound from him, and give it him, that gain'd ten. but they objected, Lord, he has already ten pounds: I tell you, said he, that to every one who improves, more shall be given: and he that makes no improvement, shall be stript of what he has. as for those enemies of mine, who would not have me for their king, bring them here, and slay them in my presence. After this discourse, Jesus pursued his journey towards Jerusalem.
Then he began to upbraid the towns where most of his miracles were wrought, for their not being converts. wo unto thee, Chorazin, wo unto thee, Bethsaida: for if the miracles which were done among you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. I declare unto you, Tyre and Sidon shall be treated with less severity at the day of judgment than you. read more.
and thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be brought to destruction: for if the miracles which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have subsisted even to this day. I tell you likewise, that in the day of judgment, Sodom shall be treated with less severity than you. At the same time Jesus, continuing his discourses, said, "I thank thee, O father, Lord of heaven and earth, for having revealed unto babes what thou hast hid from the wise and prudent. even so it is, father, for such has been thy will. my father has instructed me in every thing: and no one knoweth the son, except the father: nor does any one know the father, except the son, and he to whom the son is pleased to reveal him." Believe in me, all ye that labour under oppression, and I will give you relief. take my yoke upon you, and learn to be meek like me, and of an humble temper: and ye shall enjoy tranquillity of mind. for my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.
Now before the feast of the passover, Jesus perceiving that his hour was come, when he was to pass out of this world, and go to the father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. while they were at supper, (the devil having now put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him) Jesus, though he knew that the father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and was going to God, read more.
rose from supper, laid aside his garment, and took a towel to wrap about him. after that, he poured water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. then coming to Simon Peter, Peter said to him, Lord, what! would you wash my feet? Jesus answered him, you don't at present comprehend what I am about: but hereafter you shall. Peter said to him, you shall never wash my feet. Jesus answered, if I do not cleanse thee, you cannot partake with me. Simon Peter said to him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head. Jesus said to him, he that comes out from bathing has occasion only to wash his feet, the rest of his body being clean: so you are clean, but not every one of you. for he knew who would betray him; therefore, said he, you are not every one of you clean. after he had washed their feet, he took his garment, and setting down again, he said to them, do you comprehend what I have been doing? you call me master, and lord: and you are in the right; for so I am. if I then, tho' lord and master, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet. for I have given you example, that you might behave to one another, as I have to you. I declare unto you, the servant is not greater than his lord, neither he that is sent, greater than he that sent him. if ye comprehend these things, happy are ye if ye put them in practice.
From that time many of his disciples withdrew, and associated no longer with him. upon which Jesus said to the twelve, will not ye likewise go away? but Simon Peter answered, Lord, to whom shall we go? you have the words of eternal life. read more.
and we have believed and we have acknowledged that you are the Christ, the son of God. Jesus answered them, have I not chosen you all twelve, and yet one of you is an avowed enemy? meaning Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that would betray him, altho' he was one of the twelve.
The day following, the people who stay'd on the other side of the sea, perceiving that there had been only that single vessel in which his disciples were embark'd, that Jesus did not embark with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone: (however, there came other barks from Tiberias, nigh the place where they had eaten bread, after the Lord had given thanks.) the people likewise seeing that Jesus was not in those barks, nor his disciples, went on board them, and cross'd to Capernaum in quest of Jesus. read more.
And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, master, when did you arrive here? Jesus answered them, I declare unto you, you seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye had loaves to eat, and were filled. work not for the food which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto everlasting life, and which the son of man shall give unto you, for to him it is that the father, that is God, has given his credentials. then said they to him, what shall we do, that our works may he agreeable to God? Jesus answered them, the work which God requires is to believe on him whom he hath sent. but said they, what miracle then will you let us see to make us believe you? what strange work will you perform? our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, "he gave them bread from heaven to eat." Jesus answer'd, I assure you, Moses did not give you the celestial bread; but my father gives you the true celestial bread. for he who is descended from heaven, and gives life to the world, is the bread that is truely divine. then said they, Lord, evermore give us this bread. Jesus answer'd, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me, shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me, shall never thirst. but I have already told you, that tho' you have seen me, you do not believe. all those whom my father gives me, shall come to me; and I will not reject any that come to me. for I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me. and the will of him who sent me is this, that I should not lose any one of those he has given me, but should raise them again at the last day: this, I say, is the will of him that sent me, that every one who observes the son, and believeth on him, should have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day. The Jews then murmured against him, for having said, "I am the bread which came down from heaven." is not this, said they, Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how comes he then to say, I came down from heaven? Jesus therefore replied, murmur not among your selves. no man can come to me, except the father who hath sent me, conduct him: and I will raise him up at the last day. it is written in the prophets, "they shall be all taught of God." every man therefore that hath heard the father, and been instructed by him, cometh unto me. not that any man hath seen the father, except him who is come from God, he hath seen the father. I declare unto you, he that believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am the bread of life, your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and there they died. but this is the bread which came down from heaven, that he who eats thereof should not die. I am the living bread, that is come down from heaven: whosoever shall eat of this bread, shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. Upon this the Jews disputed among themselves, saying, how can this man give us his flesh to eat? but Jesus answer'd, I assure you, except ye eat the flesh of the son of man, and drink his blood, ye will have no life in you. he that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. for my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. he that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. as the father who is the source of life hath sent me, and I live by the father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. this is that bread which came down from heaven: very different from that manna, which your fathers did eat but died nevertheless: he that eateth of this bread, shall live for ever. These things said Jesus in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum. when many of his disciples, who heard him, said, this is strange doctrine, who can hear it? Jesus perceiving in himself, that his disciples murmured at it, said to them, doth this offend you? what if you should see the son of man ascend up where he was before? it is the action of the mind that vivifies, that of the body profits nothing: the words that I have delivered to you, spiritually understood, give life. but there are some of you who do not believe. (for Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who should betray him.) and he said, therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my father.
The next day after, John was again there with two of his disciples: and seeing Jesus as he walked, he said, "behold the lamb of God." the two disciples hearing this, followed Jesus. read more.
then Jesus turned about, and seeing them following, said, what do you seek? they answered him, rabbi, that is to say master, where do you dwell? come, said he, and see. so they went and saw where he lodged, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour. Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, was one of the two disciples, who had followed Jesus, after they had heard what John had said. the first he met was his own brother Simon, to whom he said, "we have found the Messias," that is to say, the Christ. and he brought him to Jesus. and when Jesus beheld him, he said, "thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas," which is by interpretation, a stone. The day following Jesus having a mind to go into Galilee, met with Philip, and said to him, follow me. now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip meeting with Nathanael, said to him, we have found him of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. but Nathanael said to him, can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? come and see, said Philip. Jesus seeing Nathanael coming, said of him, there's a true Israelite, in whom is no guile. how do you know me? said Nathanael to him. before Philip called you, replied Jesus, I saw you under the fig-tree. Nathanael answered, rabbi, thou art the son of God, thou art the king of Israel. Jesus answered him, because thou believest what I said, that I saw thee under the fig-tree, thou shalt see greater things than these. and he said to him, I declare unto you, hereafter you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending, and descending upon the son of man.
Then a doctor of the law stood up to try him, saying, master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? to whom he answered, how does the law run in that case? what do you find? he replied, 'tis thus, "thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy soul, with all thy strength, and with all thy understanding; and thy neighbour as thy self." read more.
you have answered well, replied Jesus, do this, and you shall live. but he being desirous to clear himself, said to Jesus, but what is meant by our neighbour? to which Jesus answered, a certain man, as he was going from Jerusalem to Jericho, fell among thieves, who stripp'd him, and beat him, then march'd off leaving him half dead. a certain priest happen'd to be travelling that way, who look'd upon him, and then pass'd on. a Levite too came to the same place, gave him a look, and pass'd on. but a certain Samaritan being on the road, came where he was, and when he saw him, he took compassion on him, went up to him, dress'd his wounds by applying oil and wine, then set him upon his own mule, and brought him to an inn, where he took care of him. upon his departure the next day, he took out two denarii, and gave them to the master of the house, take care of him, said he, and I will repay you all the charges you are at, upon my return. which now of the three do you think was neighbour to the man that was robb'd. he, reply'd the doctor, who took pity on him. then said Jesus to him, go then, and imitate his example.
But what do you think of this? a man had two sons, and coming to the first, he said, son, go, work to-day in my vineyard. I won't, said he: but afterward be chang'd his mind, and went. then he came to the other, and bid him do the same. and he answered, yes, sir; but went not. read more.
which of the two obey'd his father? they said, the first. Jesus reply'd, I declare to you, that the publicans and licentious people enter into the gospel kingdom before you.
Jesus propos'd likewise this parable to them, to show that they should persevere in prayer, and not be discouraged. saying, in a certain city there was a judge, who neither feared God, nor regarded man. a widow was likewise there, who frequently came to him, saying, do me justice against my adversary. read more.
for some time he refus'd to do it: but at length he said in himself; tho' I neither fear God, nor regard man; yet, because this widow importunes me, I will do her justice, that she may'nt be continually coming to teaze me. observe, said Jesus, that language of this unrighteous judge. and will not God avenge his own elect, who cry to him night and day? will he delay their cause? I tell you, he will speedily avenge them. however, when the son of man comes, how few of the faithful will he find in the land? Then he propos'd this parable, concerning those who had a great opinion of their own justice, and look'd with contempt upon others. two men went to the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, the other a Publican. the Pharisee in a standing posture pray'd thus by himself, O God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men, a robber, a cheat, an adulterer, or like that Publican. I fast twice a week, and I pay the tythe of all I possess. but the Publican, who stood a good way lower, not daring to lift up even his eyes to heaven, only smote his breast, and said, O God, be merciful to me, who am a sinner. I tell you this man went home approv'd as just, and not the other. for whoever exalteth himself shall be humbled, and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
As Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying out, son of David, have mercy on us. and when he was got into the house, the blind men advanc'd: and Jesus said to them, do ye think I am able to effect this cure? they answer'd, yes, Lord. then he touched their eyes, saying, according to your faith, be it unto you. read more.
and they had their sight: but Jesus gave them a strict charge, saying, take care not to let any man know it: however when they were gone, they spread abroad his fame thro' all that country. At their going out, a demoniac was brought in, who was dumb. and when the devil was cast out, the dumb man came to his speech; at which the people were amazed, saying, nothing like this was ever seen in Israel. but the Pharisees said, he casteth out devils by the authority of the prince of the devils.
Then said Jesus to his disciples, it is impossible but that discouragements should come: but wo to him, who is the occasion of them. it were better for him that a milstone were hang'd about his neck, and he were thrown into the sea, than that he should occasion any innocent person to relapse. take care of your conduct. if your brother offend you, rebuke him, and if he repent, forgive him. read more.
tho' he should offend you seven times in a day, and seven times in the day return to you, saying, I repent, you must forgive him. The Apostles having said to the Lord, increase our faith, he answer'd them, if your faith improv'd like a grain of mustard-seed, you might say to this sycamine-tree, be thou rooted up, and planted in the sea; and it should obey you. Who of you having a servant, that plows, or feeds your cattle, will immediately upon his coming from field, say to him, come and sit at table? won't he rather say, get ready my supper, dress yourself, and wait upon me, till I have done eating and drinking; after that, take your meal? will he think himself oblig'd to that servant for doing what he was order'd? I believe not. so when you have done all that you were commanded to do, say, we are unprofitable servants; we have only done what was our duty to do.
Now his parents went every year to Jerusalem at the paschal feast. when Jesus therefore was twelve years old they went thither, as was customary at the time of that festival. when that was expired, they returned, but the young Jesus staid behind in Jerusalem, without being miss'd either by Joseph or his Mother. read more.
so that they went a whole day's journey, imagining he was somewhere among the company, and then they look'd for him among their relations and acquaintance; but not finding him, they turn'd back to Jerusalem to enquire for him there. three days after they found him in the temple, sitting near the doctors, attending to them and asking them questions. and all that heard him were astonish'd at his understanding and answers. when Joseph and his mother saw him, great was their surprize: and his mother said to him, son, why did you leave us thus? your father and I have been looking for you with great concern. Jesus replied, why were ye so sollicitous about me? don't you know that 'tis my business to be in my father's house? but they did not comprehend the meaning of that expression. However Jesus went down with them to Nazareth, and was subject to them: and his mother kept all these things in her heart. in the mean time Jesus increas'd in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.
The kingdom of the Messiah will then be such, as when ten virgins took their lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom. five of them were wise, and five were foolish. they that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: read more.
but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. while the bridegroom tarried, they were drowsy and slept. and at midnight there was a sudden cry, see the bridegroom comes; go and meet him. then the virgins all arose, and trimmed their lamps. and the foolish said to the wise, give us of your oil, for our lamps are going out. but the wise answered, for fear there should not be enough for us and you, go rather to those that sell; and buy for your selves. and while they were gone to buy, the bridegroom came, and they that were ready, entred with him into the hall, and the door was shut. afterwards came the other virgins likewise, and cry'd, Lord, Lord, pray let us in. but he answered, I assure you, I know you not. watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour. So it was when a man was going to travel into a foreign country, he called his servants, and delivered to them his stock: to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, to every man according to his respective ability, and then set out on his journey. now he that had received five talents, immediately employed them in trade, and gain'd five talents more. so he that had received two, gained likewise other two. but he that had received one, went to dig a hole in the ground, and hid his lord's money. after a long time the lord of those servants came, and reckoned with them. accordingly he that had received five talents, came and brought other five talents, saying, Lord, you delivered to me five talents: besides those, there's five talents more, which I have gain'd. his lord said to him, well done, thou art an honest faithful servant; thou hast been faithful in a small trust, I will give thee a much larger trust; go in and partake of thy master's diversions. he also that had received two talents, came and said, Lord, you delivered to me two talents: here are two other talents which I have gain'd besides them. his lord said to him, well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful in a small trust, I will give thee a much larger trust: go in and partake of your master's joy. then came he who had received the one talent, and said, Lord, I knew that you were a hard man, reaping where you have not sown, and gathering where you have not scattered: fear made me hide the talent under ground: but there you have what is your own. his lord answered and said unto him, thou vile slothful wretch, you knew that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I have not scatter'd: should not you then have lodged my money at the banker's, and so at my return I should have received my own with interest. here, take the talent from him, and give it to him that has the ten. for he that makes use of what he has, shall have more; but if he makes no improvement thereof, it shall be taken from him. take then that worthless fellow, turn him out in the dark, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Now the manner of Christ's birth was this: his mother Mary being promised in marriage to Joseph, before they came together, she became pregnant by the holy Spirit. but Joseph her husband, being a good-natur'd man, and unwilling to expose her to publick shame, he designed to put her away privately. but while he was revolving this in his mind, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, the off-spring of David, don't make any difficulty of taking Mary for thy wife: for her pregnancy is from the holy Spirit. read more.
and she shall be deliver'd of a son, to whom you shall give the name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins. now by these events, that divine prediction of the Prophet had its full accomplishment, when he said, "Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel," that is to say, God our Saviour. Then Joseph being awak'd out of sleep, did as the angel of the Lord directed, and took his wife home, but did not cohabit with her as a wife, before she had-brought forth her first-born son; whom he named JESUS.
For the kingdom of the Messiah is like a family, the master whereof went out early in the morning to hire labourers for his vineyard. having agreed with them for a penny a day, he sent them to his vineyard. he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the market-place, and said to them, read more.
go ye likewise to my vineyard, and I will give you what is reasonable: accordingly they went thither. about the sixth and ninth hour he went out again, and gave the like directions. at last, about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and said to them, why do you stand idling thus all day long? they answer'd him, because we are not hired; go work then. said he, in my vineyard, and I will give you what's reasonable. so when even was come, the master of the vineyard said to his steward, call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last to the first. they then that were hired about the eleventh hour, came and received every man his penny. last of all they came who were hired first, expecting to have received more, but they had only a penny a man, who upon the receipt of it fell a murmuring against the master, and cry'd, these last have work'd but an hour, and you put them upon the level with us, who have born the whole fatigue and heat of the day. but he answered one of them, friend, I do thee no wrong: did not you agree for a penny a day? take your due, and be gone: I will give the last the same I give you. can't I do what I will with my own? because I am bountiful, are you invidious? thus the last shall be first, and the first last: for though many are invited, few have precedence.
One sabbath-day, Jesus went to dine with a Pharisee of the first distinction, where he was strictly observ'd. now there happen'd to be a man just by him, who had a dropsy. Jesus therefore addressing himself to the doctors of the law, and to the Pharisees, said, is it allowable to perform a cure on the sabbath-day? to which they made no answer. read more.
but he laid his hand upon the man, cured him, and dismissed him. Then continuing his discourse, which of you, said he, if his child or his ox fell into a pit, would not immediately draw him out, though it were on the sabbath-day? and they could not tell what to reply to it. Afterwards observing how eager the guests were for the first places, he gave them this instruction: when any one invites you to a wedding, don't put yourself in the highest seat: for fear some person of greater distinction should be a guest, and he that invited you both, should come and bid you give place to him; and you should have the disgrace of taking the lowest seat. but when you are invited, go place your self last; that he, who invited you, when he comes, may say to you, friend, go up higher: and that will do you honour before all the company at table. for he that exalteth himself, shall be humbled, and he that humbleth himself, shall be exalted. Then he said to the Pharisee, that had invited him, when you give a dinner, or a supper, don't call your friends, or your brethren, or kinsmen, or wealthy neighbours; lest they invite you again, and make you a requital. but when you make a feast call the poor, and maimed, the lame and blind: and you shall be happy in not receiving a requital: for you shall be recompenc'd at the resurrection of the just. One of the company hearing that, said to him, happy is he that shall be entertain'd in the kingdom of God. upon which Jesus said, a certain man made a great entertainment; where many were invited. at supper-time he sent his servant to tell the guests to come, because every thing was ready. but they were all of a mind in making some excuse: the first said to him, I have bought a piece of ground, which I must needs go and see: therefore pray excuse me. another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, which I am going to prove: I beg you to excuse me. another said, I have married a wife: 'tis therefore impossible for me to come. so the servant return'd, and related the whole matter to his master, who in resentment said to his servant, go immediately into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring hither the poor, the maimed, the halt, and the blind. at length the servant said, sir, your orders have been executed, and still there is room. the master reply'd, go then to the high-ways and by-paths, and compel them to come in, that my house may be full. for I tell you that not one of those, who were invited, shall taste of my supper.
After this the Lord nominated seventy disciples more, and sent them before by two and two, into all the cities, and towns, where he himself design'd to go. and he said to them, the harvest indeed is great, but the labourers are few: intreat therefore the Lord of the harvest to send forth labourers into his harvest. go then: I send you as lambs among wolves. read more.
carry neither purse, nor bag, nor shoes; neither salute any man by the way. at your entrance into any house, first say, prosperity be to this family. if any be there, who deserve your benediction, it shall have its effect upon them; otherwise, it shall redound to your own advantage. continue in the same house, and eat and drink whatever it affords: for a labourer deserves his wages: therefore don't shift from family to family. when you come to any city, where they receive you, eat without scruple, whatever food is set before you, and heal the sick you find there. tell the inhabitants the kingdom of God is drawing nigh unto them. but when you enter into any city, and they refuse to entertain you, go through the streets, and cry, "we shake off the dust, that sticks to our feet, against you: but take notice, the kingdom of God has been near you." I declare unto you, that the people of Sodom shall be treated with less severity in the day of judgment, than that city. wo unto thee Chorazin; wo unto thee Bethsaida: for if the miracles, which have been wrought among you, had been wrought in Tyre and Sidon, they would long since have lain repenting in sackcloth and ashes. therefore Tyre and Sidon shall be treated with less severity in the day of judgment, than you. and thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to the sky, shall be plung'd into an abyss. he that adheres to you, adheres to me; he that rejects you, rejects me: and he that rejects me, rejecteth him that sent me.
The day following, he went into a city called Nain, accompanied by many of his disciples, and a great crowd of people. as he drew near the gate of the city, there was a dead man just then carrying out to be buried, who was his mother's only son, and she a widow: and many people of the town came with her. when the Lord saw her, he was moved with compassion for her, and said to her, don't weep. read more.
then advancing, he touch'd the bier, and the bearers standing still, he said, young man, arise, I command you. and the deceased sat up, and began to speak, and Jesus delivered him to his mother. all that were present were seized with dread, and glorified God, saying, a great prophet is risen up among us, and God has visited his people. and his fame spread over all Judea and the neighbouring countrys.
there I was in an exstacy on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a loud voice, like the sound of a trumpet, saying, "I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, what you shall see, write in a book, and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia; to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea." and I turned to see from whence the voice came that spake to me. and turning about, I saw seven golden candlesticks; read more.
and in the midst of the seven candlesticks, one who resembled the son of man, cloathed with a garment down to the foot, and girt below the breast with a girdle of gold. his head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; his feet were like fine brass, when glowing in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. in his right hand he held seven stars: out of his mouth went a sharp two-edged sword, and his countenance was as the sun shining in his full glory. as soon as I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead: but he laid his right hand upon me, and said, "Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth; I was dead; but now you see I am alive for all eternity, amen; and I have the keys of the grave, and of death."
but being obliged to pass through Samaria, he came to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near the piece of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore being wearied with his journey, sat him down by the well: it being about the sixth hour. read more.
where a woman of Samaria being come to draw water, Jesus said to her, give me to drink. for his disciples were gone away to the city to buy provisions. but the woman of Samaria said to him, how is it that you who are a Jew, ask drink of me, who am a Samaritan? (for the Jews have no friendly intercourse with the Samaritans.) Jesus answered her, if you knew the dispensation of God, and who it is that says to you, give me to drink; you would have asked of him, and he would have given you living water. sir, said the woman, you have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: whence then can you get that living water? are you wiser than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, as well as his children, and cattle? Jesus answered her, they that drink of this water, will be thirsty again: but whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him, shall never thirst: for the water that I shall give him, shall be in him a fountain springing up to everlasting life. sir, replied the woman, give me this water, that I may never be adry, nor come hither to draw more. go, call your husband, said Jesus, and come again. the woman answered, I have no husband. Jesus replied, you were in the right to say you have no husband: for you have had five husbands, and he whom you now have, is not your husband: in that you said true. the woman said to him, sir, I perceive that you are a prophet. our fathers worshipped upon this mountain; and you say, that Jerusalem is the place where we ought to perform our worship. Jesus said to her, woman, believe me, the time is coming when it shall be neither on this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem that ye shall worship the father. ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is from the Jews. but the time is coming, nay, is very nigh, when the true worshippers shall worship the father in spirit and in truth: for they are the worshippers which he requires. God is a spirit, and they that worship him, must worship him in spirit and in truth. then said the woman to him, I know that the Messias (that is to say the Christ) is to come, and when he is come, he will tell us all things. Jesus said to her, I that am talking with you am he. Upon this his disciples came, and were surpriz'd at his conversing with the woman: yet none of them said, what did you ask her? or, why do you talk with her? the woman then left her water-pot, and went away into the city, and said to the people, come, see a man who told me all that ever I have done: is not this the Christ? so they went out of the city, and came to him. In the mean while his disciples invited him, saying, pray master, eat. but he answered them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of: upon which the disciples said one to another, hath any man brought him any thing to eat? Jesus said to them, my meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work. is it not a common saying, "t'other four months, and then comes harvest?" lift up your eyes now, I say, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest. he that reapeth, receiveth wages, by gathering fruit unto life eternal: that the sower, and the reaper, may both rejoice together. upon this occasion, that saying is verified, "one soweth, and another reapeth." I sent you to reap where you bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and you are entred into their labours. Now many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him, for that testimony which the woman gave him, "he told me all that ever I did." so that when the Samaritans were come to him, they desired him to stay with them: and he stay'd there two days. and many more believed, for having heard him speak himself: and said to the woman, now it is not for what you have said, that we believe: for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the saviour of the world, the Christ.
when Pilate heard of Galilee, he ask'd whether the man were a Galilean. and finding that he belong'd to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was then likewise at Jerusalem. When Herod saw Jesus he was extremely pleased; for he had long desired to see him, having heard much of him, and hoped to see him perform some miracle. read more.
he plyed him therefore with many interrogatories, but Jesus made him no answer, tho' the chief priests and Scribes maintain'd their charge with vehemence. then Herod and his retinue treated him with contempt, and in derision sent him back magnificently dress'd to Pilate. and from that day the enmity that had been between Pilate and Herod ended in friendship.
Six days before the passover Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, who had been dead, and raised to life again. there a supper was provided for him; Martha was in waiting: but Lazarus was one of the guests that sat at table with him. but Mary taking a pound of the oil of spikenard which was very costly, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped them with her hair: so that the house was filled with the odour of the perfume. read more.
whereupon one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, who was to betray him, said, why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, to be given to the poor? this he said, not out of any concern for the poor; but because being purse-bearer he used to pilfer what was in bank. then said Jesus, let her alone: against the day of my burial hath she kept this. the poor you will always have with you; but me you will not always have. a great multitude of Jews knowing that Jesus was there, went thither, not for his sake only, but likewise to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.
The eighth day, when the child was to be circumcised, being come, he was named Jesus, the name, which the angel had given before his conception. At length the time appointed by the law of Moses for the purification of women being accomplish'd, they carried the infant to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, according as his law directs, "every first born male-child shall be consecrated to the Lord." read more.
and to offer the sacrifice prescrib'd by the law, which was a pair of turtle-doves, or two young pidgeons. At that time there dwelt at Jerusalem one Simeon, an honest, religious man, one who expected the appearance of the Messiah, and was endued with the spirit of prophecy. to him it was revealed by the holy spirit, that he should not die till he had seen the Messiah of the Lord. by the divine direction he came into the temple, just as the parents of Jesus were bringing in the child to perform what the law required in his behalf. then he took him up in his arms, and returned thanks to God in these words, "now, Lord, thou wilt grant thy servant a happy death, according to thy promise. for mine eyes have beheld the saviour, whom thou hast provided for all mankind, a light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel." Joseph and the mother of Jesus were surprized to hear such things pronounc'd concerning him. then Simeon gave them his benediction, and said to Mary his mother, "the child you now see, shall occasion many in Israel to fall and rise again; he will be the Object of calumny, which like a dart will pierce even thro' your own soul, that thereby the sincerity of many may be revealed." There was likewise one Anna a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser; she was of a great age, and had liv'd in a married state but seven years ever since she was a virgin: being then a widow of about fourscore and four years old: she was assiduously in the temple, night and day religiously employ'd in fastings and prayers: and happening to come in just at the same time, she likewise express'd her thanks to the lord, and spoke of Jesus to all those, who expected deliverance in Jerusalem.
Jesus being invited to dinner at a certain Pharisee's house, he went home with him, and sat down to table. when a woman of that city, one that had led a loose life, knowing that Jesus was at table in the Pharisee's house, came in with a vial of odoriferous liquor, and stood behind at his feet weeping, bath'd them with her tears, wiped them with her hair, kissed his feet, and poured the perfume upon them. read more.
which the Pharisee, who had invited him, observing, he thus argued with himself, if this man were a prophet, he could not but know that the woman, who is so busy with him, is a person of a loose character. in answer to his doubts, Jesus said, Simon, I have something to say to you. master, said he, lets hear it. A certain creditor had two debtors, the one owed five hundred denarys, and the other fifty. having not wherewithal to pay it, he freely discharged them both of the debt. tell me now, which of the two will love him most? I think, said Simon, he that had the greatest debt remitted to him. you are in the right, said Jesus. and turning to the woman, he said to Simon, do you observe this woman? though I am a guest in your house, you never offer'd me any water for my feet: but she has bath'd my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head. you did not salute me, but this woman, since she came in, has been continually kissing my feet. you did not bestow any oil upon my head; but she has poured her rich perfume upon my feet. wherefore, I tell you, her sins, which are numerous, are forgiven; and that is the reason of all this love: but his love is less, to whom less is forgiven. then he said to her, your sins are forgiven. but they who sat at table with him, began to ask one another, who is this, that pretends even to forgive sins? but he said to the woman, your faith hath saved you: go in peace.
Now one of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, was there, a ruler of the Jews: who came to Jesus by night, and said to him, rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher sent from God: for no man can perform the miracles that you do, except God be with him. Jesus answered him, I declare unto thee, except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. read more.
Nicodemus replied, how can a man be born when he is old? can he enter into his mother, and be born a second time? Jesus answered, I tell thee, except a man be renewed by the spiritual baptism, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. the cleansing of the body is only external, but the purification of the spirit is spiritual. be not surprized that I said to thee, you must be born again. the wind bloweth where it listeth, and you hear the sound thereof, but cannot tell whence it comes, or whither it goes: such is the change in every one that is renewed by the spirit. Nicodemus answered, how can that be? Jesus answered him, are you a doctor in Israel, and not know these things? I declare unto thee, we speak what we know, and testify what we have seen; but you do not receive our testimony. if you don't believe when I tell you what is plain, how should you believe, if I tell you of things more sublime? for no man hath penetrated into the secrets of heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the son of man, who is in heaven. but as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the son of man be lifted up: that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have eternal life. for God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have eternal life. for God sent not his son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. he that believeth on him, shall not be condemned: but he that believeth not, is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the only begotten son of God. and this is the subject of their condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men have loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. for every one that doth evil, hateth the light, and shunneth the light, lest his deeds should be reproved. but he that doth right, cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, because they are agreeable to the will of God.
And Jesus went about all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing diseases and disorders of every kind. but when he saw how the multitude were fatigued and dispers'd like so many sheep without their Pastors, he was moved with compassion, and said to his disciples, the harvest indeed is plentiful, but the labourers are few: read more.
entreat therefore the Lord of the harvest, to send forth labourers into his harvest.
Soon after this, Mary departed, and made an expeditious journey to a city of Juda, in the mountains: where entring into the house of Zacharias, she saluted Elizabeth. no sooner had Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, but the babe leap'd within her: read more.
and Elizabeth divinely inspired, broke out into this acclamation. "Blessed mother of the most blessed offspring! what an honour is this, that I should be visited by the mother of our Lord! no sooner did the sound of your salutation strike mine ear, than the babe leap'd within me for joy. blessed is she that has believed; for what she has heard from the Lord, shall be accomplished." Then Mary said, "my soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my saviour, for he hath regarded the low estate of his servant: and future ages shall proclaim me blessed. the almighty hath distinguish'd me by the greatest marks of favour: his name be for ever reverenc'd. his mercy is on them that fear him, from generation to generation. he hath displayed the strength of his arm, and has confounded the proud by the devices of their hearts. he has cast down princes from their thrones, and exalted those of low degree, the needy he has furnished with plentiful enjoyments, and the rich he has reduced to poverty. he has taken Israel his servant into his protection, in pursuance of the mercy, which he promised to our forefathers, to Abraham, and to his posterity for ever." Now Mary stay'd about three months with Elizabeth, and then return'd to her own house.
When they were gone, an angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, take the infant and his mother, flee into Egypt, and don't stir thence till I order you, for Herod will endeavour to have the child destroy'd. Joseph therefore arose, took the infant and his mother by night, and fled into Egypt: where he stay'd till the death of Herod: so that what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, saying, "Out of Egypt have I called my son," was then fulfill'd. read more.
Then Herod perceiving he was abused by the Magi, was full of indignation, and sent a detachment who slew all the children that were in Bethlehem and its territory, being under the age of two years, according to the limited time he had learnt of the Magi. Then was fulfilled that passage of Jeremy the prophet, "In Rama was a cry heard, weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not." But after the death of Herod, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, arise, take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they who attempted the life of the infant are dead. then he arose, and took the child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel. but when he heard that Archelaus reigned in Judea, in the room of his father Herod, he was apprehensive of going thither, till having had a divine warning in a dream, he retired into the district of Galilee: and went to dwell in a town called Nazareth, so that those words of one of the prophets were fulfill'd, "He shall be called a Nazarene."
Afterwards Jesus went to Bethsaida, where they presented to him a blind man, whom they entreated Jesus to touch. then taking the blind man by the hand, he led him out of town, when applying his spittle to the man's eyes, and laying his hands upon him, he ask'd if he saw any thing. so looking up, he said, I see men; for by their walking I distinguish them from trees. read more.
then he put his hands upon his eyes, and made him look again. and his sight was so well recovered, he could see distinctly. so he sent him home, with a charge not to go into the town, nor mention it to any body belonging to that place.
In the beginning was the Logos, and the Logos was with God, and the Logos was God. the same was in the beginning with God. all things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made. read more.
the Life was produc'd in him, and the Life was the Light of men. and the Light shineth in darkness, but the darkness did not receive it. There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. he came as a witness, to represent what he knew of the light, that by his means all might be convinc'd. he was not that Light, but was sent to testify of that light. HE was the true Light who came into the world, to enlighten every man. he was in the world, even the world that had been made by him, but the world knew him not. he came unto his own, and his own received him not. but to as many as received him, and believed on him, he granted the privilege of being the sons of God. a birth which they had not from circumcision, nor from the constitution of the body, nor the institution of man, but from God. The Logos became incarnate, and had his tabernacle among us, being full of grace and truth; and we contemplated his glory, such glory as the Monogenes derived from the father. it was of him that John bare witness, when he made this declaration, "this was he of whom I said, he that cometh after me, was before me; for he did indeed exist before me." and of his Plenitude have we all received, even abundant grace. the law indeed was delivered by Moses, but grace and truth was the dispensation of Jesus Christ. no man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten son, who is intimate with the father, hath made him known.
Then Mary said, "my soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my saviour, for he hath regarded the low estate of his servant: and future ages shall proclaim me blessed. read more.
the almighty hath distinguish'd me by the greatest marks of favour: his name be for ever reverenc'd. his mercy is on them that fear him, from generation to generation. he hath displayed the strength of his arm, and has confounded the proud by the devices of their hearts. he has cast down princes from their thrones, and exalted those of low degree, the needy he has furnished with plentiful enjoyments, and the rich he has reduced to poverty. he has taken Israel his servant into his protection, in pursuance of the mercy, which he promised to our forefathers, to Abraham, and to his posterity for ever."
Three days after, there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee; where the mother of Jesus was present. as likewise Jesus and his disciples, who were all invited to the feast. now when the wine was out, the mother of Jesus said to him, they have no wine. read more.
Jesus answer'd her, woman, leave that affair to me, is not that my concern? upon which his mother bid the servants do whatever he should order. now there were six cisterns of stone plac'd there for the use of the Jews in their purifications, containing two or three firkins a-piece. these Jesus order'd the waiters to fill with water. so they filled them up to the brim. now fill out, said he, and carry it to the steward of the feast, which accordingly they did. as soon as the steward had tasted the water that was made wine, (for he did not know whence it came, but the servants who drew the water knew it,) he called the bridegroom, and said to him, 'tis usual to present the best wine first, and afterwards the worse, when the guests have drank pretty freely: but you have reserved the best wine to the last. thus was the first miracle of Jesus wrought at Cana in Galilee, by which he displayed his power; and his disciples believed on him. After this he went down to Capernaum, in company with his mother, his brethren, and his disciples: but they stay'd there only a few days.
In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin contracted to a man; whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. and the virgin's name was Mary. the angel, upon his arrival, said to her; "Hail, favorite of heaven, the Lord is with thee: thou happiest of thy sex." read more.
Mary was surpriz'd at the voice of such an appearance, and wonder'd what the meaning of this salutation should be. but the angel said to her, "Mary, be not afraid: for you are the object of divine favour. you shall be now pregnant, and be delivered of a son, whom you shall name JESUS. he shall be great, he shall be the son of the most high. the Lord God shall give him the throne of his father David. he shall reign over the house of Jacob, and of his kingdom there shall be no end." Then said Mary to the angel, what shall this be without any intercourse with man? the angel answered her, "the holy spirit shall descend upon thee, and the power of the most high shall over-shadow thee: wherefore thy holy offspring shall be called the son of God. even your cousin Elizabeth, as old as she is, is become pregnant with a son: she, who was stiled barren, is now in her sixth month; for nothing is impossible to God." then said Mary, "behold the servant of the Lord, be it unto me according to thy word." upon which the angel disappeared.
As Jesus was pursuing his journey from Jericho, one Zaccheus, a rich man, and collector-general of the customs, was very desirous to see the person of Jesus, but could not for the crowd, he being of a low stature. read more.
so he ran before, and climb'd up a mulberry-tree to view him; for he was to pass that way. as soon as Jesus came at the place, he look'd up, and seeing him, Zaccheus, said he, make haste down; for I intend to dine at your house to-day. so down he came in great haste, and gave Jesus a joyful reception. upon seeing this, they all murmur'd, saying, he is going to be treated by a dissolute person. but Zaccheus address'd himself to Jesus, and said, Lord, half my estate I give to the poor; and if I have wrong'd any man, I will give him four times the value. then said Jesus, speaking of him, this day is salvation come to this family, since he is now become a true son of Abraham. for the son of man is come to seek, and to save that which was lost.
One day Jesus had been praying in a certain place, and as soon as he had done, one of his disciples said to him, instruct us about prayer, as John the baptist instructed his disciples. he said therefore to them, when ye pray, say, "our father, which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. thy kingdom come. thy will be done, on earth, as in heaven. give us every day our portion of bread. read more.
and forgive us our sins: since we forgive every one that has offended us. and leave us not under temptation, but deliver us from the evil one." Then he said to them, suppose any of you should go to his friend at midnight; and say to him, friend, lend me three loaves: for a friend of mine, a traveller, is come to my house, and I have nothing to entertain him with. and he within should give this answer, don't trouble me now: the door is made fast, and my family are all in bed: I can't get up to supply you. I tell you, tho' he will not rise, to supply him, out of friendship: yet out of regard to his importunity, he will rise, and lend him whatever he has occasion for. I tell you likewise, ask, and it shall be given: seek, and ye shall find: knock, and the door shall be opened. for every one that asketh, receives: he that seeketh, finds: and he that knocks has admittance. what father among you would give his son a stone, when he asketh for bread? or if for a fish, instead of a fish would he give him a serpent? or instead of an egg will he offer him a scorpion? if ye then, wicked as ye are, know how to give what is proper to your children: how much more shall your heavenly father give the holy spirit to them that ask him?
In that country there were shepherds lying in the open fields, taking their turns to watch the stock in the night; when all of a sudden an angel of the Lord appear'd to them, and a heavenly light shone about them, at which they were greatly affrighted. but the angel said to them, be not afraid, I am only come to bring you great news, which will be matter of joy to you and to the whole world. read more.
for the Lord Messiah your saviour is this day born, in the city of David: and by this sign shall you know him; you will find the babe swathed, lying in a manger. All of a sudden an army of celestial beings join'd the angel, singing praises to God, and saying, "glory to God in the heavens, and to men on earth felicity in the divine favour." As soon as the angels retired back to heaven, the shepherds said to one another, let us go to Bethlehem, to see the fact, of which the Lord inform'd us. accordingly they hasted thither, and found Mary and Joseph with the babe lying in the manger. when they had seen him, they divulged what the angel had told them concerning this child. and all that heard of it, were surprized at what the shepherds related. but Mary considered these things very attentively, and weigh'd every circumstance in her mind, while the shepherds return'd, glorifying and praising God, for having heard and seen every thing exactly as the angel inform'd them.
When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the reign of king Herod, certain eastern Magi came to Jerusalem, with this enquiry, Where is this king of the Jews who is now born? for we have seen his rising star, and are come to pay him homage. when king Herod heard these things, he was alarm'd, and all Jerusalem with him. read more.
and having assembled all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he enquired of them where Christ was to be born. they answered him, in Bethlehem of Judea: for these are the words of the prophet; "And thou Bethlehem in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor that shall rule my people Israel." Then Herod having privately sent for the Magi, enquired of them the exact time when the star appeared. and he sent them to Bethlehem, go, said he, make an exact enquiry about the young child, and when ye have found him, let me know it, that I too may come and pay my adorations to him. in obedience to the king, they departed, and immediately the star which they saw in the east, moved on before them, till it came to the place where the infant was, and then stood still. when they observ'd this of the star, they were extreamly well pleas'd. and entring into the house, they saw the infant with Mary his mother, and prostrating themselves, they worshipped him: then opening their treasures, they presented him with gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. but being divinely warn'd in a dream, not to go back to Herod, they returned into their own country another way.
He proposed likewise this parable: a certain man had a fig-tree planted in his vineyard, and he came expecting it should have had fruit, but he found none. then he said to the vine-dresser, you see, I have been looking these three years for fruit from this fig-tree, but find none: hew it down, why should it cumber my ground? to which he made answer, sir, let it alone one year longer, till I shall dig about it, and dung it. read more.
perhaps it may bear fruit: if not, you may after that hew it down.
Then the blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them:
After this Jesus went about, preaching to every city and village, proclaiming the reign of the Messias, attended by his twelve apostles, and several women, who had been delivered from evil spirits and cured of their diseases: particularly Mary Magdalene, who had been dispossess'd of seven demons: Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's high-steward: Susanna, and several others, who assisted him with their fortunes.
At that time, Cesar Augustus published an edict, to make a register of the Roman empire. (this register was made before Quirinus was prefect of Syria.) all went to be registred, every one to his native city. read more.
so Joseph departed from Nazareth in Galilee, and went into Judea to the city of David, called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and linage of David, in order to be registred with Mary, his espoused wife, who was then big with child. now while they were there, the time came for her to be delivered. and being brought to bed of her first born, she swathed him, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.
after that, he was seen by above five hundred brethren at once: of whom the greater part remain alive to this day, but some are now dead.
The eighth day, when the child was to be circumcised, being come, he was named Jesus, the name, which the angel had given before his conception.
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