1 Jesus began speaking to them [i.e., to the leading priests and experts in the law of Moses (See 11:
1 (A)And He began to speak to them in parables: “(B)A man (C)planted a vineyard and put a (a)wall around it, and dug a vat under the wine press and built a tower, and rented it out to (b)vine-growers and went on a journey.
1 And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
1 Then(A) He began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard,(B) put a fence around it, dug out a pit for a winepress, and built a watchtower. Then he leased it to tenant farmers and went away.
1 Then Jesus began to speak to them in parables. "A man planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a pit for the wine press, and built a watchtower. Then he leased it to tenant farmers and went abroad.
2 And when the [grape harvest] season came, the owner of the farm sent a slave to the tenant farmers asking them to deliver the grape crop [to him].
2 At the harvest time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, in order to receive some of the produce of the vineyard from the vine-growers.
2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
2 At the right time, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect from them a share of the produce from the vineyard.
3 But they took the slave and beat him and sent him away empty handed.
3 They took him, and beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
3 And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.
3 But the farmers grabbed the servant, beat him, and sent him back empty-handed.
4 Again the owner of the farm sent another slave, whom they wounded in the head and shamefully abused.
4 Again he sent them another slave, and they wounded him in the head, and treated him shamefully.
4 And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.
4 Again, the man sent another servant to them. They beat the servant over the head and treated him shamefully.
5 He sent [still] another slave, whom they killed. He continued sending many more slaves; they beat some and killed others.
5 And he sent another, and that one they killed; and so with many others, beating some and killing others.
5 And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.
5 Then he sent another, and they killed that one. He also sent many others; they beat some and they killed some.
5 Then the man sent another, and that one they killed. So it was with many other servants. Some of these they beat, and others they killed.
6 The owner had one more person [left to send], his dearly loved son. [So] he sent him to them last of all, reasoning to himself, ' [Surely] they will treat my son with respect.'
6 He had one more to send, a beloved son; he sent him last of all to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
6 Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.
6 He still had one more person to send, a son whom he loved. Finally, he sent him to them, saying, "They will respect my son.'
7 But the tenant farmers said to one another, 'This is the heir [to the vineyard]. Come on, let us kill him and then the inheritance will be ours.'
7 But those vine-growers said to one another, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours!’
7 But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours.
7 “But those tenant farmers said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours!’
7 But those farmers told one another, "This is the heir. Come on, let's kill him, and the inheritance will be ours!'
8 So they took him and killed him and threw his body out of the vineyard.
8 They took him, and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard.
8 And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
8 So they seized him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard.
8 So they grabbed him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard.
9 What do you think the owner of the vineyard will do [when he gets back]?" Jesus asked. [Then He continued], "He will come and kill those tenant farmers and give the vineyard to other people.
9 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.
9 "Now what will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come, execute the farmers, and give the vineyard to others.
10 Have you never read this Scripture [Psa. 118:22-23], 'The building block rejected by the builders is the same [one] that was made the principal stone by which the entire building was aligned.
10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:
10 Haven't you ever read this Scripture: "The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.
11 This was planned by the Lord and is a marvelous thing to us'?"
11 This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
11 This was the Lord's doing, and it is amazing in our eyes'?"
12 And they [i.e., the leading priests and experts in the Law of Moses] attempted to arrest Jesus, but [hesitated because] they feared what the crowd might do, for they understood that He was speaking the parable against them. So, they left Him and went away.
12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.
12 Because they knew He had said this parable against them, they were looking for a way to arrest Him, but they were afraid of the crowd. So they left Him and went away.
12 They were trying to arrest him but were afraid of the crowd. Realizing that he had spoken this parable against them, they left him alone and went away.
13 Then the Pharisees sent certain ones of their number [See Matt. 22:15-16] along with the Herodians [Note: This refers to members of a political party favoring King Herod] to attempt to trap Him by what He said.
13 And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.
13 Then they sent some Pharisees and some Herodians to him, intending to trap him in what he said.
14 And when they arrived, they said to Him, "Teacher, we know that you are sincere, and [that you] do not care for [i.e., do not fear or give in to] anyone. For you do not allow [the position of] any person to influence you, but teach the truth about God's way. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?
14 They *came and *said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are truthful and (e)defer to no one; for You are not partial to any, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it (f)lawful to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?
14 And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?
14 When they came, they said to Him, “Teacher, we know You are truthful and defer to no one, for You don’t show partiality(g)(S) but teach truthfully the way of God. Is it lawful to pay taxes(T) to Caesar or not?
14 They came and told him, "Teacher, we know that you are sincere. You don't favor any individual, because you pay no attention to external appearance. Rather, you teach the way of God truthfully. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not? Should we pay them or shouldn't we?"
15 Should we pay it, or should we not pay it?" But Jesus was aware of their hypocrisy and said to them, "Bring me the coin so I can see it." [Note: The amount of this coin was equivalent to one day of a farm laborer's pay, or about $60-$84 in 1994].
15 Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it.
15 Seeing through their hypocrisy, Jesus replied to them, "Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius and let me look at it."
16 So, they brought it to Him and He said to them, "Whose image and inscription [are on this coin]?" And they answered Him, "Caesar's."
16 They brought one. And He *said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” And they said to Him, “Caesar’s.”
16 And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar's.
16 So they brought one. Then he asked them, "Whose face and name are on this?" They told him, "Caesar's."
17 Then Jesus replied to them, "Pay to Caesar whatever belongs to Caesar and pay to God whatever belongs to God." And they greatly marveled at Him.
17 And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.
17 So Jesus told them, "Give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." And they were utterly amazed at him.
18 or, to the people (See Luke 20:9)] by using parables. He said, "A man planted a vineyard and built a fence around it. He dug a place for constructing a grape squeezing device, built a [lookout] tower [near it], then leased it out to tenant farmers and went to another country.
18 Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,
18 Then some Sadducees, who claim there is no resurrection, came to Jesus and asked him,
19 Then some Sadducees, [the ones] who say there is no resurrection [of the dead], came and asked Him,
19 Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
19 “Teacher,(AE) Moses(AF) wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, leaves his wife behind, and leaves no child,(AG) his brother should take the wife(AH) and produce offspring for his brother.(AI)(h)
19 "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies and leaves a wife but no child, he should marry the widow and have children for his brother.
20 "Teacher, Moses wrote to us [Deut. 25:5] that if a man's brother dies, leaving his widow behind without having had any children, his brother should marry his widow and father children by her. These children would then be considered his [dead] brother's.
20 There were seven brothers; and the first took a wife, and died leaving no children.
20 Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.
20 There were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and dying, left no offspring.
20 There were seven brothers. The first one married and died without having children.
21 [Now] there were [these] seven brothers; the first one got married, but when he died he left no children behind.
21 And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise.
21 The second also took her, and he died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise.
21 Then the second married her and died without having children, and so did the third.
22 So, the second one married his widow, and at his death he too left no children behind. Then the third one did the same thing.
22 And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also.
22 None of the seven left any children. Last of all, the woman died, too.
23 All seven left no children [behind when they died]. Finally, the woman also passed away.
23 In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.
23 In the resurrection, whose wife will she be, since all seven had married her?"
24 [Now] whose wife will she be in the resurrected state, for all seven [brothers] were married to her?"
24 And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?
24 Jesus answered them, "Aren't you mistaken because you don't know the Scriptures or God's power?
25 Jesus said to them, "Is not this the reason that you are [so] mistaken, that you do not know [what] the Scriptures [teach] or [how much] power God has?
25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.
25 For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.
25 When people rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage but are like the angels in heaven.
26 For when people rise from the dead, men do not get married, and women are not given away in marriage, but [all] are like angels in heaven.
26 But (o)regarding the fact that the dead rise again, have you not read in the book of Moses, (N)in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘(O)I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?
26 And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?
26 Now concerning the dead being raised—haven’t you read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him: I(AQ) am the God of Abraham(AR) and the God of Isaac(AS) and the God of Jacob?(AT)(l)
26 As for the dead being raised, haven't you read in the book of Moses, in the story about the bush, how God said, "I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'?
27 But concerning those who are raised from the dead, have you never read in the book of Moses, in the incident about the bush, how God spoke to him, saying [Ex. 3:6], 'I am Abraham's God, and Isaac's God, and Jacob's God?'
27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.
27 He is not God of the dead but of the living. You are badly deceived.”
27 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are badly mistaken!"
28 [So], He is not God to those who are dead, but [He is] God to those who are alive. You are seriously mistaken."
28 And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?
28 Then one of the scribes came near and heard the Sadducees arguing with one another. He saw how well Jesus answered them, so he asked him, "Which commandment is the most important of them all?"
29 Then one of the experts in the law of Moses [Note: Matt. 22:34 identifies him as being a Pharisee also], came and heard Jesus and the Sadducees discussing together [i.e., the subject of the resurrection], and knowing that Jesus had refuted the Sadducees successfully, asked Him, "Which commandment is foremost, above all the others?"
29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
29 Jesus answered, "The most important is, "Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord,
30 And Jesus answered, "The foremost one is this [Deut. 6:4-5], 'Hear this, you Israelites, the Lord our God is the only Lord,
30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.
30 and you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.'
31 and you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind and with all your strength.'
31 And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
31 The second is this: "You must love your neighbor as yourself.' No other commandment is greater than these."
32 The second one is this, 'You must love your neighbor the same way that you love yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these [i.e., love for God and man]."
32 And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:
32 Then the scribe told him, "Well said, Teacher! You have told the truth that "God is one, and there is no other besides him.'
33 The expert in the law of Moses said to Jesus, "Truly, Teacher, you are right in saying that God is [the only] one and that there is no other God but Him.
33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.
33 And to love(BH) Him with all your heart, with all your understanding,(s) and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself, is far more important than all the burnt offerings and sacrifices.”(BI)
33 To love him with all your heart, with all your understanding, and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself is more important than all the burnt offerings and sacrifices."
34 And that to love Him with all one's heart, with all one's understanding, and with all one's strength, and to love one's neighbor the same way he loves himself, are far more [important] than all the burnt offerings and sacrifices [in the world]."
34 And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.
34 When Jesus saw how wisely the man answered, he told him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God." After that, no one dared to ask him another question.
35 When Jesus saw that this man answered wisely, He said to him, "You are not [very] far from the kingdom of God." And after that, no one dared to ask Him any more questions.
35 And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David?
35 While Jesus was teaching in the Temple, he asked, "How can the scribes say that the Messiah is David's son?
36 As Jesus was teaching in the Temple, He responded [to some Pharisees. See Matt. 22:41] by asking, "How is it that the experts in the law of Moses can say that the Christ is the son of David?
36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
36 David himself said by the Holy Spirit, "The Lord told my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet."'
37 [It was] David himself [who] said by [inspiration of] the Holy Spirit [Psa. 110:1], 'The Lord [i.e., God] said to my [i.e., David's] Lord [i.e., Jesus], sit at my right side until I make your enemies the footrest [i.e., in subjection] under your feet.'
37 David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly.
37 David himself calls Him ‘Lord’; how then can the Messiah be his Son?” And the large crowd was listening to Him with delight.
37 David himself calls him "Lord,' so how can he be his son?" And the large crowd kept listening to him with delight.
38 David himself called Him [i.e., Jesus] Lord, so how could He be his son?" And the large crowd listened to Him with pleasure.
38 And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces,
38 As he taught, he said, "Beware of the scribes! They like to walk around in long robes, to be greeted in the marketplaces,
39 In His teaching Jesus said, "Look out for the experts in the law of Moses, who like to walk around in long [flowing] robes and to receive special greetings at the open shopping markets
39 and chief seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets,
39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:
39 and to have the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.
40 and to occupy the principal seats in the synagogues and the head places at dinner tables.
40 Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
40 They devour widows' houses and say long prayers to cover it up. They will receive greater condemnation!"
41 They consume widows' houses [i.e., by foreclosing on them] and [then] cover it up by offering lengthy prayers. These people will receive a more severe judgment."
41 And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much.
41 As Jesus sat facing the offering box, he watched how the crowd was dropping their money into it. Many rich people were dropping in large amounts.
42 Then Jesus sat down over near the [Temple] treasury and watched how the crowd was throwing money into the treasury [Note: This "treasury" was a large open-mouthed container used for receiving offerings for meeting expenses of Temple upkeep]. Many rich people were throwing in lots of money.
42 And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.
42 Then a destitute widow came and dropped in two small copper coins, worth about a cent.
43 A poor widow came and threw in two small copper coins [Note: These two coins each amounted to about ten minutes' worth of a farm laborer's pay, or about one dollar in 1994]. The total she gave was equivalent to a larger coin [i.e., worth twice as much].
43 And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury:
43 He called his disciples and told them, "I tell all of you with certainty, this destitute widow has dropped in more than everyone who is contributing to the offering box,
44 Jesus called His disciples to Him and said to them, "Truly I tell you, this poor widow has thrown in more than all the rest who are throwing [money] into the treasury.
44 For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living.
44 because all of them contributed out of their surplus, but out of her poverty she has given everything she had to live on."
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