Laws of Holiness
1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to the entire Israelite community and tell them: Be holy(A) because I, Yahweh your God, am holy.(B)
3 “Each of you is to respect his mother and father.(C) You are to keep My Sabbaths; I am Yahweh your God. 4 Do not turn to idols(D) or make cast images(E) of gods for yourselves;(F) I am Yahweh your God.
5 “When you offer a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord, sacrifice it so that you may be accepted. 6 It is to be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day, but what remains on the third day must be burned up.(G) 7 If any is eaten on the third day, it is a repulsive thing; it will not be accepted.(H) 8 Anyone who eats it will bear his punishment, for he has profaned what is holy to the Lord. That person must be cut off from his people.(I)
9 “When you reap the harvest of your land, you are not to reap to the very edge of your field or gather the gleanings(J) of your harvest. 10 You must not strip your vineyard bare or gather its fallen grapes. Leave them for the poor(K) and the foreign resident;(L) I am Yahweh your God.
11 “You must not steal.(M) You must not act deceptively(N) or lie(O) to one another. 12 You must not swear falsely by My name, profaning the name of your God;(P) I am Yahweh.
13 “You must not oppress(Q) your neighbor or rob(R) him. The wages due a hired hand(S) must not remain with you until morning. 14 You must not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind,(T) but you are to fear your God;(U) I am Yahweh.(V)
15 “You must not act unjustly(W) when deciding a case. Do not be partial(X) to the poor or give preference to the rich;(Y) judge your neighbor fairly. 16 You must not go about spreading slander(Z) among your people; you must not jeopardize(a) your neighbor’s life; I am Yahweh.
17 “You must not harbor hatred against your brother.(b)(AA) Rebuke your neighbor directly, and you will not incur guilt because of him.(AB) 18 Do not take revenge(AC) or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself;(AD) I am Yahweh.
19 “You are to keep My statutes. You must not crossbreed two different kinds of your livestock, sow your fields with two kinds of seed, or put on a garment made of two kinds of material.(AE)
20 “If a man has sexual intercourse with a woman who is a slave designated for another man, but she has not been redeemed(AF) or given her freedom, there must be punishment.(c) They are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed. 21 However, he must bring a ram as his restitution offering to the Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting.(AG) 22 The priest will make atonement on his behalf before the Lord with the ram of the restitution offering for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven for the sin he committed.
23 “When you come into the land and plant any kind of tree for food, you are to consider the fruit forbidden.(d) It will be forbidden to you for three years; it is not to be eaten. 24 In the fourth year all its fruit must be consecrated as a praise offering(AH) to the Lord. 25 But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. In this way its yield will increase for you;(AI) I am Yahweh your God.
26 “You are not to eat anything with blood in it.(e)(AJ) You are not to practice divination(AK) or sorcery.(AL) 27 You are not to cut off the hair at the sides of your head or mar the edge of your beard.(AM) 28 You are not to make gashes on your bodies for the dead(AN) or put tattoo marks on yourselves; I am Yahweh.
29 “Do not debase(f)(AO) your daughter by making her a prostitute,(AP) or the land will be prostituted and filled with depravity. 30 You must keep My Sabbaths and revere My sanctuary;(AQ) I am Yahweh.
31 “Do not turn to mediums(g)(AR) or consult spiritists,(h)(AS) or you will be defiled by them; I am Yahweh your God.
32 “You are to rise in the presence of the elderly and honor the old.(AT) Fear your God; I am Yahweh.
33 “When a foreigner lives with you in your land, you must not oppress(AU) him. 34 You must regard the foreigner who lives with you as the native-born among you. You are to love him as yourself,(AV) for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt;(AW) I am Yahweh your God.
35 “You must not be unfair(AX) in measurements of length, weight, or volume. 36 You are to have honest balances,(AY) honest weights, an honest dry measure,(i) and an honest liquid measure;(j)(AZ) I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 37 You must keep all My statutes and all My ordinances and do them; I am Yahweh.”
a. Leviticus 19:16: Lit not stand against
b. Leviticus 19:17: Or your fellow Israelite
c. Leviticus 19:20: Or compensation
d. Leviticus 19:23: Lit uncircumcised
e. Leviticus 19:26: Or [anything] over its blood
f. Leviticus 19:29: Lit profane
g. Leviticus 19:31: Or spirits of the dead
h. Leviticus 19:31: Or familiar spirits
i. Leviticus 19:36: Lit honest ephah; an ephah is a dry measure of grain equivalent to about 23 quarts.
j. Leviticus 19:36: Lit honest hin; a hin is a liquid measure of about 1 gallon.
J. Leviticus 19:9: Leviticus 23:22; Deuteronomy 24:19-22; Ruth 2:2-7; Ruth 2:15-19; Ruth 2:23; Isaiah 17:5
N. Leviticus 19:11: Proverbs 30:9; Isaiah 30:9; Isaiah 59:13; Jeremiah 5:12; Jeremiah 7:3; Jeremiah 9:2; Jeremiah 10:13; Nahum 3:1; Habakkuk 3:17
O. Leviticus 19:11: Genesis 21:23; Exodus 20:16; Psalm 44:18; Psalm 89:34; Isaiah 63:8; Ephesians 4:25
S. Leviticus 19:13: Exodus 12:45; Exodus 22:14; Leviticus 22:10; Leviticus 25:6; Leviticus 25:40; Leviticus 25:50; Leviticus 25:53; Isaiah 7:20; Jeremiah 46:21; Ezekiel 18:7; Malachi 3:5
Z. Leviticus 19:16: Psalm 15:3; Jeremiah 6:28; Jeremiah 9:4; Luke 6:22; 2 Corinthians 6:8; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Ephesians 4:31; Colossians 3:8; 1 Peter 2:1; 1 Peter 4:4
AD. Leviticus 19:18: Proverbs 17:17; Matthew 5:43; Matthew 22:39; Mark 12:31; Luke 10:27; Romans 13:9
AL. Leviticus 19:26: Deuteronomy 18:10; Deuteronomy 18:14; Judges 9:37; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Isaiah 2:6; Isaiah 57:3; Jeremiah 27:9
AM. Leviticus 19:27: Leviticus 21:5; Deuteronomy 14:1; Jeremiah 41:5; Jeremiah 48:37; Ezekiel 5:1-5; Ezekiel 44:20
AY. Leviticus 19:36: Amos 8:5