Deuteronomy 1:6-Deuteronomy 3:29 - Historical Prologue
6 Yahweh our God, spake unto us in Horeb, saying, Long enough, have ye dwelt in this mountain: 7 Turn ye and set yourselves forward, and enter into the hill country of the Amorites, and into all the places near, in the plain, in the mountain, and in the lowland, and in the south, and in the coast of the sea, - the land of Canaan and the Lebanon, as far as the great river, the river Euphrates. 8 See! I have set before you the land, - enter and possess the land, which, Yahweh sware unto your fathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give unto them, and unto their seed, after them.
9 So spake unto you, at that time saying, I am unable, by myself, to carry you. 10 Yahweh your God hath multiplied you, and here ye are to-day, like the stars of the heavens for multitude. 11 Yahweh, the God of your fathers, be adding unto you the like of you, a thousand times, - and bless you, as he hath spoken unto you! 12 How should I carry by myself the fatigue of you and the burden of you and your controversies? 13 Set forth for you - men wise and discerning, and known to your tribes, - that I may appoint them to be heads over you.
14 And ye answered me, - and said, Good, is the word which thou hast spoken to be done.
15 So I took heads for your tribes wise men and known, and placed them as heads over you, captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds, and captains of fifties and captains of tens, and overseers for your tribes. 16 And I charged your judges, at that time, saying, - Ye are to hear between your brethren and shall judge righteously, between each magi and his brother and his sojourner. 17 Ye shall not take note of faces in judgment - so the small as the great, shall ye hear, ye shall not shrink from the face of any man, for judgment, unto God, belongeth, - but the thing which is too hard for you, shall ye bring near unto me, and I will hear it. 18 So I commanded you at that time all the things which ye should do.
19 And when we brake up from Horeb, we came through all that great and terrible desert which ye saw, by way of the hill-country of the Amorites, as Yahweh our God commanded us, - and we entered in as far as Kadesh-barnea. 20 Then said I unto you, - Ye are come in as far as the hill-country of the Amorites, which Yahweh our God, is giving unto us. 21 See thou - Yahweh thy God hath set before thee the land, - go up - take possession as Yahweh the God of thy fathers hath spoken unto thee, do not fear, neither be dismayed.
22 And ye came near unto me all of you, and said Let us send men before us, that they may search out for us the land, - and bring us back word, the way by which we must go up, and the cities whereinto we must enter, 23 And the thing, was good in mine eyes, - so I took from among you twelve men, one man for each tribe. 24 And they turned and went up the hill-country, and entered in as far as the ravine of Eshcol, and explored it. 25 And they took in their hand of the fruit of the country, and bare it down unto us, and brought us back word, and said, Good is the land, which Yahweh our God, is giving unto us.
26 Nevertheless ye were not willing to go up, - but rebelled against the bidding of Yahweh, your God; 27 and murmured in your tents and said, Because Yahweh hated us, hath he brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, - to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. 28 Whither, are, we, to go up? Our own brethren, have made our heart melt saying - A people greater and taller than we, cities large and walled-up into the heavens, - yea, moreover sons of Anakim, have we seen there.
29 Then I said unto you, - Ye must not tremble, nor be afraid of them: 30 Yahweh your God, who is going before you, he, will fight for you, - according to all that he did with you in Egypt, before your eyes; 31 also in the desert which thou hast seen, where Yahweh thy God carried thee as a man will carry his son, throughout all the way that ye journeyed, until ye entered as far as, this place. 32 But in this firing, ye were putting no trust in Yahweh your God; 33 who was going before you in the way - to search out for you a place, where ye might encamp, - in the fire by night, that ye might get sight of the way wherein ye should go, and in the cloud, by day.
34 And Yahweh heard the voice of your words, - and was wroth and sware - saying: 35 Surely, not one of these men, this wicked generation, - shall see the good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers: 36 saving Caleb son of Jephunneh, he, shall see it, and unto him, will I give the land through which he hath trodden, and unto his sons, - because he hath wholly followed Yahweh.
37 Even with me, did Yahweh show himself angry, for your sakes, saying, - Even thou, shalt not enter therein. 38 Joshua son of Nun, who standeth before thee, he, shall enter in thither, him, strengthen thou, for he, shall cause Israel to inherit it. 39 And your little ones, of whom ye said they should become, a prey, and your sons who to-day know not good and evil, they, shall enter in thither, - and unto them, will I give it, and they, shall possess it. 40 But as for you, turn ye, for your part, - and set forward towards the desert, by way of the Red Sea.
41 Then responded ye and said unto me - We have sinned against Yahweh, We, ourselves, will go up, and fight, according to all that Yahweh our God hath commanded us. And when ye had girded on every man his weapons of war, ye foolishly went up towards the hill-country.
42 Then said Yahweh unto me - Say unto them Ye shall not go up, nor fight, for I am not in your midst, - lest ye should be smitten before your enemies. 43 So I spake unto you howbeit ye hearkened not, - but rebelled against the bidding of Yahweh, and presumptuously went up the hill-country. 44 Then came forth the Amorites who were dwelling in that country, to meet you, and they chased you, as do, bees; and struck you down in Seir, as far as Hormah. 45 So then ye returned and wept before Yahweh, - but Yahweh hearkened not unto your voice, nor gave ear unto you. 46 And ye abode in Kadesh many days, - how many were the days that ye abode there !
1 Then turned we, and set forward towards the desert by way of the Red Sea, as Yahweh, spake unto me; and we encompassed Mount Seir many days. 2 And Yahweh spake unto me, saying: 3 Long enough, have ye encompassed this mountain, - turn yourselves north, wards. 4 And, the people, command thou saying, Ye are about to pass through the boundary of your brethren the sons of Esau, who are dwelling in Seir, - and should they he afraid of you, take ye good heed to yourselves: 5 do not engage in strife with them, for I will not give you of their land, so much as place for the tread of a foot-sole, - for as a possession to Esau, have I given Mount Seir. 6 Food, shall ye buy of them with silver so shall ye eat, - yea even water, shall ye buy of them with silver so shall ye drink. 7 For Yahweh thy God, hath blessed thee in all the work of thy hand, he hath considered thy traversing of this great desert, - these forty years, hath Yahweh thy God been with thee, thou hast lacked, nothing.
8 So we passed on, a way from our brethren the sons of Esau who dwell in Seir, from the way of the waste plain, from Elath, and from Ezion-geber, - and we turned and passed on by way of the desert of Moab. 9 And Yahweh said unto me - Do not lay siege to Moab, nor engage in strife with them in battle, - for I will not give unto thee of his and as a possession, for unto the sons of Lot, have I given Ar, as a possession.
10 the Emim, formerly dwelt therein, - a people great and many and tall, like the Anakim. 11 Giants, used, they also, to be accounted like the Anakim, - but the Moabites, called them Emim. 12 And in Seir, dwelt the Horim aforetime, but, the sons of Esau, dispossessed them, and destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their stead, - as did Israel unto the land of his own possession, which Yahweh had given unto them.
13 Now, arise, and pass ye over the ravine of Zered. So we passed over the ravine of Zered. 14 Now, the days in which we journeyed from Kadesh-barnea, as far as where we crossed the ravine of Zered, were thirty-eight years, - until all the generation of the men of war were consumed out of the midst of the camp, as Yahweh had sworn unto them. 15 Yea, even the hand of Yahweh was against them, to destroy them out of the midst of the camp, - until they were consumed.
16 So it came to pass when all the men of war were consumed by dying, out of the midst of the people, 17 then spake Yahweh unto me, saying: 18 Thou, art passing, to-day, the boundary of Moab even Ar; 19 so wilt thou draw near over against the sons of Ammon, do not thou besiege them neither engage in strife with them, - for I will not give of the land of the sons of Ammon unto thee as a possession, for unto the sons of Lot, have I given it as a possession.
20 A land of giants, used, that also, to be accounted, - giants, dwelt therein aforetime, but the Ammonites, called them Zamzummim: 21 a people great and many and tall, like the Anakim, - but Yahweh destroyed them from before them, and they took their possessions, and dwelt in their stead: 22 as he did for the sons of Esau, who are dwelling in Seir, - when he destroyed the Horim from before them, and they took their possessions and have dwelt in their stead, even unto this day. 23 The Avvim also, who dwelt in settlements as far as Gaza, Caphtorim, who were coming forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.
24 Arise ye, set forward and cross over the ravine of Arnon, see! I have given into thy hand - Sihon king of Heshbon, the Amorite and his land, begin - take possession, - and engage in strife with him in battle. 25 This day, will I begin to extend the dread of thee and the fear of thee over the face of the peoples under all the heavens, - who will hear the report of thee, then will they quake and writhe in pain because of thee.
26 So I sent messengers out of the desert of Kademoth, unto Sihon, king of Heshbon, - with words of peace saying: 27 I would pass along through thy land, by the road, by the road, will I go, - I will not turn aside, to the right hand or to the left: 28 Food for silver, shalt thou sell me so will I eat, and water for silver, shalt thou let me have, so will I drink, - only I would pass through on my feet; - 29 as the sons of Esau, who are dwelling in Seir, did to me, and the Moabites who are dwelling in Ar, - until that I pass over the Jordan, into the land which, Yahweh our God, is giving unto us. 30 But Sihon king of Heshbon, was not willing, to let us pass along through it, - for Yahweh thy God had suffered him to make his spirit harsh and his heart bold, that he might give him into thy hand - (as appeareth this day).
31 Then said Yahweh unto me, See! I have begun to deliver up before thee Sihon and his land, - begin take possession, that thou mayest make a possession of his land. 32 So then Sihon came out to meet us he, and all his people, to give battle at Jahaz. 33 And Yahweh our God delivered him up before us, - and we smote him and his sons, and all his people 34 And we captured all his cities, at that time, and devoted to destruction every city of males, with the women and the little ones, - we left not remaining a survivor: 35 only the cattle, made we our prey, - and the spoil of the cities which we captured. 36 From Aroer, which is on the edge of the ravine of Arnon and the city that is in the ravine even as far as Gilead, there was not a fortress that proved too high for us, - the whole, did Yahweh our God deliver up before us. 37 Only unto the land of the sons of Ammon, didst thou not come near, - all the side of the Jabbok ravine, nor the cities of the hill country, nor any which Yahweh our God had forbidden to us.
1 Then turned we and went up, the way of Bashan; and Og king of Bashan, came out to meet us, he, and all his people, to give battle at Edrei. 2 And Yahweh said unto me: Do not fear him, for into thy hand, have I delivered him and all his people and his land, - so then thou shalt do unto him, as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites who was dwelling in Heshbon. 3 Then did Yahweh our God deliver into our hand, Og also, king of Bashan and all his people, - so we smote him until there was not left remaining to him a survivor. 4 And we captured all his cities, at that time, there was no fortress which we took not from them, - sixty cities all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 5 All these, were fortified cities each with a high wall, folding gates and a bar, - besides country towns exceeding many. 6 And we devoted them to destruction, doing unto them as we did unto Sihon king of Heshbon, - devoting to destruction every city of males, the women, and the little ones. 7 But all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, made we our prey.
8 Thus did we at that time take the land out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites (which was over the Jordan), - from the ravine of Arnon as far as Mount Hermon. 9 Sidonians, call Hermon Sirion, - but, the Amorites, call it Senir. 10 All the cities of the table-land, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, - unto Salecah, and Edrei, - cities of the kingdom of Og, in Bashan. 11 For, only Og, king of Bashan was left remaining of the remnant of the giants, lo! his bedstead, was a bedstead of iron, is not, the same, in Rabbath of the sons of Ammon? nine cubits, the length thereof and four cubits, the breadth thereof, by the fore-arm of a man.
12 And this land, took we in possession at that time, - from Aroer which is by the ravine of Arnon, and half the hill-country of Gilead and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites; 13 but the remainder of Gilead, and all Bashan the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half tribe of Manasseh, - all the region of the Argob with all Bashan. The same, is called, A land of giants. 14 Jair, son of Manasseh, took all the region of Argob, as far as the boundary of the Geshurites, and the Maachathites, - and called them after his own name The Bashan of Havvoth-jair unto this day. 15 And, unto Machir, gave I Gilead; 16 And unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites, gave I - from Gilead even as far as the ravine of Arnon, the middle of the ravine and boundary, - even as far as the Jabbok ravine, the boundary of the sons 17 Ammon; the Waste Plain also and the Jordan and boundary, - from Chinnereth, even as far as the sea of the Waste Plain the Salt Sea, under the slopes of Pisgah, on the east.
18 So I commanded you, at that time saying, - Yahweh your God hath given unto you this land to possess it, armed, shall ye pass over before your brethren the sons of Israel all the sons of valour, 19 Only, your wives and your little ones and your cattle - I know that ye have much cattle - shall abide in your cities which I have given unto you; 20 until that Yahweh shall give rest unto your brethren, as well as you, so shall, they too, possess the land which, Yahweh your God, is giving unto them, over the Jordan, - then shall ye return every man unto his possession, which I have given unto you.
21 Jeshua also, commanded I, at that time saying, - Thine are the eyes, that have seen all that Yahweh your God hath done unto these two kings, thus, will Yahweh do unto all the kingdoms whereunto thou, art passing over: 22 ye shall not fear them, - for, Yahweh your God, he, it is that is fighting for you.
23 Then sought I Yahweh at that time, for a favour saying: