3 occurrences in 3 dictionaries

Reference: Plain


See CANAAN, and OAK.


(1.) Heb 'abel (Jg 11:33), a "grassy plain" or "meadow." Instead of "plains of the vineyards," as in the Authorized Version, the Revised Version has "Abel-cheramim" (q.v.), comp. Jg 11:22; 2Ch 16:4.

(2.) Heb 'elon (Ge 12:6; 13:18; 14:13; 18:1; De 11:30; Jg 9:6), more correctly "oak," as in the Revised Version; margin, "terebinth."

(3.) Heb bik'ah (Ge 11:2; Ne 6:2; Eze 3:23; Da 3:1), properly a valley, as rendered in ISA 40:4, a broad plain between mountains. In Amos 1:5 the margin of Authorized Version has "Bikathaven."

(4.) Heb kikar, "the circle," used only of the Ghor, or the low ground along the Jordan (Ge 13:10-12; 19:17,25,28-29; De 34:3; 2Sa 18:23; 1Ki 7:46; 2Ch 4:17; Ne 3:22; 12:28), the floor of the valley through which it flows. This name is applied to the Jordan valley as far north as Succoth.

(5.) Heb mishor, "level ground," smooth, grassy table-land (De 3:10; 4:43; Jos 13:9,16-17,21; 20:8; Jer 48:21), an expanse of rolling downs without rock or stone. In these passages, with the article prefixed, it denotes the plain in the tribe of Reuben. In 2Ch 26:10 the plain of Judah is meant. Jerusalem is called "the rock of the plain" in Jer 21:13, because the hills on which it is built rise high above the plain.

(6.) Heb 'arabah, the valley from the Sea of Galilee southward to the Dead Sea (the "sea of the plain," 2Ki 14:25; De 1:1; 2:8), a distance of about 70 miles. It is called by the modern Arabs the Ghor. This Hebrew name is found in Authorized Version (Jos 18:18), and is uniformly used in the Revised Version. Down through the centre of this plain is a ravine, from 200 to 300 yards wide, and from 50 to 100 feet deep, through which the Jordan flows in a winding course. This ravine is called the "lower plain."

The name Arabah is also applied to the whole Jordan valley from Mount Hermon to the eastern branch of the Red Sea, a distance of about 200 miles, as well as to that portion of the valley which stretches from the Sea of Galilee to the same branch of the Red Sea, i.e., to the Gulf of Akabah about 100 miles in all.

(7.) Heb shephelah, "low ground," "low hill-land," rendered "vale" or "valley" in Authorized Version (Jos 9:1; 10:40; 11:2; 12:8; Jg 1:9; 1Ki 10:27). In Authorized Version (1Ch 27:28; 2Ch 26:10) it is also rendered "low country." In Jer 17:26; Ob 1:19; Zec 7:7, "plain." The Revised Version renders it uniformly "low land." When it is preceded by the article, as in De 1:7; Jos 11:16; 15:33; Jer 32:44; 33:13; Zec 7:7, "the shephelah," it denotes the plain along the Mediterranean from Joppa to Gaza, "the plain of the Philistines." (See Valley.)

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This word is given by the AV as the equivalent of 8 different terms, 7 Heb 1 Greek; but is retained by the RV in the case of 4 only, all Hebrew.

(1) biq'

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