An established emblem of kingly dignity and power, used by sovereigns on all stale occasions. That of Solomon was of ivory, overlaid with gold; having six broad steps, every one guarded by a golden lion at each end, 1Ki 10:18-20. Heaven is called God's throne, and the earth his footstool, Isa 66:1. His throne is also sublimely described as everlasting, and as built upon justice and equity, Ps 45:6; 97:2. See also Isa 6:2-4; Eze 1. Christ is on the throne forever, as the King of heaven, Ps 110:1; Heb 1:8; Re 3:21; and his faithful disciples will partake of his kingly glory, Lu 22:30; Re 4:4; 5:10. He forbade men lightly to swear by heaven or its throne, as they were thus irreverent to God, Mt 5:34; 23:22.
(Heb kiss'e), a royal chair or seat of dignity (De 17:18; 2Sa 7:13; Ps 45:6); an elevated seat with a canopy and hangings, which cover it. It denotes the seat of the high priest in 1Sa 1:9; 4:13, and of a provincial governor in Ne 3:7; Ps 122:5. The throne of Solomon is described at length in 1Ki 10:18-20.
(1) Of a king; (2) of a judge or a priest (Ps 122:5). Solomon's throne (1Ki 10:19) was a chair of ivory with circular back and arms, overlaid with gold, raised on six steps; on each side of each step was a lion of gold, and there was "a footstool of gold fastened to the throne" (2Ch 9:18). Usually set on a dais and under a canopy (so the "rainbow about the throne" of the Almighty, Re 4:3). For "seats" translated, thrones in Re 4:4 and Re 11:16. So in Re 2:13 Satan mimics Christ's "throne." "Thrones" in Col 1:16 are a princely order of angels, higher than "dominions" or lordships. Reclining or sitting on the ground being the usual postures, a chair marked dignity (2Ki 4:10; Pr 9:14). To express royalty "throne of the kingdom" was the phrase (1Ki 1:46). Elevation marked the king's throne, from whence Jehovah's throne is "high and lifted up" (Isa 6:1). "The throne of the governor" in Ne 3:7 is his official house where his throne was, on or near the city wall.
The OT tr of Heb. kiss
Seat of honour for judges, priests, and especially for kings. The same word, kisse, is translated 'seat' in Jg 3:20; 1Sa 1:9; 4:13,18; Es 3:1; etc. The throne for kings is at times distinguished by being called the 'royal throne,' and 'kingly throne,' 'throne of the king,' etc. The throne of David is often referred to in the sense of his reigning, and God promised that his throne should be established for ever, which will be fulfilled in Christ Himself. 2Sa 7:16; Ac 2:30.
God is often represented as sitting on His throne: "Jehovah hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all." Ps 103:19. The Lord Jesus is now sitting on His Father's throne, but He will have a throne of His own, and will be hailed as King of kings and Lord of lords. Heb 1:8; Re 3:21; 17:14; Rev.19:16.
The Hebrew word so translated applies to any elevated seat occupied by a person in authority, whether a high priest,
or a military chief
The use of a chair in a country where the usual postures were squatting and reclining was at all times regarded as a symbol of dignity.
In order to specify a throne in our sense of the term, it was necessary to add to the word the notion of royalty; hence the frequent occurrence of such expressions as "throne of the kingdom."
The characteristic feature in the royal throne was its elevation: Solomon's throne was approached by six steps,
and Jehovah's throne is described as "high and lifted up."
The materials and workmanship of Solomon's throne were costly. It was made of wood inlaid with ivory and then covered with gold except where the ivory showed. It was furnished with arms or "stays." The steps were also lines with pairs of lions. As to the form of chair, we are only informed in
that "the top was round behind." The king sat on his throne on state occasions. At such times he appeared in his royal robes. The throne was the symbol of supreme power and dignity.
Similarly, "to sit upon the throne" implied the exercise of regal power.
De 17:18; 1Ki 16:11
THRONE is used for that magnificent seat on which sovereign princes usually sit to receive the homage of their subjects, or to give audience to ambassadors; where they appear with pomp and ceremony, and from whence they dispense justice; in a word, the throne, the sceptre, the crown, are the ordinary symbols of royalty and regal authority. The Scripture commonly represents the Lord as sitting upon a throne; sometimes it is said that the heaven is his throne, and the earth his footstool, Isa 66:1. The Son of God is also represented as sitting upon a throne, at the right hand of his Father, Ps 110:1; Heb 1:8; Re 3:21. And Jesus Christ assures his Apostles that they should sit upon twelve thrones, to judge the twelve tribes of Israel, Lu 22:30. Though a throne and royal dignity seem to be correlatives, or terms that stand in reciprocal relation to each other, yet the privilege of sitting on a throne has been sometimes granted to those that were not kings, particularly to some governors of important provinces. We read of the throne of the governor of this side the river; the throne, in other words, of the governor for the king of Persia of the provinces belonging to that empire on the west of the Euphrates. So D'Herbelot tells us that a Persian monarch of aftertimes gave the governor of one of his provinces permission to seat himself in a gilded chair, when he administered justice; which distinction was granted him on account of the importance of that post, to which the guarding a pass of great consequence was committed. This province, he tells us, is now called Shirvan, but was formerly named Seriraldhahab, which signifies, in Arabic, "the throne of gold." To which he adds, that this privilege was granted to the governor of this province, as being the place through which the northern nations used to make their way into Persia; on which account, also, a mighty rampart or wall was raised there.
In the Revelation of St. John, we find the twenty-four elders sitting upon as many thrones in the presence of the Lord; "and they fall down before him that sat on the throne, &c, and cast their crowns before the throne." Many of the travellers in eastern countries have given descriptions highly illustrative of this mode of adoration. Thus Bruce, in his Travels, says, "The next remarkable ceremony in which these two nations (of Persia and Abyssinia) agreed is that of adoration, inviolably observed in Abyssinia to this day, as often as you enter the sovereign's presence. This is not only kneeling, but absolute prostration; you first fall upon your knees, then upon the palms of your hands, then incline your head and body till your forehead touches the ground; and, in case you have an answer to expect, you lie in that posture till the king, or somebody from him, desires you to rise." And Stewart observes, "We marched toward the emperor with our music playing, till we came within about eighty yards of him, when the old monarch, alighting from his horse, prostrated himself on the earth to pray, and continued some minutes with his face so close to the earth, that, when we came up to him, the dust remained upon his nose." The circumstance of "casting their crowns before the throne" may be illustrated by several cases which occur in history. That of Herod, in the presence of Augustus, has been already mentioned. (See Herod.) Tiridates, in this manner, did homage to Nero, laying the ensigns of his royalty at the statue of Caesar, to receive them again from his hand. Tigranes, king of Armenia, did the same to Pompey. In the inauguration of the Byzantine Caesars, when the emperor comes to receive the sacrament, he puts off his crown. "This short expedition," says Malcolm, "was brought to a close by the personal submission of Abool Fyze Khan, who, attended by all his court, proceeded to the tents of Nadir Shah, and laid his crown, and other ensigns of royalty, at the feet of the conqueror, who assigned him an honourable place in his assembly, and in a few days afterward restored him to his throne."