Reference: Jude, Epistle Of
The author was "Judas, the brother of James" the Less (Jude 1:1), called also Lebbaeus (Mt 10:3) and Thaddaeus (Mr 3:18). The genuineness of this epistle was early questioned, and doubts regarding it were revived at the time of the Reformation; but the evidences in support of its claims are complete. It has all the marks of having proceeded from the writer whose name it bears.
There is nothing very definite to determine the time and place at which it was written. It was apparently written in the later period of the apostolic age, for when it was written there were persons still alive who had heard the apostles preach (ver. 17). It may thus have been written about A.D. 66 or 70, and apparently in Palestine.
The epistle is addressed to Christians in general (ver. 1), and its design is to put them on their guard against the misleading efforts of a certain class of errorists to which they were exposed. The style of the epistle is that of an "impassioned invective, in the impetuous whirlwind of which the writer is hurried along, collecting example after example of divine vengeance on the ungodly; heaping epithet upon epithet, and piling image upon image, and, as it were, labouring for words and images strong enough to depict the polluted character of the licentious apostates against whom he is warning the Church; returning again and again to the subject, as though all language was insufficient to give an adequate idea of their profligacy, and to express his burning hatred of their perversion of the doctrines of the gospel."
The striking resemblance this epistle bears to 2PE suggests the idea that the author of the one had seen the epistle of the other.
The doxology with which the epistle concludes is regarded as the finest in the New Testament.
Philip, and Bartholomew, - Thomas, and Matthew, the tax-collector; James, the son of Alphaeus, and Thadaeus;
and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the zealot;
Jude, Jesus Christ's servant, and brother of James, unto, the called, by God the Father, beloved, and, by Jesus Christ preserved, -
This short epistle is an earnest warning and appeal, couched in vivid and picturesque language, addressed to a church or a circle of churches which have become suddenly exposed to a mischievous attack of false teaching.
Is not, this one, the carpenter's, son? Is not, his mother, called Mary, and are not his brethren - James and Joseph, and Simon, and Judas?
And, as he was sitting upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him, privately, saying - Tell us, when these things shall be, - and what the sign of thy presence, and the conclusion of the age. And, answering, Jesus said unto them - Be taking heed, lest anyone, deceive, you; read more. For, many, will come upon my name, saying - I, am the Christ, - and will, deceive many.
For, many, will come upon my name, saying - I, am the Christ, - and will, deceive many. Moreover ye will be sure to be hearing of wars, and rumours of wars: Mind! be not alarmed, for it must needs happen, - but, not yet, is, the end; read more. For there will arise - nation against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, - and there will be famines and earthquakes, in places. But, all these things, are a beginning of birth-pangs. Then, will they deliver you up into tribulation, and will slay you, - and ye will be men hated by all the nations, because of my name And, then, will many be caused to stumble, and, one another, will deliver up, and will hate one another; And, many false prophets, will arise, and deceive, many;
And, many false prophets, will arise, and deceive, many; And, because of lawlessness being brought to the full, the love of the many, will grew cold.
And, because of lawlessness being brought to the full, the love of the many, will grew cold. But, he that hath endured throughout, the same, shall be saved. read more. And this glad message of the kingdom will be proclaimed in all the inhabited earth, for a witness unto all the nations, - and, then, will have come, the end. Whensoever, therefore, ye shall see the abomination desolation, that was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in a holy place, - he that readeth, let him think, Then, they who are in Judaea, let them flee into the mountains; And, he that is on the house-top, let him not come down, to take away the things out of his house; And, he that is in the field, let him not turn back, to take away his mantle. But alas! for the women with child, and for them that are giving suck, in those days; But be praying that your flight, may not happen in winter, nor on sabbath; For there will be then, Great tribulation, such as hath not happened, from the beginning of the world, until the present time, neither in any wise shall happen. And, except those days had been shortened, no flesh had been saved; but, for the sake of the chosen, those days shall be shortened. Then, if any, unto you, say - Lo! here, is the Christ, or, there, Do not believe it; For there will arise, false Christs, and false prophets, - and they will show great signs and wonders, so that, if possible, even the chosen, should be deceived: - Lo! I have foretold you.
Is not, this, the carpenter? the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us? - and they were finding cause of stumbling in him.
and Judas Iscariot, who became betrayer; -
The first narrative, indeed, made I, concerning all things, O Theophilus, which Jesus began both to do and teach, -
And, when they had entered, into the upper-story went they up, where remained behind - both Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the zealot, and Judas the son of James.
But, a certain man named Simon, was already in the city, practising magical arts, and astonishing the nation of Samaria, - saying that himself was someone great: Unto whom all were giving heed, from small even to great, saying - This, is the Power of God, which is called Great. read more. And they were giving heed to him, because that, for a considerable time, with his magical arts, he had astonished them. But, when they believed Philip telling the good news concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they proceeded to be immersed, both men and women. And, Simon himself also, believed; and, having been immersed, was in constant attendance on Philip, - and, beholding signs and great works of power coming to pass, was astonished. And the Apostles who were in Jerusalem, hearing that Samaria had welcomed the word of God, sent out unto them Peter and John; Who, indeed, going down, prayed for them, that they might receive Holy Spirit; - For, not yet, had it, upon any one of them, fallen, but, only, to begin with, they had been immersed into the name of the Lord Jesus. Then, proceeded they to lay their hands upon them, and they were receiving Holy Spirit. But Simon, seeing that, through means of the laying on of the hands of the Apostles, the Spirit was being given, offered unto them money, Saying - Give unto me also this authority, - in order that, on whomsoever may lay my hands, he may receive Holy Spirit. And Peter said unto him - Thy silver, with thee, go to destruction! Because, the free-gift of God, thou didst suppose could, with money, be obtained! Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter; for, thy heart, is not upright before God. Repent, therefore, from this thy baseness, and entreat of the Lord - whether, after all, the purpose of thy heart shall be forgiven thee; For see that thou servest as a gall-root of bitterness, and a bond of unrighteousness. And Simon, answering, said - Entreat ye, in my behalf, unto the Lord; that, nothing, may come upon me, of the things whereof ye have spoken!
And, passing through the whole island, as far as Paphos, they found a certain man, a magician, a false-prophet, a Jew, whose name was Bar-jesus; Who was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, an intelligent man. The same, calling for Barnabas and Saul, sought to hear the word of God. read more. But Elymas the magician, - for so, when translated, is his name, - withstood them; seeking to turn aside the proconsul from the faith. But Saul, who is also Paul, filled with Holy Spirit, looking steadfastly at him, Said - O full of all guile, and all recklessness! Son of an adversary! Enemy of all righteousness! - Wilt thou not cease to pervert the straight ways of the Lord? Now, therefore, lo! the hand of the Lord is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun, until a fitting time. And, instantly, there fell upon him a mist and darkness; and, going about, he was seeking such as might lead him by the hand. Then, the proconsul, seeing what had happened, believed, being amazed at the teaching of the Lord.
And, when they heard this , they were immersed into the name of the Lord Jesus; and, Paul laying hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they began speaking with tongues and prophesying. read more. And all the men were about twelve.
Many also of them who had believed, were coming, making open confession, and renouncing their practices. And, a good many of them who had practised the curious arts, bringing together the books, were burning them before all; and they reckoned up the prices of them, and found them fifty thousand pieces of silver.
And, our hope, putteth not to shame. Because, the love of God, hath been poured out in our hearts, through the Holy Spirit that hath been given unto us:
In the selfsame way moreover, even the Spirit, helpeth together in our weakness, - for, what we should pray for as we ought, we know not, but, the Spirit itself, maketh intercession with sighings unutterable,
Now, unto him who hath power to establish you, according to my glad-message - even the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of a sacred secret, in age-past times kept silent, But now made manifest, and through means of prophetic scriptures, according to the command of the age-abiding God, for obedience of faith unto all the nations made known, read more. Unto a God, wise alone, through Jesus Christ, unto whombe the glory, unto the ages. Amen.
But, a man of the soul, doth not welcome the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness unto him, and he cannot get to know them, because, spiritually, are they examined;
Not at all, meaning the fornicators of this world, or the covetous and extortioners, or idolaters, - else had ye been obliged, in that case, to go out of the world!
But, in giving you the following charge, I praise you not, - in that, not for the better, but for the worse, ye come together.
After that, fourteen years later, I, again, went up unto Jerusalem, with Barnabas, taking with me Titus also;
And when they perceived the favour which had been given unto me, James and Cephas and John, who were reputed to be pillars, gave, the right hand of fellowship, unto me and Barnabas, in order that, we, should go unto the nations, and, they, unto the circumcision: -
For, before that certain came from James, with them of the nations, used he to eat; whereas, when they came, he used to withdraw, and keep himself separate, fearing them of the circumcision;
In his body of flesh, through means of his death, to present you holy and blameless and unaccusable before him, -
Rooted, and being built up, in him, and making yourselves sure in your faith, even as ye have been taught, - surpassing therein with thanksgiving.
Knowing, brethren beloved by God, your election, -
That no one may cheat, you, in any one respect. Because that day will not set in - except the revolt come first, and there he revealed the man of lawlessness, the son of destruction,
Even as I exhorted thee to remain in Ephesus, when I was journeying into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some -
Now, unto the King of the ages, - incorruptible, invisible, alone God, be honour and glory, unto the ages of ages, Amen!
Some men's sins, are, openly evident, leading on into judgment, with some, however, they even follow after;
incessant quarrellings of men wholly corrupt in their mind and bereft of the truth, - supposing godliness to be, a means of gain!
For there will be a season - when, the healthful teaching, they will not endure, but, according to their own covetings, will, unto themselves, heap up teachers, because they have an itching ear,
Give diligence to come unto me speedily,
Be putting them in mind, unto rulerships, unto authorities, to be in submission, to be yielding to rule, for every good work, to be, prepared,
Which he poured on us richly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour,
Faithful, the saying! And, concerning these things, I am minded that thou be strongly affirming, in order that they who have believed God may be careful to be forward, in noble works. These things, are honourable, and profitable unto men;
Zenas the lawyer, and Apollos, do thou diligently set forward on their way, in order that, nothing, unto them, may be wanting.
Jude, Jesus Christ's servant, and brother of James, unto, the called, by God the Father, beloved, and, by Jesus Christ preserved, -
Jude, Jesus Christ's servant, and brother of James, unto, the called, by God the Father, beloved, and, by Jesus Christ preserved, - Mercy to you, and peace, and love, be multiplied! read more. Beloved! though I was using all diligence to be writing unto you concerning our common salvation, yet have I had necessity to write at once unto you, exhorting you to be earnestly contending for, the faith, once for all delivered unto the saints. For there have crept in unobserved certain men, who, from of old, have been publicly notified for this sentence, ungodly, men, the favour of our God, turning into wantonness, and, our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ, denying. I am minded, therefore, to put you in remembrance, - though ye know all things once for all, That the Lord, when a people out of Egypt he had saved, in, the next place, them that believed not, destroyed.
I am minded, therefore, to put you in remembrance, - though ye know all things once for all, That the Lord, when a people out of Egypt he had saved, in, the next place, them that believed not, destroyed.
But, these, whatsoever things, indeed, they know not, they defame; but, whatsoever things, naturally, like the irrational creatures, they well understand, by these, are they, bringing themselves to ruin.
These, are they who make complete separation, mere men of soul, Spirit, not possessing. But, ye, beloved! building yourselves up in your most holy faith, in Holy Spirit, praying, read more. Yourselves, in God's love, keep, - awaiting the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ, unto age-abiding life. And, on some, indeed, have mercy, - such as are in doubt, be saving, out of the fire, snatching them;
And, on some, indeed, have mercy, - such as are in doubt, be saving, out of the fire, snatching them; But, on others, have mercy with fear, hating even, the garment, spotted by the flesh.
But, on others, have mercy with fear, hating even, the garment, spotted by the flesh. Now, unto him who is able - to guard you from stumbling, and to set you in the presence of his glory, without blemish, with exultation, - read more. Unto God alone our Saviour, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, greatness, dominion, and authority, before all the by-gone age, and now, and unto all the coming ages. Amen!
I know thy works, and thy toil, and endurance, and that thou canst not bear bad men, and thou hast tried them who were affirming themselves to be apostles, and they were not, and hast found them false;
But, this, thou hast, that thou hatest the works of the Nicolaitanes, which, I also, hate.
Nevertheless, I have against thee, a few things, - that thou hast there, such as hold fast the teaching of Balaam, - who went on to teach Balak to throw a cause of stumbling before the sons of Israel, to eat idol-sacrifices and to commit lewdness: thus, even, thou, hast such as hold fast the teaching of the Nicolaitanes, in like manner.
Written by Jude the brother of James, and apparently the same person as the apostle JUDAS, q.v. The Epistle is addressed to "the called ones, beloved in God the Father and preserved in Jesus Christ." Apostasy had set in, and the saints are exhorted to contend for the faith divinely delivered. Ungodly ones had crept in, who abused the grace of God, and denied their only Master and Lord Jesus Christ.
Three instances are produced to show how apostasy had been punished:
1. Some of those saved out of Egypt were yet destroyed.
2. Fallen angels are kept in eternal chains for judgement.
3. Sodom and Gomorrha, which lie under the abiding effect of the judgement on them. Then the railers are put to shame by the conduct of Michael the archangel, who when rightly contending with Satan about the body of Moses did not rail against him, but said, "The Lord rebuke thee."
Three stages of departure from the way of truth are mentioned, with a woe upon those who are found in them:
1. The way of Cain
Not just as, Cain, was, of the wicked one, and slew his brother! And, for what cause, slew he him? Because, his works, were, wicked, whereas, those of his brother, were, righteous.
Jude, Epistle of.
Its author was probably Jude, one of the brethren of Jesus, the subject of the preceding article. There are no data from which to determine its date or place of writing, but it is placed about A.D.
65. The object of the epistle is plainly enough announced ver. 3; the reason for this exhortation is given ver.
4. The remainder of the epistle is almost entirely occupied by a minute depiction of the adversaries of the faith. The epistle closes by briefly reminding the readers of the oft-repeated prediction of the apostles --among whom the writer seems not to rank himself --that the faith would be assailed by such enemies as he has depicted, vs.
exhorting them to maintain their own steadfastness in the faith, vs.
while they earnestly sought to rescue others from the corrupt example of those licentious livers, vs.
and commending them to the power of God in language which forcibly recalls the closing benediction of the epistle to the Romans. vs.
cf. Roma 16:25-27 This epistle presents one peculiarity, which, as we learn from St. Jerome, caused its authority to be impugned in very early times --the supposed citation of apocryphal writings. vs.
The larger portion of this epistle, vs.
is almost identical in language and subject with a part of the Second Epistle of Peter.
But there arose false-prophets also among the people, as, among you also, there shall be, false-teachers, - men who will stealthily bring in destructive parties, even the Master that bought them, denying, bringing upon themselves speedy destruction; And, many, will follow out their wanton ways, - by reason of whom, the way of truth, will be defamed, read more. And, in greed, with forged words, will they, of you, make merchandise: for whom, the sentence from of old, is not idle, and, their destruction, doth not slumber. For - if, God, spared not, messengers, when they sinned, but, to pits of gloom, consigning them, in the lowest hades, delivered them up to be kept, unto judgment, - And, an ancient world, spared not, but, with seven others, preserved, Noah, a proclaimer, of righteousness, a flood, upon a world of ungodly persons, letting loose, - And, the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, reducing to ashes, he condemned, an example of such as should be ungodly, having set forth, - And, righteous Lot, when getting worn out by the behaviour of them who were impious in wantonness, he rescued - For, in seeing and hearing, since he dwelt right among them, as a righteous man, he used to torment his soul, day by day, with their lawless deeds - Then the Lord knoweth how to rescue, the godly out of trial; but to keep, the unrighteous unto a day of judgment to be punished; - Most of all, however, them who go their way, after the flesh, with a coveting of defilement, and who despise, lordship, - daring! willful! before dignitaries, they tremble not, defaming, where, messengers, though, greater in might and power, are not bringing against them before the Lorda defamatory accusation, - These, however, as unreasoning creatures that have been bred as being, by nature, for capture and destruction, in the things they are ignorant of, uttering defamation, in their spoiling, shall also be made a spoil, - Doing wrong themselves, for a reward of wrong, accounting, a delight, their day-time delicacy, spots and blemishes, indulging in delicacies with their stratagems, as they carouse together with you, Having, eyes, full of an adulteress, and that cannot rest from sin, enticing unstable souls, having, a heart trained in greed, - children of a curse, - Forsaking a straight path, they have gone astray, following out the way of Balaam son of Beor, who loved, a reward of wrong, But had, a reproof, of his own transgression, a dumb beast of burden, in man's voice, finding utterance, forbade the prophet's madness. These, are fountains without water, and mists, by a tempest, driven along, - for whom, the gloom of darkness, hath been reserved; For, great swelling words of vanity, uttering, they entice with carnal covetings - in wanton ways - them who are, well-nigh, escaping from the men who, in error, have their behaviour; Promising, freedom to them, they themselves, being all the while, slaves of corruption, - for, by whom one hath been defeated, by the same, hath he become enslaved, -
Beloved! though I was using all diligence to be writing unto you concerning our common salvation, yet have I had necessity to write at once unto you, exhorting you to be earnestly contending for, the faith, once for all delivered unto the saints. For there have crept in unobserved certain men, who, from of old, have been publicly notified for this sentence, ungodly, men, the favour of our God, turning into wantonness, and, our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ, denying. read more. I am minded, therefore, to put you in remembrance, - though ye know all things once for all, That the Lord, when a people out of Egypt he had saved, in, the next place, them that believed not, destroyed. Messengers also, even them who had not kept their own principality, but had forsaken their proper dwelling, unto the judgment of the great day in perpetual bonds under thick gloom, hath he reserved. As, Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities around them, having in like manner to these given themselves over to fornication, and gone away after other kind of flesh, lie exposed as an example, a penalty of age-abiding fire, undergoing. In like manner, nevertheless, even these, in their dreamings, flesh indeed defile, while lordship they set aside, and dignities they defame. Whereas, Michael, the chief-messenger, when, with the adversary, disputing, he was reasoning about the body of Moses, durst not impose on him a defamatory sentence, but said - The Lord rebuke thee!
Whereas, Michael, the chief-messenger, when, with the adversary, disputing, he was reasoning about the body of Moses, durst not impose on him a defamatory sentence, but said - The Lord rebuke thee! But, these, whatsoever things, indeed, they know not, they defame; but, whatsoever things, naturally, like the irrational creatures, they well understand, by these, are they, bringing themselves to ruin. read more. Alas for them! because - in the way of Cain have they gone, and, in the error of Balaam's wage, have they run riot, and, in the gainsaying of Korah, have they perished. These are they - who, in your love-feasts, are hidden rocks, as they fare sumptuously together, fearlessly, themselves, shepherding, - clouds without water, by winds swept along, trees autumnal, fruitless, twice dead, uprooted, Wild waves of sea, foaming out their own infamies, wandering stars, for whom the gloom of darkness age-abiding hath been reserved. But the seventh from Adam, Enoch, prophesied, even of these, saying - Lo! the Lord hath come with his holy myriads, -
But the seventh from Adam, Enoch, prophesied, even of these, saying - Lo! the Lord hath come with his holy myriads, - To execute judgment against all, and to convict all the ungodly - of all their works of ungodliness, which they committed in ungodliness, and of all the hard things which they have spoken against him - sinners, ungodly!
To execute judgment against all, and to convict all the ungodly - of all their works of ungodliness, which they committed in ungodliness, and of all the hard things which they have spoken against him - sinners, ungodly! These, are murmurers, complainers, according to their covetings, going on, - and, their mouth, speaketh great swelling words, - holding persons in admiration, for profit's sake. read more. But, ye, beloved! remember the things which were foretold by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ, How that they used to say to you - In the last time, there shall be mockers, - according to their own ungodly covetings, going on. These, are they who make complete separation, mere men of soul, Spirit, not possessing. But, ye, beloved! building yourselves up in your most holy faith, in Holy Spirit, praying, Yourselves, in God's love, keep, - awaiting the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ, unto age-abiding life. And, on some, indeed, have mercy, - such as are in doubt, be saving, out of the fire, snatching them; But, on others, have mercy with fear, hating even, the garment, spotted by the flesh. Now, unto him who is able - to guard you from stumbling, and to set you in the presence of his glory, without blemish, with exultation, - Unto God alone our Saviour, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, greatness, dominion, and authority, before all the by-gone age, and now, and unto all the coming ages. Amen!