Three Hebrew words are translated 'eternal.'
1. ad: very often translated 'for ever,' and with another word, olam, 'for ever and ever.' "The Lord shall reign for ever and ever." Ex 15:18. "The Lord is king for ever and ever." Ps 10:16: cf. also Ps 45:6; 48:14; 52:8. Mic 4:5. Ad is also translated 'everlasting:' "the everlasting Father," or "Father of the everlasting age." Isa 9:6. Also 'eternity;' "the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity." Isa 57:15.
2. olam, signifying 'everlasting,' 'never ending.' It is often translated 'for ever:' "his mercy endureth for ever," 1Ch 16:41; and 'everlasting:' "the everlasting God." Ge 21:33; Ps 90:2; 93:2; 103:17. "I will make thee an eternal excellency." Isa 60:15.
5. ????, 'age, duration, ever.' With a preposition 'unto the ages' is often translated 'for ever;' and, when repeated, 'for ever and ever.' "He that eateth of this bread shall live for ever." Joh 6:58. "Christ abideth for ever." Joh 12:34. "To whom be glory for ever and ever." Ga 1:5. "According to the eternal purpose." Eph 3:11. "Now unto the king eternal . . . . be honour and glory for ever and ever." 1Ti 1:17. This word is often translated 'world,' but may at times be better rendered 'age,' as "be not conformed to this age," Ro 12:2; and 'for ever and ever' may be translated 'to the ages of ages,' though the meaning would be the same.
6. ???????, from ????, signifying 'ever enduring.' It is always translated 'eternal' or 'everlasting,' except in Ro 16:25, "since the world began," or "in the times of the ages." 2Ti 1:9; Tit 1:2, "before the world began," or, "before the ages of time;" and Phm 1:15, "for ever." This word is applied to God Himself as "the everlasting God." Ro 16:26; to the Holy Spirit. Heb 9:14; to redemption. Heb 9:12; inheritance. Heb 9:15; salvation. Heb 5:9; glory. 1Pe 5:10; and constantly to life. Joh 3:15-16,36. On the other hand it is applied to punishment, Mt 25:46; damnation, Mr 3:29; destruction, 2Th 1:9; and fire, Jude 1:7: cf. Isa 33:14.
The above passages show that the same word is used for the existence of God Himself; for the salvation and blessedness of the saved; and for the punishment of the wicked.
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Everlasting God.
"The LORD shall reign forever and ever."
"The eternal God is a dwelling place, And underneath are the everlasting arms; And He drove out the enemy from before you, And said, 'Destroy!'
With them were Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest who were chosen, who were designated by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because His lovingkindness is everlasting.
The LORD is King forever and ever; Nations have perished from His land.
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
For such is God, Our God forever and ever; He will guide us until death.
But as for me, I am like a green olive tree in the house of God; I trust in the lovingkindness of God forever and ever.
Yet God is my king from of old, Who works deeds of deliverance in the midst of the earth.
Before the mountains were born Or You gave birth to the earth and the world, Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God.
Your throne is established from of old; You are from everlasting.
But the lovingkindness of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting on those who fear Him, And His righteousness to children's children,
For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
Sinners in Zion are terrified; Trembling has seized the godless "Who among us can live with the consuming fire? Who among us can live with continual burning?"
For thus says the high and exalted One Who lives forever, whose name is Holy, "I dwell on a high and holy place, And also with the contrite and lowly of spirit In order to revive the spirit of the lowly And to revive the heart of the contrite.
"Whereas you have been forsaken and hated With no one passing through, I will make you an everlasting pride, A joy from generation to generation.
Though all the peoples walk Each in the name of his god, As for us, we will walk In the name of the LORD our God forever and ever.
Are You not from everlasting, O LORD, my God, my Holy One? We will not die You, O LORD, have appointed them to judge; And You, O Rock, have established them to correct.
"These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."
but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin"--
so that whoever believes will in Him have eternal life. "For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.
"He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him."
"This is the bread which came down out of heaven; not as the fathers ate and died; he who eats this bread will live forever."
The crowd then answered Him, "We have heard out of the Law that the Christ is to remain forever; and how can You say, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up'? Who is this Son of Man?"
For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.
And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.
Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, but now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith;
This was in accordance with the eternal purpose which He carried out in Christ Jesus our Lord,
These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power,
Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.
who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity,
in the hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised long ages ago,
For perhaps he was for this reason separated from you for a while, that you would have him back forever,
And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation,
and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.
how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.
And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.