1. That the 'law was given by Moses' (Joh 1:17) represents the unanimous belief both of the early Christians and of the Chosen Nation. He was their first as well as their greatest law-giver; and in this matter religious tradition is supported by all the historical probabilities of the case. The Exodus and the subsequent wanderings constitute the formative epoch of Israel's career: it was the period of combination and adjustment between the various tribes towards effecting a national unity. Such periods necessitate social experiments, for no society can hold together without some basis of permanent security; no nation could be welded together, least of all a nation in ancient times, without some strong sense of corporate responsibilities and corporate religion. It therefore naturally devolved upon Moses to establish a central authority for the administration of justice, which should be universally accessible and universally recognized. There was only one method by which any such universal recognition could be attained; and that was by placing the legal and judicial system upon the basis of an appeal to that religion, which had already been successful in rousing the twelve tribes to a sense of their unity, and which, moreover, was the one force which could and did effectually prevent the disintegration of the heterogeneous elements of which the nation was composed.
2. We see the beginning and character of these legislative functions in Ex 18:16, where Moses explains how 'the people come unto me to inquire of God: when they have a matter they come unto me; and I judge between a man and his neighbour, and make them know the statutes of God, and his laws (t
For when the word will be to them, they came to me, and I judged between a man and between his friend, and I made known the laws Of God and his precepts.
And Jehovah will say to Moses, Thus shalt thou say to the sons of Israel, Ye saw that from the heavens I spake with you.
And his lord brought him near to God, and he brought him near to the door, or to the door-post, and his lord pierced his ear with an awl; and he served him forever.
If a man shall give to his friend silver or vessels to watch, and it was stolen out of the man's house, if the thief shall be found he shall recompense double.
They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they shall cause thee to sin against me: if thou shalt serve their gods, surely shall it be to thee for a snare.
Hear, Israel; Jehovah our God is one Jehovah. And love thou Jehovah thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul and with all thy might
And the king of Jericho will send to Rahab, saying, Bring forth the men having come to thee, which came to thy house: for to search out the land they came.
If a man shall sin against a man, and God judged him; and if a man shall sin against Jehovah, who shall judge for him? and they will not hear to the voice of their father for Jehovah was willing to destroy them.
Thus said Jehovah of armies, God of Israel; Add your burnt-offerings upon your sacrifices and eat flesh. for I spake not to your fathers, and I commanded them not in the day of bringing them forth out of the land of Egypt, concerning my word of burnt-offering and sacrifice:
Behold the days coming, says Jehovah, and I cut out the house of Israel and the house of Judah a new covenant Not according to the covenant which I cut out with their fathers in the day I laid hold upon their hand to bring them forth out of the land of Egypt; which they brake my covenant, and I was Lord over them, says Jehovah. read more. For this the covenant that I will cut out with the house of Israel: After those days, says Jehovah; I gave my law in the midst of them, and upon their heart will I write it; and I was to them for God, and they shall be to me for a people. And they shall teach no more a man his neighbor and a man his brother, saying, Know Jehovah: for they all shall know me to their small and even to their great, says Jehovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and to their sin I will have no more remembrance
Bound about eighteen thousand: and the name of the city from the day, Jehovah them
I will write to him his multitude of my instructions; they were reckoned as a strange thing.
Judgment shall roll as the waters, and justice as a torrent of strength. Did ye bring near to me sacrifices and gifts in the desert forty years, O house of Israel? read more. Ye lifted up the tent of your king and the statue of your images, the star of your God which he made for you.
And Jesus having answered said to him, Permit now; for so it is suitable for us to complete all justice: then he permitted him.
Think not that I have come to abolish the law, or the prophets: for I have come not abolish, but to complete.
Think not that I have come to abolish the law, or the prophets: for I have come not abolish, but to complete. For verily I say to you, Till heaven pass away, and earth, one iota, or one mark, should not pass away from the law, till all should be
For verily I say to you, Till heaven pass away, and earth, one iota, or one mark, should not pass away from the law, till all should be
For verily I say to you, Till heaven pass away, and earth, one iota, or one mark, should not pass away from the law, till all should be Whoever therefore, should loose one of the least of these commands, and so teach men, he shall be called least in the kingdom of the heavens: but whoever should do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of the heavens. read more. For I say to you, That except your justice abound more than the scribes and Pharisees, ye should not come into the kingdom of the heavens. Ye have heard that it was said to the ancients, Thou shalt not kill: and whoever should kill shall be subject to judgment: But I say to you, That every one becoming angry with his brother, shall be subject to judgment: and whoever should say to his brother, Raca, should be, subject to the council: and whoever should say, O foolish, shall be subject to a hell of fire. If therefore, thou bring thy gift upon the altar, and there thou remember that thy brother has anything against thee, Let go there thy gift, before the altar, and retire; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then, having come, bring thy gift. Be kindly disposed to thy opponent quickly, while thou art in the way with him, lest thy opponent should deliver thee to the judge, and the judge should deliver thee to the assistant, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I say to thee, Thou shouldst not come out thence, even till, thou shouldst give back the last fourth. Ye have heard that it was said to the ancients, Thou shalt not commit adultery: But I say to you, That every one seeing a woman, to eagerly desire her, has already committed adultery with her, in his heart. And if thine eye give thee cause of offence, take it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members be destroyed, and not thy whole body be cast into hell. And if thy right hand give thee cause of offence, cut it off, and cast from thee; for it is profitable to thee, that one of thy members should be destroyed; and not thy whole body should be cast into hell. And it was said, That whosoever should loose his wife, let him give her a repudiation. But I say to you, That whosoever shall let go his wife except for the reason of adultery, makes her to commit adultery; and whosoever should marry her having been loosed, commits adultery. Again, ye have heard, that it was said to the ancients, Thou shalt not swear a false oath, and thou shalt. return to the Lord thine oaths. But I say to you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven, it is the throne of God: Neither by the earth; for it is the footstool of his feet: neither by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great kings Neither shouldst thou swear by thy head, for thou cant not make one hair white or black. But let your word be Yea, yea, and No, no: but that above this is of evil. Ye have heard, that it has been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say to you not to resist evil: but whosoever shall smite thee with a rod upon thy right cheek, turn to him also the other. And to him wishing to be judged with thee, and to take thy coat, let go to him also thy garment. And whoever shall compel thee to carry dispatches one mile, go forward with him two. To him asking thee, give thou, and him wishing to borrow from thee, thou shouldst not turn away. Ye have heard that it has been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy. But I say to you, Love your enemies, praise them cursing you, do well to them hating you, and pray for them threatening you, and driving you out. So that ye might be sons of your Father, which in the heavens: for he makes his sun rise upon evil and good, and rains on the just and unjust. For if ye love them loving you, what reward. have you? do not also the tax collectors the same? And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye above ordinary? and do not the tax collectors the same? Therefore, be ye perfected, as your Father which is in the heavens is perfected.
And it was when Jesus finished these words, the crowds were struck with amazement at his teaching:
And Jesus says to him, See thou tell no one; but retire, show thyself to the priest, and bring near the gift which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them.
Or have ye not read in the law, that in the sabbaths, the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are innocent? But I say to you, That he here is greater than the temple.
And he said to them, Which of you shall be the man who shall have one sheep, and if this should fall into a pit in the sabbaths, will he not take hold of it, and raise it up?
But if I, by the Spirit of God, cast out demons, the kingdom of God has come before hand upon you. Or how can any one come into the house of the strong, and plunder his goods, except be first bind the strong? and then he will plunder his house. read more. He not being with me is against me; and he not gathering with me; scatters.
The queen of the South shall be raised up in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it; for she came from the end of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon here.
And he, having answered, said, I was not sent except to the sheep having been lost, of the house of Israel.
But that we should not scandalize them, having gone to the sea, cast a fish hook, and lift up the fish coming up first, and having opened its mouth, thou shalt find a gold coin: having taken that, give to them for me and thee.
And the Pharisees came to him, tempting him, and saying to him, Is it lawful for a man to loose his wife for every cause And having answered, he said to them, Have ye not read, that he having made from the beginning, made them male and female, read more. And said, For this shall a man leave father and mother, and be joined to his wife: and they two shall be one flesh? So that they are no more two, but one flesh. What therefore God has yoked together, let not man separate. They say to him, Why then did Moses charge to give a writing of divorce, and loose her? He says to them that Moses for your hard heart permitted you to loose your wives: and from the beginning it was not so. And I say to you, That whoever should loose his wife, except for fornication, and marry another, commits adultery; and he having married the one loosed commits adultery.
As the Son of man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his soul a ransom for many.
And the Pharisees having heard that he muzzled the Sadducees, were gathered upon the same. And one of them, skilled in the law, asked, tempting him, and saying, read more. Teacher, which the great command in the law? And Jesus said to him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind. This is the first and the great command. And the second like it: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. In these two commands hang the whole law and the prophets.
For this is my blood, that of the new covenant, having been poured out for many, for the remission of sins.
And it was he passed by through the standing corn in the sabbaths: and his disciples began to make the way, picking out the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said to him, Behold, why do they in the sabbaths what is not lawful read more. And he said to them, Did ye never read what David did, when he had need, and hungered, himself, and those with him? How he went into the house of God to Abiathar the chief priest, and ate the loaves of setting up, which is not lawful to eat but for priests, and gave to those being with him? And he said to them, The sabbath was for man, and not man for the sabbath:
And he said to them, The sabbath was for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
And they were observing him narrowly, if in the sabbaths he will heal him; that they might accuse him.
And in vain they revere me, teaching doctrines the commands of men. For having left the command of God, ye hold firmly to the tradition of men, the immersion of measures and cups: and many other such like things ye do. read more. And he said to them, Well do ye abrogate the command of God, that ye might keep your tradition. For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and he reviling father or mother, in death let him die: And ye say, If a man say to father or mother, Corban, which is, a gift, whatever thou be profited by me; And ye permit him to do nothing more for his father or his mother Abrogating the word of God by your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things ye do. And having called all the crowd, he said to them, Hear me, all ye, and do ye understand: There is nothing from without a man, entering into him, which can defile him: but things coming out from him, these are the things polluting the man. If any have ears to hear, let him hear. And when he came into the house from the crowd, his disciples asked him of the parable. And he says, So are ye also without understanding? Do ye not perceive, that anything from without entering into a man, cannot pollute him For it goes not into the heart, but into the belly, and goes forth into the privy, purging all food
For it goes not into the heart, but into the belly, and goes forth into the privy, purging all food And he said, That going out of a man, that pollutes a man. read more. For within, out of the heart of men, go forth evil reflections, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, overreaching, deceit, licentiousness, an evil eye, defamation, pride, foolishness: All these evils go out from within, and pollute a man.
And he was silent, and answered nothing. Again the chief priest asks him, and says to him, Art thou Christ, Son of the Praised
And when eight days were completed for circumcising the child and his name was called JESUS, called by the messenger before he was conceived in the womb.
And the book of Esaias the prophet was given to him. And having unfolded the book, he found the place where it was written, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me for which he anointed me to announce good news to the poor; he has sent me to heal the broken in heart, to proclaim a remission to the captives, and a recovery of sight to the blind, to send away with remission the bruised, read more. To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. And having folded the book and given back to the servant, he sat down. And the eyes of all in the assembly were looking attentively upon him. And he began to say to them, That this day has this writing been filled up in your ears.
And, behold, a certain skilled in the law stood up, tempting him, and saying, Teacher, what having done shall I inherit eternal life And he said to him, What has been written in the law? how readest thou ? read more. And he having answered, said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God from thy whole heart, and from thy whole soul, and from thy whole strength; and thy neighbor as thyself. And he said to him, Thou hast answered rightly; this do and thou shalt live.Translation PDF from Google If you can fill in this text please contact e-sword Uers And he, wishing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor And Jesus having replied said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers : and having stripped him, and laid on blows, they departed, leaving him half dead. And by accident a certain priest went down in that way : and having seen him, went on the opposite side. And likewise also a Levite, having been in the place, having come and seen him, went on the opposite side. And a certain Samaritan, travelling, came to him : and having seen him, felt compassion. And having come near, he bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and having mounted him upon his own animal, he brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And upon the morrow, he having come forth, taking out two drachmas, he gave to the inn-keeper, and said to him, Take care, of him; and whatever thou spendest besides, I, in my coming back, will repay thee. Which then of these three seems to thee to have been neighbor to him fallen among rubbers.? And he said, He having done mercy with him. Then said Jesus to him, Go thou, and do likewise.
And in the speaking, a certain Pharisee asked him that he would dine with him: and having come in he reclined. And the Pharisee having seen, wondered that he was not first washed before dinner. read more. And the Lord said to him, Now ye Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and trencher; and your inside is full of plunder and wickedness. O foolish, has not he having made the outside, also made the inside? But of the things being, give alms; and, behold, all things are clean to you.
And this being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has bound, behold, eighteen years, ought she not to be loosed from this bond the day of the sabbath And he saying these things, all opposed to him were ashamed: and the crowd rejoiced for all the glorious things done by him.
The law and the prophets until John: from then the kingdom of God announces good news, and every one is forced into it.
For I say to you, that this written must yet be finished in me, that, Also was he reckoned with the lawless: for also the things concerning me have an end.
And having begun from Moses and from all the prophets, he explained clearly to them in all the writings concerning himself.
For the law was given by Moses; grace and truth were by Jesus Christ.
For the law was given by Moses; grace and truth were by Jesus Christ.
And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so must the Son of man be lifted up;
And quickly the man was well, and he took up his couch, and walked: and the sabbath was in that day. Then said the Jews to him healed, It is the sabbath: it is not lawful for thee to take up thy couch. read more. He answered them, He having made me well, the same said to me, Lift up thy couch, and walk. Then they asked him, Who is the man having said to thee, Lift up thy couch, and walk? And he healed knew not who he is: for Jesus escaped, a crowd being in the place. After these, Jesus finds him in the temple, and he said to him, Behold, thou hest become well: sin no more, lest something worse be to thee. The man departed, and announced to the Jews that it is Jesus having made him well. And therefore the Jews drove out Jesus, and sought to kill him, because he did these in the sabbath. And Jesus answered, My Father works till now, and I work. For this therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, for not only did he loose the sabbath, but also he called God his own Father, making himself equal to God. Then answered Jesus and said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, The Son can of himself do nothing, except what he sees the Father doing: for whatever he should do, also these does the Son likewise. For the Father loves the Son, and shows him all which himself does: and he will show him greater than these, that ye might wonder.
It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every one therefore having heard and learned of the Father, comes to me.
I am the living bread which having come down from heaven: if any one eat of this bread, he shall live forever: and also the bread which I shall give is my flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world.
Thou art not greater than our father Abraham, who died; and the prophets died: whom makest thou thyself?
Then said certain of the Pharisees, This man is not from God, for he keeps not the sabbath. Others said, How can a sinful man do such signs? And a division was among them.
Then called they the man of a second time, who was blind, and said to him, Give glory to God: we know that this man is sinful.
Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said; Ye are gods?
And a certain one of them, Caiaphas, being chief priest that year, said to them, Ye know nothing,
Truly, truly, I say to you, except a kernel of wheat, having fallen into the earth, should die, it remains alone: and if it should die, it brings forth much fruit.
The crowd answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ remains forever: and how sayest thou That the Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?
But that the word written in their law might be completed, That they hated me gratuitously.
The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, for he made himself the Son of God.
Be it known therefore to you, men, brethren, that for him remission of sins is announced to you.
What then shall we say Abraham our father to have found, according to the flesh? For if Abraham was justified by works, he has boasting; but not toward God. read more. For what says the writing? And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him for justice. And to him working, the reward is not reckoned according to favor, but according to debt. And to him not working, and believing upon him justifying the impious, his faith is reckoned for justice.
And the law entered, that the fall might abound. And where sin abounded, grace superabounded:
What then shall we say? The law sin? It may not be. But I knew not sin except by the law: for I knew not lust, if the law said not, Thou shalt not eagerly desire. And sin, having taken occasion by the command, wrought in me every lust. For without law sin dead. read more. And I was living without law once: and the command having come, sin came back to life, and I died. And the command was found to me which for life, this for death. For sin having taken occasion by the command, deceived me completely, and by it killed me. Therefore truly the law holy, and the command holy, and just, and good.
Therefore truly the law holy, and the command holy, and just, and good. Was then good death to me? It may not be. But sin, that it might appear sin, by the good working death in me; that sin might be sinful to excess by the command.
Was then good death to me? It may not be. But sin, that it might appear sin, by the good working death in me; that sin might be sinful to excess by the command. For we know that the law is spiritual: and I am fleshly, sold under sin. read more. For what I work I know not: for what I would not, this I do; but what I hate, this I do. And if what I would not this I do, I consent to the law that it is good. And now I no more wish it, but sin dwelling in me. For I know that in me dwells no good, (that is, in my flesh:) for to will lies near me; but to work good I find not. For not what good I would, do I; but the evil I would not, this I do. And if what I would not, this I do, I no more work it, but sin dwelling in me. I find therefore a law to me, wishing to do good, that evil lies near me. For I rejoice in the law of God, according to the man within: And I see another law in my members, fighting against the law of my mind, and taking me captive to the law of sin being in my members. I an oppressed man: who shall save me from the body of this death?
For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus freed me from the law of sin and death. For the impossibility of the law, in that it was weak by the flesh, God having sent his own Son in the likeness of the flesh of sin, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
And Israel following the law of justice, reached not the law of justice.
For not knowing the justice of God, and seeking to establish their own justice, they have not been subjected to the justice of God.
And to the married I announce, (not I, but the Lord,) The wife not to be separated from the husband:
But have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craft, neither adulterating the word of God; but by manifestation of the truth recommending ourselves to every consciousness of man before God.
For I through the law died to the law, that. I might live to God.
The law then against the promises of God? It may not be: for if a law had been given able to make alive, truly justice would be by the law.
So that the law was our preceptor towards Christ, that we might be justified from faith.
And I say, for as long time as the heir is a child, he differs nothing from a servant, being lord of all; But is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the father. read more. So also we, when we were children, were subjugated under the world's elements: And when the completion of the time was come, God sent his Son, born of woman, born under the law,
And when the completion of the time was come, God sent his Son, born of woman, born under the law, That he might redeem them under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.
Bear one another's burdens, and so fill up the law of Christ:
And be found in him, not having my justice, that of the law, but that by faith of Christ, the justice from God by faith:
And be found in him, not having my justice, that of the law, but that by faith of Christ, the justice from God by faith:
Let none condemn you being willing in humility and religious worship of angels, going into what he has not seen, vainly puffed up by the mind of his flesh,
And truly Moses faithful in his whole house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things to be spoken;