4 occurrences in 4 dictionaries

Reference: Death


Is taken in Scripture, first, for the separation of body and soul, the first death, Ge 25:11; secondly, for alienation from God, and exposure to his wrath, 1Jo 3:14, etc.; thirdly, for the second death, that of eternal damnation. Death was the penalty affixed to Adam's transgression, Ge 2:17; 3:19; and all his posterity are transgressors, and share the curse inflicted upon him. CHRIST is "our life." All believers share his life, spiritually and eternally; and though sin and bodily is taken away, and in the resurrection the last enemy shall be trampled under foot, Ro 5:12-21; 1Co 15.

Natural death is described as a yielding up of the breath, or spirit, expiring, Ps 104:29; as a return to our original dust, Ge 3:19; Ec 12:7; as the soul's laying off the body, its clothing, 2Co 5:3-4, or the tent in which it has dwelt, 2Co 5:1; 2Pe 1:13-14. The death of the believer is a departure, a going home, a falling asleep in Jesus, Php 1:23; Mt 26:24; Joh 11:11.

The term death is also sometimes used for any great calamity, or imminent danger threatening life, as persecution, 2Co 1:10. "The gates of death," Job 38:17, signify the unseen world occupied by departed spirits. Death is also figuratively used to denote the insensibility of Christians to the temptations of a sinful world, Col 3:3.

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may be simply defined as the termination of life. It is represented under a variety of aspects in Scripture: (1.) "The dust shall return to the earth as it was" (Ec 12:7).

(2.) "Thou takest away their breath, they die" (Ps 104:29).

(3.) It is the dissolution of "our earthly house of this tabernacle" (2Co 5:1); the "putting off this tabernacle" (2Pe 1:13-14).

(4.) Being "unclothed" (2Co 5:3-4).

(5.) "Falling on sleep" (Ps 76:5; Jer 51:39; Ac 13:36; 2Pe 3:9.

(6.) "I go whence I shall not return" (Job 10:21); "Make me to know mine end" (Ps 39:4); "to depart" (Php 1:23).

The grave is represented as "the gates of death" (Job 38:17; Ps 9:13; 107:18). The gloomy silence of the grave is spoken of under the figure of the "shadow of death" (Jer 2:6).

Death is the effect of sin (Heb 2:14), and not a "debt of nature." It is but once (Heb 9:27), universal (Ge 3:19), necessary (Lu 2:28-30). Jesus has by his own death taken away its sting for all his followers (1Co 15:55-57).

There is a spiritual death in trespasses and sins, i.e., the death of the soul under the power of sin (Ro 8:6; Eph 2:1,3; Col 2:13).

The "second death" (Re 2:11) is the everlasting perdition of the wicked (Re 21:8), and "second" in respect to natural or temporal death.

THE DEATH OF CHRIST is the procuring cause incidentally of all the blessings men enjoy on earth. But specially it is the procuring cause of the actual salvation of all his people, together with all the means that lead thereto. It does not make their salvation merely possible, but certain (Mt 18:11; Ro 5:10; 2Co 5:21; Ga 1:4; 3:13; Eph 1:7; 2:16; Ro 8:32-35).

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I. In the OT.

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This is referred to in scripture under various aspects.

1. The general appointment for sinful man

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