4 occurrences in 4 dictionaries

Reference: Resurrection


(See JESUS; LAW.) His resurrection is the earnest or "firstfruits" of ours. His life is ours by vital union with Him, and because He lives we shall live also (1Co 15:23; Joh 14:19). Christ from Ex 3:6,16 proves the resurrection and charges the Sadducees with ignorance of Scripture and of God's "power" (Mr 12:24) as the root of their "error." God said, "I AM the God of Abraham" when Abraham was dead; but God is the God of the living, Abraham must therefore live again and already lives in God's sure purpose, not a disembodied spirit, which would be no restoration of man in his integrity, but as heir of an abiding city suited to man with perfect body, soul, and spirit (1Th 5:23; Heb 11:8-16). (See SADDUCEES.) God promised "to thee will I give this land," not merely to thy posterity. This can only be fulfilled by Abraham rising and, in integrity of parts, inheriting the antitypical Canaan. Disembodied spirits require a body if they are to exercise the functions of life. Abraham's soul now receives blessings from God, but will only "live unto God" when he receives again the body.

Rabbi Simai argues on Ex 6:3-4, "it is not, said, to give you, but to give them, whereby the resurrection of the dead appeareth out of the law." So Manasseh ben Israel, "God said to Abraham, I will give to thee and to thy seed after thee the land wherein thou art a stranger; but Abraham did not possess that land; wherefore it is of necessity that they should be raised up to enjoy the good promises, else God's promise would be vain." The Pharisees in holding this preserved the faith gleaned from the Old Testament by the pious fathers of the nation; such was Martha's and Paul's faith (Joh 11:25; Ac 26:6-8). Jacob's dying ejaculation "I have waited for Thy salvation" (Ge 49:18) and Balaam's, "let me die the death of the righteous," etc. (Nu 23:10), assume a future state. (See JOB expressly asserts his anticipation of the resurrection through his Redeemer (Job 19:23-27) (See REDEEMER for the translated.) So David (Ps 16:9-11; 17:14-15) anticipates his "soul not being left in hades," so that "his flesh shall rest in hope," and his "awaking with Jehovah's likeness"; fulfilled in Christ the Head first (Ac 2:25-31), and hereafter to be so in His members.

So Isaiah (Isa 26:19), "thy dead shall live ... my dead body shall they arise"; Christ's dead body raised is the pledge of the resurrection of all Jehovah's people. Daniel (Da 12:2): Hebrew "many from among the sleepers, these (the partakers of the first resurrection, Revelation 20) shall be unto everlasting life; but those (the rest who do not rise until after the thousand years) shall be unto shame" (1Co 15:23). The wicked too shall rise (Joh 5:28-29; Re 20:13). Essentially the same body wherewith the unbeliever sinned shall be the object of punishment (Jer 2:10; Isa 3:9-11; Re 22:11-12; 2Co 5:10), "that every one may receive the things done by the instrumentality of ('dia') the body." Self consciousness witnesses the identity between the body of the infant and full grown man, though that identity does not consist in the sameness of the particles which compose the body at different stages.

Possibly there is some indestructible material germ at the basis of identity between the natural (psychic, i.e. soulish or animal) body and the resurrection body which 1Co 15:44-45 call a "spirit-animated body," in contrast to the "natural." "Christ will transfigure our body of humiliation (2Co 4:10; '/2-Timothy/2/11'>2Ti 2:11-12; 'not vile, nothing that He made is vile:' Whately on his death bed), that it may be conformed unto the body of His glory" (Php 3:21). The mere animal functions of flesh and blood shall no longer be needed they do not marry, but are equal to the angels (Lu 20:35-36; 1Co 6:13; 15:35-57; 1Pe 1:3-4) The time is fixed for the Lord's coming (Col 3:4; 1Th 4:16; Revelation 20). (See REGENERATION.)

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1. In OT.

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This may be said to be the fundamental principle of God's dealings with man in grace, seeing that man is through sin under the judgement of death. The expression, 'The general resurrection' is found in works on theology, and is explained as meaning that the dead will all be raised at the same time; but this idea is not found in scripture. The Lord speaks of a resurrection unto life. "The dead in Christ" will be raised at the coming of the Lord Jesus, 1Th 4:16; and John speaks of the first resurrection, and adds that "the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished." Re 20:5-6. The term 'first' designates rather the character than the time of the resurrection, it will evidently include only the saved; 'the rest' being simply raised for judgement.

It will be seen in Ro 8:11, that the resurrection of believers is of a wholly different order from that of the wicked: the saints will be quickened by, or on account of, God's Spirit that dwells in them, which certainly could not be said of the unconverted. The resurrection of the saints is also distinguished from that of the wicked in being, like that of the Lord and of Lazarus, 'out from among (??) the dead.' Mr 12:25. It was the earnest desire of Paul to attain this. Php 3:11 (see Greek)

The resurrection condition is in the strongest contrast to that after the flesh. That which springs from the seed sown in the ground appears very different in form from the seed sown, though absorbing the substance of the seed. 1 Cor. 15 refers only to the resurrection of the saints, as may be seen in 1Co 15:23-24. There were those at Corinth who said that there was no resurrection (1Co 15:12); and on the other hand it appears from 2Ti 2:18, some held that the resurrection had already past, that they had in fact reached a final condition!

Few distinct intimations of the resurrection are found in the O.T., though the idea of it underlies all the teaching. Job may perhaps have learnt it (Job 19:25-27), and when the Lord rebuked the Sadducees He taught that resurrection could be gathered inferentially from God speaking of Himself as the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob long after they were dead. He is God of the living, not of the dead. Mr 12:26-27. Martha spoke of the resurrection as a matter of common orthodox belief, Joh 11:24; which is also implied in its being said that the Sadducees did not believe in it.

Isa 26:19; Eze 37:1-14; and Da 12:2, are often quoted as testimony to resurrection; but these passages are figurative and refer to Israel being raised up as from their national decease (the consequence of their departure from the Lord, Isa 1:1-4), when God will again bless them on the earth. It is an important fact, however, that the figure of resurrection is used.

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RESURRECTION. The belief of a general resurrection of the dead, which will come to pass at the end of the world, and will be followed with an immortality either of happiness or misery, is an article of religion in common to Jews and Christians. It is very expressly taught both in the Old and New Testaments, Ps 16:10; Job 19:25, &c; Eze 37:1, &c; Isa 26:19; Joh 5:28-29; and to these may be added, Wisdom 3:1, &c; 4:15; 2 Macc. 7:14, 23, 29, &c. At the time when our Saviour appeared in Judea, the resurrection from the dead was received as one of the principal articles of the Jewish religion by the whole body of the nation, the Sadducees excepted, Mt 22:23; Lu 20:28; Mr 12:18; Joh 11:23-24; Ac 23:6,8. Our Saviour arose himself from the dead, to give us, in his own person, a proof, a pledge, and a pattern of our future resurrection. St. Paul, in almost all his epistles, speaks of a general resurrection, refutes those who denied or opposed it, and proves and explains it by several circumstances, Ro 6:5; 1Co 15:12-15; Php 3:10-11; Heb 11:35; 1Th 4:13-17, &c.

On this subject no point of discussion, of any importance, arises among those who admit the truth of Scripture, except as to the way in which the doctrine of the resurrection of the body is to be understood;

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