The present article will be confined to Biblical Ethics. As there is no systematic presentation of the subject, all that can be done is to gather from the Jewish and Christian writings the moral conceptions that were formed by historians, prophets, poets, apostles. The old history culminates in the story of the perfect One, the Lord Jesus Christ, from whom there issued a life of higher order and ampler range.
I. OT Ethics.
Then was Jesus led up by the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted by the Devil. And when he had tasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward hungry. read more. And the tempter came and said to him, If thou art the Son of God, command that these stones become loaves of bread. But he answered and said, It is written, "Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceedeth from the mouth of God." Then the Devil taketh him into the holy city, and setteth him on the pinnacle of the temple; and saith to him, If thou art the Son of God, cast thyself down; for it is written, "He will give his angels charge concerning thee; and in their hands they will bear thee up, that thou mayst not dash thy foot against a stone." Jesus said to him, Again it is written, "Thou shalt not make trial of the Lord thy God." Again, the Devil taketh him m an exceeding high mountain, and showeth him all the kingdoms of the world, and their glory; and said to him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus to him, Be gone, Satan! for it is written, "Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve." Then the Devil leaveth him; and lo! angels came and ministered to him.
And seeing the multitudes, he went up into the mountain; and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him.
And seeing the multitudes, he went up into the mountain; and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him. And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying:
And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying: Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they who mourn; for they will be comforted.
Blessed are they who mourn; for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek; for they will inherit the earth.
Blessed are the meek; for they will inherit the earth. Blessed are they who hunger and thirst after righteousness; for they will be filled.
Blessed are they who hunger and thirst after righteousness; for they will be filled. Blessed are the merciful; for they will obtain mercy.
Blessed are the merciful; for they will obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart; for they will see God.
Blessed are the pure in heart; for they will see God. Blessed are the peacemakers; for they will be called sons of God.
Blessed are the peacemakers; for they will be called sons of God. Blessed are they who are persecuted for righteousness sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they who are persecuted for righteousness sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they who are persecuted for righteousness sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are ye, when men revile you, and persecute you, and say every thing that is bad against you, falsely, for my sake.
Blessed are ye, when men revile you, and persecute you, and say every thing that is bad against you, falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad; for great is your reward in heaven; for so did they persecute the prophets that were before you.
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad; for great is your reward in heaven; for so did they persecute the prophets that were before you. Ye are the salt of the earth. But if the salt have lost its savor, wherewith shall itself be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot by men. read more. Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid; nor do men light a lamp, and put it under the bushel, but on the lampstand; and it giveth light to all that are in the house. In like manner let your light shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven. Think not that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets: I came not to destroy, but to fulfill.
Ye have heard that it was said to them of old time, "Thou shalt not kill; and whoever shall kill, shall be in danger of the Judges."
Ye have heard that it was said to them of old time, "Thou shalt not kill; and whoever shall kill, shall be in danger of the Judges." But I say to you, that whoever is angry with his brother shall be in danger of the Judges; and whoever shall say to his brother, Simpleton! shall be in danger of the Council; and whoever shall say, Fool! shall be in danger of hellfire. read more. Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there remember that thy brother hath aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, and go away; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
Ye have heard that it was said, "Thou shalt not commit adultery." But I say to you, that whoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
Ye have heard that it was said, "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth." But I say to you, that ye resist not the evildoer; but whoever smiteth thee on the right cheek, turn to him the other also;
But take heed that ye do not your righteousness before men, to be seen by them; otherwise ye have no reward with your Father who is in heaven.
that thine alms may be in secret; and thy Father, who seeth in secret, will reward thee.
But do thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and, when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father who is in secret; and thy Father, who seeth in secret, will reward thee.
For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you; but if ye do not forgive men, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
that thou appear not to men to be fasting, but to thy Father who is in secret; and thy Father, who seeth in secret, will reward thee.
Every one then that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, shall be likened to a wise man, who built his house upon a rock; and the rain descended, and the streams came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not; for it was founded upon a rock. read more. And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened to a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand; and the rain descended, and the streams came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell; and great was its fall.
For which is easier? to say, Thy sins are forgiven? or to say, Arise, and walk? But that ye may know that the Son of Man hath authority on earth to forgive sins,then he saith to the palsied man,Arise, take up thy bed, and go to thy house.
He that loveth father or mother more than me, is not worthy of me; and he that loveth son or daughter more than me, is not worthy of me; and he that doth not take his cross, and follow me, is not worthy of me. read more. He that findeth his life will lose it; and he that loseth his life for my sake will find it.
Truly do I say to you, Among those born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist. But he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.
How can ye, evil as ye are, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. The good man, from his good treasure, bringeth out good things; and the evil man, from his evil treasure, bringeth out evil things.
Truly do I say to you, that many prophets and righteous men desired to see the things which ye see, and did not see them; and to hear the things which ye hear, and did not hear them.
that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet Isaiah, saying, "I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation [of the world]."
And he said to them, Thus then every scribe, instructed for the kingdom of heaven, is like a householder, who bringeth out from his storehouse things new and old.
Therefore the kingdom of heaven is likened to a king, who would settle accounts with his servants. And when he had begun to reckon, there was brought to him one, who owed him ten thousand talents. read more. But as he was unable to pay, his lord ordered him to be sold, and his wife and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. Then that servant fell down and did obeisance to him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. And the lord of that servant, being moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt. But that servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, who owed him a hundred denaries; and he laid hold of him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay what thou owest. His fellowservant then fell down and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee. And he would not; but went away and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt. Then his fellowservants, seeing what was done, were greatly grieved; and went and told their lord all that had been done. Then his lord, having called him, saith to him, Thou wicked servant! All that debt I forgave thee because thou didst beseech me; shouldst not thou also have had pity on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee? And his lord was enraged, and delivered him to the inflicters of punishment, till he should pay all that was due to him. So also will my heavenly Father do to you, if ye forgive not every one his brother from your hearts.
And all their works they do to be observed by men. They make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge their fringes,
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like whited sepulchres, which outwardly indeed appear beautiful, but within are full of dead mens bones, and of all uncleanness.
Then will he say also to those on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into the everlasting fire, which is prepared for the Devil and his angels. For I was hungry, and ye gave me no food; I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink; read more. I was a stranger, and ye took me not in; naked, and ye clothed me not; sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. Then will they also answer, saying, Lord, when saw we thee hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to thee? Then will he answer them, saying, Truly do I say to you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me.
teaching them to observe all things, whatever I have commanded you. And, lo! I am with you always, unto the end of the world.
And when they saw that he was eating with the publicans and sinners, they said to his disciples, Doth he eat and drink with publicans and sinners? And Jesus hearing it, saith to them, They who are well do not need a physician, but they who are sick. I came not to call righteous men, but sinners.
No one seweth a patch of undressed cloth on an old garment; for the new piece teareth away from the old garment, and a worse rent is made. And no one putteth new wine into old skins; for the new wine will burst the skins, and the wine is lost, and the skins.
and seeing some of his disciples eating bread with defiled, that is, unwashed hands, (for the Pharisees, and all the Jews, unless they wash their hands often, do not eat, holding fast the tradition of the elders; read more. and on coming from the marketplace, unless they bathe, they do not eat; and there are many other things which they have received to hold, the dipping of cups, and pitchers, and brazen vessels;) then the Pharisees and scribes ask him, Why do not thy disciples walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with defiled hands? And he said to them, Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written, "This people honoreth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. But in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men." Laying aside, the commandment of God, ye hold fast the tradition of men.
And he saith to them, Are ye too so without discernment? Do ye not understand that whatever thing from without entereth into a man, cannot defile him? because it entereth not into his heart, but into the stomach; and goeth out into the drain, which cleanseth all kinds of food. read more. And he said, That which cometh out of a man, that defileth a man. For from within, out of the heart of men, come forth evil thoughts, fornications,
For from within, out of the heart of men, come forth evil thoughts, fornications, thefts, murders, adulteries, covetousness, iniquities, deceit, wantonness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.
thefts, murders, adulteries, covetousness, iniquities, deceit, wantonness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness. All these evil things come from within, and defile a man.
And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him whether it was lawful for a man to put away his wife, trying him. And he answering said to them, What did Moses command you? read more. And they said, Moses permitted to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away. And Jesus said to them, On account of your hardness of heart he wrote you this command. But, from the beginning of the creation, [God] made them male and female. "For this cause shall a man leave his father and his mother; and the two shall become one flesh." So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God joined together, let not man put asunder.
And they come and say to him, Teacher, we know that thou art true, and carest for no one; for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth. Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, seeing their hypocrisy, said to them, Why are ye trying me? Bring me a denary, that I may see it. read more. And they brought one. And he saith to them, Whose is this image and inscription? And they said to him, Caesars. And Jesus said to them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesars, and to God the things that are Gods. And they marveled at him exceedingly.
And when the sun was setting, all who had any sick with divers diseases brought them to him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.
And he that was dead sat up and began to speak; and he gave him to his mother.
Wherefore, I say to thee, her many sins have been forgiven; for she loved much; but he to whom little is forgiven loveth little.
And he said to another, Follow me. But he said, Suffer me first to go and bury my father. And he said to him, Let the dead bury their own dead; but go thou and carry the tidings of the kingdom of God.
Woe to thee, Chorazin! woe to thee, Bethsaida! for if the miracles that were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would long ago have repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment, than for you. read more. And thou, Capernaum! shalt thou be exalted to heaven? thou shalt be brought down to the underworld. He that hearkeneth to you, hearkeneth to me; and he that rejecteth you, rejecteth me; but he that rejecteth me, rejecteth him that sent me.
And lo! a certain lawyer stood up to try him, saying, Teacher, what shall I do to inherit everlasting life? And he said to him, What is written in the Law? How readest thou? read more. And he answering said "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbor as thyself." And he said to him, Thou hast answered rightly; do this, and thou shalt live. But he, wishing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor? Jesus answering said, A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers; who after stripping him of his raiment, and wounding him, departed, leaving him half dead. And by chance a certain priest was going down on that road; and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. And in like manner also a Levite, having arrived at the place, came and saw, and passed by on the other side. But a certain Samaritan, as he was journeying, came where he was, and when he saw him, had compassion, and went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine, and setting him on his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And the next day, he took out two denaries and gave them to the host, and said, Take care of him; and whatever thou spendest more, I, when I come back, will repay thee. Which of these three, dost thou think, was neighbor to him that fell among the robbers? And he said, He that took pity on him. Then said Jesus to him, Go, and do thou likewise.
If any one cometh to me, and hateth not his father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple. Whoever doth not bear his own cross and follow me, cannot be my disciple.
What man of you having a hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninetynine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he findeth it? And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. read more. And when he hath come home, he calleth together his friends and neighbors, saying to them, Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost. I say to you, that in like manner there will be joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninetynine righteous men who have no need of repentance.
And he said to them, Ye are they who justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts; for that which is highly exalted among men is an abomination before God.
There was a certain rich man, who was clothed in purple and fine linen, and feasted sumptuously every day. And a certain beggar named Lazarus was laid at his gate, full of sores, read more. and longing to be fed with what fell from the rich mans table. But even the dogs came and licked his sores. And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels to the bosom of Abraham. The rich man also died and was buried. And in the underworld he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. And he called and said, Father Abraham, have pity on me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou didst receive thy good things in thy lifetime, and Lazarus in like manner his evil things; but now he is comforted here, and thou art tormented. And besides all this, between us and you there is placed a great gulf, so that those who wish to cross from hence to you may not be able, and that those on that side cannot cross over to us. Then he said, I pray thee then, father, to send him to my fathers house; for I have five brothers; that he may give earnest warning to them, that they too may not come into this place of torment. But Abraham saith, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them. But he said, Nay, father Abraham; but if one should go to them from the dead, they would repent. But he said to him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, they will not be persuaded, though one should rise from the dead.
Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. The Pharisee stood and prayed by himself thus: O God, I thank thee that I am not as the rest of men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. read more. I fast twice in the week; I give tithes of all that I gain. But the publican, standing afar off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven; but smote his breast, saying, O God, be merciful to me a sinner! I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for every one that exalteth himself will be humbled; but he that humbleth himself will be exalted.
And Zacchaeus stood up, and said to the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken anything from any one by false representation, I restore him fourfold. And Jesus said to him, This day hath salvation come to this house, inasmuch as he also is a son of Abraham;
And he said, Jesus, remember me when thou comest in thy kingdom.
And all the multitudes that had come together to that sight, when they had seen the things which were done, returned, beating their breasts.
All things were made through him; and without him was nothing made that hath been made. In him is life; and the life was the light of men.
For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
On the morrow John was again standing, and two of his disciples;
Jesus answered and said to him, Truly, truly do I say to thee, Unless a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
That which is born of the flesh, is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit, is spirit.
For God so loved the world, that he gave the only begotten Son, that every one who believeth in him may not perish, but may have everlasting life.
He that believeth in him is not condemned; he that believeth not hath already been condemned, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth; for such worshippers the Father seeketh.
Therefore I said to you, that ye will die in your sins; for unless ye believe that I am He, ye will die in your sins.
If therefore the Son make you free, ye will be free indeed.
Which of you convicteth me of sin? If I speak truth, Why do ye not believe me?
I am the good shepherd, and I know my sheep, and they know me,
Ye call me the Teacher, and the Lord; and ye say well; for so I am.
A new commandment I give you, that ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.
and when I have gone away and prepared a place for you, I will come again, and will take you to myself; that where I am, ye also may be.
Yet a little while, and the world beholdeth me no more; but ye will behold me, because I live, and ye will live.
I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away; and every branch that beareth fruit he cleanseth, that it may bear more fruit. read more. Ye are clean already, by reason of the word which I have spoken to you. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, if it abide not in the vine, so neither can ye, unless ye abide in me. I am the vine, ye are the branches. He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same beareth much fruit; for apart from me ye can do nothing. If any one abideth not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather it, and cast it into the fire, and it is burned. If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever ye will, and it shall be done for you. Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; and ye will become my disciples. As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you; abide in my love. If ye keep my commandments, ye will abide in my love, even as I have kept my Fathers commandments, and abide in his love.
If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin; but now they have no excuse for their sin. He that hateth me, hateth my Father also. read more. If I had not done among them the works which no other man hath done, they would not have sin; but now they have both seen and hated both me and my Father.
They will put you out of the synagogues; yea, the hour is coming when every one that killeth you will think that he is offering sacrifice to God.
And when he is come, he will bring conviction to the world, of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment.
And when he is come, he will bring conviction to the world, of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment. Of sin, because they believe not in me;
These things I have spoken to you, that in me ye may have peace. In the world ye have tribulation; but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.
I have glorified thee on the earth, having finished the work which thou gavest me to do;
Father! as to that which thou hast given me, I desire that they also be with me where I am, that they may behold my glory which thou hast given me; for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.
They therefore went away from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame in behalf of that name;
For it had not yet fallen upon any of them; but they had only been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus.
They then, when they had testified and spoken the word of the Lord, were returning to Jerusalem, and publishing the glad tidings in many villages of the Samaritans. But an angel of the Lord spoke to Philip, saying, Arise, and go towards the south, to the way that goeth down from Jerusalem to Gaza. This is a desert way. read more. And he arose and went; and lo! a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch, a high officer of Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem to worship, was returning and sitting in his chariot; and he was reading the prophet Isaiah. And the Spirit said to Philip, Go near and join thyself to this chariot. And Philip ran up, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, Well, but dost thou understand what thou art reading? And he said, How can I, unless some one shall guide me? And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him. And the passage of the scripture which he was reading was this: "He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb before his shearer, so he openeth not his mouth. In his humiliation judgment was refused him; and who shall describe his generation? for his life is taken away from the earth." And the eunuch answering said, I pray thee, of whom doth the prophet say this? Of himself, or of some other man? And Philip opened his mouth, and beginning with this scripture declared to him the glad tidings concerning Jesus. And as they went along the road, they came to a certain water; and the eunuch saith, See, here is water; what is there to hinder my being baptized? (...) And he commanded that the chariot should stop; and they both went down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him. But when they had come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip; and the eunuch saw him no more, for he went on his way rejoicing.
And as Peter came in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and did him reverence. But Peter raised him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.
Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, a called apostle, set apart to preach the gospel of God,
For he is not a Jew, who is one outwardly, nor is that circumcision, which is outward, in the flesh; but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is of the heart, spiritual, not literal, whose praise is not of men, but of God.
Do we then make void the Law through faith? Far be it! On the contrary, we establish the Law.
Therefore being accepted as righteous through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; through whom also we have had admission into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in the hope of the glory which God will confer.
Now hardly for a righteous man will one die; perhaps, however, for a benefactor one might even dare to die. But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
For we know that the Law is spiritual; but I am unspiritual, a slave sold to sin.
For the law of the Spirit of life set me free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death.
But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwelleth in you. But if any one hath to not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
For he determined beforehand that those whom he foreknew should be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors, through him that loved us. For I am persuaded, that neither death nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, read more. nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing will be able to separate us from the love of God for us, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Let every one submit to the authorities that are over him; for there is no authority which is not from God: and the authorities which exist have been ordained by God. He therefore that setteth himself against the authority resisteth what God hath ordained; and they a who resist will bring upon themselves judgment. read more. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wouldst thou then not be afraid of the government? Do that which is good, and thou wilt have praise from it; for the ruler is Gods servant to thee for good. But if thou doest evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain; for he is Gods servant, an avenger to inflict wrath upon him that doeth evil. It is necessary therefore to submit, not only because of the wrath, but also for your conscience sake. For the same reason pay tribute also; for they are ministers of God, attending continually to this very business. Render to all what is due to them; tribute, to whom tribute is due; custom, to whom custom; fear, to whom fear; honor, to whom honor.
Who art thou that judgest the servant of another? To his own lord he standeth or falleth; and he shall be made to stand; for the Lord is able to make him stand.
For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves your bondservants for Jesus sake.
For we must all be made manifest before the judgmentseat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in his body, according to what he did, whether good or bad.
For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
Now the works of the flesh are manifest; such as fornication, uncleanness, wantonness, idolatry, sorcery, hatreds, strife, rivalry, outbursts of wrath, cabals, divisions, factions, read more. envyings, drunkenness, revelings, and things like these; of which I tell you beforehand, as I also told you in time past, that they who practise such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, meekness, temperance; against such things as these there is no law.
meekness, temperance; against such things as these there is no law.
Brethren, even if a man be detected in a fault, do ye who are spiritual restore such a one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted. Bear ye one anothers burdens, and thus fulfill the law of Christ.
for every one must bear his own load.
and you also [he raised up], who were dead through your trespasses and sins, in which ye once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the powers of the air, the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience; read more. among whom even we all had our way of life in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the thoughts, and were by nature children of wrath, even as others; but God, who is rich in mercy, on account of his great love wherewith he loved us, gave to us, even when dead through our trespasses, life with Christ,by grace have ye been saved, and raised us up with him, and caused us to sit with him in the heavenly regions in Christ Jesus, that he might show in the ages to come the exceeding riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.
having abolished in his flesh the law of commandments contained in ordinances; that he might create of the two one new man in himself, thus making peace,
Let him that stealeth steal no more, but rather let him labor, working with his hands at that which is good, that he may have to give to him that is in need. Let no foul language proceed out of your mouth, but whatever is good for edification, as the need may be, that it may benefit the hearers;
Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, as to the Lord;
And, ye masters, do the same things to them, forbearing threatening; knowing that both they and you have a Master in heaven, and that there is no respect of persons with him.
for to you it was given in behalf of Christ, not only to believe in him, but in his behalf to suffer also;
Yea, let this mind be in you which was in Christ Jesus,
So then, my beloved, as ye always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God who worketh in you both to will and to work for his good pleasure.
Nay more, I count all things to be loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as refuse, that I may gain Christ, and be found in him, not having my own righteousness, which is of the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God upon faith; read more. that I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, while becoming like him in his death, if by any means I may attain to the resurrection from the dead. Not that I have already obtained, or have been already perfected; but I press on, if I may also lay hold of that for which I was laid hold of by Christ. Brethren, I do not reckon myself to have laid hold of it; but one thing I do, forgetting the things that are behind, and stretching forth to the things that are before, I press toward the mark for the prize of the heavenly calling of God in Christ Jesus.
whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom, that we may present every man perfect in Christ;
If then ye were raised together with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is sitting on the right hand of God. Set your mind on the things above, not on things on the earth. read more. For ye died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God; when Christ, our life, shall be manifested, then will ye also be manifested with him in glory. Make dead therefore your members which are upon the earth, fornication, uncleanness, lust, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry; on account of which things cometh the wrath of God. In which things ye also once walked, when ye lived in them; but now put ye away all these, anger, wrath, malice, evilspeaking, filthy language out of your mouth. Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds,
Clothe yourselves, therefore, as the chosen of God, holy and beloved, with compassionate affections, kindness, lowliness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; bearing with each other, and forgiving each other, if any one have a complaint against another; even as Christ freely forgave you, do ye also freely forgive; read more. and over all these things put on the robe of love, which is the bond of perfectness; and let the peace of Christ, to which ye were called in one body, rule in your hearts; and be ye thankful. Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly; in all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms, hymns, spiritual songs, in grace singing in your hearts to God; and whatever ye do, in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God, the Father, through him. Wives, submit yourselves to your husbands, as it is fit in the Lord.
Masters, deal out to your bondservants justice and equity, knowing that ye also have a master in heaven.
and Jesus, who is called Justus; who are of the circumcision; these only are my fellowworkers for the kingdom of God, who have been an encouragement unto me.
But do thou speak the things which become sound teaching; that aged men be sober, grave, discreet, sound in faith, in love, in patience;
teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in the present world;
teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in the present world; looking for the blessed hope, and appearing of the glory of the great God and of our Saviour Jesus Christ; read more. who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a people to be his own, zealous in good works.
how shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation, which at the first was spoken through the Lord, and was confirmed to us through those who heard him,
For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one; for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren; saying, "I will declare thy name to my brethren, in the midst of the congregation will I sing praise to thee." read more. And again, "I will put my trust in him;" and again, "Behold, I, and the children which God gave me." Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself in like manner shared in the same, that through death he might bring to nought him who had the power of death, that is, the Devil, and might deliver those who, through fear of death, were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For surely he doth not help angels, but he helpeth the offspring of Abraham. Whence it was right for him to be in all respects made like to his brethren, that he might become a merciful and faithful highpriest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to help those who are tempted.
For we have not a highpriest who cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities, but one who hath in all points been tempted as we are, without sin.
For it is impossible that those who have once been enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and been make partakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, read more. and have fallen away, should again be renewed to repentance, since they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to open shame. For the earth which hath drunk in the rain that cometh often upon it, and beareth plants useful to those for whose sake it is tilled, receiveth blessing from God; but if it bear thorns and briers it is disapproved, and is near to being accursed; and its end is to be burned.
which had the golden altar of incense, and the ark of the covenant overlaid on every side with gold, wherein was the golden pot containing the manna, and the rod of Aaron which budded, and the tables of the covenant;
a new and living way, which he consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, his flesh,
For if we sin willingly after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remaineth a sacrifice for sins;
But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were enlightened, ye endured a great struggle with sufferings; partly, while ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, while ye became partakers with those that were so used. read more. For ye sympathized with those in bonds, and ye took joyfully the plundering of your goods, knowing that ye have for yourselves a better and an enduring substance.
But works of kindness and liberality forget not; for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
Of his own will he begot us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
Pure religion and undefiled before God, the Father, is this, to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep ones self unspotted from the world.
even for this very reason, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue, and to virtue knowledge,
Whoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ hath been born of God; and every one that loveth him that begat, loveth also him that hath been begotten of him.
He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. To him that overcometh, I will give of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written, which no one knoweth but he that receiveth it.
He that overcometh, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall nevermore go out; and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my Gods and I will write upon him my new name.
And they sing a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open its seals; for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed to God by thy blood men out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation,
and they will see his face, and his name will be upon their foreheads.
And I John am he who heard and saw these things; and when I had heard and when I had seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel who showed me these things. And he saith to me, See thou do it not; I am a fellowservant of thee, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of those who keep the words of this book; worship God.